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Viewing 1 to 24 of 24
2011-04-12
Technical Paper
2011-01-1234
Aldo Sorniotti, Enrico Damiani, Tim Moorin
Over the last decade the simulation of driving cycles through longitudinal vehicle models has become an important stage in the design, analysis and selection of vehicle powertrains. This paper presents an overview of existing software packages, along with the development of a new multipurpose driving cycle simulator implemented in the Matlab/Simulink environment. In order to evaluate the performance of the simulator, a MAN TGL 12.240 multi-usage delivery vehicle was fitted with a CAN-bus data logger and used to create a series of ‘real-life’ drive cycles. These were inputted into the vehicle model and the simulated fuel mass flow-rate and engine rotational speed were compared to those experimentally obtained.
2006-04-03
Technical Paper
2006-01-0477
Aldo Sorniotti
The paper deals with the virtual and experimental analysis of two commercial Mechanical Brake Assist systems. They are described in detail, then modeled and experimentally evaluated through a Hardware-In-the-Loop test bench and road tests. Three different kinds of drivers are compared, from the point of view of the performance increase promised by Brake Assist during an emergency brake maneuver. The three driver types are based on the measurement of the behavior of real drivers, as it is presented in specific research activities in literature.
2005-04-11
Technical Paper
2005-01-1580
Mauro Velardocchia, Aldo Sorniotti
The paper shortly describes an ABS/ESP Hardware-In-the-Loop (HIL) test bench built by the Vehicle Dynamics Team of the Department of Mechanics of Politecnico di Torino. It consists of a whole brake system, integrated through specific interface (e.g. wheel pressures signals) with a vehicle model running in real time on a dSPACE® board. Different commercial ABS strategies are compared, in a large spectrum of manoeuvres: slow brake apply manoeuvres, panic brake manoeuvres, μ-split brake manoeuvres, brake manoeuvres with a sudden variation of the friction coefficient between tyres and ground. The paper deals with the generation of all the signals required for activating a commercial ESP: steering wheel angle, body yaw rate, body lateral acceleration, engine control, etc… Some of them are transmitted by CAN. Typical handling manoeuvres are used to test the ESP: step steer, double step steer, ramp steer, etc… Several brake manoeuvres are simulated while turning.
2012-04-16
Journal Article
2012-01-0630
Francesca Di Nicola, Aldo Sorniotti, Thomas Holdstock, Fabio Viotto, Stefano Bertolotto
The research presented in this paper focuses on the effects of downsizing the electric motor drive of a fully electric vehicle through the adoption of a multiple-speed transmission system. The activity is based on the implementation of a simulation framework in Matlab / Simulink. The paper considers a rear wheel drive case study vehicle, with a baseline drivetrain configuration consisting of a single-speed transmission, which is compared with drivetrains adopting motors with identical peak power but higher base speeds and lower peak torques coupled with multiple-speed transmissions (double and three-speed), to analyze the benefits in terms of energy efficiency and performance. The gear ratios and gearshift maps for each multiple-speed case study are optimized through a procedure developed by the authors consisting of cost functions considering energy efficiency and performance evaluation. The cost functions are explained in the paper along with the models adopted for the research.
2006-02-14
Technical Paper
2006-01-1966
Aldo Sorniotti
The paper presents the approach followed by Politecnico di Torino Vehicle Dynamics Research team to design an electro-mechanical Active Roll Control (ARC) system. The first part of the paper describes the targets of the system, which has to improve both comfort and handling. Different solutions for the implementation of the electro-mechanical actuation were evaluated. A prototype of the electro-mechanical Active Roll Control was built and experimentally tested in the Vehicle Dynamics Laboratory of the Department of Mechanics of Politecnico di Torino, by adopting a Hardware-In-the-Loop (HIL) test bench. The experimental results show the benefits of the system, both in a stand alone configuration and integrated with an Electronic Stability Control (ESC) system.
2006-02-14
Technical Paper
2006-01-1962
Aldo Sorniotti, Nicolò D'Alfio, Enrico Galvagno, Andrea Morgando, Fabrizio Amisano
The paper deals with the methodology implemented by Magneti Marelli and Politecnico di Torino Vehicle Dynamics Research group to develop and verify the software of active chassis and powertrain control systems through a Hardware-In-the-Loop automated procedure. It is a general procedure which can be adopted for all the active chassis control systems, not only for their development but also for the verification of their reliability. The steps of the procedure are described in the first part of the paper. The specific application on which this paper is focused concerns robotized gearboxes.
