Criteria

Text:
Author:
Display:

Results

Viewing 1 to 30 of 36
2011-04-12
Technical Paper
2011-01-1237
Ming Jiang, Wei Chen, Yunqing Zhang, Liping Chen
The automatic mechanical transmission (AMT) was designed by automobile manufacturers to provide a better driving experience, especially in cities where congestion frequently causes stop-and-go traffic patterns. It uses electronic sensors, processors, hydraulic or pneumatic actuators execute clutch actuation and gear shifts on the command of the driver. Such systems coupled with various physical domains have great influence on the dynamic behavior of the vehicle, such as shift quality, driveability, acceleration, etc. This paper presents a detailed AMT model composed of various components from multi-domains like mechanical systems (clutch, gear pair, synchronizer, etc.), pneumatic actuator systems (clutch actuation system, gear select actuation system, gear shift actuation system, etc.). Various components and subsystem models, such as the vehicle, engine, AMT, wheels, etc., are integrated into an overall vehicle system model according to the transmission power flow and control logic.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-1183
Chao Ding, Zhibao Xu, Yunqing Zhang, Qiming Tao
Abstract Vehicle Thermal Management System (VTMS) is a cross-cutting technology that directly or indirectly affects engine performance, fuel economy, safety and reliability, driver/passenger comfort, emissions. This paper presents a novel methodology to investigate VTMS based on Modelica language. A detailed VTMS platform including engine cooling system, lubrication system, powertrain system, intake and exhaust system, HVAC system is built, which can predict the steady and transient operating conditions. Comparisons made between the measured and calculated results show good correlation and approve the forecast capability for VTMS. Through the platform a sensitivity analysis is presented for basic design variables and provides the foundation for the design and matching of VTMS. Modelica simulation language, which can be efficiently used to investigate multi-domain problems, was used to model and simulate VTMS.
2014-04-01
Technical Paper
2014-01-0051
Gang Tang, Jinning Li, Chao Ding, Yunqing Zhang
Abstract This paper describes a simplified model to identify sprung mass using golden section method, the model treats the unsprung mass vertical acceleration as input and the sprung mass vertical acceleration as output, which can avoid the nonlinear influence of trye. Unsprung mass can be also calculated by axle load and the identified sprung mass. This study carries out road test on the vehicle ride comfort and takes a scheme that the group of 20 km/h is used to identify sprung mass and the group of 80 km/h is used to verify the identification result. The similarity of the results from the simulation and experiments performed are, for the sprung mass, 98.59%. A conclusion can be drawn that the simple method to measure the sprung mass in the suspension systems in used vehicles, such as the vehicle shown here, is useful, simple and has sufficient precision.
2014-04-01
Journal Article
2014-01-0846
Ankang Jin, Weiguo Zhang, Shihu Wang, Yu Yang, Yunqing Zhang
The suspension system of a heavy truck's driver seat plays an important role to reduce the vibrations transmitted to the seat occupant from the cab floor. Air-spring is widely used in the seat suspension system, for the reason that its spring rate is variable and it can make the seat suspension system keep constant ‘tuned’ frequency compared to the conventional coil spring. In this paper, vibration differential equation of air-spring system with auxiliary volume is derived, according to the theory of thermodynamic, hydrodynamics. The deformation-load static characteristic curves of air-spring is obtained, by using a numerical solution method. Then, the ADAMS model of the heavy truck's driver seat suspension system is built up, based on the structure of the seat and parameters of the air-spring and the shock-absorber. At last, the model is validated by comparing the simulation results and the test results, considering the seat acceleration PSD and RMS value.
