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2010-04-12
Technical Paper
2010-01-1117
Taku Tsujimura, Shinichi Goto
The tasks to improve diesel emissions and fuel consumption must be accomplished with urgency. However, due to the trade-off relationship between NOx emissions, soot emissions and fuel consumption, clean diesel combustion should be achieved by both innovative combustion and fuel technologies. The objective of this study is to extend the clean diesel combustion operating range (Engine-out emission: NOx ≺ 0.2 g/kWh, Soot ≺ 0.02 g/kWh). In this study, performance of a single-cylinder test engine equipped with a hydraulic valve actuation system and an ultra-high pressure fuel injection system was investigated. Also evaluated, were the effects of fuel properties such as auto-ignitability, volatility and aromatic hydrocarbon components, on combustion performance. The results show that applying a high EGR (Exhaust gas recirculation) rate can significantly reduce NOx emission with an increase in soot emission.
2010-04-12
Technical Paper
2010-01-0468
Mitsuharu Oguma, Shinichi Goto, Terukazu Nishimura, Yasuhiko Mikita
DME as a fuel for compression ignition (diesel) engines has been actively studied for about ten years due to its characteristically low pollution and reputation as a “smokeless fuel”. During this time, the practical application is taking shape based on necessary tasks such as analysis of injection and combustion, engine performance, and development of experimental vehicles. At this moment, standardization of DME as a fuel was started under ISO in 2007. There are concerns regarding the impurities in DME regarding the mixing during production and distribution as well as their effect on additives for lubricity and odor. In this report, the effect of DME fuel impurities on performance of a DME powered diesel engine was investigated. The platform was a DME engine with common-rail fuel injection and was evaluated under partial load stable mode and Japanese transient mode (JE05) testing parameters.
2004-06-08
Technical Paper
2004-01-1863
Mitsuharu Oguma, Shinichi Goto, Tomoko Watanabe
The engine performance and exhaust characteristics of the DME-powered diesel engine with an injection system developed for DME were investigated. The injection pump is an inline type that can inject double amount of DME fuel compared to the base injection pump because the calorific value of DME is about half lower than that of diesel fuel. The effect of injection timing on engine performances such as thermal efficiency, engine torque, and exhaust characteristics were investigated. Maximum torque and power with DME could be achieved the same or greater level compared to diesel fuel operation. Considering over all engine performances, the best dynamic injection timings without EGR were -3, -3, -6 and -9 deg. ATDC in 1120, 1680, 2240 and 2800 rpm engine speeds respectively in this experiment.
2004-06-08
Technical Paper
2004-01-1865
Kouseki Sugiyama, Masataka Kajiwara, Masahiro Fukumoto, Makihiko Mori, Shinichi Goto, Tomoko Watanabe
In this study, a MPT-HFRR (Multi-Pressure/Temperature High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig) was manufactured based on a diesel fuel lubricity test apparatus. The MPT-HFRR was designed to be used for conventional test methods as well as for liquefied gas fuel tests. Lubricity tests performed on a calibration standard sample under both atmospheric pressure and high pressure produced essentially constant values, so it was determined that this apparatus could be used for assessing the lubricity of fuel. Using this apparatus, the improvement of lubricity due to the addition of a DME (Dimethyl Ether) fuel additive was investigated. It was found that when 50ppm or more of a fatty acid lubricity improver was added, the wear scar diameter converged to 400μm or less, and a value close to the measured result for Diesel fuel was obtained. The lubricity obtained was considered to be generally satisfactory.
1999-10-25
Technical Paper
1999-01-3481
Insu Kim, Daeyup Lee, Shinichi Goto
Flame propagation characteristics, in a heavy-duty type LPG lean burn SI engine, were investigated by simulation methodology, using the global one step and the ten step chemical kinetic reaction mechanisms, respectively. The swirl ratio and equivalence ratio were varied to investigate their effects on flame front speed. The effect of increased swirl intensity on flame speed was very minor at ranges of equivalence ratio of this study. Flame front shape, however, was affected by swirl intensity. Circular flame front formed for a higher swirl ratio, which is in a qualitative accordance with that of measurements. Comparison between calculation and measurements of flame propagation characteristics shows a good agreement for both the global one step and the ten step chemical kinetic model. This work concludes that the reduced chemical kinetic reactions, consisting of ten steps, is useful for flame propagation study in an LPG SI engine.
