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Viewing 1 to 30 of 1920
CURRENT
2016-02-16
Standard
AIR5687A
This document reviews the state of the art for data scaling issues associated with air induction system development for turbine-engine-powered aircraft. In particular, the document addresses issues with obtaining high quality aerodynamic data when testing inlets. These data are used in performance and inlet-engine compatibility analyses. Examples of such data are: inlet recovery, inlet turbulence, and steady-state and dynamic total-pressure inlet distortion indices. Achieving full-scale inlet/engine compatibility requires a deep understanding of three areas: 1) geometric scaling fidelity (referred to here as just “scaling”), 2) impact of Reynolds number, and 3) ground and flight-test techniques (including relevant environment simulation, data acquisition, and data reduction practices).
2017-11-09
WIP Standard
AIR5771A

This report covers engine tests performed in Altitude Test Facilities (ATFs) with the primary purpose of determining steady state thrust at simulated altitude flight conditions as part of the in-flight thrust determination process. As such it is complementary to AIR1703 and AIR5450, published by the SAE E-33 Technical Committee. The gross thrust determined using such tests may be used to generate other thrust-related parameters that are frequently applied in the assessment of propulsion system performance. For example: net thrust, specific thrust, and exhaust nozzle coefficients.

The report provides a general description of ATFs including all the major features. These are:

