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  1. An attribute or feature whose variation has a significant effect on product fit, form, function, performance, service life or producibility, that requires specific actions for the purpose of controlling variation. . [9100](9116)(9003)
  2. The definition in 9100, clause 3.3, applies with the following clarification for software. Key characteristics in software are those measurable attributes where variability can be measured by the project and can, if left unchecked, adversely impact the project or product in areas (e.g., memory utilization, response time, functionality, reliability, usability, efficiency, maintainability, portability). [9115]
  3. An attribute or feature whose variation has a significant influence on product fit, performance, service life, or producibility; that requires specific action for the purpose of controlling variation (reference 9100 and 9110). This definition is further explained as follows:
  • KCs for a part, subassembly, or system are those selected geometrical, material properties, functional, and/or cosmetic features; which are measurable, whose variation control is necessary in meeting customer requirements and enhancing customer satisfaction.
  • Process KCs are those selected measurable characteristics of a process whose control is essential to manage variation of part or system KCs.
  • Substitute KCs may be identified when a customer-defined KC is not readily measurable within the production/maintenance setting and other characteristics may need to be controlled to ensure conformance

NOTE: Design output can include identification of critical items that require specific actions to ensure they are adequately managed. Some CIs shall be further classified as KCs because their variation needs to be controlled. 

4.   An attribute or feature whose variation has a significant influence on product fit, performance, service life, or producibility; that requires specific action for the purpose of controlling variation (reference 9103 standard). This definition is further explained as follows:

  • KCs for a part, subassembly, or system are those selected geometrical, material properties, functional, and/or cosmetic features; which are measurable, and whose variation control is necessary for fulfilling customer requirements and enhancing customer satisfaction.
  • Process KCs are those selected measurable characteristics of a process whose control is essential to manage variation of part or system KCs.
  • Substitute KCs may be identified when a customer-defined KC is not readily measurable within the production/maintenance setting and other characteristics may need to be controlled to ensure conformance  [9145]

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    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 19 Apr 2017

    1. Commercially available items intended by design to be procured and utilized without modification (e.g., common electronic components). [9102]
    2. Commercially available applications sold by vendors through public catalog listings. [9005]
    3. Commercially available applications, defined by industry recognized specifications and standards, sold through public catalog listings. [9145]
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    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. A detailed description of inspection and test activities (e.g., tolerances, methods, gages) for features or attributes to be performed during specific manufacturing operations. [9145]
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    Created: 17 Apr 2017
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. A process for analysis of potential failure modes within a system for classification by severity or determination of the effect of failures on the system. [9017]
    2. A structured method for analyzing risk by ranking and docuemnting potential failure mode in a system, design or process. The analysis includes:
    • identification of potential failures and their effects;
    • ranking of factors (e.g., severity, frequency of occurrence, detectability of the potential failures); and
    • identification and results of actions taken to reduce or eliminate risk.

    The FMEA assists in the identification of CIs as well as key design and process characteristics, helps prioritize action plans for mitigating risk, and serves as a repository for lessons learned. Examples include: system FMEA, interface FMEA, design FMEA, and process FMEA. [9145]