1999-10-25
Technical Paper
1999-01-3510
Daeyup Lee, Shinichi Goto, Insu Kim, Masamitsu Motohashi
Band spectrum images for CH, OH and CHO were taken in a heavy duty type LPG lean-burn SI engine, to investigate the combustion process as it pertains to the pollutant formation process in the post flame region. Full spectra and band spectrum flame images were observed with a bottom view single cylinder research engine and two high speed cameras. NOx emissions were also measured for excess air ratios ranging from 1.0 to 1.6. A thermodynamic model, including the detailed chemical kinetic mechanism for LPG and NOx formation reactions, was developed to predict the major reaction species in the post flame region, and NOx emissions during the combustion process. The model qualitatively described the flame images for each band spectrum and could predict the measured NOx emissions very well.
2000-03-06
Technical Paper
2000-01-0193
Daeyup Lee, Shinichi Goto, Hidekazu Honma, Yoshitaka Wakao, Makihiko Mori
The oxidation mechanism of DTBP (Di-tertiary-butyl peroxide) and its role in butane oxidation have been investigated, as it pertains to the development of an LPG DI diesel engine. Ignition delay contours were analyzed to investigate the role of DTBP (ϕ≈0.2 to the total oxygen) in butane oxidation. At higher pressure and lower temperature regions, it was apparent that the addition of DTBP significantly enhances the ignition delay of butane, whereas at lower pressures and higher temperatures, this effect diminishes. Results of this study showed that the role of DTBP to enhance the ignition delay of the base fuel is through rapid heat release, rather than by radicals produced by decomposition during the base fuel ignition delay. Formaldehyde is a principal species involved in reactions for heat release in the higher pressure lower temperature region, comparable to diesel engine operating conditions.
2000-03-06
Technical Paper
2000-01-0331
Tadashi Tsurushima, Takeshi Miyamoto, Hisashi Akagawa, Yuzo Aoyagi, Je-Hyung Lee, Daeyup Lee, Shinichi Goto, Tomoyuki Wakisaka, Takuji Ishiyama, Hiroshi Kawanabe
To find more effective lean mixture preparation methods for smokeless and low NOx combustion, a numerical study of the effects of in-cylinder flow field before injection on mixture formation in a premixed compression ignition engine was conducted. Premixed compression ignition combustion is a very attractive method to reduce both NOx and soot emissions, but it still has some problems, such as high HC and CO emissions. In case of early direct injection, it is important to avoid wall wetting by spray impingement, which can cause higher HC and CO emissions. Since it is not easy to examine the effects of initial flow and injection parameters on mixture formation over the wide range by practical engine tests, a computer program named “GTT (Generalized Tank and Tube)” code was used to simulate the in-cylinder phenomena before autoignition.
2011-11-08
Technical Paper
2011-32-0651
Mitsuharu Oguma, Shinichi Goto, Tadanori Yanai, Yasuhiko Mikita
The methodology of lubricity evaluation for DME fuel was established by special modified HFRR (High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig) such as Multi-Pressure/Temperature HFRR (MPT-HFRR). The obtained results were summarized as follows: The HFRR method is adaptable with DME fuel. There is no effect of the test pressure (up to 1.8 MPa) and the test temperature (up to 100°C) of MPT-HFRR on wear scar diameter. The results with MPT-HFRR can be applied at the sliding parts of the injection needle and the fuel supply pump's plungers which are secured lubricity by the boundary lubrication mode mainly and the mixed lubrication mode partially. Using the fatty-acid-based lubricity improver in amounts of approximately 100 ppm, the lubricity of DME, which has a lack of self-lubricity, is ensured as same as the diesel fuel equivalent level. There is a big deviation of measured wear scar diameter when the LI concentration is not enough.
2008-04-14
Technical Paper
2008-01-0062
Taku Tsujimura, Mitsuharu Oguma, Shinichi Goto
It has been clarified that diesel fuel properties have a great effect on the exhaust emissions and fuel consumption of a conventional diesel combustion regime. And as other diesel combustion regimes are applied in order to improve exhaust emissions and fuel consumption, it can be supposed that the fuel properties also have significant effects. The purpose of this study is to propose the optimum diesel fuel properties for a premixed compression ignition (PCI) combustion regime. In this paper, the effect of the auto-ignitability of diesel fuels on exhaust emissions and fuel consumption was evaluated using a heavy-duty single-cylinder test engine. In all experiments, fuels were injected using an electronically controlled, common-rail diesel fuel injector, and most experiments were conducted under high EGR conditions in order to reduce NOx emissions.
