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Viewing 1 to 22 of 22
2010-02-19
Book
Stefano Cavallaro, NATALE Palmeri, Jan CJ Bart
Biodiesel production is a rapidly advancing field worldwide, with biodiesel fuel increasingly being used in compression ignition (diesel) engines. Biodiesel has been extensively studied and utilized in developed countries, and it is increasingly being introduced in developing countries, especially in regions with high potential for sustainable biodiesel production. This book systematically reviews feedstock resources and vegetable oil formulations, including the economics of vegetable oil conversion to diesel fuel, with additional coverage of emerging energy crops for biodiesel production. Further sections review the transesterification process, including chemical (catalysis) and biochemical (biocatalysis) processes, with extended coverage of industrial process technology and control methods, and standards for biodiesel fuel quality assurance.
2010-11-25
Book
Rafael Luque, Juan Campelo, James Clark
In response to the global increase in the use of biofuels as substitute transportation fuels, advanced chemical, biochemical and thermochemical biofuels production routes are fast being developed. Research and development in this field is aimed at improving the quality and environmental impact of biofuels production, as well as the overall efficiency and output of biofuels production plants. The range of biofuels has also increased to supplement bioethanol and biodiesel production, with market developments leading to the increased production and utilization of such biofuels as bio-syngas, bio-hydrogen and bio-butanol, among others. Handbook of Biofuels Production provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of biomass conversion processes and technology. It reviews the key issues in the biofuels production chain, including feedstocks, sustainability assessment and policy development.
2010-10-01
Book
This ebook gives unique insight into the cutting-edge technical developments from Honda's worldwide R&D team from April through September 2010. The 30 papers included in this volume chronicle the best of Honda's documented technical advancements in automotive, motorcycle, power products, and other fundamental technologies. Full-color diagrams complement the text. Title highlights include: Styling Design of the CR-Z Styling Design of the VFR1200F Piston Temperature Measurement Technology for Actual HSDI Diesel Engines Development of Bicycle Simulator for Safety Riding Education Enhancement of Low-temperature Combustion in Flexible Fuel Vehicle (FFV) Engine This publication is also conveniently available for purchase in individual chapters.
2014-03-19
Book
Richard Folkson
The automotive sector is a major energy user. Most vehicles also run on fossil fuels, which presents a major emissions problem. Reducing emissions levels requires both optimization of core vehicle technologies and the design, development and implementation of breakthrough technologies for improved performance. This book provides a broad-ranging review of recent research into advanced fuels and vehicle technologies that will be instrumental in improving the energy efficiency and environmental impact of the automotive sector. It reviews the development of alternative fuels, more efficient engines and powertrain technologies as well as hybrid and electric vehicle technologies.
2008-04-01
Book
This unique book chronicles the top Honda technical developments from October 2007 through March 2008. The 25 papers included give rare insight into the Honda's worldwide R&D team, and cover automotive, motorcycle, power products, and other fundamental technologies. Full-color diagrams complement the text. Title highlights include: Development of i-VTEC Gasoline Engine for 2008 Model Year Honda FIT Removal of Grounding Cable from Hydrogen Fueling Process 2007 Model CBR1000RRW for Suzuka 8 hours World Endurance Championship Race Study of "LONG" Lighting System for Enhanced Motorcycle Conspicuity Development of High-strength Structural Steel for Welding This publication is available in both print and electronic format. The electronic format is also conveniently available for purchase in individual chapters.
2009-04-01
Book
This unique book gives rare insight into the work of Honda's worldwide R&D team, covering technical developments from October 2008 through March 2009. With special focus on fuel cell vehicles, the 33 papers included also cover other automotive topics, as well as motorcycle, power products, and other fundamental technologies. Full-color diagrams complement the text. Title highlights include: New Fuel Cell Stack for FCX Clarity Development of Lithium Ion Battery System for Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology for Increased Fuel Efficiency in New INSIGHT Vaporization Characteristic of High-ethanol Gasoline (E85) and Cold Startability Development of Brake-by-Wire System for Super Sport Motorcycles Rearward Visibility Simulation System of Motorcycle Rearview Mirrors Psychological Effects of Use of Electric Scooter This publication is available in both print and electronic format. The electronic format is also conveniently available for purchase in individual chapters.
2014-04-01
Book
Honda's April 2014 R&D Technical Review features cutting-edge developments from Honda's worldwide R&D teams. This edition brings 23 original papers on the introduction of new technologies covering motorcycle, power products, aircraft engine, among others. They cover advancements in the following areas: • Development of 7-speed dual clutch transmission SPORT HYBRID i-DCD • Research on engine control to make effective use of bioethanol-blend fuels • Optimization of driving force distribution control in all-wheel drive based on wheel rotation speed difference between front and rear • Robust optimization for windmill airfoil design under variable wind conditions
2008-09-01
Book
Antonino Furfari
Environmental issues, rising prices and security of supply are putting energy at the center of all attention. Policymakers pushed by various stakeholders are struggling to find more sustainable solutions to the world’s legitimate demand for energy. The transport sector is especially under pressure as it relies up to 98% on oil. Despite vast research and development investments, no short-term solutions appeared to be reliable. Thanks to lawmakers’ support to biofuels, these substitutes for oil are now seen as the potential solution for a sustainable future in less polluting transportation alternatives. This book analyses the real possibility of biofuels in Europe. Does the region have enough land to produce the needed feedstock? What are the real gains in terms of greenhouse gases emissions and energy efficiency? Are biofuels really a sustainable solution? Will this policy succeed? Are the targets reachable?
