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2015-11-16 ...
  • November 16-18, 2015 (8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.) - Greer, South Carolina
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
While a variety of new engineering tools are becoming available to assist in creating optimal vehicle designs, subjective evaluation of vehicle behavior is still a vital tool to ensure desired braking, handling, and other dynamic response characteristics. In order to better prepare today's engineer for this task, this course offers twelve modules devoted to the key fundamental principles associated with longitudinal and lateral vehicle dynamics.
2015-11-04 ...
  • November 4-6, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
Just as the chassis and suspension system provides an ideal framework for the automobile, this popular SAE seminar provides an informative framework for those involved in the design of these important systems. Emphasizing the fundamental principles that underlie rational development and design of suspension components and structures, this course covers the concepts, theories, designs and applications of automotive suspension systems.
2015-10-06
Event
This session focuses on theoretical and experimental vehicle dynamics aspects of both on- and off-road vehicles. Papers on topics such as off-road vehicle chassis and suspension, NVH, driver/operator comfort, as well as on-road suspension design, active and semi-active suspension systems and controls, and full vehicle dynamic studies are welcomed. Topics ranging from on-road vehicles to trucks to construction and mining machinery are covered in CV205.
2015-10-06
Event
This session focuses on the validation of commercial vehicles for durability and life and the measurements associated with them. Included are component testing of chassis and suspensions, shaker testing, proving ground, and road testing, comparison of test with CAE simulations, and characterization of customer durability requirements.
2015-10-06
Event
This session invites papers on dynamics and performance of conventional and unmanned, on-/off-road vehicles with emphasis on dynamics and design of chassis, suspension, tires, and tracks. Possible topics include: various types of suspensions, steering, driveline systems; analysis, optimization, design, and control of tire dynamics; conventional track system dynamics and design, rubber-track chassis systems, reliability, efficiency, stochastic modeling, ride, integrated design of chassis systems.
2015-10-05 ...
  • October 5-7, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
This seminar will present an introduction to Vehicle Dynamics from a vehicle system perspective. The theory and applications are associated with the interaction and performance balance between the powertrain, brakes, steering, suspensions and wheel and tire vehicle subsystems. The role that vehicle dynamics can and should play in effective automotive chassis development and the information and technology flow from vehicle system to subsystem to piece-part is integrated into the presentation. Governing equations of motion are developed and solved for both steady and transient conditions.
2015-09-14 ...
  • September 14-17, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Greenville, South Carolina
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
                                                                 Understanding vehicle dynamics is one of the critical issues in the design of all vehicles, including heavy trucks. This seminar provides a comprehensive introduction to the fundamentals of heavy truck dynamics. It covers all of the critical subsystems that must be considered by designers and decision makers in determining the effect of various components on heavy truck dynamics. This seminar begins where the tires meet the ground, progressing up through the various components and bringing together the theory and practice of heavy truck dynamics.
2015-08-17 ...
  • August 17, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Rosemont, Illinois
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
This seminar provides an introduction to several critical aspects of heavy truck dynamics. The comprehensive presentation and discussion will begin with the mechanics and dynamics of heavy truck tires, followed by steering dynamics, and finally moves participants into suspension kinematics and dynamics. Starting at the ground and moving up, this seminar explores the important dynamic aspects of each subsystem and how each is related to the overall truck dynamics.
2015-06-25
Event
This session includes papers in the areas of static, dynamic, and fatigue characterization of elastomers, bushings, mounts and shock absorbers used in the mobility industry. Particular emphasis is given to new and innovative analysis and testing methodologies to quantify the non-linear properties of these systems in addition to the effects of temperature, frequency, and aging. Papers dealing with specific applications and case studies of existing methodologies are also welcome.
2015-06-15
Technical Paper
2015-01-2233
Hudson P. V, V Shivaraj, Sukumar T, Suresh Gaikwad
Generally the brake system products are mounted on chassis with brackets which are subjected to dynamic loads due to road undulations. Exhaust brake is used to restrict the engine exhaust flow passage and thereby creates a back pressure in the engine for reducing the engine speed. This in turn reduces the vehicle speed. This is widely used in the vehicles operating in the hilly areas. This product is mounted on the exhaust passage and the air cylinder sub-assembly which actuates the exhaust brake is mounted on a bracket. Automotive industries perform durability tests on vehicles to reduce the failure on end-user environment. An assembly which has cleared the durability test got failed on addition of a spring into the assembly. The inclusion of spring is for enhancing the performance of the overall assembly. This paper deals with investigations carried out using finite element method (FEM) to study the effect of spring on the assembly and to propose a design solution for the failure.
