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WIP Standard
2014-03-06
To provide a method that accounts for the attenuation due to line-of-sight blockage of aircraft noise by terrain features.
WIP Standard
2014-03-06
To provide a method for modeling the noise directivity behind start-of-takeoff roll based on empirical data from modern jet aircraft. This method would replace the method described in Section 3.3.1 of SAE-AIR-1845A "Procedure for the Calculation of Airplane Noise in the Vicinity of Airports."
Standard
2013-08-10
This document presents a practical method for calculating atmospheric absorption for wide-band sounds analyzed with one-third octave-band filters, called the SAE Method. The SAE Method utilizes pure-tone attenuation algorithms originally published in ISO 9613-1 and ANSI S1.26-1995 to calculate path-length attenuation at mid-band frequencies. The equations introduced in this standard transform the pure-tone, mid-band attenuation to one-third octave-band attenuation.
WIP Standard
2013-07-19
Test procedures are described for measuring noise at specific receiver locations (passenger and cargo doors, and servicing positions) and for conducting general noise surveys around aircraft. Procedures are also described for measuring noise level and directivity at noise source locations to facilitate the understanding and interpretation of the data. Requirements are identified with respect to instrumentation; acoustic and atmospheric environment; data acquisition, reduction and presentation, and such other information as is needed for reporting the results. This document makes no provision for predicting APU or component noise from basic engine characteristics or design parameters, nor for measuring noise of more than one aircraft operating at the same time. No attempt is made to suggest acceptable levels of noise or suitable subjective criteria for judging acceptability. ICAO Annex 16 Volume I Attachment C provides guidance on recommended maximum noise levels.
Standard
2013-05-16
ARP876 is intended to provide specific recommended procedures for the prediction of gas turbine jet exhaust system noise sources. Procedures are issued as separate sections, to allow for future updating as additional methods, consistent with state-of-the-art, become available.
Standard
2013-04-09
Test procedures are described for measuring noise at specific receiver locations (passenger and cargo doors, and servicing positions) and for conducting general noise surveys around aircraft. Procedures are also described for measuring noise level and directivity at noise source locations to facilitate the understanding and interpretation of the data. Requirements are identified with respect to instrumentation; acoustic and atmospheric environment; data acquisition, reduction and presentation, and such other information as is needed for reporting the results. This document makes no provision for predicting APU or component noise from basic engine characteristics or design parameters, nor for measuring noise of more than one aircraft operating at the same time. No attempt is made to suggest acceptable levels of noise or suitable subjective criteria for judging acceptability. ICAO Annex 16 Volume I Attachment C provides guidance on recommended maximum noise levels.
Standard
2012-12-03
This ARP describes a method by which values can be obtained for the absorption of sound in air over a wide range of temperature and humidity conditions. Although it was developed primarily for use in evaluating aircraft flyover noise measurements, the information should be applicable to other noise problems as well.
Standard
2012-08-16
The SAE A-21 Committee on Aircraft Noise undertook in 1979 the development of a uniform and consistent method for the prediction of lateral attenuation. The project was divided into two phases: (1) A short-term phase in which correlations of flight data were made using frequency-weighted and time-integrated measures of the noise, such as Effective Perceived Noise Level (EPNL) and Sound Exposure Level (SEL), see Appendix A; and (2) A long-term phase in which the effects of various sound-propagation phenomena would include ground reflection effects, refraction effects, and airplane shielding effects, as well as other ground and engine/airplane installation effects. This Aerospace Information Report is directed to the short-term phase in order to produce an interim prediction method as soon as possible.
Standard
2012-08-16
The purposes of this AIR are to provide technical background associated with the problem of correcting measured noise spectra to the 'free field' wherein the measurements are taken in the proximity of a ground plane; to provide practical examples of correction methods; and to present some techniques for minimizing the errors associated with the measurement of noise in the presence of ground planes. The application of this AIR should assist the acoustician in understanding the spectral effects of the reflection phenomena and suggests some methods for obtaining more accurate 'free field' acoustic data; however, the AIR does not purport to provide unique, exact solutions to all measurement problems, for each measurement situation is unique in itself. Of paramount importance to the correction procedures is a good knowledge of the acoustic impedance of the ground plane and the geometry associated with the measurement setup. A method of measuring these ground plane characteristics is described in Section 4.2.2..