2014-04-01
Journal Article
2014-01-0843
Hengjia Zhu, Yuliang Yang, Yu Yang, Jian Zeng, Yunqing Zhang
Abstract The ride comfort of the commercial vehicle is mainly affected by several vibration isolation systems such as the primary suspension system, engine mounting system and the cab mounting system. A rigid-flexible coupling model for the truck was built and analyzed in multi-body environment (ADAMS). The method applying the excitation on the wheels center and the engine mountings in time domain was presented. The variables' effects on the ride performance were studied by design of experiment (DOE). The optimal design was obtained by the co-simulation of the ADAMS/View, iSIGHT and Matlab. It was found that the vertical root mean square (RMS) acceleration and frequency-weighted RMS acceleration on the seat track were reduced about 17% and 11% respectively at different speeds relative to baseline according to ISO 2631-1.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0433
Zeyu Ma, James Yang, Ming Jiang, Yunqing Zhang
Abstract A new recursive method is presented for real-time estimating the inertia parameters of a vehicle using the well-known Two-Degree-of- Freedom (2DOF) bicycle car model. The parameter estimation is built on the framework of polynomial chaos theory and maximum likelihood estimation. Then the most likely value of both the mass and yaw mass moment of inertia can be obtained based on the numerical simulations of yaw velocity by Newton method. To improve the estimation accuracy, the Newton method is modified by employing the acceptance probability to escape from the local minima during the estimation process. The results of the simulation study suggest that the proposed method can provide quick convergence speed and accurate outputs together with less sensitivity to tuning the initial values of the unidentified parameters.
2015-04-14
Journal Article
2015-01-0432
Xingxing Feng, Jinglai Wu, Yunqing Zhang, Ming Jiang
Abstract The optimization of vehicle suspension kinematic/compliance characteristics is of significant importance in the chassis development. Practical suspension system contains many uncertainties which may result from poorly known or variable parameters or from uncertain inputs. However, in most suspension optimization processes these uncertainties are not accounted for. This study explores the use of Chebyshev polynomials to model complex nonlinear suspension systems with interval uncertainties. In the suspension model, several kinematic and compliance characteristics are considered as objectives to be optimized. Suspension bushing characteristics are considered as design variables as well as uncertain parameters. A high-order response surface model using the zeros of Chebyshev polynomials as sampling points is established to approximate the suspension kinematic/compliance model.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0650
Xingxing Feng, Jinglai Wu, Yunqing Zhang, Ming Jiang
Abstract Practical vehicle contains many uncertainties which may result from poorly known or variable parameters or from uncertain inputs. These uncertainties can be presented by fuzzy parameters, random parameters or interval parameters. A new uncertain analysis method is applied to the case in which the vehicle system contains both random parameters and interval parameters. This new uncertain method is a systematic integration of the Polynomial Chaos (PC) theory which accounts for random uncertainty and Chebyshev inclusion function theory which accounts for interval uncertainty. A multi-body vehicle model with both random parameters and interval parameters is used as a numerical model and vehicle handling is investigated in details. The Monte Carlo method combined with the scanning method is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method for vehicle handling.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0633
Fan Luo, Jinning Li, Xingxing Feng, Yunqing Zhang
Abstract The structure of a classic self-energizing synchronizer is presented, and a simulation model is developed for analyzing the synchronizer performance. The self-energizing synchronizer has a disk spring and several energizing teeth on the sleeve for increasing the shift force. Besides, the asymmetric arrangement of chamfer teeth is applied to increase the torque for rotating ring and shift gears smoothly. The parameterized model of the typical synchronizer is developed with ADAMS for studying the synchronizer performance. In order to truly reflect the reality, the teeth of the claw plate are connected to the gear ring through bushing force alone, and the stiffness coefficient are obtained through the analysis of finite element model. Based on the dynamic model, the behavior of synchronizer with asymmetric arrangement of chamfer teeth, and the energizing effect of stiffness of the disk spring are studied. The simulation results can be used to design the synchronizer.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0628
Bin Li, Xiaobo Yang, Yunqing Zhang, James Yang
