Criteria

Text:
Display:

Results

Viewing 1 to 30 of 34
2013-10-07
Technical Paper
2013-36-0105
Leonardo Leite Oliva, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
Modeling and Simulation (M&S) of dynamic systems based on computers is a multidisciplinary field that involves several knowledge areas and tools, and is broadly used in all development areas of space industry such as rocket and satellite design and construction. Once space systems are divided into several subsystems for ease of engineering, their models are divided the same way for the same reason. Such models may be done using different computational tools that are based on either physical flows, informational flows, or hybrid flows, depending on the subsystem nature. This is specially true for a satellite propulsion subsystem, and its physical (volume, mass, energy, enthalpy, entropy, linear momentum, etc.) flows. This paper presents the modeling and simulation of a satellite propulsion subsystem by physical and signal flows. To accomplish this task, two different computational tools were used: AMESim and MatLab.
2005-11-22
Technical Paper
2005-01-4088
MARCELO RICARDO ALVES DA COSTA TREDINNICK, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
In this work we developed a comparative study between many resolution methods of the exponential matrix from an inequality extracted from a specific Liapunov function to obtain information about some stability regions for sampled-data control systems as a function of the sampling-time and the plant used. We used many methods from the literature like: power series, Cayley-Hamilton theorem, Lagrange-Sylvester theorem, eigenvalues/ eigenvectors decomposition and Padé rational approximation. The main objective of this study is to choose the most appropriate method for the resolution of this important problem and to use the results found as a basis for future works.
2005-11-22
Technical Paper
2005-01-4136
Adilson de Jesus Teixeira, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza, Álvaro Prieto Oliva
Several papers presents fault detection and isolation techniques for fault in only one sensor; in this paper we will present a technique for multiples faults detection and isolation in sensors of dynamic systems. Multiples faults have less probability to occur but it is not null. So in critical applications the system needs to be operational even in this situation. In this paper we will present a design for a Multiples Faults Detection and Isolation (MFDI) system, an example to illustrate this technique and its respective results.
2005-11-22
Technical Paper
2005-01-4157
Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza, Terezinha Ribeiro de Carvalho
In this work we discuss the fault avoidance and the fault tolerance approaches for increasing the reliability of aerospace and automotive systems. This includes: the basic definitions/concepts (reliability, maintainability, availability, redundancy, etc.), and characteristics (a priori analysis, a posteriori analysis, physical/hardware redundancy, analytical/software redundancy, etc.) of both approaches, their mathematical background and models (exponential, Weilbull, etc.), their basic theory, their methods and techniques (fault trees, dependence diagrams, Markov chains, etc.), some of their standards (SAE-ARP4761, AC 25.1309, etc.) and simulation environments (Cafta, etc.), and their applications to the reliability analysis and reliability improvement of aerospace and automotive vehicles. This is illustrated by some examples driven from the aerospace and automotive industries.
2014-09-30
Technical Paper
2014-36-0382
Eloy Martins de Oliveira Junior, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
Abstract With the growing complexity and integration of systems as satellites, automobiles, aircrafts, turbines, power controls and traffic controls, as prescribed by SAE-ARP-4754A Standard, the time de-synchronization can cause serious or even catastrophic failures. Time synchronization is a very important aspect to achieve high performance, reliability and determinism in networked control systems. Such systems operate in a real time distributed environment which frequently requires a consistent time view among different devices, levels and granularities. So, to guarantee high performance, reliability and determinism it is required a performance evaluation of time synchronization of the overall system. This time synchronization performance evaluation can be done in different ways, as experiments and/or model and simulation.
2009-10-06
Technical Paper
2009-36-0160
Humberto Manelli Neto, Gustavo Bernardes Sousa, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
This paper aims at discussing the use of dissimilar hardware architecture to mitigate DESIGN ERRORS in a flight control system application, as one of the possible design techniques that, combined with the usage of development processes, will satisfy the safety objectives for airborne systems. To accomplish its purpose, the paper starts by understanding the origins of DESIGN ERRORS in micro-coded devices and the concerns of airworthiness certification authorities (or simply certification authorities from now on). After that, an overview of the aeronautical industry efforts in terms of development processes and certification requirements to mitigate DESIGN ERRORS will be presented. At this point, the dissimilar architecture is proposed as an effective mean to mitigate the problem of DESIGN ERRORS. Finally, a Flight Control System application using dissimilar architecture is proposed as a case study.