2012-11-01
Book
Edouard Freund, Paul Lucchese
Hydrogen, energy vector for the future? Or, on the contrary, limited to its current applications in the field of chemistry and refining for decades to come, possibly even until the end of the century? There is much controversy over this issue and two sides to the argument. Advocates of the hydrogen civilization consider that, following a technological revolution hydrogen will play a universal role alongside electricity as a substitute for fossil fuels, especially (but not only) in transport, leading to radical elimination of CO2 emissions. For the skeptics, and even outspoken opponents, hydrogen will remain restricted to its current applications due to the insoluble problems inherent to its generalized use, especially in transport. This book highlights the increasing and inevitable role of "energy" hydrogen – as opposed to chemical hydrogen – in the key sectors of transport and "clean" electricity production.
2012-07-01
Book
Daniel Ballerini
Changes in the world energy context, the increasing awareness of the environmental stakes and the development of research on the production of second and third generation biofuels revealed a clear need to write a new book which updates and complements all technical, financial and environmental aspects of Les Biocarburants – État des lieux, perspectives et enjeux du développement (Biofuels – Current status, outlook and development stakes) published in 2006. This new book provides a detailed state of the art of the first generation biofuel production technologies. It describes the new «second generation» pathways which use lignocellulosic biomass as raw material is starting to find industrial applications, thereby reducing the competition between the food resource and the use of agricultural materials for energy purposes. It also provides a technical update on the algaeto-energy pathway (third generation), and the production of methane and hydrogen by biochemical pathways.
2004-01-01
Book
Daniel J. Holt
A key topic of many technical discussions has been the development of alternative fuels to power the compression ignition engine. Reasons for this include the desire to reduce the dependency on petroleum-based fuel and, at the same time, to reduce the particulate matter (PM) and NOx emissions. Also, there has been interest generated in the diesel engine because of the reduction in greenhouse gases that has been proposed during the 2008-2012 time frame in Europe and the regulations that affect diesel engines in the United States.
2011-01-01
Book
Ahmed F. Zobaa, Ramesh Bansal
Effects of environmental, economic, social, political and technical factors have supported the rapid deployment of various sources of renewable energy-based power generation. The incorporation of these generation technologies have led to the development of a broad array of new methods and tools to integrate this new form of generation into the power system network. This book, arranged into six sections, highlights various renewable energy based generation technologies, and consists of a series of papers written by experts in their respective fields of specialization. The Handbook of Renewable Energy Technology will be of great practical benefit to professionals, scientists and researchers in the relevant industries, and will be of interest to those of the general public wanting to know more about renewable energy technologies.
2004-01-01
Book
Christopher J. Fanchi, John R. Fanchi
This book, in its second edition, examines the energy sources that play a vital role in society today, as well as those that may be the primary energy sources of tomorrow. From our reliance on fossil fuels to the quest for energy independence, and the environmental issues that follow each decision, this book delves into the most prominent energy issues of our time. Armed with this information, the reader can think critically about the direction they want this world to take. Contents: Brief History of Energy Consumption Fossil Energy - Coal Fossil Energy - Oil and Gas Peak Oil Nuclear Energy Renewable Energy - Solar Energy Renewable Energy - Wind Energy Renewable Energy - Energy from Water Renewable Energy - Bioenergy and Synfuels Energy Carrier, Energy Storage and Hybrid Energy Systems Electricity Generation and Distribution Energy Economics Future Issues - Geopolitics of Energy Future Issues - Energy Forecasts
2016-12-22
Book
Jay Meldrum
This collection is a resource for studying the history of the evolving technologies that have contributed to snowmobiles becoming cleaner and quieter machines. Papers address design for a snowmobile using E10 gasoline (10% ethanol mixed with pump gasoline). Performance technologies that are presented include: • Engine Design: application of the four-stroke engine • Applications to address both engine and track noise • Exhaust After-treatment to reduce emissions The SAE International Clean Snowmobile Challenge (CSC) program is an engineering design competition. The program provides undergraduate and graduate students the opportunity to enhance their engineering design and project management skills by reengineering a snowmobile to reduce emissions and noise. The competition includes internal combustion engine categories that address both gasoline and diesel, as well as the zero emissions category in which range and draw bar performance are measured.
