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Viewing 1 to 21 of 21
2013-04-08
Technical Paper
2013-01-1404
Badih Jawad, Kingman Yee, Selin Arslan, Liping Liu
The power and torque output of an engine (for a Formula SAE vehicle) can be dramatically improved through good intake design. For example, performance can be improved by reducing pressure losses in the intake system, or by improving the restrictor's design to increase airflow at lower pressure drops. A plenum design with equal air distribution to all cylinders can also be helpful. In this study, four different intake designs were tested on a dynamometer and the power outcomes were compared. Based on theory and lab testing and intake system was designed to optimize throttle response as well as low-end torque; a steady flow of air passes through the throttle body and the restrictor and then into the plenum. Dynamometer testing confirmed an overall increase in torque and horsepower compared to earlier designs.
2013-04-08
Journal Article
2013-01-1409
Badih Jawad, Selin Arslan
In order to achieve optimum performance from an engine a homogeneous air fuel mixture must enter the combustion chamber. There are a number of factors that affect the mixture; this study focuses on the flow through a cylinder head port. This paper investigates the shape of a cylinder head port effects on the flow of the port and the horsepower and the torque of the engine. Two port shapes were examined, the stock port shape which is round and a modified port shape which is approximately an upside down triangle. By using computational and experimental analysis a direct relationship is demonstrated between the shape of the port and the performance characteristics of the engine.
2013-04-08
Journal Article
2013-01-1410
Asya Gabbasa, Badih Jawad, Liping Liu, Selin Arslan
This work aims to numerically investigate the aerodynamic characteristics of a multi-element airfoil NACA 23012. The investigation was conducted through Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), using ANSYS FLUENT software. The Navier-Stokes equations were solved for turbulent, incompressible flow using k-epsilon model and SIMPLE algorithm. The study was carried out for both take-off / landing conditions and the results were compared to experimental data of the NACA 23012 from wind tunnel tests. The experimental and computational results for drag and lift coefficients match effectively up to pre-stall attack angles. The pressure coefficients, velocity distribution, and wall Y+ data were presented for different angles of attack (0 deg, 4 deg, and 8 deg). The CFD analysis could help acquire a closer and detailed understanding of airfoil performance, which is usually not easy through normal experimentation.
2013-04-08
Technical Paper
2013-01-1402
Ramadan Ghmati, Badih Jawad, Liping Liu, Selin Arslan
In this study three dimensional numerical simulations were carried out for steady incompressible flows around complex airfoil shapes. NACA-0012 and NACA-23012 wing with 20 percent-c Clark Y flap were used for this study. This work shows that the CutCell mesh method has the ability to generate high quality mesh which captures the details of the viscous boundary layer.
2008-04-14
Technical Paper
2008-01-1447
Steve Sobolak, Badih Jawad
A study was performed to determine the effects of varying the wall thickness and material glass fiber concentration for parallel and perpendicular shrinkage rates for a constrained thin-walled box shaped component. An analysis of the shrinkage for the bottom portion of a 3 dimensional constrained thin walled injection molded component was performed using measurements made from bitmap images of the components that were obtained from a traditional flatbed scanner. The shrinkage rates were determined by comparing mold cavity hatch lines to the correlating transposed hatch lines on the plastic molded component. The perpendicular and parallel shrinkage rates were determined and are discussed as a function of thickness and glass fiber content. A wide range of processing control factors was used in the study.
2008-04-14
Journal Article
2008-01-1280
Mohamed Nasser, Badih Jawad
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to develop the transfer function for the ride and handling performance for military tracked vehicle. This transfer function will be used in placed of the expensive physical hardware or simulation model for further study for robust design and optimization studies. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) approximation technique was used to develop the transfer functions. The RSM comprises of a group of statistical techniques for empirical model building and exploitation. RSM uses Design of Experiment (DOE) and multiple linear regression techniques for fitting of a response surface model that relates the output response to the design variables. The general form of the transfer function is a second order polynomial with unknown parameters to be identified. These unknown parameter were determined using the Central Composite Design (CCD) design of experiments.
2007-04-16
Technical Paper
2007-01-0781
Naji E. Gebara, Badih Jawad, Peter Szymanski
Controlling the Cost of Variance is essential to the manufacturing process of Printed Circuit Board Assembly for low volume high mix production. The material variance is identified as the additional components and resources consumed beyond the minimum required to complete the project. This Quantity Variance occurs at the effects of defects at key steps of the manufacturing process. Such occurrences result in the need to purchase additional components for the completion of the order. These additional components termed Quantity Variance alter the sequence of the manufacturing process affecting quality, timely delivery of the job and directly impacting company profitability.
2006-12-05
Technical Paper
2006-01-3648
Jonathan Wood, Badih Jawad, Chris Riedel
Chromium Molybdenum Steel (AISI 4130), commonly referred to as “Chrome Moly”, is one of the most popular materials used in the construction of tubular space frames and chassis components for racing applications. Its high strength, light weight and comparably low material cost make the reasons for its popularity quite obvious. However, there is one problem that is commonly overlooked: maintaining the strength component of Chrome Moly in areas exposed to high levels of heat followed by rapid cooling during welding. This paper seeks to better understand the affects of cooling due to welding on the strength of Chrome Moly tubing.