Standard
2012-08-16
This method estimates noise for both single and tandem main rotor helicopters except for approach where it applies to single rotor designs only. It does not apply to coaxial rotor designs. Due to lack of available data, application of the method has not been evaluated for application to tiltrotor, or other VTOL configurations, when operating in the helicopter mode. Since there are substantial differences between helicopter rotors included in the data base, and tiltrotor rotors, aplication to VTOL configurations other than helicopters is not advised. Application is limited to helicopters powered by turboshaft engines and does not apply to helicopters powered by reciprocating engine, tip jets or other types of power plants. It provides noise information using basic operating and geometric information available in the open literature. To keep the method simple, it generates A-weighted sound levels, and Sound Exposure Levels precluding the necessity for spectral details. The metod prescribes estimates for typical helicopter operations; certain maneuvers may produce noise levels different from those estimated.
Standard
2012-08-16
Data presented in this AIR are in terms of differences between one-third-octave-band free-field sound pressure levels and are intended for use in estimating far-field aircraft noise. Allowance may be made for the acoustic impedance of the ground surface and sound pressure levels at any height above the ground plane may be estimated. In estimating the long-term time averaged sound level at several locations around an airport served by a mix of airplane types under a variety of atmospheric conditions, airplane operational weights, and flight procedures, it would be more appropriate to use the method of prediction for lateral attenuation given in reference 1.
Standard
2012-08-16
SAE ARP 876C provides a method for predicting major elements of the exhaust noise of a jet. It is incomplete in that no recommended method for shock-free coaxial flows is included. As discussed in the Addendum (Appendix C) to ARP 876C, the lack of a recommended method reflects the difficulties incurred in attempting to correlate satisfactorily data that have become available since the mid 1970s. During that period, three proposed methods were reviewed by the Gas Turbine Propulsion Subcommittee of the SAE A-21 Aircraft Noise Committee, none of which received the necessary level of support to allow publication in ARP 876C. Accordingly this AIR is issued to make available to those wishing to predict turbofan exhaust noise the main candidate procedures thus far considered by the Subcommittee.
Standard
2012-08-16
This high static thrust and relatively low installed engine power for propellers has been a factor in their consideration as propuslors for vertical and short take-off and landing (V/STOL) aircraft. The simplicity and low cost of the propeller has historically been a factor in its selection for the majority of general aviation aircraft. With the increased emphasis on noise generated by all types of aircraft there has been an increasing interest in controlling the noise of new V/STOL and conventional transport aircraft as well as general aviation aircraft. To assist the designer of new aircraft as well as others interested in the noise characteristics of various propeller configurations the procedure described in this Aerospace Information Report (AIR) has been developed.
Standard
2012-08-16
This Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines quatities that may be used to describe various attributes of the sound field in the interior of aircraft. For a particular aircraft, or for a specific situation in a paticular aircraft, It may not be necessary to utilize all the quantities included here to provide an adequate description of an aircraft's interior acoustical environment.
Standard
2012-08-16
The primary measurement procedure recommended in this ARP includes the recording of sound pressure signals in the interior of an airplane during steady state cruise conditions with analysis after the flight into octave band (or one-third octave band) sound pressure levels. Alternatively, spectral analyses of the sound pressure signals may be performed directly on board an airplane. Though less flexible than the primary measurement procedure, the alternative procedure offers the advantage of immediate availability of frequency band or frequency weighted sound pressure levels that are consistent with those measured in accordance with the procedures in ISO 5129. In view of the range of possible measurement this ARP provides electroacoustical performance requirements for a complete system from a microphone to the readout device. Various individual components of a measurement system may be selected so long as the total measurement system complies with the requirements. Recommendations of this ARP are not intended to satisfy the stringent requirements for airplane design or development.
Standard
2012-08-16
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) describes procedures for calculating sound exposure levels at ground locations resulting from operations of jet and propeller driven airplanes in the vicinity of an airport. The procedures assume that reference noise and performance data are available for each airplane involved. The fundamental element of the procedures is a method for calculating the A-weighted sound exposure level (SEL) that would be produced, on average, by any specific airplane when performing any specified operation. Procedures are given for calculating sound exposure levels for individual airplane operations and for the average sound level produced by the cumulative effect of a series of different airplane operations, normally expressed in terms of day-night average sound level (DNL) averaged over an appropriate long time period. The principal purpose of using the procedures recommended in this AIR to calculate contours of equal average sound levels is to assist in land-use planning around airports.
Standard
2012-08-16
The interior noise within the relatively small space of civilian or military rotorcraft results from exterior and interior noise sources. Interior noise measurements may be required in order to develop or evaluate acoustical treatment designs that will provide a necessary degree of crew and passenger comfort. This document describes recommended methods and procedures for uniform measurement, analysis and reporting of sound pressure levels in the interior of rotorcraft. Satisfactory measurements of noise in personnel-occupied rotorcraft cabins may require test techniques different from those prescribed for other types of aircraft (ARP1323) because rotorcraft operate under significantly different flight conditions. Recommendations of this ArP apply to the recording of acoustical data on magnetic tape and the subsequent processing and analysis of the recorded data.