2007-01-23
Technical Paper
2007-01-0073
Hitoshi Shiotani, Shinichi Goto
Biodiesel fuel has attracted much attention as a carbon neutral fuel because it is made from vegetable oil. Especially in Southeast Asia, there are numerous biofuel resources, such as palm oil and coconut oil, and it is desirable to utilize these for CO2 reduction. In this paper, we evaluate the properties of biodiesel fuel and biodiesel blended diesel oil. The low temperature performance of palm oil methyl ester (PME) is poor and it affects low temperature performance, even if the PME blending rate is low. The oxidation stability is a very important property of biodiesel fuel because degraded biodiesel fuel produces organic acids and polymeric substances. PME contains mainly saturated fatty acids methyl esters, so the oxidation stability is better than other fats and oils. When containing antioxidants such as beta carotene, biodiesel's oxidation stability is improved.
2007-01-23
Technical Paper
2007-01-0028
Taku Tsujimura, Shinichi Goto, Hideki Matsubara
In this study, diesel exhaust emission characteristics were investigated as GTL (Gas To Liquid) fuel was applied to a heavy-duty diesel truck which had been developed to match a Japanese new long-term exhaust emission regulation (NOx < 2.0 g/kWh, PM < 0.027 g/kWh). The results in this study show that although the test vehicle has advanced technologies (e.g. high pressure fuel injection, oxidation catalyst, and urea-SCR aftertreatment system, etc.) which are applied to reduce diesel emissions, the neat GTL fuel has a great advantage to reduce particulate matter emissions and poly aromatic hydrocarbons. And regarding nano-size PM emissions, nuclei mode particles emitted during idling are significantly decreased by using the GTL fuel.
2007-01-23
Technical Paper
2007-01-0032
Mitsuharu Oguma, Shinichi Goto
The performance of a medium duty DME truck was evaluated by field tests and engine bench tests. The DME vehicle was given a public license plate on October 2004, after which running tests were continued on public roads and a test course. The DME vehicle could run the whole distance, about 500 km, without refueling. The average diesel equivalent fuel consumption of the fully loaded DME truck was 5.75 km/l, running at 80 km/h on public highways. Remedying several malfunctions that occurred in the power-train subsystems enhanced the vehicle performance and operation. The DME vehicle accumulated 13,000 km as of August, 2006 with no observed durability trouble of the fuel injection pump. Disassembly and inspection of the fuel injectors after 7,700 km operation revealed a few differences in the nozzle tip and the needle compared to diesel fuel operation. However, the injectors were used again after cleanup.
2006-11-13
Technical Paper
2006-32-0023
Hitoshi Shiotani, Shinichi Goto, Koichi Kinoshita, Danilo Nikolic
In this study, measurement methods of aldehydes and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from off-road engine have been investigated. Also, their emission characteristics have been evaluated. By using high-performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC), aldehydes could be measured with small variation. Major aldehydes from off-road engine are formaldehyde and acetaldehyde. Total aldehydes emission is not necessarily low compared to THC emission. The emission characteristics of aldehydes are similar to that of CO, THC and PM. For VOCs sampling, sampling tube with absorbent was better than sampling bag because some kinds of VOCs tend to become absorbed on the sampling bag. Except for 1,3-butadiene, VOCs could be measured with small variation by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS). Benzene, toluene and xylene were major species found in VOCs. The emission characteristics of VOCs were also similar to ones of CO, THC and PM.
2005-05-11
Technical Paper
2005-01-2194
Shinichi Goto, Mitsuharu Oguma, Shinichi Suzuki
Dimethyl ether (DME) has been attracting notable attention as a clean alternative fuel for diesel engines. The authors developed a medium duty DME truck, and investigated aspects of vehicle performance such as engine power, exhaust characteristics, fuel consumption, noise, in-vehicle systems, and so on. Results indicated that higher engine torque and power could be achieved with DME compared to diesel fuel operation of the base engine at any engine speed. Results also showed that emissions decreased dramatically, to 27% for NOx, 74% for HC, 95% for CO and 94% for PM (Particulate Matter) compared to maximum allowed Japanese 2003 emission regulations. The operating noise of the DME vehicle was slightly lower than the base vehicle with diesel fuel, because the combustion noise with DME was decreased compared to with diesel fuel operation. The DME vehicle was given a public license plate in October 2004, after which running test continued on public roads and on a test course.