2003-10-17
Book
Robert Q. Riley
The rapidly changing landscape of alternative car technologies created the need for the second edition of Alternative Cars in the 21st Century: A New Personal Transportation Paradigm. This essential publication provides an abundance of critical knowledge for engineering professionals and consumers alike, offering a brighter alternative future through better alternative cars.
1994-12-01
Book
Timothy T. Maxwell, Jesse C. Jones
Written primarily for fleet management personnel with purchasing, maintenance, or operations responsibilities, Alternative Fuels: Emissions, Economics, and Performance provides essential information for those who are considering adding alternatively-fueled vehicles to their fleets. Readers will gain a solid understanding of the fundamentals of alternative fuels and the factors that need to be considered when evaluating their use. No prior knowledge of alternative fuels is necessary. Basic information on the various alternative fuels and objective data on the costs of converting, fueling, and operating alternatively-fueled vehicles is covered in this book. Fuel cost, performance, reliability, and availability are addressed. The book also discusses the 1990 amendments to the Clean Air Act and the 1992 Comprehensive National Energy Policy Act.
1996-09-01
Book
Joseph Norbeck, James Heffel, Thomas Durbin, Michelle Montano, Bassam Tabbara, John Bowden, Steven Belinski
Hydrogen Fuel for Surface Transportation provides background information on the advantages and disadvantages of hydrogen as a fuel, describes the current state of technology of hydrogen-fueled vehicles, and discusses the future requirements of the "hydrogen economy." Each chapter also includes reprints of noteworthy articles and technical papers on the subject.
2011-08-25
Book
Bruce Morey
The current rapid rate of innovation in the automotive industry is primarily fueled by the need to improve fuel economy and reduce emissions, increase use of electronics for infotainment and safety, and global development. This full-color book delves into these megatrends to arm decision-makers with information that will help them remain competitive in the North American automotive market for the next 20 years. The first third of the book covers improvements to existing technologies-engines, transmissions, bodies and materials-for better fuel economy. The second portion of the book delves into alternate fuel sources for vehicles and associated technologies. The focus of the final third of the book is the emergence of the smart car. Readers will come away with a renewed understanding of the complicated set of trends that will affect the automotive industry for the next 20 years, and how to effectively address them.
2002-09-15
Book
Richard L. Bechtold
With the vitality and economic growth of the U.S. being linked to affordable transportation, the use of alternative fuels is beginning to play a larger role. The use "alternative fuel" has been used to describe any fuel suggested for use in transportation vehicles other than gasoline or diesel. Since 1998, more than half of the petroleum the U.S. economy requires has been supplied by imports. In addition, the climatological and scientific community has warned that increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will cause global change. Alternative Fuels examines the accepted alternative fuels, providing historical background, physical and chemical properties, production technology, and forecasts for each fuel. Alternative transportation fuels addressed include: methanol, ethanol, propane, natural gas, biodiesel, hydrogen, and electricity. Chapters include: The Argument for Alternative Fuels Methanol Ethanol Propane Natural Gas Electricity and more
2013-10-08
Book
Gautam Kalghatgi
Conventional fossil fuels will constitute the majority of automotive fuels for the foreseeable future but will have to adapt to changes in engine technology. Unconventional transport fuels such as biofuels, gas-to-liquid fuels, compressed natural gas, and liquid petroleum gas will also play a role. Hydrogen might be a viable transport fuel if it overcomes barriers in production, transport, storage, and safety and/or if fuel cells become viable. This book opens by considering these issues and then introduces practical transport fuels. A chapter on engine deposits follows, which is an important practical topic about how fuels affect engines that is not usually considered in other books. The next three chapters discuss auto-ignition phenomena in engines. The auto-ignition resistance of fuels is the most important fuel property since it limits the efficiency of spark ignition engines and determines the performance of compression ignition engines.
2013-08-05
Book
Bruce Morey
This book sheds light on three essential questions: 1. What is the likely supply of gasoline and diesel from oil worldwide to power light vehicles and trucks through 2030-2035? 2. Could any other fuel economically replace gasoline? Will different parts of the world answer that question differently? 3. How will the answers to these questions affect what we engineer, make, and drive in 2030–2035? As difficult as it is to predict timing of these events, the book presents reasonable assumptions and alternative scenarios. Since a switch to alternative technologies will require substantial investment, it is critical to have a sense of when. Despite the global reach of the automotive industry, it is unlikely that a solution for one region will fit all. A more reasonable goal is a set of projected ‘ecosystems’ using differing amounts of oil, electricity, or alternative fuels. From this, automotive managers and leaders can get a sense of how to make business decisions for the future.
1997-10-10
Book
Richard L. Bechtold
This book presents the fundamentals needed to understand the physical and chemical properties of alternative fuels, and how they impact refueling system design and the modification of existing garages for safety. It covers a wide range of fuels including alcohols, gases, and vegetable oils. Chapters cover: Alternative Fuels and Their Origins Properties and Specifications Materials Compatibility Storage and Dispensing Refueling Facility Installation and Garage Facility Modifications and more
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