Vehicle tire performance is an important consideration for vehicle handling, stability, mobility, and ride comfort as well as durability. Significant efforts have been dedicated to tire modeling in the past, but there is still room to improve its accuracy. In this study, a detailed in-plane flexible ring tire model is proposed, where the tire belt is discretized, and each discrete belt segment is considered as a rigid body attached to a number of parallel tread blocks. The mass of each belt segment is accumulated at its geometric center. To test the proposed in-plane tire model, a full-vehicle model is integrated with the tire model for simulation under a special driving scenario: acceleration from rest for a few seconds, then deceleration for a few seconds on a flat-level road, and finally constant velocity on a rough road. The simulation results indicate that the tire model is able to generate tire/road contact patch forces that yield reasonable vehicle dynamic responses.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0609
Yan Xie, Weiguo Zhang, Xingxing Feng, Yunqing Zhang
Abstract Powertrain mounting system (PMS) often operates with some degrees of uncertainty. These uncertainties may result from poorly known or variable parameters such as mount stiffness, or from uncertain inputs. For realistic predictions of the system behavior, the PMS models have to account for these uncertainties. To this end, the Chebyshev interval method is applied to study the uncertain characteristics of PMS. In the PMS, the location and orientation of each mount are off-design variables due to the space limitation of the powertrain. The stiffness coefficients of the mounts are considered as interval variables. The lower bounds and upper bounds of natural frequencies and the mode kinetic energy distributions of PMS are obtained using the Chebyshev interval analysis method. As a comparison, the scanning method is used to validate the interval method.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0608
Gang Tang, Hengjia Zhu, Yunqing Zhang, Ying Sun
Abstract The vehicle ride comfort behavior is closely associated with the vibration isolation system such as the primary suspension system, the engine mounting system, the cab suspension system and the seat suspension system. Air spring is widely used in the cab suspension system for its low vibration transmissibility, variable spring rate and inexpensive automatic leveling. The mathematical model of the air spring is presented. The amplitude and frequency dependency of the air spring's stiffness characteristic is highlighted. The air spring dynamic model is validated by comparing the results of the experiment and the simulation. The co-simulation method of ADAMS and AMESim is applied to integrate the air spring mathematical model into the cab multi-body dynamic model. The simulation and ride comfort test results under random excitation are compared.
2013-04-08
Technical Paper
2013-01-0995
Gang Tang, Han Zhao, Manlong Peng, Jinglai Wu, Yunqing Zhang
There are many uncertain parameters in shock absorbers, which are induced by the manufacturing error, the wear of components and the aging of materials in real vehicle environment. These uncertainties often cause some deterioration of vehicle performance. To optimize the ride characteristic of a vehicle when the shock absorber includes uncertain parameters, the robust design method is used. In this paper, a Twin Tube shock absorber fluid system model has established on the multi-domain modeling environment. This model not only includes the commonly used parameters of the shock absorber but also takes into account the structure parameters of various valves in the shock absorber, which is more detailed and accurate than those models in the past literature. The robust design of the shock absorber parameters is successfully approached using the co-simulation technique, and the ride comfort performance of the vehicle is also improved.
2013-04-08
Technical Paper
2013-01-0948
Zeyu Ma, Jinglai Wu, Yunqing Zhang
As there are a variety of uncertainty contained in dynamic systems, this paper presents a method to identify the uncertain parameters of Load Sensing Proportional Valve in a heavy truck brake system. This method is derived from polynomial chaos theory and uses the maximum likelihood approach to estimate the most likely value of uncertain parameters, such as equivalent bearing area diameter of the diaphragm, preload of return spring and so on. The maximum likelihood estimates are obtained through minimizing the cost function derived from the prior probability for the measurement noise. Direct stochastic collocation has been shown to be more efficient than Galerkin approach in the simulation of systems with large number of uncertain parameters. The simulation model of Load Sensing Proportional Valve is built in software AMESim based on logic structure of the valve. The uncertain parameters are estimated through the simulation results which are treated as measurements.
2010-04-12
Technical Paper
2010-01-0912
Jinglai Wu, Yunqing Zhang, Pengfei Chen, Liping Chen
To solve the dynamic response problem that contains uncertain parameters needs, the stochastic differential equations needs to be calculated. Interval analysis has been widely used to solve engineering problems which contain many uncertain parameters usually. But the numerical solution method for stochastic differential equations based on the interval analysis method was seldom investigated. In this study a new numerical interval method for the stochastic differential equations based on the Euler's method is presented, which can be used to solve the linear system effectively and efficiently. The probabilistic and interval dynamics analysis of a two-degree-of-freedom bike car model with uncertain parameters are presented.
