Applying Automotive EDR Data to Traffic Crash Reconstruction
I.D. # C1210 Duration 3 Days

EDR¿s are not new, but are becoming more prevalent in part due to a new federal regulation. 49 CFR, Part 563, which affects vehicles produced after September 30, 2012, will result in a standardized and publicly available EDR in 90% of new vehicles. Accident Reconstructionists frequently have trouble reconciling EDR data with other data sources, and improvements in ABS technology result in fewer tire marks visible at the scene of crashes to allow calculation of pre-crash speeds without an EDR.

This course will provide the participant with the skills necessary to analyze EDR data that has already been imaged, apply it to crash reconstruction, and reconcile it with calculations using other data sources. The course will enable the participant to analyze any current and future EDR data set without regard to manufacturer. The class presents the generic analysis step by step, then groups EDR¿s into manufacturer-specific families and their data limitations, and works case studies that highlight targeted key learning objectives. The student will also learn key points to satisfy court Frye and Daubert requirements for EDR data to be admissible, and suggest methods to present EDR data that will communicate the data understandably to attorneys and lay juries.

This course has been approved by the Accreditation Commission for Traffic Accident Reconstruction (ACTAR) for 20 Continuing Education Units (CEUs). Upon completion of this seminar, accredited reconstructionists should contact ACTAR, 800-809-3818, to request CEUs. As an ACTAR approved course, the fee for CEUs is reduced to $5.00.

Learning Objectives

By attending this seminar, you will be able to:

  • Describe EDR sensor operation, recording interval and duration, resolution, accuracy, and time latency and articulate the limitations of applying the data to crash analysis.
  • Calculate min and max speeds prior to loss of control or braking, and at impact based on the last accurate EDR pre-crash speed data point.
  • Evaluate EDR vs. actual ground speed for specific vehicle operational conditions and vehicle equipment modifications.
  • Calculate speed at impact and closing speeds by combining EDR Delta V data with normally collected scene and vehicle data such as post crash travel distance, departure angle, drag factor, and vehicle weights. Apply data to inline rear end, head on, and angular collisions.
  • Reconcile EDR data with other physical evidence and combine to narrow speed ranges.
  • Use time-distance and overlay EDR data on scene maps/diagrams to show where critical driving inputs were made vs. inputs required to avoid collisions.

Who Should Attend

This course is a must for anyone involved in the investigation and analysis of passenger car and light truck crashes who needs to understand the types of event data that are available, the limitations of that data, and how to apply it to a collision reconstruction and reconcile it with data from other sources. In addition, this course can be valuable to insurance adjusters and claims managers, and attorneys handling automotive collisions. Engineers designing EDR¿s to meet part 563 regulations may also benefit from understanding how the data they store will be used. New analysts requiring training, as well as experienced analysts who require information on changing technology and federal regulations will find this course relevant and timely.

Prerequisites

An undergraduate degree in mechanical or electrical engineering or a strong technical background is highly recommended. A basic knowledge of college physics (Newton¿s laws of motion) and calculus (integrals of acceleration into velocity), and a familiarity with passenger cars and light trucks is expected. Experience or training in crash reconstruction, including acceleration and drag factors, slide-to-stop calculations, and momentum analysis are very helpful, and awareness of critical speed yaw and crush energy calculations will help increase your level of understanding of this material.

Seminar Content

DAY ONE

  • Overview
    • Case Study ¿ vision of success
    • Overview ¿ EDR data availability by manufacturer by model and model year
    • 49 CFR Part 563 EDR regulation timing and contents
  • EDR Data Analysis
    • Rules of recording and data limitations - Is this recording from my crash, and which of my multiple events is this recording(s) from?
    • Speed data accuracy
      • Six vehicle operational conditions where EDR speed is not ground speed, including wheel slip during heavy braking
      • Three vehicle equipment modifications that make speed data inaccurate
      • Data latency and other data limitations like resolution, truncation or rounding to the resolution, exceeding maximum values, and default values
      • Data accuracy test data/literature review
    • Speed at impact drills
    • Accelerator pedal release and brake application
    • Using Delta V to obtain closing speed and impact speed
    • Delta V data accuracy

DAY TWO

  • GM EDR families - data availability and limitations, and case studies
    • Using Longitudinal Delta V to get speed at impact in angular collisions
    • Using speed data in critical speed yaw single vehicle crashes; transforming speed vs time into speed vs. distance to impact
    • Reconciling EDR data to scene evidence and evaluating uncertainty in inline collisions
    • Multiple events ¿ which event is my recording from?
  • Ford EDR families - data availability and limitations, and case studies
    • Ford PCM ¿ evaluating when criminal or negligent behavior occurs, transforming speed vs time data to speed vs distance and overlaying on map to evaluate sight lines
    • Ford ACM ¿ using Delta V in inline collisions and stability control system longitudinal acceleration data to determine real time drag factor

DAY THREE

  • Chrysler EDR families - data availability and limitations, and case studies
    • Using acceleration data to calculate Delta V
    • Using yaw angle data to sub-topic
  • Toyota EDR families - data availability and limitations, and case studies
    • Using RPM and Delta V to determine speed when actual speed is above data limitation
    • Data latency
  • Honda, Mazda, and other manufacturer EDR families (to the extent they are known at the time of the class)
  • EDR data admissibility technical foundation

Instructor(s): Richard R. Ruth

Mr. Ruth is currently president of Ruth Consulting LLC which specializes in passenger car and light truck Event Data Recorders and restraint systems performance in crashes. He has 10 published papers on EDR accuracy and assists civil attorneys and prosecutors in Frye and Daubert hearings to get EDR data admitted in court. He has taught over 30 classes in EDR imaging and data analysis to law enforcement and private reconstructionists, and is a regular speaker at national and regional crash reconstruction conferences. He is a beta tester for new releases of the Bosch Crash Data Retrieval system. Mr. Ruth is a member of the SAE J1698 Event Data Recorder Committee, and a member of ISO¿s EDR related TC22/SC12/WG7, and a former member of the ASTM 4150 group that developed an EDR procedure.

Prior to consulting, Mr. Ruth worked 33 years for Ford Motor Company, and during his last 10 years managed the engineers who did field investigations of safety system performance in real world crashes including EDR imaging and analysis, and championed the release of Ford EDR data to the Bosch Crash Data Retrieval system, personally writing some of the data limitations. He handled law enforcement requests for EDR readout assistance, was a member of Ford¿s EDR policy committee, was Ford¿s representative to the SAE EDR standards committee, and helped shape Ford and Auto Alliance responses to NHTSA on Part 563 EDR legislation. Mr. Ruth has a B.S.in Electrical Engineering from Michigan Technological University and an M.B.A. from the University of Michigan Ross Business School, and is a registered professional engineer.

Testimonial
"One of the best seminars ever attended. Excellent presentation; well worth cost; will assist me in future work.."
David Sherpardson
Consultant
D.J. Shepardson & Assoc. LLC

Fees: $1565 SAE Members*: $1245 - $1405
* The appropriate SAE Member discount will be applied through the Registration process.  Discounts vary according to level of membership: Elite Member 20%; Premium Member 15%; Classic Member 10%
CEU 2