Improvements in Thermal Efficiency of Premixed Diesel Combustion with Low Distillation Temperature Fuels
The influence of fuel volatility on the thermal efficiency of premixed diesel combustion was evaluated with three ordinary diesel fuels with different distillation temperature distributions and also with a primary reference fuel with an octane number of 20 (PRF20) as a high volatility fuel. The experiments were conducted on a single-cylinder DI diesel engine for the premixed diesel combustion with a single injection at 11% intake oxygen concentration and conventional diesel combustion with a pilot fuel injection at 21% intake oxygen concentration. With the premixed diesel combustion, the indicated thermal efficiencies with the ordinary diesel fuels were lower than with PRF20 although the shapes of the rate of heat release and the combustion efficiencies calculated from the exhaust gas components were almost unchanged. With the conventional diesel combustion, the indicated thermal efficiencies with the ordinary diesel fuels and PRF20 were similar.