2013-10-07
Technical Paper
2013-36-0541
Eloy Martins de Oliveira Junior, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
Current systems such as satellites, aircrafts, automobiles, turbines, power controls and traffic controls are becoming increasingly complex and/or highly integrated as prescribed by the SAE-ARP-4754a Standard. Such systems operate in a real time distributed environment which frequently requires a common knowledge of time among different devices, levels and granularities. So, temporal correctness is mostly needed, besides logical correctness. It can be achieved by hardware clocks and devices, software clocks and algorithms, or both, to avoid or tolerate, within appropriate margins, the time faults or failures that may occur in aerospace and automotive systems. This paper presents an overview of clock synchronization algorithms and their uses in aerospace and automotive systems. It is based on a review of the literature, discussion and comparison of some clock synchronization algorithms with different policies.
2012-10-02
Technical Paper
2012-36-0458
Silvano Vargas Prudencio, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
The architecture is a concept very broad and important that is directly connected to the realization of a system. It defines what the system is capable of doing, how it accomplishes its mission and how the system is. Currently, the development of system architectures is considered a domain of knowledge where science meets art. In some specific areas, the methods on the development of system architectures are already well formalized. However, when analyzing the evaluation of system architectures such as those for multi-domain control systems, it is clear that there is still much room for rationalization. In these cases, the search for new methods for the evaluation of system architectures is currently in the state of art. In this work we discuss methods used in the verification and validation of control systems architectures of cyber-physical systems based on models and systems metrics.
2012-10-02
Technical Paper
2012-36-0378
Jairo Cavalcanti Amaral, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
The Multimission Platform (MMP) is a generic service module currently in Project at INPE. In the 2001 version, its control system can be switched between nine main Operation Modes and other submodes, according to information from satellite sensors and ground commands. The Nominal Mode stabilizes the MMP in three axes and takes it to a nominal attitude, using three reaction wheels. Each wheel has coarse and fine acquisition submodes. The use of multiple modes of control for specific situations frequently is simpler than projecting a single controller for all cases. However, besides being harder to warrant its general stability, the mere switching between these submodes generates bumps, which can reduce the performance and even damage the actuator or plant. In this work, we present an application of diverse methods to smooth the transition between control submodes of the Nominal Mode of the MMP.
2003-11-18
Technical Paper
2003-01-3575
Marcelo Ricardo Alves da Costa Tredinnick, Marcos Azevedo da Silveira, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
As already verified experimentally in foregoing works [1, 2] the dimensioning of the sampling period in sampled-data systems (analog plant and digital controller) aiming principally the stability is a very important task due the increasing of the lawsuit of this kind of systems. However, the theory to study this nature of systems is not complete today. In this work we search for to give the initial steps for design of discrete controllers for sampled-data systems considering an expression for the Aliasing.
2004-11-16
Technical Paper
2004-01-3348
Marcelo R.A.C. Tredinnick, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
In this work we study the stability of digital controls of flexible/Vibratory aerospace/automobile systems by the graph norm technique, occurring in sampled-data control systems due to sampling period variations. To do so, this work tries to establish regions (graphs) of stability and instability in a Banach Space, the distances (norms) between them and a given design to detect analytically and/or numerically its margins of stability or conditions of instability. Based on that, we sketch the first steps for a design methodology of stable digital controllers of flexible/vibratory systems embedded in a sampled-data system with adjustable sampling periods of A/D and D/A converters. A short tutorial about the graph norm technique is also given and some theoretical results as well numerical results are shown. This work was done in two folds to unmask the stability secrets hidden in a general sampled-data control system, until today not revelated.
2004-11-16
Technical Paper
2004-01-3387
Adilson de Jesus Teixeira, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza, Álvaro Prieto Oliva
Eigenstructure techniques allow to detect and isolate faulty components in a dynamic process, such as sensor biases, actuator malfunctions, changes in dynamic parameters due to leaks and deterioration. Fault detection is the first step to achieve fault tolerance, but for this the redundancy has to be included in the system. This redundancy can be either by hardware or by software. In situations in which it is not possible to use hardware redundancy only the software redundancy can be used. Therefore using eigenstructure techniques, for the fault detection and isolation, the tests can be done through the angle between the residue vector direction and the fault direction vector. By this way, we can reduce false alarm and the alarm loss rates due to the noise and changes in system parameters.
