Viewing 1 to 10 of 10
Technical Paper
Krishnaraj Udayachalam, Manan Trivedi, Ziliang Zheng, Amit Shrestha, Naeim Henein
SASOL IPK ( Iso-Paraffinic Kerosene) is a low cetane number synthetic fuel formed from coal by Fischer-Tropsch process which can be used as an extender to JP8, currently used in military ground vehicles. This paper presents two surrogates developed considering the following criteria: (a) availability of kinetic combustion models for each component, (b) smallest number of components to reduce computation time and cost, (c) matching the following properties of target fuel: derived Cetane Number (DCN), distillation curve , density, lower heating value, molecular weight and hydrogen-to-carbon ratio. The autoignition and combustion characteristics of the surrogates were validated in IQT(Ignition Quality Tester) according to ASTM D6890-10a. Surrogate formulation strategy involves an equation to calculate DCN of the surrogate mixture from the DCN of each component.
Technical Paper
Sampad Mukhopadhyay, Sunil Srinivas Badavath, Naeim Henein
The superior fuel economy and power density of direct injection internal combustion engine (diesel and gasoline) is related to use of high compression ratio to auto ignite the fuel and the overall lean combustible mixture. Two of the major problems in diesel engine emissions are the NOx and soot emissions, which are caused by the heterogeneity of the charge and the properties of the diesel fuel. Convention Direct Injection Gasoline engines don't have these problems because of the fuel properties particularly its volatility. However its efficiency and specific power output are limited by the knock, knock produced pre- ignition and sporadic pre- ignition phenomenon. Gasoline Direct Injection Compression Ignition (GDICI) engine combine the superior features of the two engines by increasing the compression ratio and use of gasoline as a fuel. One of the main advantages of GDICI engine is the low temperature combustion for low engine out emissions of NOx and Particulates.
Technical Paper
Manoj Mahala, Anindya Deb, Clifford Chou
Abstract Idealized mathematical models, also known as lumped parameter models (LPMs), are widely used in analyzing vehicles for ride comfort and driving attributes. However, the limitations of some of these LPMs are sometimes not apparent and a rigorous comparative study of common LPMs is necessary in ascertaining their suitability for various dynamic situations. In the present study, the mathematical descriptions of three common LPMs, viz. quarter, half and full car models, are systematically presented and solved for the appropriate response parameters such as body acceleration, body displacement, and, pitch and roll angles using representative passive suspension system properties. By carrying out a comparison of the three stated LPMs for hump-type road profiles, important quantitative insights, not previously reported in the literature, are generated into their behaviors so that their applications can be judicious and efficient.
Journal Article
Anshul Mittal, Anindya Deb, Clifford Chou
Abstract Rapid progress in the interdisciplinary field of automotive engineering and the pressing need for an environmental friendly alternative to metal and synthetic fiber-reinforced composites for vehicle structure have triggered recent research in the field of natural fiber-based composites. Their potential advantages are attributed to their light weight, low cost and biodegradability. However, their usage in present day automotive systems is restricted due a lower magnitude range of mechanical properties and limited study in this area. In contrast to mechanical joints, the adhesively bonded joints aid in reducing stress concentration, joining of dissimilar materials, corrosion prevention, weight reduction and a smoother finish. Thus, in the present study, failure load, and mean shear stress of single lap shear and double lap shear joints as a function of joint overlap length, are evaluated using a two part epoxy adhesive made by Huntsman.
Technical Paper
Tamer Badawy, Fadi Estefanous, Naeim Henein
Estimation of soot in real time would help in the development of engine controls during engine production to meet the emissions goals and for on-board diagnostics. This paper presents a new approach to the estimate the soot emissions from the ion current measured inside the cylinder during engine operation. The investigation was carried out on a 4.5L heavy duty, turbocharged diesel engine. The glow plug was modified to act as an ion current probe, in addition to its main function. Algorithms were developed for the ion current signal to estimate the soot formed on a cycle-by-cycle basis. A comparison was made between the estimated soot emissions and measurements made by using an opacity meter under steady state as well as under transient engine operating conditions. In this research, a non-linear multiple regression model (NLMR) was used to estimate soot percentage from the ion current signal.
Technical Paper
Fadi Adly Anis Estefanous, Tamer Badawy, Naeim Henein
This paper investigates the relationship between NOx and ion current measured inside the combustion chamber of a heavy duty diesel engine under different operating conditions. Nevertheless, ion current is a local signal, thus it is important to measure NOx concentrations at the same exact location of the ion current probe. A novel technique is developed to simultaneously sample in-cylinder NOx and measure the ion current signal by adapting gas sampling probes for ion sensing. The cycle-resolved traces for the rate of heat release, NO mole fraction and ion current were analyzed to determine the contribution of the premixed combustion and the mixing-diffusion controlled combustion on NO formation and ionization in diesel engines.
Technical Paper
Meng-Feng Li, Wen Chen, Hai Wu, David Gorski
This work is to propose a new Iterative Learning Observer (ILO)-based strategy for State Of Charge (SOC) estimation. The ILO is able to estimate the SOC in real time while identifying modeling errors and/or disturbances at the same time. An Electrical-Circuit Model (ECM) is adopted to characterize the Lithium-ion battery behavior. The ILO is designed based on this ECM and the stability is proved. Several experiments are conducted and the collected data is used to extract ECM parameters. The effectiveness of the estimated SOCs via ILO is verified by the experimental results. This implies that the ILO-based SOC determination scheme is effective to identify the SOC in real time.
Technical Paper
Tamer Badawy, Naeim Henein, Walter Bryzik
Signals indicative of in-cylinder combustion have been under investigation for the control of diesel engines to meet stringent emission standards and other production targets in performance and fuel economy. This paper presents the results of an investigation on the use of the ion current signal for the close loop control of a heavy duty four cylinder turbocharged diesel engine equipped with a common rail injection system. A correlation is developed between the start of ion current signal (SIC) and the location of the peak of premixed combustion (LPPC) in the rate of heat release trace. Based on this correlation, a PID closed loop controller is developed to adjust the injection timing for proper combustion phasing under steady and transient engine operating conditions.
Technical Paper
Atsushi Matsumoto, Yi Zheng, Xing-Bin Xie, Ming-Chia Lai, Wayne Moore
Because of their robustness and cost performance, multi-hole gasoline injectors are being adopted as the direct injection (DI) fuel injector of choice as vehicle manufacturers look for ways to reduce fuel consumption without sacrificing power and emission performance. To realize the full benefits of direct injection, the resulting spray needs to be well targeted, atomized, and appropriately mixed with charge air for the desirable fuel vapor concentration distributions in the combustion chamber. Ethanol and ethanol-gasoline blends synergistically improve the turbo-charged DI gasoline performance, especially in down-sized, down-sped and variable-valve-train engine architecture. This paper presents the spray imaging results from two multi-hole DI gasoline injectors with different design, fueled with pure ethanol (E100) or gasoline (E0), under homogeneous and stratified-charge conditions that represent typical engine operating points.
Philip J Dingle, Ming-Chia D Lai
Despite being developed more than 100 years ago, the diesel engine has yet to achieve mass acceptance in the North American passenger car sector. In most other parts of the world, however, diesel engines have made considerable strides due in part to the common rail fuel injection system. Significant fuel economy, reduced exhaust emissions, invincible low-speed torque, and all-around good drivability are a few of the benefits associated with common rail technology, which are covered in-depth in Diesel Common Rail and Advanced Fuel Injection Systems.
Viewing 1 to 10 of 10


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