Viewing 1 to 16 of 16
Technical Paper
Pranab Saha, Charles W. Davis
This paper discusses the development of a small sample test facility for properly evaluating the low frequency noise control performances of various automotive acoustical materials. Based on several tests conducted with 0.61 m (24 in) diameter samples, this facility is designed to operate in the frequency range of 35 Hz to 355 Hz. Near-field root-mean-square acoustic pressure and acoustic velocity were measured for this purpose, using a dual microphone probe. This methodology allows one to test acoustical materials without elaborate test facilities and without the need for any special acoustic test environment.
Technical Paper
Jon M. Dowling, Pranab Saha
The SAE International standard for testing Oberst bars has been used in the industry for many years with predictable results. Growing interest in testing wider samples to incorporate more of the variability in liquid applied sprayable dampers has led to increased use of a center point damping test method based on a Japanese standard JIS G 0602. This method is similar to that of the ISO 16940 standard for testing laminated glass. Theory shows us that an Oberst test with a free length equal to the half length of a bar used for center point testing will provide the same resonances. This paper intends to show a relationship between the resonances of bars tested with the Oberst and center point test methods. A correlation between the composite loss factor for samples tested with each of the methods will be illustrated.
Technical Paper
Pranab Saha, Satyajeet P. Deshpande, Jonathan Fisk, Devon E. Owen
The performance of damping materials is generally evaluated by experimental methods. However most damping materials used in the transportation industry cannot be excited by itself. Therefore, the measurements are generally made by exciting a damped system, where the damped system extends from a bar to a panel. The paper reviews various damped systems and excitation methodologies and discusses some of the limitations of a bar to study the damping performance for different applications. It discusses a methodology where a damped panel is mounted on a fixture and the fixture is excited with a shaker. The paper discusses data acquisition and data reduction procedures to obtain the damping performance of laminated steel acoustic patch products on a third octave band frequency basis.
Technical Paper
Pranab Saha, Robert D. Myers
Sealant materials are used in todays automobiles for many applications such as, sealing of body seams, sealing access holes and the filling of hollow cavities. The primary reasons for these applications are to prevent corrosion, prevent water intrusion, and to reduce the noise level in the passenger compartment. However, the noise control capabilities of sealant materials have not been explored until recently. This paper discusses the requirements that a noise control material must possess, and reviews how a sealant material can fulfil these requirements. Properly designed sealant materials can possess sound transmission loss (barrier) properties, vibration damping properties over a given frequency and temperature range of interest, and often sound absorption properties with proper formulation. This paper provides case studies to substantiate the acoustical capabilities of sealant materials.
Technical Paper
Pranab Saha, Robert D. Myers
The use of sealant materials to improve interior acoustics has increased significantly in todays automobiles. One such application is to use expandable sealant materials in rails, pillars, and cavities to reduce noise propagation. However, there is no standardized method for evaluating the acoustical performance of these materials. This paper reviews the basics of noise control engineering and discusses a proposed laboratory based test methodology that has been developed for properly evaluating the acoustical performance or expandable sealant materials. The test method is intended to simulate actual applications so that different materials can be evaluated to achieve optimum acoustical performance within a channel representing the rails or pillars in automobiles.
Technical Paper
Claudia M. Duranceau, Gerald R. Winslow, Pranab Saha
A study was conducted to understand the acoustic viability of using post consumer rebond seat foam materials in vehicles for floor carpet underlayment applications. These foam materials were obtained from two different sources: 1) polyurethane foam dismantled from seats of end of life vehicles (ELV or scrap vehicles), and 2) polyurethane foam recovered and cleaned from auto shredder residue (ASR) by the Argonne National Laboratories (ANL) using their cleaning method. The study was conducted using three North-American cars, each serving different market segments. Based on both laboratory and on-road tests conducted on each vehicle, the study concluded that the acoustical performance of the floor carpet underlayment part made of post consumer rebond foam is comparable to that of the current production part mostly made of shoddy materials.
Technical Paper
Richard E. Wentzel, Pranab Saha
This paper discusses an empirical method for predicting the Sound Transmission Loss (STL) performance of Sound Barrier Assembly (SBA) materials that are commonly used in the automotive industry. The prediction method is based on basic STL theories of single and double-wall systems, in conjunction with the double wall resonance and the standing wave resonance between the two walls. In addition, a practical technique for determining the acoustical influence of the decoupler in a double-wall system is proposed. When all these considerations are put together properly, one gets a much clearer picture of the STL characteristics of typical double wall systems, and understands how the barrier and decoupler together affect the STL performance. The validity of the empirical prediction method is substantiated by comparing predictions with measured results of more than 60 samples.
Technical Paper
Pranab Saha
Abstract Traditionally, the damping performance of a visco-elastic material is measured using the Oberst bar damping test, where a steel bar is excited using a non-contacting transducer. However, in an effort to reduce the weight of the vehicles, serious effort is put in to change the body panels from steel to aluminum and composite panels in many cases. These panels cannot be excited using a non-contacting transducer, although, in some cases, a very thin steel panel (shim) is glued to the vibrating bar to introduce ferrous properties to the bar so it can be excited. In the off highway vehicles, although the panels are made of steel, they are very thick and are difficult to excite using the Oberst bar test method. This paper discusses a measurement methodology based on mechanical impedance measurements and has the potential to be a viable/alternate test method to the Oberst bar testing. In the impedance method, the test bar is mounted to a shaker at the center (Center Point method).