2004-11-16
Technical Paper
2004-01-3415
Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza, Gilberto da Cunha Trivelato
In this work we discuss some types of simulation environments and laboratories, their characteristics and applications to the simulation and control of aerospace vehicles. This includes: the basic definitions, types and characteristics of simulators and simulations (physical, computational, hybrid, etc.; discrete events, discrete time, continuous time, etc; deterministic, stochastic, etc.) their basic compromise (simplicity × fidelity), their man-machine interfaces and interactions (virtual, constructive, live, etc.), their evolution law (time, events, mixed, etc.), their architectures (“stand-alone”, PIL, HIL, MIL, DIS, HLA, etc.), and especially, their environments (discrete, continuous, hybrid, etc.) and laboratories (physical, computational, hybrid, etc.), and their applications to the simulation and control of aerospace vehicles. This is illustrated by some examples driven from the aerospace industry.
2007-11-28
Technical Paper
2007-01-2857
Marcelo de Lima Bastos Moreira, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
This paper presents the first of four parts of the academic design of an Attitude Control System (ACS) for the Multi-Mission Platform (MMP) and its migration to a Real Time Operating System. The MMP is a three axis stabilized artificial satellite now under development at the National Institute for Space Research (INPE). Such design applied some software engineering concepts as: 1)visual modeling; 2)automatic code generation; 3)automatic code migration; 4)soft real time simulation; and 5)hard real time simulation. A block diagram based modeling and a virtual time simulation of the MMP ACS in its nominal operational mode were built in the MatrixX 7.1 environment satisfying the three axis pointing and stabilization requirements. After that, its AutoCode module was used to generate C ANSI code representing the block diagram model. Time characteristics were added to the ACS generated code to make it the real time control software of MMP nominal operational mode.
2007-11-28
Technical Paper
2007-01-2844
Adriano Marto Reis, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
This work presents the identification of the longitudinal mode of an aircraft by using time and frequency response methods. To do this, the transfer function was identified based on the sampled response to a step input. The transfer function was validated comparing the model step response with the original system step response. The identification of the system transfer function was performed by using the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and Bode Graphs methods. The model validation quantification was performed by means of the mean quadratic-error method applied to the step response difference. Based on that, the identified model was considered to be quite representative, thus proving the suitability of the applied methods.
2007-11-28
Technical Paper
2007-01-2924
Francisco Carlos de Amorim, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
This works presents the generation and customization of real time code for embedded controllers using a modeling and simulation environment. When the controller model is considered satisfactory, the developers can use a code generation tool to build a real time source code capable to be migrated to an embedded target processor. The code generation tool used is capable to generate real time code in ANSI C or ADA 95 languages. This process can be customized to adequate to a target processor and/or a Real Time Operating System (RTOS). The code customization can be achieved using a specific Template Programming Language (TPL) that specifies how the code will be generated. This technique makes it possible the instantiation of real time embedded controllers code using the same controller model to a wide variety of target processors and/or RTOSs.
2007-11-28
Technical Paper
2007-01-2692
Rolf Henry Vargas Valdivia, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
A major trend in modern aerospace and automotive systems is to integrate computing, communication and control into different levels of the vehicle and/or its supervision. A well fitted architecture adopted by this trend is the common bus network architecture. A Networked Control System (NCS) is called when the control loop is closed through a communication network. The presence of this communication network introduces new characteristics (sharing bus, delays, jitter,etc) to be considered at design time of a control system. This work focuses on the effect of sharing bus between the control system and the other devices connected to the bus foreigner to control. These last devices are called interferences. We intented to show, through simulations, the influence of sharing bus on real time control systems performance. To compare effects, we choose the CanBus protocol where the medium access control is event driven; and the TTP protocol where the medium access control is time driven.
2007-11-28
Technical Paper
2007-01-2680
Flávio Francesco Soares Schmidt, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
In this work we present a new procedure for customizing, in the desired format, requirements reports generated by a Requirements Engineering Environment. This environment includes tools for: 1- capturing textual and pictoric requirements; 2- templating requirements documents that can be adjustable to the formats required by the certification authorities or system engineering groups; 3- translating features from/to the main word processors used in the industry (Word, Excel, etc. formats); 4- managing requirements configuration. It provides gains of productivity, correctness, reusability, traceability, coverage, etc, improving the efficiency of the projects. The procedure emphasizes items 2 and 3, and is illustrated with some examples driven from the aerospace industry.