2009-04-20
Journal Article
2009-01-0528
Hassan Choucair, Badih Jawad
The reliability of engine valve springs is a very important issue from the point of view of warranty. This paper presents a combined experimental and statistical analysis for predicting the fatigue limit of high tensile engine valve spring material in the presence of non-metallic inclusions. Experimentally, Fatigue tests will be performed on valve springs of high strength material at different stress amplitudes. A model developed by Murakami and Endo, which is based on the fracture mechanics approach, Extreme value statistics (GUMBEL Distribution) and Weibull Distribution will be utilized for predicting the fatigue limit and the maximum inclusion size from field failures. The two approaches, experimental and theoretical, will assist in developing the S-N curve for high tensile valve spring material in the presence of non-metallic inclusions.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-1610
Mike Kheirallah, Badih Jawad, Liping Liu
Abstract Cooling fans have many applications in industrial and electronic fields that remove heat away from the system. The process of designing a new cooling fan with optimal performance and reduced acoustic sources can be fairly lengthy and expensive. The use of CFD with support of mesh morphing, along with the development of optimization techniques, can improve the acoustic’s performance of the fan model. This paper presents a new promising method which will support the design process of a new cooling fan with improved performance and less acoustic surface power generation. The CFD analysis is focused on reducing the acoustic surface power of a given cooling fan’s blade using the surface dipole acoustic power as the objective function, which leads to an optimized prototype design for a better performance. The Mesh Morpher Optimizer (MMO) in ANSYS Fluent is used in combination with a Simplex model of the broadband acoustic modeling.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-1600
James Mansour, Badih Jawad, Liping Liu, Vernon Fernandez, Sabah Abro, Jeff Tibbenham
Abstract A vehicle’s exterior fit and finish, in general, is the first system to attract customers. Automotive exterior engineers were motivated in the past few years to increase their focus on how to optimize the vehicle’s exterior panels split lines quality and how to minimize variation in fit and finish addressing customer and market required quality standards. The design engineering’s focus is to control the deviation from nominal build objective and minimize it. The fitting process follows an optimization model with the exterior panel’s location and orientation factors as independent variables. This research focuses on addressing the source of variation “contributed factors” that will impact the quality of the fit and finish. These critical factors could be resulted from the design process, product process, or an assembly process. An empirical analysis will be used to minimize the fit and finish deviation.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-1607
Munther Hermez, Badih Jawad, Liping Liu, Eli Oklejas
Abstract This paper presents an experimental investigation of flow field instabilities in a centrifugal pump impeller at low flow rates. The measurements of pump hydraulic performance and flow field in the impeller passages were made with a hydraulic test rig. Analysis of Q-ΔP-η data and flow structures in the impeller passages were performed. In the present work, the effect of various flowrates on centrifugal pump impeller performance was analyzed based on pump measured parameters. The impeller’s geometry was modified, with positioning the curved spacer at the impeller suction side. This research investigates the effect of each inlet curved spacer model on pump performance improvement. The hydraulic performance and cavitation performance of the pump have been tested experimentally. The flow field inside a centrifugal pump is known to be fully turbulent, three dimensional and unsteady with recirculation flows and separation at its inlet and exit.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-1609
Saleh Morjan, Badih Jawad, Liping Liu
Abstract In this experimental work, a flow field test system embedded with different vortex generators was installed to investigate the impact of vortex generation on heat transfer of air flow in a horizontal channel, and the flow structure was evaluated using a particle image velocimetry (PIV) system. Three different configurations of vortex generators were fitted vertically on a flat plate, at attack angles of 15o, 30o, and 45o, and tested at four different incoming air velocities. An axial fan was used to supply the flow of air through the test section. The effects of Reynolds number, attack angle, and the shape of vortex generators were examined in this work. The experimental results showed that, the presence of vortex generators had considerable effect on temperature distribution, pressure drop, and heat transfer augmentation in the channel flow.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-1604
Christina Michael, Badih Jawad, Liping Liu, Vernon Fernandez, Sabah Abro, Craig Zinser, Dave Guidos
Abstract The objective of this research is to develop a component based enhanced production process after End of Line (EOL) testing. This process will add more quality validation evaluations, but will not require any disassembling of the parts or damage to them. It will help the suppliers to avoid scrap and rework parts as well as General Motors (GM) to reduce warranty and recalls. An Enhanced Production Process was implemented in March, 2016 at a supplier in Mexico. The Enhanced Audit Station implementation is to ensure that the supplier is satisfying the Production Part Approval Process (PPAP) requirements. The most important four components are: Touch Appearance Lighting and Color (TALC), Appearance Approval Report (AAR), Dimensional Checks, and Function Testing. Through statistics, a pilot study was conducted to correlate the selected variables to reduce warranty.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0011
Salah Alhasia, Sharif Gindy, Badih Jawad, Chris Riedel, Selin Arslan