    Chinese:
    故障模式与影响分析
    Chinese Taiwan:
    失效模式分析
    Dutch:
    Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA)
    French:
    Analyse des Modes de Défaillance, de leurs Effets et de leur Criticité (AMDEC)
    German:
    Fehlerart- und Einflussanalyse
    Hebrew:
    ניתוח אופני כשל
    Indonesian:
    analisa mode dan efek kegagalan
    Italian:
    FMEA
    Japanese:
    故障モード影響解析
    Korean:
    고장유형분석
    Portuguese:
    Análise do modo e efeito de falha
    Russian:
    Анализ отказобезопасности
    Spanish:
    análisis de modo de fallo y efecto
    Turkish:
    hata türü ve etkileri analizi (FMEA)
    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. Analytical techniques used by the design responsible organization to identify, to the extent possible, potential failure modes related to product performance (i.e., fit, form and function), durability, manufacturability, and cost. [9145]
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    Created: 17 Apr 2017
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. The records of the engineering definition/specification, which fully define the product (system, part, component or assembly), including physical or electronic/digital drawings, electronic/digital models, software or other associated information. This includes records of authorized engineering changes not yet incorporated into the released engineering definition/specification. [9145]
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    Created: 17 Apr 2017
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. Those dimensional, visual, functional, mechanical, and material features or properties, which describe and constitute the design of the article, as specified by drawing or DPD requirements. These characteristics can be measured, inspected, tested, or verified to determine conformance to the design requirements. Dimensional features include in-process locating features (e.g., target-machined or forged/cast dimensions on forgings and castings, weld/braze joint preparation necessary for acceptance of finished joint). Material features or properties may include processing variables and sequences, which are specified by the drawing or DPD (e.g., heat treat temperature, fluorescent penetrant class, ultrasonic scans, sequence of welding and heat treat). These provide assurance of intended characteristics that could not be otherwise defined. [9102]
    2. Those dimensional, visual, functional, mechanical, and material features or properties, which describe and constitute the design of the article, as specified by drawing or Digital Product Definition (DPD) requirements. These characteristics can be measured, inspected, tested, or verified to determine conformance to the design requirements. Dimensional features include in-process locating features (e.g., target-machined or forged/cast dimensions on forgings and castings, weld/braze joint preparation necessary for acceptance of finished joint). Material features or properties may include processing variables and sequences, which are specified by the drawing or DPD (e.g., heat treat temperature, fluorescent penetrant class, ultrasonic scans, sequence of welding and heat treat). These provide assurance of intended characteristics that could not be otherwise defined (reference 9102 standard). [9145]
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    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. The quantity of products required to be produced by the production organization over a specified period of time to fulfill the delivery schedule. [9145]
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    Created: 17 Apr 2017
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. Any design data provided to the customer which represents the product provided. [9116]
    2. Items (outputs) completed as part of the APQP process. [9145]
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    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. Organization, legal entity, or person that receives a product or service (e.g., consumer, client, end-user, retailer, beneficiary, purchaser). [9145]
    2. The organization which identifies CIs and/or provides part or system KCs via engineering drawings, specifications, or purchase order/contract requirements. For example, a customer may be an internal engineering department for a company which has design authority, in addition to the external customer who specifies system KCs. [9103]
    3. The recipient of a direct ship article (owner/operator, repair station, distributor, etc) [9114]
    4. The recipient of a product provided by an internal/external supplier or sub-tier supplier. [9131]
    5. The buying entity that is the issuer of a contract to a sub-tier supplier. [9013]
    6. The organization’s immediate contract source; this may be a prime/first-tier supplier or subsequent contractor in the supply chain who flows this document to their suppliers as a requirement. [9017]
    7. organization, legal entity or person that receives a product. Example: consumer, client, end-user, retailer, beneficiary and purchaser. NOTE 1: A customer can be internal or external to the organization. (ISO 9000:2005) [IAQG-history]
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    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. Those items (e.g., functions, parts, software, characteristics, processes) having significant effect on the provision and use of the products and services; including safety, performance, form, fit, function, producibility, service life, etc.; that require specific actions to ensure they are adequately managed. Examples of critical items include safety critical items, fracture critical items, mission critical items, key characteristics, etc. [9100]
    2. Those items (e.g., functions, parts, software, characteristics, processes) having significant effect on the product realization and use of the product; including safety, performance, form, fit, function, producibility, service life, etc.; that require specific actions to ensure they are adequately managed. Examples include safety CIs, fracture CIs, mission CIs, KCs, and maintenance tasks critical for safety. (9103) (9003)
    3. The definition in 9100, clause 3.3, applies with the following clarification for software. Critical items in software are those characteristics, requirements, or attributes that have been determined to be most important to achieve product realization (e.g., safety, maintainability, testability, usability, performance). For example, in the case of an aircraft's flight control system software, the response time could be elevated to a critical item to ensure overall performance characteristics are met; or if a project has customer specific testability requirements, cyclomatic complexity may become a critical item. [9115]