2008-10-07
Technical Paper
2008-36-0362
Marcelo de Lima Bastos Moreira, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
This paper presents the automatic code generation process of the academic design of an Attitude Control System (ACS) for the Multi-Mission Platform (MMP). The MMP is a three axis stabilized artificial satellite now under development at the National Institute for Space Research (INPE). Such design applied some software engineering concepts as: 1)visual modeling; 2)automatic code generation; 3)automatic code migration; 4)soft real time simulation; and 5)hard real time simulation. A block diagram based modeling and a virtual time simulation of the MMP ACS in its nominal operational mode were built in the MatrixX 7.1 environment satisfying the three axis pointing and stabilization requirements. After that, its AutoCode module was used to generate C ANSI code representing the block diagram model. Four operating systems were used for code migration: 1)Windows 2000; 2)Mandrake Linux 10.1; 3)RedHawk Linux 2.1; and 4)RTEMS 4.6.2.
2008-10-07
Technical Paper
2008-36-0369
Alexandre Carvalho Leite, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
The purpose of this work is Fault Detection and Diagnosis (FDD) on a Knock Sensor because some of the modern petrol engines operate on the efficient four-stroke cycle, where each cylinder of the engine contains an intake and exhaust poppet valve that is operated at the appropriate time. The ECM (Engine Control Module) uses the Knock Sensor signal to control timing. The Knock Sensor detects engine knock and sends voltage signal to the ECM. These signals can be sufficient to detect abnormal combustion, like ‘spark knock’ and ‘surface ignition’. Engine knock occurs within a specified range. The Knock Sensor, located in the engine block, cylinder head, or intake manifold is tuned to detect that frequency, which motivates the use of signal models for detection. But this sensor is a wide-band accelerometer of the piezoelectric type too. Analogy with a general seismic mass system is possible since it is a general damped second order vibrating system which is forced into oscillatory motion.
2008-10-07
Technical Paper
2008-36-0407
Álvaro de Albuquerque Arraes, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
One challenge that the space, aeronautical and automotive industries are facing today is the fast growing number of vehicles versus the slowly growing number of useful orbits, routes, and speedways. Furthermore, the adoption of “free-flight”, “speed-drive”, etc. policies in the near future will only aggravate it. All these factors increase the risk of collisions and the frequency of deviation maneuvers to avoid them. But they also create the opportunity to devise policies to mitigate such problems, including algorithms to propagate the uncertainties in vehicle motions and to predict the risk of their collisions. This work discusses the development and simulation of an algorithm for the propagation of navigation uncertainties in the trajectory of aerospace vehicles, to minimize the risk of collisions. The scenario of Satellites Formation Flying shall be used for the simulations, with focus on the prediction of the collision probability.
2008-10-07
Technical Paper
2008-36-0271
Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza, Gilberto da Cunha Trivelato
In this work we discuss some types of simulation architectures and standards, their characteristics and applications to the simulation and control of aerospace vehicles. This includes: the basic definitions, types and characteristics of simulators and simulations (physical, computational, hybrid, etc.; discrete events, discrete time, continuous time, etc; deterministic, stochastic, etc.) their basic compromise (simplicity x fidelity), their man-machine interfaces and interactions (virtual, constructive, live, etc.), their evolution law (time, events, mixed, etc.), their architectures (“stand-alone”, PIL, HIL, MIL, DIS, HLA, etc.), their standards (OMBA, SIMNET, ALSP, DIS, HLA 1.3, HLA 1516, ASIA, AP2633, etc.) and their applications to the simulation and control of aerospace vehicles. This is illustrated by some examples driven from the aerospace industry
2008-10-07
Technical Paper
2008-36-0343
Jairo Cavalcanti Amaral, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
This work presents the first part of the analysis, design and simulation of the reconfigurable control architecture for the Multi-Mission Platform (MMP), a generic service module currently under design at INPE. Its control system can be switched among nine main Modes of Operation. The implementation followed the specifications when they were found, otherwise it was designed. The manager block of the control system was implemented as a finite state machine. The tests were based in simulations with the MatriX/SystemBuild software. They focused mainly on the worst cases that the satellite is supposed to endure in its mission.
2008-10-07
Technical Paper
2008-36-0299
Adriano Marto Reis, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
This work presents the distributed simulation of the longitudinal mode of an aircraft by using the DoD High Level Architecture (HLA). The HLA is a general-purpose architecture for simulation reuse and interoperability. This architecture was developed under the leadership of the Defense Modeling and Simulation Office (DMSO) to support reuse and interoperability across the large numbers of different types of simulations developed and maintained by the DoD. To do this, the transfer function of the longitudinal mode of a hypothetical aircraft was implemented by means of a SystemBuild/MATRIXx model. The output of this model was connected to a Run-Time Infrastructure (RTI) and monitored on a remote computer. The connection between the model and the RTI was implemented by using a wrapper which was developed in C++. The HLA RTI implementation used in this work was the poRTIco.