2015-06-15
Technical Paper
2015-01-2353
Jan Bunthoff, Frank Gauterin, Christoph Boehm
In an automotive suspension, the shock absorber plays a significant role to enable the vehicle performances, especially in ride, handling and Noise-Vibration-Harshness (NVH). Understanding its physical characteristics is of great importance, as it has a main influence on the overall vehicle performance. Within this research project simulation models for different passive monotube shock absorber systems have been created in a 1-D system simulation software. The simulation models are designed and parameterized physically. To validate the simulation models measurements on different hydropulse-shaker with specially designed control signals to investigate the response during high frequency excitation, have been done. A detailed discussion of the several models and results of a simulation to measurement comparison is given. After detailed investigation the shock absorber simulation models are now adaptable to the multi body simulation.
2015-06-15
Technical Paper
2015-01-2351
Hongyu Shu, Shuang Luo, Li Wang
Recently auto shock absorbers have caused automobile users in China a lot of complaints that they have abnormal noise. In order to measure the noise of auto shock absorbers, a test bench which detect piston-rod vibration response of shock absorber excited by oscillating crankshaft mechanism, and measuring analyzer named as SANTS-Ⅰ,which included specialized signal process and analysis software have been developed. A lot of tests of auto shock absorbers of the abnormal noise have been carried out with the test bench and the piston-rod vibration response data have been collected. It has been showed that there are violent peaks with high frequency in the sine curve of piston-rod oscillating with relative low frequency, signal processed by SANTS-Ⅰmeasuring analyzer.
2015-06-15
Technical Paper
2015-01-2354
Xiao-Ang Liu, Zhaoping Lv, Wenbin Shangguan
Since the balances of 3-cylinder engine is worse than 4- or 6- cylinder engine, design of powertrain mounting system for engine with three cylinders is much more significant to engine vibration isolation. Inline 3-cylinder engine vibrations are caused by imbalance forces from reciprocate inertial forces of pistons, the rotation inertia forces from the crank and connecting road and the gas combustion forces. The excitation of a 3-cylinder engine is heavier than 3-cylinder engine, so the new design method of mounting system for isolation engine vibration should be developed. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the balance method for 3-cylinder engine, and the optimization method for its mounting system. Firstly the calculation method for obtaining the forces and moments applied to the engine block is presented.
2015-06-15
Journal Article
2015-01-2355
Luke Fredette, Jason Dreyer, Rajendra Singh
Hydraulic bushings with amplitude sensitive and spectrally varying properties are commonly used in automotive suspension. However, scientific investigation of their dynamic properties has been mostly limited to linear system based theory, which cannot capture the significant amplitude dependence exhibited by the devices. This paper extends prior literature by introducing a nonlinear fluid compliance term for reduced-order bushing models. Quasi-linear models developed from step sine tests on an elastomeric test machine can predict amplitude dependence trends, but offer limited insight into the physics of the system. A bench experiment focusing on the compliance parameter isolated from other system properties yields additional understanding and a more precise characterization. Computational analysis of the bench experiment offers general agreement with both bench experiment and step sine test results.
2015-06-15
Technical Paper
2015-01-2368
Babitha Kalla, Sanjeevgouda Patil, Mansinh Kumbhar
Idle NVH is one of the major quality parameters that customer looks into while buying the vehicle. Idle shake is undesirable vibrations generated from Engine while it is in idling condition. These low frequency vibrations affects both driver and passenger comfort. Vibrations are perceived by customer through the interfaces such as the seats, floor, and steering wheel. The frequencies of vibration felt by customer ranges between 10-30 Hz and varies based on engine configurations. There are two factors that are critical to the vehicle idle NVH quality, 1. Engine excitation force and 2. Vehicle sensitivity to excitation forces (Transfer function). Even though the engine excitation forces are governed by cylinder combustion process inside the cylinder and engine mass, it is also largely affected by how well the engine and transmission are supported on vehicle through isolators.
2015-04-23
Event
The purpose of this session is to provide a forum for presentations on steering and suspension related topics as it applies to ground vehicles. Papers for this session should address new approaches as well as advances in application of steering, suspension related technologies.