    4. Those items (e.g., functions, parts, software, characteristics, processes) having significant effect on the product realization and use of the product (including safety, performance, form, fit, function, producibility, service life, etc.) that require specific actions to ensure they are adequately managed. Examples of critical items include safety critical items, fracture critical items, mission critical items, key characteristics, etc. (9116) [9017]
    5. Those items (e.g., functions, parts, software, characteristics, processes) having significant effect on the product realization and use of the product; including safety, performance, form, fit, function, producibility, service life, etc.; that require specific actions to ensure they are adequately managed. Examples of critical items include safety CIs, fracture CIs, mission CIs,Key Characteristics (KC), and maintenance tasks critical for safety (reference 9103 standard). [9145]
    Chinese:
    关键项
    Chinese Taiwan:
    關鍵項目
    Dutch:
    Kritisch onderdeel
    French:
    élément critique
    German:
    kritisches Element
    Hebrew:
    פריט קריטי
    Indonesian:
    item kritis
    Italian:
    procedura di emergenza
    Japanese:
    クリティカル品目
    Korean:
    치명제품
    Portuguese:
    item crítico
    Russian:
    Критические позиции, изделия
    Spanish:
    elemento critico
    Turkish:
    kritik birim
    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. A documented description linking manufacturing process steps to key inspection and control activities. The intent of a control plan is to control the design characteristics and the process variables to ensure product quality. [9145]
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    Created: 17 Apr 2017
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. List of components and materials contained in the design record(s) of a product. [9145]
    2. list of all components/materials required to manufacture a product. [IAQG-history]
    Chinese:
    材料清单
    Chinese Taiwan:
    材料清單
    Dutch:
    Materiaallijst
    French:
    liste de matériel/composants
    German:
    Stückliste
    Hebrew:
    רשימת חומרים
    Indonesian:
    daftar kebutuhan bahan
    Italian:
    lista dei materiali
    Japanese:
    部品材料表
    Korean:
    자재목록표
    Portuguese:
    Lista de materiais
    Russian:
    перечень материалов или комплектующих изделий
    Spanish:
    lista de materiales
    Turkish:
    parça listesi
    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. act of close observation or review of an activity, operation or process. [IAQG-history]
    2. The act of careful observation, monitoring, measuring or verifying: 
    • Operators - monitoring operator competence and performance to detect or prevent a noncompliance to established requirements.
    • Products - validation of products to detect or prevent a noncompliance to established engineering requirements.
    • Processes - verfication that processes are implemented and performed, as planned. [9162]

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    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. Verification that a product conforms to all applicable requirements by the individual who produced the product. [9162]
    2. act by which an approved operator verifies a task he performed himself. [IAQG-history]
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    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. A means of objectively determining that identified operators have the necessary skills and knowledge to undertake the role of self-verification. [9162]
    2. means of objectively determining that identified operators or team members, have the necessary skills and knowledge to undertake an assigned process or the role of self-verification. [IAQG-history]
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    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. The term used to identify the individuals or teams who perform the process. NOTE: Self-verification qualified individuals should be referred to through terminology considered suitable by the organization’s program focus, cultural and customer environment. (e.g., approved operators, approved technicians).  [9162]
    2. individual or team who physically performs the process. “Approved Operators” are Self Verification qualified individuals or teams. These may also be referred to through terminology considered suitable by the organization’s program focus, cultural and customer environment, i.e. “Approved Technicians”, “Certified/Approved process Team Members” etc. [IAQG-history]
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    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. The process of measuring, examining, testing, gauging, or otherwise comparing product or material with defined requirements. [9162]
    2. The process of measuring, examining, testing, gauging, or otherwise comparing product or material with requirements. [9013]
    3. conformity evaluation by observation and judgement accompanied as appropriate by measurement, testing or gauging [ISO/IEC Guide 2] (ISO 9000:2005) [IAQG-history]
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    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. Observation/review or audit of operator self-verification by an entity that is not dependent on or affiliated with the entity controlling the operator. [9162]
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    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
    1. Those processes that if not performed properly or improper parts/material are used could result in a failure, malfunction or defect endangering the safe operation of the product involved. [9162]
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    Created: 11 Jul 2013
    Updated: 17 Apr 2017
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