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Technical Paper
R. Kai, T. Sekiya, M. Ogawa, K. Saiki, R. Matsubara, H. Kurachi, M. Brayer, E. Warner, S. Fujii, S. Ren
The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)’s heavy duty diesel emission standard was tightened beginning from 2007 with the introduction of ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel. Most heavy duty diesel applications were required to equip Particulate Matter (PM) after-treatment systems to meet the new tighter, emission standard. Systems utilizing Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) and Catalyzed-Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) are a mainstream of modern diesel PM after-treatment systems. To ensure appropriate performance of the system, periodic cleaning of the PM trapped in DPF by its oxidation (a process called “regeneration”) is necessary. As a result, of this regeneration, DOC’s and DPF’s can be exposed to hundreds of thermal cycles during their lifetime. Therefore, to understand the thermo-mechanical performance of the DOC and DPF is an essential issue to evaluate the durability of the system.
Technical Paper
Yoshitaka Ito, Takehide Shimoda, Takashi Aoki, Yukinari Shibagaki, Kazuya Yuuki, Hirofumi Sakamoto, Claus Vogt, Tasuku Matsumoto, Wolfgang Heuss, Philipp Kattouah, Mikio Makino, Kyohei Kato
Low fuel consumption and improved power output are the main market drivers in the automotive industry. For these challenges, Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) technology provides higher thermal efficiency than Multi Point Injection (MPI) engines and this technology is expanding as a solution to reduce CO₂ and improve driveability. In Europe under the Euro 5 regulation, engine downsizing becomes a major solution to reduce CO₂ of gasoline engines. For this concept GDI is essential together with turbocharging technology. However GDI technology increases particulate matter (PM) emissions compared to MPI engines. As the introduction of a Particle Number (PN) regulation for Euro 6 GDI vehicles has been decided, technologies to reduce GDI PN emissions start to become necessary. For this requirement, a gasoline particulate filter (GPF) is an effective solution.
Technical Paper
Noboru Higuchi, Shigeru Mochida, Masaru Kojima
Ceramic honeycomb filters performing diesel particulate trapping require regeneration by burning the subsequently accumulated particulate. During this regeneration, thermal failure occurs in some conditions. For developing a highly reliable system with this method, it is necessary to clarify the effects of various factors on the failure to optimize the regeneration conditions. This paper gives the results of an experiment, employing a burner method, of the effect on the damage of regeneration conditions of gas temperature, oxygen concentration, gas flow rate and amount of accumulated particulate, and discusses the regeneration conditions under which the filter is safely operated.
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