2003-10-19
Technical Paper
2003-01-3335
Andrea Fortina, Mauro Velardocchia, Aldo Sorniotti
The paper deals with a method implemented to study braking systems design, modelling components' characteristics through commercial software. It summarizes the potential improvement possible by using modelling techniques in chassis systems design. The first part consisted in producing a passive braking system model. A first validation was carried out on a test bench by using components of different braking systems. Particular attention was devoted to booster modelization both in semi-stationary and dynamic conditions. The second part was callipers, roll-back and thermal phenomena modelization. Finally, it were modelled Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) and Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC) Hydraulic Units and their integration with control strategies and with vehicle dynamics model.
2003-10-19
Technical Paper
2003-01-3336
Luigi Petruccelli, Mauro Velardocchia, Aldo Sorniotti
The first step toward a braking system ‘by wire’ is Electro-Hydraulic Braking System (EHB). The paper describes a method to evaluate through virtual experimentation the actual improvement in vehicle behaviour, from the point of view of both handling and comfort, including also pedal feeling, due to EHB. The first step consisted in modelling the hydraulic unit, comprehensive of sensors. Then it was conceived a control logic devoted to medium-low intensity braking manoeuvres, without ABS intervention, to determine an optimal braking force distribution and pedal feeling depending on the manoeuvre. A failsafe strategy, complete of on board diagnosis, to prevent dangerous system behaviour in the eventuality of a component failure was carried out and tested. Finally, EHB wheel pressure sensors were used to improve both ABS performance, increasing the adherence estimation, and Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC) performance, through a more precise actuation.
2005-04-11
Technical Paper
2005-01-0401
Nicolò D'Alfio, Andrea Morgando, Aldo Sorniotti, Mauro Velardocchia
Chassis Control Systems development methodology is nowadays strongly based on analyzing performance by using PC vehicle dynamics simulation. Generally, the overall design, test bench and road validation process is continuously accompanied by simulation. The Base Model Simulator was developed by the Vehicle Dynamics Group at the Department of Mechanics of Politecnico di Torino both to satisfy this requirement and for educational purposes. It considers a complete vehicle dynamics mathematical model, including driver, powertrain, driveline, vehicle body, suspensions, steering system, brakes, tires. The Base Model Simulator takes in account the suspensions system elastokinematics, including, for example, automatic computation of camber variation during the vehicle roll motions. Tire model considered are either Pacejka's models or experimental data.
2004-03-08
Technical Paper
2004-01-0860
Davide Danesin, Christian Girardin, Aldo Sorniotti, Andrea Morgando, Mauro Velardocchia
The paper presents the research activity managed to investigate the dynamics of a 4WD vehicle equipped considering drivelines with different layout. The procedure developed required to conceive an on purpose simulator to compare performance through virtual experimentation. Drivelines mechanical main characteristics and performance increasing due to control strategy were evaluated. Preliminary road test were performed with a single driveline layout, to evaluate simulation reliability and limits. The paper presents the 4WD vehicle simulator, the main equations applied to model open, torque sensing and limited slip differentials, some preliminary road test results showing torque sensing driveline performance.
2004-03-08
Technical Paper
2004-01-0190
Mauro Velardocchia, Aldo Sorniotti
The paper presents a failsafe strategy conceived for a Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC) system developed by the Vehicle Dynamics Research Team of Politecnico di Torino. The main equations used by the failsafe algorithm are presented, especially those devoted to estimate steering wheel angle, body yaw rate and lateral acceleration, each of them fundamental to correctly actuate the VDC. The estimation is based on redundancy; each formula is considered according to a weight depending on the kind of maneuver. A new recovery algorithm is presented, which does not deactivate VDC after a sensor fault, but substitutes the sensor signal with the virtually estimated value. The results obtained through simulation are satisfactory. First experimental tests carried out on a ABS/VDC test bench of the Vehicle Dynamics Research Team of Politecnico di Torino confirmed the simulation results.
2008-04-14
Technical Paper
2008-01-0344
Aldo Sorniotti
The paper deals with the shock absorber model conceived by the author. It is implemented on the basis of an existing shock absorber model already presented by the same author [1]. The enhanced model permits a first approximation estimation of the average temperature of the different components of a monotube or a twin tube shock absorber. The fluid dynamic input data for the model, expressed in terms of pressure drops vs. flow rates, can be parameterized as a function of the estimated temperatures of the fluid through the considered orifice. The process required for the experimental data acquisition for the model is described, as well as the experimental validation of the model.