2015-04-23
Event
The purpose of this session is to provide a forum for presentations on steering and suspension related topics as it applies to ground vehicles. Papers for this session should address new approaches as well as advances in application of steering, suspension related technologies.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-1120
Siddhartha Singh, Sudha Ramaswamy
Abstract 1 The modern engine is capable of producing high torque and horsepower. Now the customer wants state of the art comfort and ergonomics.Thus the manufacturers are focusing on reducing the clutch pedal effort and providing a pleasurable driving experience. In heavy traffic conditions where the clutch is used frequently, the pedal effort required to disengage the clutch should be in comfortable range. Often drivers who drive HCV complain about knee pain which is caused due to high pedal effort, this occurs when ergonomics of ABC (accelerator, brake and clutch) pedals is not designed properly. Thus there is a need to reduce the driving fatigue by optimizing the clutch system. Latest technologies like turbo charging and pressure injection have increased the engine power and torque but have also led to increase the clamp load of clutch. Thus the release load required to disengage the clutch has also increased.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-1363
Charles Yuan, Niat Mahmud Rahman
Abstract For a CAE model of the park pawl dynamic system, the engagement speed calculation is done by controlling the input rotational velocity of the vehicle. Usually, it requires multiple adjustment of the input rotational velocity to get the engagement speed and that demands time, effort and file management skill of an analyst. The current objective of this paper is to demonstrate how software Isight, working with ABAQUS Explicit as the solver, can be used to automate the engagement speed calculation procedure and thus reduce the time and effort required of a CAE analyst. The automated system is developed in a way such that the accuracy of the results can be controlled by the end user. It is observed that the automated system significantly saves an analyst's effort. The system design can be optimized easily for modifiable design features such as the torsional spring and the actuator spring stiffness values using the proposed procedure.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-1356
Atishay Jain
Abstract Conventional motorcycle swingarm design includes steel tubing and sheet metal structures. Conventional swingarm are inherently over-designed as their design comprises of tubular structures of same cross section through the entire length of the swingarm, whereas the stress induced varies along the length (maximum near the frame pivot). An aluminum alloy swingarm design even when subjected to casting manufacturing constraints, has the potential for better material layout and weight minimization. But obtaining an ideal material layout for maximum performance can be a challenge as it requires a number of time consuming design iteration cycles. This paper aims to use concept based design methodology for design of aluminum alloy swing arm by application of topology optimization techniques to meet styling and structural targets and thus, obtain an end user product.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0630
Guangzhong Xu, Nong Zhang, Holger Roser, Jiageng Ruan
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to present a concept of Hydro-Pneumatic Interconnected Suspension (HPIS) and investigate the unique property of the zero warp suspension stiffness. Due to the decoupling of warp mode from other modes, the road holding ability of the vehicle is maximized meanwhile the roll stability and ride comfort can be tuned independently and optimally without compromise. Ride comfort can be improved with reduced bounce stiffness and the progressive air spring rate can reduce the requirement of suspension deflection space. The roll stability can also be improved by increased roll stiffness. Vehicle suspension system modelling and modal analysis are carried out and compared with conventional suspension. The frequency response of tyres' dynamic load reveals that the proposed zero-warp-stiffness suspension enables the free articulation of front and rear axles at low frequency.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0634
Adebola Ogunoiki, Oluremi Olatunbosun
Abstract This paper presents a statistical characterisation of the effects of variations in vehicle parameters on vehicle road load data using a quarter vehicle as a case study. A model of a quarter vehicle test rig constructed from a commercial SUV is created in a multi-body dynamics (MBD) simulation environment to reproduce the real-life behaviour of the SUV. The model is thereafter validated by correlating the response data collected from both the model and laboratory test rig to the same road input. In order to ensure that only the effects of the variation of the vehicle parameters are captured, a time domain drive signal for a kerb strike road event on the physical vehicle is generated from the proving ground data collected during durability testing of the vehicle.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0635
Changxin Wang, Wenku Shi, Zhijun Guo, Meilan Liu
Abstract For the roll vibration problem of a Truck, a 4-DOF roll vibration model of its front suspension system was built. According to dynamics theory, the complex modal vibration modes of the model were all obtained. At the same time, the frequency response functions of frame roll angle acceleration, the relative dynamic load of wheel and the suspension dynamic deflection were respectively presented. Then their characteristics were respectively researched. In the process of characteristic analysis, a new system parameter was proposed, which is the space ratio of the space between suspensions of left and right sides and the wheel track of the front axle (space ratio in short). At last, the influence of system parameters on the vibration transmission property was also reserached, which included the natural frequency of the frame, the damping ratio, the stiffness ratio, the mass ratio, the rotational inertia ratio and the space ratio.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0658