WIP Standard
2012-05-08
A photographic technique is described for determining minimum observer-to-aircraft distances during acoustic "fly-over" tests. Possible sources of error are discussed, and it is shown that with ordinary care results are sufficiently accurate to require no correction.
WIP Standard
2011-03-21
This standard should provide accurate fuel consumption prediction methods throughout the flight regime. The standard should apply to any fixed-wing, turbofan or turbojet-powered airplane.
WIP Standard
2010-05-21
This AIR describes procedures for calculating emissions resulting from the main engines of commercial jet and turboprop aircraft through all modes of operation for all segments of a flight. Piston engine aircraft emissions are not included in this AIR. Some information about piston engine aircraft emissions can be found in FOCA 2007. The principal purpose of the procedures is to assist model developers in calculating aircraft emissions in a consistent and accurate manner that can be used to address various environmental assessments including those related to policy decisions and regulatory requirements.
Standard
2009-07-27
This AIR describes procedures for calculating emissions resulting from the main engines of commercial jet and turboprop aircraft through all modes of operation for all segments of a flight. Piston engine aircraft emissions are not included in this AIR. Some information about piston engine aircraft emissions can be found in FOCA 2007. The principal purpose of the procedures is to assist model developers in calculating aircraft emissions in a consistent and accurate manner that can be used to address various environmental assessments including those related to policy decisions and regulatory requirements.
Standard
2008-03-05
Recommendations presented in this document are intended primarily for the acquisition of far-field noise data. The test engine is to be appropriately configured and operated so that the sound pressure levels obtained are consistent with the specific objectives of the test. The principal output of the data reduction system is one-third octave band sound pressure levels. However, when appropriate, data may be recorded for purposes of broader or narrower bandwidth analysis.
WIP Standard
2007-02-26
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides information and methods for using aircraft position data to estimate aircraft thrust. The thrust estimated using this AIR is intended to be used to estimate aircraft noise level and aircraft air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. The method of estimating aircraft noise level using aircraft thrust is provided in AIR 1845. Aircraft noise and emissions are generally estimated using models that are based on standard sets of aircraft profiles that include aircraft thrust, speed, and altitude along the flight path. Potential uses of this AIR are to provide an experimental method of determining the adequacy of a standard profile or to develop a flight specific profile. Flight specific profiles may be used to develop or revise standard profiles or to model noise or emissions on a flight-by-flight basis. Potential users include: airport noise modelers, airport emission modelers, developers of airport noise and emission models, federal, state and local government agencies, equipment vendors and other public bodies and officials.
Standard
2006-08-28
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides engineering methods that can be applied to monitoring aircraft noise and operations in the vicinity of airports using either attended or unattended monitoring systems, as well as methods for validation of measurement results from permanent systems. Part 1 provides guidance on the components, installation and administration of permanent systems and guidance on analysis of data collected from temporary monitoring of aircraft noise. A separate document, Part 2, describes both system screening tests and detailed test methods for validating the data reported by permanently installed systems. This document is intended as a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change with experience and technical advances.
Standard
2006-08-28
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides engineering methods that can be applied to monitoring aircraft noise and operations in the vicinity of airports using either attended or unattended monitoring systems, as well as methods for validation of measurement results from permanent systems. Part 1 provides guidance on the components, installation and administration of permanent systems and guidance on analysis of data collected from temporary monitoring of aircraft noise. Part 2, this part, describes both system screening tests and detailed test methods for validating the data reported by permanently installed systems. This document is intended as a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change with experience and technical advances.
Standard
2006-04-20
This document describes analytical methods for calculating the attenuation of the level of the sound propagating from an airplane to locations on the ground and to the side of the flight path of an airplane during ground roll, climbout after liftoff, and landing operations. Both level and non-level ground scenarios may be modeled using these methods, however application is only directly applicable to terrain without significant undulations, which may cause multiple reflections and/or multiple shielding effects. This attenuation is termed lateral attenuation and is in excess of the attenuation from wave divergence and atmospheric absorption.
Standard
2006-02-28
ARP876 is intended to provide specific recommended procedures for the prediction of gas turbine jet exhaust system noise sources. Procedures are issued as separate Sections, to allow for future updating as additional methods, consistent with state-of-the-art, become available.
Standard
2002-12-16
ABSTRACT
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