2005-05-11
Technical Paper
2005-01-2202
Mitsuharu Oguma, Hitoshi Shiotani, Shinichi Goto, Shinichi Suzuki
In this report, trace levels of harmful substances, such as formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, SO2, benzene and so on, emitted from a DME fueled direct injection (DI) compression ignition (CI) engine were measured using a Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) emission analyzer. Results showed that the NO portion of NOx emissions with DME exceeded diesel fuel operation levels. DME fueling caused greater amounts of water than with diesel fuel operation. DME fueling was also associated with higher formaldehyde emissions than with diesel fuel operation. However, using an oxidation catalyst, formaldehyde could be decreased to a negligible level.
2006-10-16
Technical Paper
2006-01-3303
Takehiro Tsuchiya, Hitoshi Shiotani, Shinichi Goto, Gen Sugiyama, Akira Maeda
The Agency of Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has conducted conformity tests of diesel fuel containing Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) to amend diesel fuel standards in Japan. The objective of the tests is to examine appropriate specifications of diesel fuel containing FAME for automotive use for existing vehicles in the Japanese market. The conformity testing includes verification of fuel system component compatibility, tail pipe emissions, and characterization of the reliability and durability of the engine system, including the fuel injection system. In designing the conformity tests, the maximum FAME concentration was 5%. Most of the new standards are essentially equivalent to EN14214, but the total acid number (TAN) of specific acids, and oxidation stability of the new standards for diesel fuel containing FAME, are different from EN14214.
1992-02-01
Technical Paper
920690
Shinichi Goto, Hirohide Furutani, Rafael D. Delic
The authors tried to use LP gas, mainly butane, as the main fuel of diesel engines to reduce soot and to maintain high thermal efficiency. LP gas was injected in the direction of the intake valve directly as a spray to prevent knocking and to preserve high charging efficiency. The newly developed electronic fuel injection provided accurate fuel control and injection timing. As a result, the dual-fuel operation produced high thermal efficiency almost identical to that of diesel engines. Soot in engine exhaust was almost negligible. Three quarters of maximum output was obtained with butane, and only small amount of gas oil for idling, in spite of an high compression ratio of 17 for gas engines. Increasing the proportion of gas oil resulted in maximum output from a diesel engine and almost no soot output.
1992-02-01
Technical Paper
920689
Hirohide Furutani, Shunichi Tsuge, Shinichi Goto
This paper deals with the process regarding how dehydrogenation of soot particles takes place. The measured carbon/hydrogen ratios plotted against mean-diameter of soots fall on a straight line passing through the origin. It is shown that in the course of soot particle growth CM ratio increases linearly with the particle diameter: D. This is an indication of the fact that the number of carbon grows in proportion to D3, whereas that of hydrogen is proportional to D2. It is there by concluded that hydrogen sit only on surface of soot particles.
1997-02-24
Technical Paper
970354
Ja Ye Koo, Seung Tae Hong, Joseph S. Shakal, Shinichi Goto
The effects of upstream conditions, such as nozzle and entrance shapes, on external flow characteristics continue to challenge fuel injection modeling efforts, particularly in the case of high-pressure diesel sprays. In this research, flow details were investigated both experimentally and numerically in a fuel injector nozzle orifice using an integrated approach. Calculations using the SIMPLE algorithm were first performed for the scaled-up experimental nozzles with various length to diameter ratios (L/d). Measurements of internal flow velocities for these nozzles were made by laser Doppler velocimetry in order to verify the computational results. Mean and fluctuating velocities and discharge coefficients were obtained at various Reynolds numbers. The mean turbulence intensity and turbulent kinetic energy for a sharp inlet nozzle were generally higher than for a round inlet nozzle, except for the near-wall region beginning at about one nozzle diameter from the entrance.
1999-03-01
Technical Paper
1999-01-0570
Daeyup Lee, Joseph Shakal1, Shinichi Goto, Hitoshi Ishikawa2, Hiroki Ueno, Naoya Harayama
Using an extended bottom view piston having a quartz window, flame propagation observation and flame contour analysis were carried out to investigate the combustion characteristics of a heavy-duty type LPG lean burn engine. The swirl ratio and piston cavity configuration were varied to investigate their effects on combustion and engine performance. Gradual reduction of NOx but increased hydrocarbon emissions were measured for leaner mixtures compared to the stoichiometric operation. High swirl apparently accelerated the initial flame kernel development, as evidenced by a shorter crank angle interval from the spark ignition to the maximum cylinder pressure. The ‘D’ type cavity, with an increased squish area located below the intake valve, was shown to have the shortest burn duration among the piston cavities tested. The experimental flame propagation observation procedure was shown to be useful for the study of the combustion process in engines.