Min Zhou, Lifu Wang, Jie Zhang, Nong Zhang
Abstract Hydraulic suspension systems with different interconnected configurations can decouple suspension mode and improve performance of a particular mode. In this paper, two types of interconnected suspensions are compared for off-road vehicle trafficability. Traditionally, anti-roll bar, a mechanically interconnected suspension system, connecting left and right suspension, decouples roll mode from the bounce mode and results in a stiff roll mode and a soft bounce mode, which is desired. However, anti-roll bars fail to connect the front wheel motions with the rear wheels', thus the wheels' motions in the warp mode are affected by anti-roll bars and it results an undesired stiffened warp mode. A stiffened warp mode limits the wheel-ground contact and may cause one wheel lift up especially during off-road drive.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0576
Jiaquan Chen, Yongfeng Jiang, Min Qin, Wenquan Hao, Yin-Ping Chang, Lingge Jin
This research proposes an automatic computer-aided design, analysis, and optimization process of a twist beam rear suspension system. The process combines CAD (Computer-Aided Design), CAE (Computer-Aided Engineering), and optimization technologies into an automation procedure, which includes: structural design, dynamic analysis, vibration analysis, durability analysis, and multidisciplinary optimization. The automation results shown the twist beam rear suspension weight reduced, the durability fatigue life increased, and the K&C (kinematics & compliance) characteristics are improved significantly.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0620
Manoj Mahala, Anindya Deb, Clifford Chou
Abstract Idealized mathematical models, also known as lumped parameter models (LPMs), are widely used in analyzing vehicles for ride comfort and driving attributes. However, the limitations of some of these LPMs are sometimes not apparent and a rigorous comparative study of common LPMs is necessary in ascertaining their suitability for various dynamic situations. In the present study, the mathematical descriptions of three common LPMs, viz. quarter, half and full car models, are systematically presented and solved for the appropriate response parameters such as body acceleration, body displacement, and, pitch and roll angles using representative passive suspension system properties. By carrying out a comparison of the three stated LPMs for hump-type road profiles, important quantitative insights, not previously reported in the literature, are generated into their behaviors so that their applications can be judicious and efficient.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0616
Aref M.A. Soliman
Abstract In this paper, passive and various types of intelligent vehicle suspension systems are compared in terms of their relative ride performance capabilities and power requirements. These systems are active, two and three setting switchable dampers suspension systems. The control gains of the intelligent systems are obtained using optimal control theory and gain scheduling strategy (GS) is used for the system behaviour. In the first strategy (GS) used, gains are selected based on suspension working space. While, the other strategy (GS), gains are selected based on body acceleration. These strategies are used to maintain suspension working space and dynamic tyre deflection levels within design limits and to minimise body acceleration level. The mean power consumed in rolling resistance and the mean power dissipation within the suspensions is evaluated.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0617
Jie Zhang, Xiao Chen, Bangji Zhang, Lifu Wang, Shengzhao Chen, Nong Zhang
Abstract This paper demonstrates time response analysis of the mining vehicle with bounce and pitch plane hydraulically interconnected suspension (HIS) system. Since the mining vehicles working in harsh conditions inducing obvious pitch motion and the hard stiffness of suspensions leading to the acute vibration, the passive hydraulically interconnected system is proposed to provide better ride comfort. Furthermore, the hydraulic system also increases the suspension stiffness in the pitch mode to prevent vehicle from large pitch motions. According to the hydraulic and mechanical coupled characteristic of the mining vehicles, a 7degrees of freedom (7-DOFS) mathematical model is employed and the state space method is used to establish the mechanical and hydraulic coupled dynamic equations. In this paper, the vehicles are subjected to straight line braking input, triangle block bump input applied to the wheels and random road tests.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0613
Donghong Ning, James Coyte, Hai Huang, Haiping Du, Weihua Li
Abstract This paper presents a study on experimental vibration simulation using a multiple-DOF motion platform for heavy duty vehicle seat suspension test. The platform is designed to have 6-DOF with the advantages of high force-to-weight ratio, high dexterity and high position accuracy. It can simulate vehicle vibrations in the x, y and z translational axis and in the roll pitch and yaw axis rotation. To use this platform to emulate the real vibration measured from vehicle seat base under real operation for vehicle seat suspension test in lab, an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) is applied to collect the acceleration data from a real vehicle. An estimation algorithm is developed to estimate the displacement from the measured acceleration. The estimated displacement is then used to calculate the length of each leg of the platform so that the platform can generate the motion similar to the measured one.
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