2008-04-14
Technical Paper
2008-01-0631
Mauro Velardocchia, Nicolò D'Alfio, Elvio Bonisoli, Enrico Galvagno, Fabrizio Amisano, Aldo Sorniotti
Vehicles equipped with Automated Manual Transmissions (AMT) for gear shift control show many advantages in terms of reduction of fuel consumption and improvement of driving comfort and shifting quality. In order to increase both performance and efficiency, an important target is focused on the minimization of the typical torque interruption during the gear shift, especially in front of the conventional automatic transmission. Recently, AMT are proposed to be connected with planetary gears and friction brakes, in order to reduce the torque gap during the gear change process. This paper is focused on a block-oriented simulation methodology developed in Matlab/Simulink/Stateflow® environment, able to simulate the performance of a complete FWD powertrain and in particular to predict dynamic performance and overall efficiency of the AMT with innovative Torque Gap Filler devices (TGF).
2008-04-14
Technical Paper
2008-01-0632
Aldo Sorniotti
The paper presents the driveline models conceived by the author in order to evaluate the main parameters for an optimal tuning of the driveline of a passenger vehicle. The paper deals with a full modal analysis of the contributions of the different parts. The implemented models permit to consider the non-linear driveline dynamics, including the effect of the clutch damper (in terms of non-linear stiffness and variable amplitude hysteresis in the case of the models in the time domain) and the halfshafts, the engine mounting system and the tires. The influence of each component of the driveline on the overall frequency response of the system is presented. In particular, the paper demonstrates that the tire can be modeled like a non-linear damper within the rotational dynamics of the driveline and that it is the fundamental component contributing to the first order dynamics of the transmission.
2008-04-14
Technical Paper
2008-01-0595
Aldo Sorniotti, Mauro Velardocchia
The aim of this paper is the conception of a tire model which allows a good fit with the physical experimental behavior of the component. In the meanwhile, the model should be simple enough to permit real time vehicle dynamics simulation, in the same way as the diffused Pacejka's model. The paper discusses the influence of the model for the estimation of contact patch properties on the overall tire forces and moments. It demonstrates that unrealistic models of the contact patch can lead to a good fit with the experimental data (in terms of forces and self-aligning moment), even if the real physics of the tire is not reproduced. A realistic model implies a significant reduction of the stiffness of the brushes as a function of the vertical load between the tire and the road surface.
2007-09-16
Technical Paper
2007-24-0138
Aldo Sorniotti, Enrico Sampo', Mauro Velardocchia, Elvio Bonisoli, Enrico Galvagno
This paper presents an experimental methodology which can be adopted to measure the friction torque of the bearings in the wheel hubs of passenger vehicles. The first section of the paper highlights the reasons why an experimental device is necessary to have an objective evaluation of the performance of the bearing in terms of friction. In particular, the high level of approximation of the current formulas for the estimation of the friction inside a single bearing is discussed and demonstrated. An analytical methodology for the evaluation of the distribution of the axial load between the two bearings of the wheel hub is presented. However, its practical application for the precise calculation of the distribution of the load has to be checked through experimental tests.
2008-12-02
Technical Paper
2008-01-2964
Aldo Sorniotti, Massimiliano Curto
This paper deals with the development of a Lap Time Simulator in order to carry out a first approximate evaluation of the potential benefits related to the adoption of the Kinetic Energy Recovery System (KERS). KERS will be introduced in the 2009 Formula 1 Season. This system will be able to store energy during braking and then use it in order to supply an extra acceleration during traction. Different technologies (e.g. electrical, hydraulic and mechanical) could be applied in order to achieve this target. The lap time simulator developed by the authors permits to investigate the advantages both in terms of fuel consumption reduction and the improvement of the lap time.
2007-04-16
Technical Paper
2007-01-0855
Aldo Sorniotti, Nicolò D'Alfio, Andrea Morgando
Simulation is becoming the fundamental tool to design the main components of a vehicle. The paper describes the shock absorber model which was implemented by the Vehicle Dynamics Research Team of Politecnico di Torino. It is a modular model which can be adopted both for mono-tube and twin-tube shock absorbers. It can be used at different levels of approximation, as a function of the kind of user and his/her targets. The main data which have to be inserted in the model are fluid properties, the basic dimensions of the component and the characteristics of the orifices of the shock absorber. An experimental test bench was conceived to obtain the diagrams plotting flow rate through an orifice of a shock absorber versus the pressure drop between input and output ports. The test rig and the procedure to perform the experimental tests and insert the results in the shock absorber model are described in detail.
