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Viewing 1 to 13 of 13
1999-11-15
Technical Paper
1999-01-3757
Konghui Guo, Qing Liu
One of the most essential factors causing automobile and aircraft shimmy is energy import from road to tires due to tire hysteresis characteristic. The magnitudes and direction of the energy import are close to frequency responses of tire cornering properties (TCP), which can be calculated directly according to the presented non-steady state TCP theoretical model. Selfexcited shimmy is the main type of wheel shimmy and behaves as negative equivalent damping characteristic of the tire-road vibration subsystem. The values of energy import or equivalent damping determine the tendency of wheel shimmy. Tire structural parameters have certain effects on frequency response of TCP and thereby result in influences on wheel shimmy. Based on the tire model, some valid ways to decrease shimmy tendency are concluded through proper variations of carcass stiffness, tire-width, kingpin caster, tire pneumatic trail, tire cornering stiffness and so on.
2010-10-05
Technical Paper
2010-01-1903
Xinjie Zhang, Mehdi Ahmadian, Konghui Guo
Inerters have become a hot topic in recent years, especially in vehicle, train, and building suspension systems. The performance of a passive inerter and a semi-active inerter was analyzed and compared with each other and it showed that the semi-active inerter has much better performance than the passive inerter, especially with the Hybrid control method. Eight different layouts of suspensions were analyzed with a quarter car model in this paper. The adaptation of dimensionless parameters was considered for a semi-active suspension and the semi-active inerters. The performance of the semi-active inerter suspensions with different layouts was compared with a semi-active suspension with a conventional parallel spring-damper arrangement. It shows a semi-active suspension, with more simple configuration and lower cost, has similar or better compromise between ride and handling than a semi-active inerter with the Hybrid control.
2016-09-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-8037
Nan Xu, Konghui Guo, Yiyang Yang
Abstract The tire mechanics characteristics are essential for analysis and control of vehicle dynamics. Basically, the effects of sideslip, longitudinal slip, camber angle and vertical load are able to be represented accurately by current existing tire models. However, the research of velocity effects for tire forces and moments are still insufficient. Some experiments have demonstrated that the tire properties actually vary with the traveling velocity especially when the force and moment are nearly saturated. This paper develops an enhanced brush tire model and the UniTire semi-physical model for tire forces and moments under different traveling velocities for raising need of advanced tire model. The primary effects of velocity on tire performances are the rubber friction distribution characteristics at the tire-road interface.
2016-09-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-8028
Chao Yang, Nan Xu, Konghui Guo
Abstract This paper focuses on the modeling process of incorporating inflation pressure into the UniTire model for pure cornering. Via observing and manipulating the tire experimental data, the effects of inflation pressure on the tire cornering property are analyzed in detail, including the impacts on cornering stiffness, the peak friction coefficient, the curvature of transition region and the pneumatic trail. And the brief mechanism explanations are also given for some of these impacts. The results show that some effects of inflation pressure are similar to that of vertical load on the non-dimensional tire cornering property, and there are strong interactive effects between the two operating conditions. Therefore, in order to obtain concise expressions, the inflation pressure is incorporated into the UniTire tire model by analogy with the expressions for vertical load, and the interactive effects are also taken into account.
1991-11-01
Technical Paper
912566
Konghui Guo
This paper presents a general kinematical model for all variety of leaf springs, including traditional laminated, asymmetrical, and tapered leaf springs, to calculate the longitudinal and winding deformations of axles during bouncing, braking and traction, which may introduce additional steering effects or variations of roll-steer property of a vehicle. Some experiments were introduced to verify the model. Accordingly, braking performance of a light truck has been improved.
1997-11-17
Technical Paper
973191
Konghui Guo, Qing Liu
A generalized theoretical model of tire cornering properties is presented in steady state condition with lateral deflection of tread and complex deformation of carcass under consideration. The model is suitable for full range of vertical load and slip angle. Six parameters are defined to represent the characteristics of tire stiffness, contact pressure distribution and carcass deformation. The model is validated against test data. Some simplified models, e.g. brush model, HSRI model when longitudinal force is zero, Fiala model etc., can be derived as some specific cases of this model. The analytic model provides a sound foundation for semi-empirical expression and gains insight into study of vehicle system dynamics.
1997-11-17
Technical Paper
973192
Konghui Guo, Qing Liu
Based on the tire cornering properties in steady state condition, a theoretical model of non-steady state tire cornering properties (NSSTCP) with small lateral inputs is presented. The outputs of the model are lateral force and aligning moment, while the inputs are yaw angle and lateral displacement (or turn slip and slip angle). The deformation characteristics of contact patch are analyzed in non-steady state condition. The flexibility of tread and that of carcass are both taken into account. The deformation of carcass is assumed to compose of translating part, bending part and twisting part. The tests of NSSTCP including pure yaw motion and pure lateral motion are realized with step inputs of yaw angle and slip angle respectively and test data is then transformed into frequency domain. The model is validated through comparing the computational results with test frequency response.