1999-05-03
Technical Paper
1999-01-1513
Shinichi Goto, Daeyup Lee, Joseph Shakal, Naoya Harayama, Fumitaka Honjyo, Hiroki Ueno
Performance and emissions of an LPG lean burn engine for heavy duty vehicles were measured. The piston cavity, swirl ratio, propane - butane fuel ratio, and EGR were varied to investigate their effects on combustion, and thus engine performance. Three piston cavities were tested: a circular flat-bottomed cavity with sloped walls (called the “bathtub” cavity), a round bottomed cavity (called the “dog dish” cavity), and a special high-turbulence cavity (called the “nebula” cavity). Compared to the bathtub and dog dish cavities, the nebula type cavity showed the best performance in terms of cyclic variation and combustion duration. It was capable of maintaining leaner combustion, thus resulting in the lowest NOx emissions. High swirl improved combustion by achieving a high thermal efficiency and low NOx emissions. In general, as the propane composition increased, cyclic variation fell, NOx emissions increased, and thermal efficiency was improved.
2000-10-16
Technical Paper
2000-01-2805
Gisoo Hyun, Daeyup Lee, Shinichi Goto
This is a preliminary work for the development of a stratified combustion engine using liquefied petroleum gas(LPG) as an alternative fuel. The main objective of this research is to find out the optimizing engine parameters from the viewpoint of mixture formation with the aid of simulation, where the KIVA_ code was used. The combustion characteristics of LPG and gasoline are different because of their different physical properties. Therefore, the numerical simulation was performed for optimizing engine parameters by changing the piston and cylinder geometry, as well as injection conditions. Result showed that geometry of combustion chamber has a great influence on mixture stratification. Also, weaker swirl seems to be better for mixture formation in the vicinity of the spark plug.
2000-10-16
Technical Paper
2000-01-2941
Je-Hyung Lee, Shinichi Goto
The spray characteristics of n-butane were analyzed numerically using KIVA-3V code and compared with those of diesel under the same boundary conditions. The transient behavior of hollow cone spray was calculated not only in a constant volume chamber under various ambient conditions, but also in a premixed compression ignition engine. The spray characteristics were evaluated in terms of spray tip penetration and droplet size distribution. Various atomization sub-models such as TAB, Wave breakup and Wave-KH (Kelvin-Helmholtz) model were implemented in the code and validated by comparison with experimental data. The results show that mixture formation for butane proceeds faster than diesel fuel primarily due to a higher evaporation rate caused by butane's higher diffusivity in air. Furthermore, in a premixed compression ignition engine, the mixture of butane becomes more homogeneous than diesel by the end of compression stroke.
2000-06-12
Technical Paper
2000-05-0166
Shinichi Goto, Daeyup Lee, Naoya Harayama, Fumitaka Honjo, Hiroki Ueno, Hidekazu Honma, Yoshitaka Wakao, Makihiko Mori
Development of LPG SI and CI engines for heavy duty vehicles has been carried out. In order to measure the performance and emissions of an LPG lean burn SI engine, the piston cavity, swirl ratio, and propane-butane fuel ratio were varied and tested. Compared to the bathtub and dog dish cavities, the nebula type cavity showed the best performance in terms of cyclic variation and combustion duration. High swirl improved combustion by achieving a high thermal efficiency and low NOx emissions. A feasibility study of an LPG DI diesel engine also has been carried out to study the effectiveness of the selected cetane enhancing additives:Di-tertiary-butyl peroxide (DTBP). When more than 5 wt% DTBP was added to the base fuel, stable engine operation over a wide range of engine loads was possible. The thermal efficiency of LPG fueled operation was found to be comparable to diesel fuel operation at DTBP levels over 5 wt%.