2008-10-07
Technical Paper
2008-36-0286
Rolf Henry, Vargas Valdivia, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
In this work, still under development, we study the stability degradation due to delays in a networked control system. Our networked system is composed by: 1) a computer with Rate Monotonic Scheduler policy and, 2) a communication network based on TDMA access. Under this scenario, we analyze an integrated communication-computing delay and define the worst delay. The simulations shows that the presence of a worst delay can be determined only with an extensive analysis. The simulations were done in Matlab/Simulink with the help of Truetime toolbox.
2016-10-25
Technical Paper
2016-36-0402
Jairo Cavalcanti Amaral, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
Abstract Switching controls are those that can switch between control or plant modes to perform their functions. They have the advantage of being simpler to design than an equivalent control system with a single mode. However, the transients between those modes can introduce steps or overshootings in the state variables, and this can degrade the performance or even damage the control or the plant. So, the smoothing of such transients is vital for their reliability and mantainability. This is can be of extreme importance in the aerospace and automotive fields, plenty of switchings between manual and autopilot modes via relays, or among gears via clutches, for example. In this work, we present a first strategy for smoothing transients in switching controls of aerospace and automotive systems.
2015-09-22
Technical Paper
2015-36-0445
Jairo Cavalcanti Amaral, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
Abstract Control systems that can switch between control or plant modes have the advantage of being simpler to design than an equivalent system with a single mode. However, the transition between these modes can introduce steps or overshootings in the state variables, and this can degrade the performance or even damage the system. This is can be of extreme importance in fields such as aerospace and automobilistic, as the switching between manual and autopilot modes or the switching of gears In this work, we will use integral criteria in original ways, to determine a coefficient on the system which should optimize the trajectory of the control signal, during the switching between two modes. Effectively, each transition will be done by a subsystem specific for it, according to the selected criterion. The simulations will be made in MATRIXx, MatLab or both, using models chosen from aerospace or automobilistic fields.
2003-11-18
Technical Paper
2003-01-3737
Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza, Gilberto da Cunha Trivelato
In this work we discuss some types of simulators and simulations, their characteristics and applications to the simulation and control of aerospace vehicles. This includes: the basic definitions, types and characteristics of simulators and simulations (physical, computational, hybrid, etc.; discrete events, discrete time, continuous time, etc; deterministic, stochastic, etc.) their basic compromise (simplicity × fidelity), their man-machine interfaces and interactions (virtual, constructive, live, etc.), their evolution law (time, events, mixed, etc.), their architectures (“standalone”, PIL, HIL, MIL, DIS, HLA, etc.), their environments (discrete, continuous, hybrid, etc.) and their applications to the simulation and control of aerospace vehicles. This is illustrated by some examples driven from the aerospace industry
2011-10-04
Technical Paper
2011-36-0179
Eloy Martins de Oliveira Junior, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
Current systems such as satellites, aircrafts, automobiles, turbines, wind power generators and traffic controls are becoming increasingly complex and/or highly integrated as prescribed by the SAE-ARP-4754 Standard. Such systems frequently require accurate generation, distribution and time or phase synchronization of signals with different frequencies that may be based on one reference signal and frequency. But the environment fluctuations or the non-linear dynamics of these operations cause uncertainties (skew and jitter) in the phase or time of the reference signal and its derived signals. So, techniques to reduce those causes or their effects are becoming important aspects to consider in the design of such systems. The PLL techniques are useful for establishing coherent phase or time references, jitter reduction, skew suppression, frequency synthesis, and clock recovery in numerous systems such as communication, wireless systems, digital circuits, rotors, and others.
2011-10-04
Technical Paper
2011-36-0403
Ana Paula de Sá Santos Rabello, Silvio Manea, Marcelo Lopes de Oliveira e Souza
Systems such as satellites, aircrafts, automobiles and air traffic controls are becoming increasingly complex and highly integrated, as prescribed by the SAE ARP 4754 Standard. They integrate many technologies and they work in very demanding environments, sometimes with little or no maintenance, due to the severe conditions of operation. To survive such harsh operating conditions, they require very high levels of reliability, to be reached by a diversity of approaches, processes, components, etc. By their turn, the processes of analysis and decision making shall be improved progressively, as experience accumulates and suggests modifications. Most of this can be translated in models. According to this philosophy, in this work, we discuss the use of Model Based Reliability for improving the results of the Reliability Analysis and FMEA/FMECA of a satellite program, as those conducted at the National Institute for Space Research-INPE, since 1979.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 34

Filter

  • Range:
    to:
  • Year: