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Technical Paper
Andrew Smallbone, Amit Bhave, Michael Hillman, Allan Saville, Robert Mcdavid
This paper builds upon recent publication (SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-1388, 2011, doi:10.4271/2011-01-1388) and outlines the on-going development of an advanced simulator for virtual engine mapping and optimization of engine performance, combustion and emissions characteristics. The model is further advanced through development of new sub-models for turbulent mixing, multiple injection events, variable injection pressures, engine breathing and gas exchange, as well as particulates formation and oxidation. The result is a simulator which offers engine design and performance data typically associated with 1D thermodynamic engine cycle simulations but with the "physics-based" model robustness usually associated with 3D CFD methods. This combination then enables efficient optimization of engine design with respect to engine performance, combustion characteristics and exhaust gas emissions.
Journal Article
Praveen Chavannavar, J. Josh Driscoll
An automated process was developed for the calibration of numerical aftertreatment models. The chemical kinetic mechanism examined in this case was part of a simplified SCR model. The process adopted for calibrating the SCR model was based on a micro-population multi-objective genetic algorithm. The algorithm developed was used to calibrate the SCR model using data derived from another, more detailed model to ensure that the evaluation focused only on the effectiveness of the calibration process and was not affected by issues of experimental inaccuracies or details of the model chemistry involved.
Technical Paper
Nicola Terdich, Ricardo F. Martinez-Botas, David A. Howey, Colin D. Copeland, Aaron Costall
Turbocharged diesel engines are widely used in off-road applications including construction and mining machinery, electric power generation systems, locomotives, marine, petroleum, industrial and agricultural equipment. Such applications contribute significantly to both local air pollution and CO₂ emissions and are subject to increasingly stringent legislation. To improve fuel economy while meeting emissions limits, manufacturers are exploring engine downsizing by increasing engine boost levels. This allows an increase in IMEP without significantly increasing mechanical losses, which results in a higher overall efficiency. However, this can lead to poorer transient engine response primarily due to turbo-lag, which is a major penalty for engines subjected to fast varying loads. To recover transient response, the turbocharger can be electrically assisted by means of a high speed motor/generator.
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