2000-06-19
Technical Paper
2000-01-1931
Insu Kim, Jongbum Park, Shinichi Goto, Choongwon Lee
Detailed chemical kinetic model of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) into diesel exhaust gas has been executed to investigate its effect on the removal of nitric oxide(NO) by changing exhaust gas temperature and H2O2 addition amount. Flux analysis has also been done to clarify which reaction mainly affects NO-to-NO2 conversion. From the results of this study, it is shown that the optimal temperature condition to maximize the removal of NO exists near at 500K for OH addition condition, while that for H2O2 addition exists near at 800K. It is also shown that temperature window for the removal of NO becomes widened as the initial temperature of the exhaust gas increases, and NO-to-NO2 conversion rate decreases in proportion to the concentration of hydrocarbon(HC), although that of the total NOx remains the same level regardless of HC concentration. Finally, it is shown that HO2 + NO → NO2 + OH is mainly responsible for NO-to-NO2 conversion.
2000-06-19
Technical Paper
2000-01-1827
Insu Kim, Shinichi Goto
The ignition delay under various temperature and pressure conditions considering volumetric change is investigated both by experiments and simulation to give some basic data of ignition delay for a DME DI diesel engine. The combustion process in a DME direct injected diesel engine was also observed to help understanding of the difference between DME combustion and that of a diesel fuel. For DME fuel, it was clear that the luminous flame duration is much shorter than that of diesel fuel. The calculated results of ignition delay for high equivalence(ϕ =0.4 in this study) showed good accord qualitatively to those of measured at wide range of temperature and pressure conditions investigated in this work. There exists the negative temperature coefficient region near the temperature of 800K. This study shows basic guideline for optimal injection timing for DME fueled compression ignition engines.
2000-06-19
Technical Paper
2000-01-1831
Je-Hyung Lee, Shinichi Goto, Tadashi Tsurushima, Takeshi Miyamoto, Tomoyuki Wakisaka
The mixture formation process in a premixed compression ignition engine was numerically analyzed. This study aimed to find out effective injection conditions for lean mixture formation with high homogeneity, since the NOx and soot emissions in the engine are closely related to the mixture homogeneity. To calculate fuel spray behavior, a practical computer code GTT (Generalized Tank and Tube) was employed. In a model for the premixed compression ignition engine, the effects of injection parameters, such as injection timing, initial droplet size, spray angle, injection velocity, nozzle type (pintle and hole) and injection position / direction, on the mixture homogeneity near ignition timing (or TDC) were investigated. To evaluate the homogeneity of the mixture, an index was defined based on the spatial distribution of fuel mass fraction. The fuel vapor mass fractions as well as the homogeneity indices, obtained as a function of time, were compared under various boundary conditions.
2003-10-27
Technical Paper
2003-01-3192
Mitsuharu Oguma, Shinichi Goto, Hidefumi Hatsuzawa, Mitsuru Konno, Zhili Chen, Tomoko Watanabe
To date, the DME combustion mechanism has been investigated by in-cylinder gas sampling, numerical calculations and observation of combustion radicals. It has been possible to quantify the emission intensities of in-cylinder combustion using a monochromator, and to observe the emitting species as images by using band-pass filters. However, the complete band images were not observed since the broadband (thermal) intensity may be stronger than band spectra intensities. Emission intensities of DME combustion radicals from a pre-mixed burner flame have been measured using a spectroscope and photomultiplier. Results were compared to other fuels, such as n-butane and methane, then, in this study, to better understand the combustion characteristics of DME, emission intensities near CH bands of an actual DI diesel engine fueled with DME were measured, and band spectra emitted from the engine were defined. Near TDC, emission intensities did not vary with wavelength.
2003-10-27
Technical Paper
2003-01-3193
Koichi Kinoshita, Mitsuharu Oguma, Shinichi Goto, Kouseki Sugiyama, Makihiko Mori, Tomoko Watanabe
Since dimethyl ether (DME) is a synthetic fuel, it is possible to make it from natural gas, coal and biomass. It is a low-emission, oxygenated fuel, which does not generate soot in the exhaust. Therefore, it has recently been identified as a possible replacement for diesel fuel. In Japan, the new short-term emissions regulations will be enforced beginning in 2003, and the long-term emissions regulations are scheduled to be enforced in 2005. In order to meet these more stringent emissions regulations, existing diesel engines would not be as widely used in the near future as they currently are. This will thus bring about a more widespread use of DME engines due to their low emissions potential. Moreover, when the modification of existing diesel engines into DME engines is available at a moderate cost, the wider use of DME engines can be expected. This study targeted development and application of DME engine technology for diesel engine retrofit, in a used diesel vehicle.
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