2010-04-12
Technical Paper
2010-01-0913
Xuefeng Jiang, Ping He, Yunqing Zhang, Wei Chen, Liping Chen
Hydraulic systems are popular on vehicles, such as power steering, shock absorbers, brakes, etc. Many previously works have been done on the modeling and simulation of the hydraulic systems. However, these models and parameters are usually established on the basis of plans, drawings, measurements, observations, experiences, expert knowledge and standards, and so on. In general, certain information and precise values do not exist. Uncertainty may result, e.g., from human mistakes and errors in the manufacture, from the use and maintenance of constructions, from expert evaluations, and from a lack of information. Actually, many uncertain factors will lead to great errors, and may have great effect on the hydraulic system, so the research on the hydraulic system under uncertainties is very necessary. In this paper, fuzzy algorithm is introduced to analysis the response of the hydraulic system with uncertain parameters.
2013-04-08
Technical Paper
2013-01-0414
Gang Tang, Han Zhao, Jinglai Wu, Yunqing Zhang
To provide a greater weight capacity, the tandem axle which is a group of two or more axles situated close together has been used on most heavy truck. In general, the reaction moments during braking cause a change in load distribution among both axles of the tandem suspension. Since load transfer among axles of a tandem suspension can lead to premature wheel lockup, tandem-axle geometry and the brake force distribution among individual axles of a tandem suspension have a pronounced effect on braking efficiency. The braking efficiency has directly influence on the vehicle brake distance and vehicle travelling direction stability in any road condition, so how to improve the braking efficiency is researched in this paper. The load transfer among individual axles is not only determined by vehicle deceleration but also by the actual brake force of each axle for tandem axle suspension, which increases the difficulty of braking efficiency improving.
2013-04-08
Technical Paper
2013-01-0415
Yong Luo, Jinglai Wu, Wenkui Fu, Yunqing Zhang
As is known to all, there are some contradictions between the handling and ride performance during the design process of vehicles. Sometimes owing to serious collisions of each criterion in the high-dimensional solution space, the common method to deal with the contradiction is to transform into a single target according to weights of each objective, which may not obtain a desired result. A multi-criteria approach is therefore adopted to optimize both properties and the result of a multi-criteria design is not a unique one but a series of balanced solutions. This paper is focused on the robust design of a simplified vehicle model in terms of not only ride comfort but also handling and stability using a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm (MOEA) method. Using the proposed method, the conflicting performance requirements can be better traded off. One of the most important indexes to characterize the vertical ride comfort is the acceleration of the sprung mass.
2013-04-08
Technical Paper
2013-01-0378
Zeyu Ma, Jinglai Wu, Ankang Jin, Yunqing Zhang
This paper deals with the robust design of the Load Sensing Proportional Valve (LSPV). To find out the parameters which have main effect on the performance of the LSPV, the DOE based on orthogonal experiment is carried out utilizing the LSPV model built in AMESim environment. In order to save computation expense, the RSM technique is used to approximate the optimal objectives and constraints. Then a robust design methodology using multi-objective evolutionary algorithm (MOEA) is performed and a set of non-dominated solutions are therefore obtained. With specified assessments, feasible solutions can therefore be selected from the entire field of the Pareto optimal solutions. The validation is made by Monte Carlo Simulation Technique in terms of the robustness of the feasible solutions.
2008-04-14
Technical Paper
2008-01-1105
Gang Qin, Yunqing Zhang, Liping Chen, Jingzhou Yang
This paper investigates a hierarchical optimization procedure for the optimum synthesis of a double-axle steering mechanism by considering the dynamic load of a vehicle which is seldom discussed in the previous literature. Firstly, a multi-body model of double-axle steering is presented by characterizing the detailed leaf spring effect. Accordingly, the influences of dynamic load including the motion interference of steering linkage resulted from the elastic deformation of leaf spring, and the effects of wheel slip angle and the position discrepancy of wheel speed rotation centers are explored systematically. And then, a hierarchical optimization method based on target cascading methodology is proposed to classify the design variables of double-axle steering mechanism into four levels. At last, a double-axle steering mechanism of a heavy-duty truck is utilized to demonstrate the validity of this method.
