Turbocharging Internal Combustion Engines
I.D. # C0314 Duration 3 Days
The need to control emissions and maintain fuel economy is driving the use of advanced turbocharging technology in both diesel and gasoline engines. As the use of diesel engines in passenger car gasoline and diesel engines increases, a greater focus on advanced turbocharging technology is emerging in an effort to reap the benefits obtained from turbocharging and engine downsizing.

This seminar covers the basic concepts of turbocharging of gasoline and diesel engines (light and heavy duty), including turbocharger matching and charge air and EGR cooling, as well as associated controls. The limitations and future possibilities of today's systems will be covered, as well as details on how emerging technologies will impact engine/vehicle performance. The seminar's primary focus is on the turbocharger-engine interface (subjects such as matching, benefits, limitations, and new technologies) rather than detailed turbocharger aerodynamics and design. Advanced technologies such as variable geometry and multi-stage turbocharging, high and low pressure loop EGR systems, assisted turbocharging and turbocompounding are discussed. Students will have the opportunity to perform hands-on exercises to gain an appreciation of parametric effects in a wide range of engines.

**Participants are expected to bring a laptop computer, with Excel, to the seminar for class exercises.

Learning Objectives
By attending this seminar, you will be able to:
  • Describe the thermodynamic principles governing the turbocharging of internal combustion engines
  • Articulate the critical contribution of turbocharging to modern day diesel engine performance and emission control
  • Determine the possible benefits of turbocharging for specific gasoline and heavy and light duty diesel engine applications
  • Estimate the appropriate turbocharger characteristics for specific applications based on engine system requirements
  • Describe the limitations of current technologies and evaluate new technologies and their possible role in meeting future engine/vehicle system challenges
  • Apply the basic principles of matching turbocharger with engine and optimizing overall system for desired performance and emissions
Who Should Attend
This seminar is designed for engineers, managers, and other technical personnel from OEM and support industries concerned with the design and development of optimized diesel and spark ignition engine systems, including performance, fuel economy and emissions for passenger car, light truck and heavy duty engines. Some background in thermodynamics, IC engine performance and emissions will be helpful. Individuals who need more background should consider attending SAE seminar "Diesel Engine Technology" (ID# 93014) or "The Basics of Internal Combustion Engines" (ID# C0103).
Seminar Content
DAY ONE
  • Engine-Turbocharger Basics
    • Overview
    • Impact of charge density
    • Pumping loop and thermodynamics effects
    • Gas exchange/air flow and performance characteristics -- Engine; Turbocharger; Engine/turbocharger interaction
  • Turbocharger Design Features
    • Overview
    • Compressor side components and features
    • Turbine side components and features
    • Other significant turbocharger design requirements
    • Charge and EGR cooler features
    • Durability - thermal stress, materials, high and low cycle fatigue
    • Cooling, bearings, lubrication and sealing
    • Noise considerations
  • Free-floating, Wastegate, Variable Area or Variable Geometry Turbochargers and Controls
  • Compressor and Turbine Aerodynamics
    • Aerodynamic design features
    • Figures of merit for aero performance
    • Performance maps and their impact on engine characteristics
    • Methodology to evaluate the performance of compressors and turbines
DAY TWO
  • Engine Air and EGR Flow Requirements
    • Power density and efficiency considerations
    • Emissions control considerations
  • Turbocharger Matching
    • Matching principles with and without EGR
    • Single and multi-stage turbo matching
  • Turbocharger Selection Based on Engine System Requirement
  • Transient Response Considerations
  • Basic Spreadsheet Tools for Engine and Turbocharger Parametric Explorations
    • Hands-on exercises for turbocharger and engine performance calculations
    • Hands-on parametric studies using simple calculation tools
DAY THREE
  • Impact of Turbocharging on Gasoline and Diesel Engine Performance and Emissions
  • Charge (Air and EGR) Cooling Systems
  • Advanced Concepts in Turbocharging including Design Features of Advanced Concepts
    • Advanced versions of variable geometry turbocharging
    • High temperature and high strength materials
    • Two-stage turbocharging, series, parallel and sequential
    • Exhaust gas recirculation systems to minimize impact on efficiency
    • Turbocompounding
    • Electrically (and hydraulically) assisted turbocharging
    • Impact on emissions control in diesel and gasoline engines
    • Cold start emissions issues, catalyst temperature for diesel and gasoline
    • Turbocharger response issues
Instructor(s): Arjun D. Tuteja and S. M. Shahed
Dr. Arjun D. Tuteja has over 28 years of industry experience, mostly in advanced development of diesel engine systems. At Detroit Diesel Allison (a Division of General Motors), and later at GM Powertrain, Dr. Tuteja managed projects dealing with advanced diesels, stratified charged engines, aftertreatment systems, air systems, analytical modeling, and alternate fuels. He holds four patents on aftertreatment systems. Dr. Tuteja has a B.S. degree in Mechanical Engineering from India and an M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Dr. S. M. Shahed is a past Corporate Fellow at Honeywell Turbo Technologies, a business unit of Honeywell International, where he developed and applied advanced boosting technology to reduce emissions and improve the fuel economy of gasoline and diesel engines for passenger cars, commercial vehicles and equipment. He previously worked for Cummins Inc. and Southwest Research Institute and held faculty positions at the University of California and the University of Texas. Though Dr. Shahed has retired, he continues to work as a Fellow of SAE, ASME and the Institution of Engineers. Dr. Shahed served as 2002 President of SAE International. He has received several prestigious international awards including the I.Mech.E James Clayton Award, the SAE Horning Memorial Award, the SAE Arch Colwell Award and the University of Wisconsin Distinguished Service Citation. Dr. Shahed holds a B.E. degree from India and an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Testimonial
"Provides a good basic understanding of turbo history and where it is going in the future. Well worthwhile."
Robert Purdy
Technical Development Specialist
Wescast Industries

"This seminar met and exceeded my expectations. The material was very relevant and practical, and presented in a very clear and concise manner."
David Heitzmann
Chief Engineer
MOR/ryde International

Fees: $1765 SAE Members*: $1415 - $1595
* The appropriate SAE Member discount will be applied through the Registration process.  Discounts vary according to level of membership: Elite Member 20%; Premium Member 15%; Classic Member 10%
CEU 2