  • Test cell air supply system. This controls the inlet pressure and includes flow straightening, humidity and temperature conditioning.
  • Air inlet duct and slip joint. Note that the report only covers the case where the inlet duct is connected to the engine, not free jet testing.
CURRENT
2015-09-14
Standard
AIR5771
This report covers engine tests performed in Altitude Test Facilities (ATFs) with the primary purpose of determining steady state thrust at simulated altitude flight conditions as part of the in-flight thrust determination process. As such it is complementary to AIR1703 and AIR5450, published by the SAE E-33 Technical Committee. The gross thrust determined using such tests may be used to generate other thrust-related parameters that are frequently applied in the assessment of propulsion system performance. For example: net thrust, specific thrust, and exhaust nozzle coefficients. The report provides a general description of ATFs including all the major features. These are: Test cell air supply system. This controls the inlet pressure and includes flow straightening, humidity and temperature conditioning. Air inlet duct and slip joint. Note that the report only covers the case where the inlet duct is connected to the engine, not free jet testing.
CURRENT
1997-06-01
Standard
AIR1963A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) identifies Propulsion Engineer’s recommendations for the instrumentation that is required for the safe operation and maintenance of turbine engines as installed in helicopters. It should be used as a guide for cockpit layout, as well as a reference for maintenance considerations throughout the propulsion area. Propulsion instruments should receive attention early in the design phase of the helicopter. Maintenance and diagnostics recorders are not considered within the scope of this document. (See ARP1587, “Aircraft Gas Turbine Engine Monitoring System Guide”.)
CURRENT
1997-03-01
Standard
AIR1936A
This study addresses the adequacy of sockets, wrenches, and torque adapters conforming to AS954 to wrench 12 point fasteners with wrenching configurations conforming to AS870C. Reported wrenching problems with smaller sizes are investigated through examining the combined tolerances on the fasteners and wrenches, conducting torque testing on typical high strength lock nuts. Possible solutions to correct these wrenching problems are presented.
HISTORICAL
1985-03-01
Standard
AIR1936
This study addresses the adequacy of sockets, wrenches, and torque adapters conforming to AS954 to wrench 12 point fasteners with wrenching configurations conforming to AS870C. Reported wrenching problems with smaller sizes are investigated through examining the combined tolerances on the fasteners and wrenches, conducting torque testing on typical high strength lock nuts. Possible solutions to correct these wrenching problems are presented.
CURRENT
2016-11-12
Standard
AIR4061C
SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) 4061 provides best practice guidelines for the integration of Engine Health Management (EHM) system functions within aircraft systems to include both its main engine(s) and any Auxiliary Power Unit(s) (APU). This document provides an overview of some of the functions EHM typically integrates, offers some system variations encountered with different aircraft, and suggests general considerations involved with integration. It presents a sample EHM parameter coverage matrix to show the types of parameters with which a typical EHM system might interface, offers insight into signal and data processing and retrieval, and offers a view of typical EHM parameter requirements by function. Where practical, this document delineates between military and commercial practices.
CURRENT
1988-01-01
Standard
AIR1758
This information report provides guidance when the ISO International metric tolerance system for limits and fits per ISO/R286 or ANSI B4.2-1978 is applied on a standard, and also provides a selected series of limits and fits for powerplant construction suitable for holes and shafts up to 500 mm. For holes or shafts over 500 mm or for limits and fits not shown, ISO/R286 should be consulted.
HISTORICAL
2004-06-09
Standard
AIR5826
This document provides a review of published methods that have been used to provide estimates of the levels of distortion and/or the concomitant loss of stability pressure ratio that can occur when the recommended full complement of aerodynamic interface plane high-response instrumentation is not used when obtaining inlet data. The methods have been categorized based on the underlying mathematical representation of the aerophysics. Further, the use of maximum value statistics, which has been used to further improve the results where short-duration time records have been employed, is discussed.
CURRENT
2012-04-04
Standard
AIR6202
The scope of this information report applies to the steady state measurement of direct mass fuel flow in gas turbine engine test cells. A measurement accuracy, and hence uncertainty of between ±0.1 to ±0.2% of value is believed to be achievable for liquid flow applications with some meter models/installations. Whilst capable of general transient measurement in 50 to 100 Hz region, this type of fuel meter is not capable of rapid transient measurement (in 100 to 250 Hz region). It is also not currently considered suitable for "in flight" fuel flow measurement.
2011-03-21
WIP Standard
AIR6183
This standard should provide accurate fuel consumption prediction methods throughout the flight regime. The standard should apply to any fixed-wing, turbofan or turbojet-powered airplane.
HISTORICAL
1998-10-01
Standard
AIR5295
This document is offered to provide state-of-the-art information about design factors that must be considered in the design of new or significantly modified engine test cells used to test propeller equipped turboprop engines in either QEC or bare engine configurations. The report does not address design considerations for test cells designed to test turboprop engines with dynamometer type load absorption devices because they are essentially tested as turboshaft engines. Design considerations for those test cells are presented in AIR4989, Reference 2.1.
HISTORICAL
2000-07-01
Standard
AIR5306
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) has been written for individuals associated with the ground-level testing of gas turbine engines and particularly for those who might be interested in upgrading their existing engine test facility to meet the airflow requirements for higher thrust engine models. The intellectual property rights on the material contained in this document are protected by US Patent Number 5,293,775 dated March 15, 1994 assigned to United Technologies Corporation, Hartford, Connecticut, USA. Any individual, or organization, attempting to use the system described in this document should get a clearance from United Technologies Corporation, to avoid any potential liability arising from patent infringement.
CURRENT
2013-12-10
Standard
AIR5306A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) has been written for individuals associated with the ground-level testing of gas turbine engines and particularly for those who might be interested in upgrading their existing engine test facility to meet the airflow requirements for higher thrust engine models. The intellectual property rights on the material contained in this document are protected by US Patent Number 5,293,775 dated March 15, 1994 assigned to United Technologies Corporation, Hartford, Connecticut, USA. Any individual, or organization, attempting to use the system described in this document should get a clearance from United Technologies Corporation, to avoid any potential liability arising from patent infringement.
CURRENT
2010-02-01
Standard
AIR5303
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) has been written for individuals associated with the ground level testing of large turbofan and turbojet engines, and particularly those who are interested in infrasound phenomena.
CURRENT
2017-11-29
Standard
AIR5301A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) was written because of the growing interest in aircraft installed outdoor engine testing by the Federal Aviation Administration, airlines, charter/commercial operators, cargo carriers, engine manufacturers and overhaul and repair stations. This document was developed by a broad cross section of personnel from the aviation industry and government agencies and includes information obtained from a survey of a variety of operators of fixed and rotary wing aircraft and research of aircraft and engine maintenance manuals.
CURRENT
2013-10-11
Standard
AIR5295A
This document is offered to provide state-of-the-art information about design factors that must be considered in the design of new or significantly modified engine test cells used to test propeller equipped turboprop engines in either QEC or bare engine configurations. The report does not address design considerations for test cells designed to test turboprop engines with dynamometer type load absorption devices because they are essentially tested as turboshaft engines. Design considerations for those test cells are presented in AIR4989, Reference 2.1.
CURRENT
2016-11-12
Standard
AIR5120A
For Engine Monitoring Systems to meet their potential for improved safety and reduced operation and support costs, significant attention must be focused on their reliability and validity throughout the life cycle. This AIR will provide program managers, designers, developers and customers a concise reference of the activities, approaches and considerations for the development and verification of a highly reliable engine monitoring system. When applying the guidelines of this AIR it should be noted that engine monitoring systems physically or functionally integrated with the engine control system and/or performing functions that affect engine safety or are used to effect continued operation or return to service decisions shall be subject to the Type Investigation of the product in which they'll be incorporated and have to show compliance with the applicable airworthiness requirements as defined by the responsible Aviation Authority.
CURRENT
2012-11-08
Standard
AIR5436
This document describes a method to correct engine thrust, measured in an indoor test cell, for the aerodynamic effects caused by the secondary airflow induced in the test cell by the engine operating in an enclosed environment in close proximity to an exhaust duct. While it is not recommended to be used to replace test cell correlation, it does provide a means to verify an existing thrust correlation factor.
CURRENT
1985-03-01
Standard
AIR1921
This report describes a method of semiconductor resistance measurement using controlled energy levels and a digital processing oscilloscope to acquire and process test data.
CURRENT
1996-08-01
Standard
AIR18A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) records the results of an investigation of a dual rotation propeller shaft standard for an engine supplied bearing and the reason for deciding that such a bearing is impracticable.
CURRENT
1997-06-01
Standard
AIR1850A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) defines the power spectrum during normal and emergency operations of a twin engine helicopter and thereby postulates suitable power plant rating structures. This document does not address the power requirements for single engine helicopters or those with more than two engines.
HISTORICAL
1989-03-13
Standard
AIR1850
CURRENT
2013-02-14
Standard
AIR1813B
Document provides information on how military/commercial/gas turbine engine test cell/system users may benefit from this unique Coanda/Refraction concept.
CURRENT
1955-03-01
Standard
AIR40
The objective of this work was to develop a relatively simple screening or bench test, or a combination of such tests, which would evaluate aircraft greases in respect to corrosion protection under the operating conditions described above.
CURRENT
1955-03-01
Standard
AIR39
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