2008-04-14
Technical Paper
2008-01-0603
Jie Zhang, Yunqing Zhang, Liping Chen, Jingzhou Yang
Active steering systems can help the driver to master critical driving situations. This paper presents a fuzzy logic control strategy on active steering vehicle based on a multi-body vehicle dynamic model. The multi-body vehicle dynamic model using ADAMS can accurately predict the dynamic performance of the vehicle. A new hybrid steering scheme including both active front steering (applying an additional front steering angle besides the driver input) and rear steering is presented to control both yaw velocity and sideslip angle. A set of fuzzy logic rules is designed for the active steering controller, and the fuzzy controller can adjust both sideslip angle and yaw velocity through the co-simulation between ADAMS and the Matlab fuzzy control unit with the optimized membership function. To ensure the design of high-quality fuzzy control rules, a rule optimization strategy is introduced.
2008-04-14
Journal Article
2008-01-0600
Yunqing Zhang, Chaoyong Tang, Wei Chen, Liping Chen, Jingzhou Yang
A robust design procedure is applied to achieve improved vehicle handling performance as an integral part of simulation-based vehicle design. This paper presents a hybrid robust design method, the robust design process strategy (RDPS), which makes full use of the intense complementary action of characteristics between the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) and the Taguchi method, to get the robust design of the vehicle handling performance. The vehicle multi-body dynamic model is built in the platform that is constructed by the software of iSIGHT, ADAMS/CAR, and MATLAB. The design-of-experiment method of the Latin Hypercube (LHC) is used to obtain the approximate area values, and then the RDPS is utilized to achieve improved vehicle handling performance results. The validation is made by the Monte Carlo Simulation Technique (MCST) in terms of the effectiveness of the RDPS in solving robust design problems.
2009-04-20
Journal Article
2009-01-1141
Ming Jiang, Wei Chen, Yunqing Zhang, Liping Chen
Clutch actuation systems are complex systems where hydraulic, pneumatic, mechanical and electrical components are coupled. This paper presents a detailed clutch actuation model composed of components from multi-domains like mechanical and pneumatic actuation system, hydraulic boosting system, etc. Various components and subsystem models, such as the driver, engine, gear pairs, clutches, etc., are integrated into an overall vehicle system model according to the transmission power flow and control logic. The model is implemented using the Modelica programming language. The simulation of the clutch actuation system was carried out for the analysis of drivability, shift quality and vehicle overall performance.
2009-04-20
Technical Paper
2009-01-1455
Shiwei Wu, Yuming Hou, Lingyang Li, Yunqing Zhang, Liping Chen
A Special Analytical Target Cascading (SATC) process is developed for design problem which is difficult to ascertain the targets cascaded from upper level to lower level. The methodology is applied to achieve improving Handling Performance and Ride Quality (HPRQ) of a passenger car. A bi-level hierarchical structure with target-transforming process is established based on conceptual suspension model and multi-body models. DOE, RSM and a combined optimization method of simulated annealing and Programming Quadratic Line search is applied to execute the optimization process. The result shows that HPRQ is improved through special ATC based on CSM and multi-body modeling technique.