Technical Paper
Satyajeet P. Deshpande, Pranab Saha, Kerry Cone
Abstract Most of NVH related issues start from the vibration of structures where often the vibration near resonance frequencies radiates the energy in terms of sound. This phenomenon is more problematic at lower frequencies by structureborne excitation from powertrain or related components. This paper discusses a laboratory based case study where different visco-elastic materials were evaluated on a bench study and then carried on to a system level evaluation. A body panel with a glazing system was used to study both airborne and structureborne noise radiation. System level studies were carried out using experimental modal analysis to shift and tune the mode shapes of the structure using visco-elastic materials with appropriate damping properties to increase the sound transmission loss. This paper discusses the findings of the study where the mode shapes of the panel were shifted and resulted in an increase in sound transmission loss.
Technical Paper
Pranab Saha, Satyajeet P. Deshpande
Abstract This paper discusses the importance of a dissipative sound package system in the automotive industry and how it works. Although this is not a new technique at this stage, it is still a challenge to meet the subsystem target levels that were originally developed for parts based on the barrier decoupler concept. This paper reviews the typical construction of a dissipative system and then emphasizes the importance of different layers of materials that are used in the construction, including what they can do and cannot do. The paper also discusses the importance of the proper manufacturing of a part.
Technical Paper
Pranab Saha, Satyajeet P. Deshpande, Charles Moritz, Steve Sorenson
Abstract Test standards are essential for evaluating the performance of a product properly and for developing a data base for the product. This paper discusses various standards that are available for determining the acoustical performance of sound package materials. The paper emphasizes various SAE standards that are available in this area, the reasons why these standards are important to the researchers working in the mobility industry, the history behind the development of these standards, and how they are different from standards that are available from other standards organization on similar topics.
Technical Paper
Lawrence D. Schwartz, Roger J. Pinnington, Pranab Saha
Constrained layer damping (CLD) is a well known technique to efficiently damp low frequency vibration. CLD employs a viscoelastic material sandwiched between two very stiff, typically metal, layers. While effective over essentially flat surfaces, CLD has not been applicable to cylindrical shapes. In order to damp low frequency vibration in metal pipes, users have been forced to rely on extensional layer damping, typically consisting of thick layers of extruded or molded rubbers. This paper discusses a novel product to damp cylindrical articles such as metal pipes with a constrained layer heat shrink tubing. This product utilizes a stiff heat shrinkable polymeric jacket bonded on the inside with a viscoelastic layer. When shrunk on a metal pipe or rod, a CLD system is produced. The product is typically thinner than an extensional layer damper and is more effective. It also meets the other physical and environmental requirements for a pipe covering.
Technical Paper
Pranab Saha, Akbar S. Hussaini
Damping treatments have been used in reducing structure-borne noise in vehicles for many years. Although sheet based heat bondable mastic products (often called melt sheets) are quite common in the industry, sprayable products have several advantages and have been cited in the literature. This paper discusses findings of numerous structure-borne noise studies that were conducted on sprayable materials with different base-chemistries. The analyses show that a waterborne product is the most advantageous damping treatment in an automotive assembly process. The results also reveal that application of this product provides effective damping treatment as well as reduces structurally radiated noise.
Technical Paper
Gary H. Nakkash, Anthony P. Visintainer, Pranab Saha
Liquid spray applied damping materials have potential advantages over conventional sheet damping materials in automotive body panel vibration applications. In order to understand the acoustical impact, a laboratory based NVH study was conducted to compare the damping and stiffness performance characteristics of various sprayable damping materials versus the production damping treatment. Based on this comparison, a criteria was developed to select potentially viable sprayable damping materials for vehicle testing. In-vehicle tests were also performed and compared to the laboratory findings to understand how well the results correlate. This paper discusses a criteria for selecting sprayable damping materials based on bench-top tests for vehicle applications, and the potential benefits of sprayable materials.
Technical Paper
Pranab Saha, Thomas J. Henry, John Chahine, Gregory T. Demrose
This paper discusses an analytical tool that has been developed to predict what types of interior sound package treatments may be necessary in a truck cab to meet a predetermined target sound level at the driver location. The steps that were taken to develop this tool involved a combination of experimental measurement and analytical based studies. Measurements were conducted to identify the acoustic strengths of the major noise paths through which sound travels from outside to inside the truck. These findings were then used to develop a sound package that reduced the vehicle interior noise to meet the target. Measurements were primarily made on a chassis roll dynamometer with final road verification to substantiate the dynamometer data. Data obtained from these measurements were also used in the analytical model that predicts the impact of various acoustics parts in the vehicle, and has the capability to optimize the sound package treatment in the vehicle.
Training / Education On Demand Web Seminar RePlay
This four-session course provides a detailed understanding of the source – path-receiver relationship for developing appropriate sound package treatments in vehicles, including automobiles, commercial vehicles, and other transportation devices. The web seminar provides a detailed overview of absorption, attenuation (barrier), and damping materials and how to evaluate their performances on material, component, and vehicle level applications. A significant part of this course is the case studies that demonstrate how properly designed sound package materials successfully address vehicle noise issues.
Viewing 1 to 16 of 16


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