2012-09-24
Journal Article
2012-01-1924
Nan Xu, Konghui Guo
A novel predictable tire model has been proposed for combined braking and cornering forces, which is based on only a few pure baking and pure cornering tests. It avoids elaborate testing of all kinds of combinations of braking and side forces, which are always expensive and time consuming. It is especially important for truck or other large size tires due to the capability constraints of tire testing facilities for combined shear forces tests. In this paper, the predictive model is based on the concept of slip circle and state stiffness method. The slip circle concept has been used in the COMBINATOR model to obtain the magnitude of the resultant force under combined slip conditions; however the direction assumption used in the COMBINATOR is not suitable for anisotropic tire slip stiffness.
2011-09-13
Journal Article
2011-01-2169
Konghui Guo, Nan Xu, Dang Lu, Jie Yang
The objective of this paper is to enhance the accuracy of tire model combined tire cornering and braking forces with anisotropic tread and carcass stiffness. The difference of tire longitudinal slip stiffness and cornering stiffness will arouse that the direction of tire resultant shear stress in adhesion region is not the same as that in sliding region. Then the direction of total friction force in the whole tire-road contact patch will change under different combined cornering/braking situations. Generally speaking, there is a basic premise: “the direction of resultant shear stress in sliding region will be the same as that in adhesion region” in the existing tire models, in which the anisotropy of tread and carcass stiffness is neglected. Therefore, these models don't work well when the tire tread and carcass stiffness has a strong anisotropy.
2014-09-30
Technical Paper
2014-01-2379
Yang Li, JianWei Zhang, Konghui Guo, Dongmei Wu
Abstract This paper presents an ideal force distribution control method for the electric vehicle, which is equipped with four independently in-wheel motors, in order to improve the lateral stability of the vehicle. According to the friction circle of tyre force, the ideal distribution control method can be obtained to make the front and rear wheels reach the adhesion limit at the same time in different conditions. Based on this, the force re-distributed control is applied to enhance the security of vehicle when the in-wheel motor is in the failure mode. The simulation result shows that: the force distributed method can not only improves the lateral stability of the vehicle but also enhances the vehicle safety.
2014-09-30
Technical Paper
2014-01-2374
Yang Li, JianWei Zhang, Konghui Guo, Dongmei Wu
Abstract This paper presents a torque distribution algorithm to improve the energy efficiency of four-wheel-drive (4WD) electric vehicles with PMSM hub motors. In order to optimize the torque distribution method, at first the motor model considering the affect of iron loss and the loss model of multi-motors drive system of 4WD electric vehicle with PMSM hub motors, which operate at straight-line condition, are established. Besides, realize the online identification of motor parameters based on the MARS, which is important for updating the loss model parameters of the motor drive system. By doing this, the ideal torque distribution ratio can be obtained from the loss model in real-time. The simulation result using different distribution algorithms shows that the optimized torque distribution algorithm based on the loss model can be useful for improving the energy efficiency.
2013-09-24
Journal Article
2013-01-2362
Nan Xu, Konghui Guo, Xinjie Zhang
The tire mechanics characteristics are essential for analysis, simulation and control of vehicle dynamics. This paper develops the UniTire model for tire forces and moments under combined slip conditions with anisotropic tire slip stiffness. The anisotropy of tire slip stiffness, which means the difference of tire longitudinal slip stiffness and cornering stiffness, will cause that the direction of tire resultant shear stress in adhesion region is different from that in sliding region. Eventually the tire forces and moments under combined slip conditions will be influenced obviously. The author has proposed a “direction factor” before to modify the direction of resultant force in the tire-road contact patch, which can describe tire forces at cornering/braking combination accurately. However, the aligning moments which are very complicated under combined slip conditions are not considered in previous analysis.
2013-09-24
Journal Article
2013-01-2371
Fan Bai, Konghui Guo, Dang Lu
In this paper a tire model for describing tire turn slip properties is derived. The tread of the contact patch is divided into many massless elastic elements in both the length and width direction. Carcass deformation is expressed by the translation, bending and twisting function. A turn slip tire model is derived by analyzing the geometric relationships among the deformation of contact patch, tread and carcass. The model is validated by experimental results of parking maneuver. The model seems capable of generating transient and steady state forces and moments for turn slip, and showing varied trend of tire force according to different turn slip velocity. It could not only describe the tread deformation, but also analyze how the tread deformation affects the tire force and moment properties.
Viewing 1 to 13 of 13