2009-04-20
Journal Article
2009-01-0408
Jinglai Wu, Hongchang Zhang, Yunqing Zhang, Liping Chen
The air brake system has been widely used since its great superiority over many other kinds of brake systems, but the capacity and the stability of air brake system are determined by many factors which are always uncertain and difficult to be evaluated accurately. So it is necessary to improve the robustness of this kind of brake system. In this paper, a physical model of air brake control system is made by a multi-domain physical modeling software-AMESim and the robust design for air brake system is carried out. Firstly, the key design parameters that will greatly affect on the delay time and pressure that leads to the shaking problem are obtained by using the method of design of experiment (DOE). Then, the regress of the response surface based on results of DOE and the robust design using the tolerance design are carried out. The value for those key parameters that can lead to the best performance and robustness of the air brake system are finally determined.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0439
Tianqi Lv, Peijun Xu, Yunqing Zhang
Abstract The powertrain mounting system (PMS) plays an important role in improving the NVH (Noise, Vibration, Harshness) quality of the vehicle. In all running conditions of a vehicle, the displacements of the powertrain C.G. should be controlled in a prescribed range to avoid interference with other components in the vehicle. The conventional model of PMS is based on vibration theory, considering the rotation angles are small, ignoring the sequence of the rotations. However, the motion of PMS is in 3D space with 3 translational degrees of freedom and 3 rotational degrees of freedom, when the rotation angles are not small, the conventional model of PMS will cause errors. The errors are likely to make powertrain interfering with other components. This paper proposes a rigid body mechanics model of the powertrain mounting system. When the powertrain undergoes a large rotational motion, the rigid body mechanics model can provide more accurate calculation results.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0225
Peixiang Tang, Yunqing Zhang, Zhibao Xu, Qiming Tao
Abstract Vehicle Thermal Management System (VTMS) is a crosscutting technology affecting the fuel consumption, engine performance and emissions. With the new approved fuel economy targets and the enhanced vehicle performance requirements, the ability to predict the impact on the fuel consumption of different VTMS modifications is becoming an important issue in the pre-prototype phase of vehicle development. This paper presents a methodology using different simulation tools to model the entire VTMS in order to understand and quantify its behavior. The detailed model contains: engine cooling system, lubrication system, powertrain system, HVAC system and intake and exhaust system. A detail model of the power absorbed by the accessory components operating in VTMS such as pumps and condenser is presented. The power of the accessory components is not constant but changing with respect to engine operation.
2016-04-05
Journal Article
2016-01-0277
Xingxing Feng, Kaimin Zhuo, Jinglai Wu, Vikas Godara, Yunqing Zhang
Abstract Interval inverse problems can be defined as problems to estimate input through given output, where the input and output are interval numbers. Many problems in engineering can be formulated as inverse problems like vehicle suspension design. Interval metrics, instead of deterministic metrics, are used for the suspension design of a vehicle vibration model with five degrees of freedom. The vibration properties of a vehicle vibration model are described by reasonable intervals and the suspension interval parameters are to be solved. A new interval inverse analysis method, which is a combination of Chebyshev inclusion function and optimization algorithm such as multi-island genetic algorithm, is presented and used for the suspension design of a vehicle vibration model with six conflicting objective functions. The interval design of suspension using such an interval inverse analysis method is shown and validated, and some useful conclusions are reached.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-0422
Guohong Zhang, Qianqian Xie, Shuwei Zhu, Yunqing Zhang
Abstract The sewing machine has been widely used in various aspects of life and it is essential to study its kinematic and dynamic characteristics. A dynamic model of flexible multi-link mechanism for sewing machine including joints with clearance is established to analysis its dynamic response in the present work. The configuration of the sewing machine mainly included five subsystems, feeding mechanism, needle bar mechanism, looper mechanism, shearing mechanism and adjusting mechanism. Since the sewing machine mainly consist of linkage mechanisms that are connected by revolute joints and translational joints, the existence of clearances in the joints and the flexibility of crankshafts and linkage are important factors that affect the dynamic performance. Even little clearance can lead to vibration and fatigue phenomena, lack of precision or even make overall behavior as random.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-0415
Xingxing Feng, Peijun Xu, Penglei Fu, Yunqing Zhang
Abstract This work is motivated by the fact that the surface of a terrain may vary with local pavement properties and number of passes of the vehicle, which means the roughness coefficient and waviness of the terrain may vary in specific intervals. However, in traditional random terrain models, the roughness coefficient and waviness of the terrain are assumed as constants. Therefore, this assumption may be not very reasonable. A novel random terrain model is presented where the roughness coefficient and waviness of the terrain are expressed by interval numbers instead of constants. A 5-degree-of-freedom ride dynamic model of the vehicle with uncertain parameters is derived. The power spectral density (PSD) and root mean square value (RMS) of the vehicle ride responses are shown and analyzed. Analysis results indicate that the vehicle responses vary in specific intervals under the random terrain excitation with interval parameters.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 36

Filter

  • Range:
    to:
  • Year: