Viewing 1 to 13 of 13
Technical Paper
Sreegururaj Jayachander, Prasanna Vasudevan
Technology is one of the key determinants of the outcome in today's wars. Many targeting systems today use infra-red imaging as a means of acquiring targets when ambient light is insufficient for optical systems. Reducing thermal signatures offers an obvious tactical advantage in such a scenario. One way to reduce thermal emission of combat vehicles is to adopt highly efficient electrical power trains instead of internal combustion engines that tend to reject a sizeable amount of the input energy as heat. The tractor is one of the most versatile vehicles that are used in the theatre of combat for various operations such as haulage, clearing terrain, deploying bridges, digging trenches etc due to its excellent abilities in handling difficult terrain. A tractor powered by an all-electric power train was developed for civilian applications. The traction characteristics are identical to that of a conventional diesel powered tractor of comparable size.
Technical Paper
Subramanian Premananth, Hareesh Krishnan, Riyaz Mohammed, Dharmar Ganesh
Abstract Overall in-vehicle visibility is considered as a key safety parameter essentially mandated due to the increasing traffic scenario as seen in developing countries. Driver side bottom corner visibility is one such parameter primarily defined by A-pillar bottom and outside rear-view mirror (OSRVM). While defining the OSRVM package requirements such as size, position and regulatory aspects, it is also vital to consider other influencing parameters such as position of pillars, waist-line height, and Instrument panel which affect the in-vehicle visibility. This study explains the various package considerations, methods to optimize OSRVM position, shape and housing design in order to maximize the in-vehicle visibility considering the road and traffic conditions. A detailed study on in-vehicle visibility impacted by OSRVM packaging explained and had been verified for the results.
Technical Paper
Prasanna Vasudevan, Sreegururaj Jayachander
Abstract Several studies in the field of hedonics using subjective responses to gauge the nature and influence of odors have attempted to explain the complex psychological and chemical processes. Work on the effect of odors in alleviating driver fatigue is limited. The potential to improve road safety through non-pharmacological means such as stimulating odors is the impetus behind this paper. This is especially relevant in developing countries today with burgeoning economies such as India. Longer road trips by commercial transport vehicles with increasingly fatigued drivers and risk of accidents are being fuelled by distant producer - consumer connections. This work describes a two stage comparative study on the effects of different odors typically obtainable in India. The stages involve administration of odorants orthonsally and retronasally after the onset of circadian fatigue in test subjects. This is followed by a small cognitive exercise to evaluate hand-eye coordination.
Technical Paper
Abhishek Shah, R. R. Karthick, V Aravindan, Sanjay Phegade, Sappani Murugesh
Abstract This paper focuses on optimizing the electrical energy consumption of vehicle. By introduction three concepts. 1) Innovative speed control logic for radiator fan motor according to vehicle speed and air flow through radiator. 2) Introducing regeneration of energy from radiator fan motor while free running and deceleration of vehicle. 3) Using BLDC motors (generation mode and motoring mode) in radiator and blower motors. About 50 % of total electrical energy consumption of vehicle is contributed by radiator fan motor and blower motor (proven data by performing alternator charge balance test during NEDC cycle). By introducing above three concepts, 50 % electrical energy consumption can be reduced to 25 - 30 %, which gives more than 3.5 % fuel economy improvement and more than 10 gmCO2 reduction per kilometer. Further reduction in conducted emission at motor level, soft starting for radiator fan and blower motor and elimination of high inrush current.
Technical Paper
Praveer Jain, Vinayak Kulkarni, Sachin Kulkarni, Ravindra Mahajan
Abstract There are significant geometrical as well as operational parameters which affect the emission performance of a diesel engine. In this work, various important engine variables are selected for optimization. The objective of this work is to satisfy BS III norms, that too, with a healthy margin. Among the selected variables, swirl is a complex variable to control, and that itself depends on number of geometrical and operational parameters. Chamfer angle of the valve seat is modified to vary swirl ratios, actual swirl performance test is done. Further, CFD and analytical analysis is done on various geometrical parameters of intake port and important parameters affecting swirl were identified. Thus, by the above exercise three optimum swirl ratios were selected for design of experiments. Engine variables selected for optimization are swirl ratio, fuel injection timing, nozzle orifice (K and KS type) and turbocharger (waste gate and free float).
Technical Paper
Navneet Chaudhari, Suvendu Kumar Sethi, Rao Srinivasa
Abstract Tractors with 4WD drive perform better in slick, off road or muddy conditions (especially in Agricultural and constructional Field applications) where torque is required at all the wheels. The purpose of four wheel drive or all-wheel drive is to transmit power to all the wheels. In case of 2WD the power from engine is transferred to the rear wheels of a tractor through transmission. But in case of 4 WD tractors and construction equipment, power from engine is transferred to the front wheels through drop box and the driveline (propeller shaft). This Paper describes the need of an offset driveline where there is an offset between the Drop box output shaft center and the front axle input shaft center. This offset is the result of zero keel angle of the tractor. In order to maintain zero keel angle and transfer power to front wheels, an offset driveline with three shafts has been design &developed.