Abstract Bearings are a major component in any rotating system. With continually increasing speeds, bearing failure modes take new unconventional forms that often are not understood. In high speed applications, rolling element forces and gyroscopic moments can be significantly high compared to the applied forces acting on a bearing. Such moments create a “driving” torque causing outer race to creep. In this paper a mathematical model for the dynamics of a rolling element in a high speed bearing is derived. Preload values counterbalancing the torque driving the outer race to rotate can be predicted from this model. An attempt to experimentally measure this torque using a specially designed apparatus with integrated strain gauge torque sensor is also described. Both model and experimental measurements are aimed at understanding, and therefore preventing bearing failures due to outer race (creep) rotations.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0009
Soham Bakshi, Badih Jawad, Selin Arslan, Liping Liu, Kingman Yee
Today's strict fuel economy requirement produces the need for the cars to have really optimized shapes among other characteristics as optimized cooling packages, reduced weight, to name a few. With the advances in automotive technology, tight global oil resources, lightweight automotive design process becomes a problem deserving important consideration. It is not however always clear how to modify the shape of the exterior of a car in order to minimize its aerodynamic resistance. Air motion is complex and operates differently at different weather conditions. Air motion around a vehicle has been studied quite exhaustively, but due to immense complex nature of air flow, which differs with different velocity, the nature of air, direction of flow et cetera, there is no complete study of aerodynamic analysis for a car. Something always can be done to further optimize the air flow around a car body.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0008
Johnathan Putrus, Stanley Jones, Badih Jawad, Giscard Kfoury, Selin Arslan, Peter Schihl
Thermal management systems (TMS) of armored ground vehicle designs are often incapable of sustained heat rejection during high tractive effort conditions and ambient conditions. During these conditions, which mainly consist of high torque low speed operations, gear oil temperatures can rise over the allowable 275°F limit in less than twenty minutes. This work outlines an approach to temporarily store excess heat generated by the differential during high tractive effort situations through the use of a passive Phase Change Material (PCM) retrofit thereby extending the operating time, reducing temperature transients, and limiting overheating. A numerical heat transfer model has been developed based on a conceptual vehicle differential TMS. The model predicts the differential fluid temperature response with and without a PCM retrofit. The developed model captures the physics of the phase change processes to predict the transient heat absorption and rejection processes.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0288
Asya Gabbasa, Badih Jawad, Liping Liu, Selin Arslan, Andrew Gerhart
Abstract This work studies an optimization tool for 2D and 3D a multi-element airfoil which utilizes the power of CFD solver of a Shape Optimizer package to find the most optimal shape of multi-element airfoil as per designer's requirement. The optimization system coupled with Fluent increases the utilization and the importance of CFD solver. This work focuses on combining the high fidelity commercial CFD tools (Fluent) with numerical optimization techniques to morph high lift system. In this work strategy we performed morphing (grid deformation) directly inside the Fluent code without rebuilding geometry and the mesh with an external tool. Direct search method algorithms such as the Simplex, Compass, and Torczon are used; Navier-Stokes equations were solved for turbulent, incompressible flow using k-epsilon model and SIMPLE algorithm using the commercial code ANSYS Fluent.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0296
Asya Gabbasa, Selin Arslan, Badih Jawad, Andrew Gerhart
Abstract This paper discusses the uses of shape morphing/optimization in order to improve the lift to drag ratio for a typical 3D multi-element airfoil. A mesh morpher algorithm is used in conjunction with a direct search optimization algorithm in order to optimize the aerodynamics performance of a typical high-lift device. Navier-Stokes equations are solved for turbulent, steady-state, incompressible flow by using k-epsilon model and SIMPLE algorithm using the commercial code ANSYS Fluent. Detailed studies are done on take-off/landing flight conditions; the results show that the optimization is successful in improving the aerodynamic performance.
2000-08-21
Technical Paper
2000-01-3091
Eva Mariotti, Badih Jawad
An ergonomics apparatus was designed and built to aid in the design of a Formula SAE (FSAE) Race Car cockpit. The apparatus incorporated adjustable cockpit dimensions that were adjusted accordingly for the tested subjects. A compilation of this data was used to design a cockpit suitable for people within the range of 95th percentile male and 5th percentile female. By testing subjects in various cockpit designs, the ergonomics apparatus was also used to validate the final design of the cockpit.
2002-12-02
Technical Paper
2002-01-3316
Badih Jawad, Christopher Biggs, Bradley Klein
The 2002 Lawrence Technological University Formula SAE team set out to develop a tuned exhaust system for a restricted Honda CBR 600 F4i engine. The exhaust system was targeted for maximizing low rpm torque while maintaining a broad flat torque curve without a significant loss of high rpm horsepower. In order to do this, considerable attention had to be given to the exhaust primary tracts, collector and silencer designs. To test theory, two equal length, fully adjustable headers were manufactured and tested on an engine dynamometer. Experimentally, the optimal exhaust design to meet our vehicles needs was determined.
Viewing 1 to 21 of 21

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