2007-04-16
Technical Paper
2007-01-0828
Aldo Sorniotti, Nicolò D'Alfio
Active Roll Control (ARC) is one of the most promising active systems to improve vehicle comfort and handling. This paper describes the simulation based procedure adopted to conceive a double-channel Active Roll Control system, characterized by the hydraulic actuation of the stabilizer bars of a sedan. The first part of the paper presents the vehicle model adopted for this activity. It is Base Model Simulator (BMS), the 14 Degrees-of-Freedom vehicle model by Politecnico di Torino. It was validated through road tests. Then the paper describes the development of the control algorithm adopted to improve the roll dynamics of the vehicle. The implemented control algorithm is characterized by a first subsystem, capable of obtaining the desired values of body roll angle as a function of lateral acceleration during semi-stationary maneuvers.
2007-04-16
Technical Paper
2007-01-1020
Aldo Sorniotti, Mauro Velardocchia
The paper describes the aims, the basic principles and the internal layout of Dual Rate boosters. It presents two models of Dual Rate boosters capable of reproducing their behavior in semi-stationary and dynamic conditions. The models can be adopted to evaluate the effect of the main parameters on the performance of the entire component. A sensitivity analysis is presented. Some comparisons between the performance of Dual Rate and Emergency Valve Assistance (EVA) boosters are dealt with, on the basis of experimental tests.
2009-05-13
Journal Article
2009-01-1608
Matteo Grott, Francesco Biral, Aldo Sorniotti, Roberto Oboe, Eugenio Vincenti
The design of suspension systems for heavy-duty vehicles covers a specific field of automotive industry. The proposed work focuses on the design development of a front controllable suspension for an agricultural tractor capable to satisfy the system requirements under different operating conditions. The design of the control algorithms is based on the developed multibody model of the actual tractor, including the pitch motion of the sprung mass, the anti-dive effects during braking and forward-reverse maneuvers and the non-linear dynamics of the actuation system. For an advanced analysis, a novel thermo-hydraulic model of the hydraulic system has been implemented. Several semi-active damping controls are analyzed for the specific case study.
2004-03-08
Technical Paper
2004-01-1061
Mauro Velardocchia, Andrea Morgando, Aldo Sorniotti
The paper presents a 4-wheel-steering (4WS) control strategy devoted to reduce the turn diameter for small longitudinal speed values and to obtain a yaw rate damping effect in dynamic manoeuvres. Moreover, the 4WS active system conceived produces compensation both for lateral wind and road irregularities. The main results obtained through a functional vehicle model are presented. 4WS was integrated with a Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC), which was improved for turn while braking manoeuvres. The results due to integration were very good, with a reduction of both systems interventions. Finally, a VDC-4WS-Active Roll Control (ARC) integration was tried, based on only one reference body yaw rate for all the active systems. The main results obtained are presented and discussed.
2011-06-09
Journal Article
2011-37-0022
Aldo Sorniotti, Gabriele Loro Pilone, Fabio Viotto, Stefano Bertolotto, Mike Everitt, Rob Barnes, Ian Morrish
This article deals with a novel 2-speed transmission system specifically designed for electric axle applications. The design of this transmission permits seamless gearshifts and is characterized by a simple mechanical layout. The equations governing the overall system dynamics are presented in the paper. The principles of the control system for the seamless gearshifts achievable by the novel transmission prototype - currently under experimental testing at the University of Surrey and on a prototype vehicle - are analytically demonstrated and detailed through advanced simulation tools. The simulation results and sensitivity analyses for the main parameters affecting the overall system dynamics are presented and discussed.
2003-03-03
Technical Paper
2003-01-0962
Davide Danesin, Philippe Krief, Aldo Sorniotti, Mauro Velardocchia
The paper deals with the elaboration of an Active Roll Control (ARC) oriented both on comfort and handling improvement. The ARC determines hydraulically the variation of the equivalent stiffness of the anti-roll bars. The control strategies conceived were extensively validated through road tests managed on an Alfa Romeo sedan. The first part of the paper deals with comfort improvement, mainly consisting in an absence of bar effect during straight-ahead travel and in a modification of the roll characteristic of the car. To increase driver's handling feeling, it was necessary to optimise the ratio between front and rear roll stiffness. This purpose can be reached through control strategies based exclusively on lateral acceleration. Some control strategy corrections were necessary to optimise roll damping and front/rear roll stiffness balancing.
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