Technical Paper
Brij Mohan, Dinesh Redkar
Abstract Differential in Gear Box play vital role in Tractors for assisting it in turning and also to take straight path. Light weight machine always have advantage in terms of fuel economy and performance. Weight optimized rotating part have additional benefits of saving power loss, against stationary dead weight. Differential Housing is such a part, which rotates during the vehicle motion and torque transmission. [1] This paper describes a method by which weight of the Differential Housing is optimized. In this particular body of work, additional constraints of avoiding any change in existing cold forged parts like Bevel Gear & Pinion. This also have additional benefit of enhanced flow of Oil inside Differential Housing for better lubrication of Bevel Gears and Pinion. This resulted in weight saving of Differential Housing and finally fuel economy of Tractor.
Technical Paper
Prakash Kamath, Somasundar Menon, Shiladitya De Sircar, Sanjay Deshpande
The emerging business imperative of frequent new product introduction in market throws up challenge to shorten testing and evaluation time. Advanced test facilities and statistical tools have a greater role in reducing the evaluation cycle time. Considering limitations of field testing, a need was felt to simulate field condition in the laboratory i.e., ‘Bringing field to lab’. In this paper, an effort is made to explain the concept of ‘Bringing field to lab’ and the approach towards accomplishing it. The methodology developed for assessing effectiveness of laboratory tests i.e., ‘Power of Lab’ is shared. Various means of accelerating the tests and verifying field to lab correlation are explained. In quest to pursue the vision of ‘Bringing field to lab’ program, a new test facility has been developed to evaluate tractor i.e., Three-Poster Test System. Features of this test system, along with it’s role in ‘Bringing field to lab’, are shared along with the test results obtained.
Technical Paper
Mathialagan Balaji, Hemant Bhatkar, Jeya Kumar Ranjith Kumar, Ananthan Anbazhagan, Pramod Palkar
Abstract Rear axles are subjected to bending and torsion loads out of which Bending loads are predominant. In case of Off road vehicles Bi Axial- combination of Bending and torsion loads were predominant, because of axle construction and vehicle usage pattern. Defined test procedures are available for bending durability and torsional durability evaluation of axles. In this experiment, new test methodology was developed for Bi Axial durability evaluation of Off road vehicle rear axle with single servo hydraulic linear actuator. For creating Bi Axial load condition, we may need multiple actuators and complicated fixtures. Axle wheel end is constrained at an angle with suitable fixtures for creating the bending and torsional forces together in the axle. Servo hydraulic linear actuator with suitable loading arm is used for applying the test torque in the axle input flange.
Journal Article
Amit Sandooja, Sagar Jadhav
Abstract Gear design is one of the most critical components in the Mechanical Power Transmission industry. Among all the gear design parameters pressure angle is the most critical parameter, which mainly affects the load carrying capacity of the gear. Generally gears are designed with a symmetric pressure angle for drive and coast side. It means that both flank side of gear are able to have same load carrying capacity. In some applications, such as in wind turbines, the gears experience only uni-directional loading. In such cases, the geometry of the drive side need not be symmetric to the coast side. This allows for the design of gears with asymmetric teeth. Therefore new gear designs are needed because of the increasing performance requirements, such as high load capacity, high endurance, long life, and high speed. These gears provide flexibility to designers due to their non-standard design.
Technical Paper
Abhijit Vishnu Londhe, Suhas Kangde
Validation of vehicle structure by use of finite element analysis is at the core of reduction of product development time. In the early phase of validation it is required to evaluate the strength of the vehicle structure to account for the loading during physical validation and service loading. In service the vehicle is subjected to variable loads. These act upon the components that originate from road roughness, maneuvers and power train loads. All systems in the vehicle represent more or less complicated elastic structures subjected to time varying loads. A time domain dynamic assessment of the vehicle structure is time consuming and expensive. Also in the early phase of design wherein several design iterations need to be carried out for design validation, it is practically impossible to conduct a dynamic analysis and fatigue life assessment. Extreme static load cases are traditionally being used for this process.
Technical Paper
Abhirup Chakraborty, Sagar Polisetti, Jayanthan Jayaseelan, Rajesh Upadhyay
Abstract Vibrational fatigue is a metal fatigue caused by the forced vibrations which are purely random in nature. The phenomenon is predominantly important for the components/systems which are subjected to extreme vibration during its operation. In a vehicle, an engine is the main source of vibration. The vibrational fatigue, therefore, plays a key role in the deterioration of engine mounted components. Multiple test standards and methodologies are available for validating engine mounted parts of an automobile. These might not be appropriate in the case of an off- road vehicle as the vibrational exposure of engine mounted components of an off-road vehicle is entirely different. In the case of an off-road vehicle, the engine mounted components are subjected to a comparatively higher level of vibration for a longer duration of time as compared to the passenger cars.
Technical Paper
Jaideep Singh, k.v.v. rao Srinivasa, Jagmindar Singh
Manual transmissions are characterized by gear ratios that are selectable by locking selected gear pairs to the output shaft inside the transmission. Top gear is selected to get a maximum speed and is limited by the engine power, speed and the fuel economy. Lower gears are selected to get maximum speed at maximum gradient. Lower gears are also expected to give creeping speed to avoid usage of clutch and brake in city traffic. Selection of intermediate gears is such that it provides a smoother gear shift. Gear spacing is done in geometric progression. Spacing between the higher gears is usually closer than in the lower gears because drivers shift more often between the lower gears. This is opposed to the conventional idea of progressive spacing where higher gears had more space between them. An objective method is provided for selecting gear ratios for use in vehicle transmission having multiple selectable gears.
Viewing 1 to 13 of 13


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