Criteria

Text:
Display:

Results

Viewing 1 to 30 of 2987
Training / Education
2014-10-09
Side impact crashes account for approximately twenty-six percent of all motor vehicle fatal crashes, second only to frontal crashes, according to a report by the National Highway Transportation and Safety Administration (NHTSA). While car companies and suppliers continue to develop new technologies that make vehicles safer, NHTSA rolled out updated safety regulations (FMVSS 214) based on new research studies, making vehicle safety design more and more complex. This seminar is designed to familiarize participants with the engineering principles behind vehicle and restraint designs for occupant safety. Students will learn the mechanics of side crashes and how vehicle structures, restraint systems, and interiors affect occupant safety. Students will also be exposed to system, subsystem and component level CAE and testing tools used in the simulation of side impacts. Accident crash statistics, biomechanics, government regulations and public domain frontal safety tests will also be covered.
Training / Education
2014-06-05
Car companies and suppliers continue to develop new technologies that make vehicles safer and regulatory agencies continue to update safety regulations based on new research studies, making vehicle safety design more and more complex. This seminar covers the mechanics of frontal crashes and how vehicle structures, vehicle restraint systems, and vehicle interiors affect occupant safety. It also describes details of how CAE tools work in the simulation of frontal crashes. The goal of the course is to familiarize participants with engineering principles behind vehicle and restraint designs for occupant safety. Accident crash statistics, biomechanics, government regulations and public domain frontal safety tests will be reviewed briefly. Students will also be exposed to Madymo, one of the major occupant CAE tools. The basic inner workings of the tool, such as rigid body dynamics, joints, contact, airbag and seatbelt modeling, and modeling techniques will be shared with the class. The class also offers participants opportunities to do hands-on computer analysis as well as simplified hands-on crash tests, where students can learn first-hand how vehicle pulses and restraint design affect occupant response.
Training / Education
2014-05-28
This interactive seminar will take you beyond the basics of passenger car and light truck vehicle dynamics by applying advanced theory, physical tests and CAE to the assessment of ride, braking, steering and handling performance. Governing state-space equations with transfer functions for primary ride and open loop handling will be developed & analyzed. Building on the analysis of the state space equations, common physical tests and their corresponding CAE solutions for steady state and transient vehicle events will be presented. The "state-of-the-art" of vehicle dynamics CAE will be discussed. Common lab and vehicle tests and corresponding metrics used to assess chassis system and vehicle performance will be discussed in great detail. Hands-on workshops using CARSIMTM vehicle dynamics simulation software will help reinforce the material. Significant time will also be dedicated to the use of design of experiments (DOE) as a tool to assist in the analysis and optimization of chassis systems for multiple vehicle responses.
Training / Education
2014-05-05
Today's transportation industries are facing multi-disciplinary challenges. The product design and development process challenges often contradict each other, for example cost, weight, quality and performance. A central challenge is the need for cost and mass reduction to compete in the global market, while continuing to meet all new and existing requirements for quality and performance. Accelerated Concept to Product (ACP) Process is a performance-driven, holistic, product design development method intended to create a balance between structure and strength, synchronizing the individual facets of the product development process. It takes advantage of design, material and manufacturing experience using multiple CAD, CAE and CAO tools to reduce product design and development time and costs, as well as to reduce product mass and improve product performance. This three-session webinar will offer information on how to design a concept model from a clean sheet using a holistic 3G design approach (ACP-3G), where material types and its properties (Grades and Gauges), Geometry (shape), and manufacturing process can work together for the optimum weight and performance.
Event
2014-04-10
Key words: CAE, coupling, multi-discipline interaction Papers should discuss the simulation methods for the coupled effects of various physical phenomena, including (not limited to) the following methods: • Sequential coupling/de-coupling of multi-discipline CAE methods • Direct/Parallel coupling/de-coupling of multi-discipline CAE methods
Event
2014-04-10
The presentations in this session focus on technologies related to modeling and analysis, quality assurance, as well as utilization for rapid prototying, robost tolerance designs, structural crash performance of a compact car through CAE, accurate analytical solutions of resilience for high-modulus elastic-plastic material, testing, transfer path analysis, NVH, vehicle development, wheel input forces and brake design.
Event
2014-04-09
M108 covers the development and application of numerical methods along with test correlation and optimization for NVH issues of full vehicle and vehicle subsystems. All structural components, subsystems and complete systems found in automotive vehicles will be considered. Topics include structure NVH, vibro-acoustics, wind noise and aeroacoustics, intake/exhaust and vehicle interior noise, sound quality etc.”
Event
2014-04-09
This technical session focuses on state-of-the-art fatigue theory and advanced development in fatigue analysis methodology and research. Studies and discussions on innovative and improved fatigue theory/methods in material constitutive modeling, damage rules/fatigue damage calculation, and fatigue life predictions will be addressed.
Event
2014-04-09
M108 covers the development and application of numerical methods along with test correlation and optimization for NVH issues of full vehicle and vehicle subsystems. All structural components, subsystems and complete systems found in automotive vehicles will be considered. Topics include structure NVH, vibro-acoustics, wind noise and aeroacoustics, intake/exhaust and vehicle interior noise, sound quality etc.”
Event
2014-04-09
This technical session focuses on state-of-the-art fatigue theory and advanced development in fatigue analysis methodology and research. Studies and discussions on innovative and improved fatigue theory/methods in material constitutive modeling, damage rules/fatigue damage calculation, and fatigue life predictions will be addressed.
Event
2014-04-08
This technical session focuses on state-of-the-art fatigue theory and advanced development in fatigue analysis methodology and research. Studies and discussions on innovative and improved fatigue theory/methods in material constitutive modeling, damage rules/fatigue damage calculation, and fatigue life predictions will be addressed.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Ming Chen, Dong Wang, Huiqiang Lee, Chao Jiang, Jun Xin
This paper describes the application of CAE tools in the design optimization of a DCT and driveline system of a passenger vehicle, with emphasis on NVH performance. The multi-body dynamics simulation tools are employed for driveline system analysis. The MBD model consists of the engine, transmission, clutch, drive shafts, tires and vehicle. The wheel slip effects are considered in the calculation of shuffle frequencies. In the analysis of gear whine, the transmission housing, gears and shafts are modeled by detailed 3-D finite element models, so that the mesh stiffness of the gears and the housing support stiffness are described more accurately. The calculated velocity spectra of the housing are presented. The prediction of gear rattle in the transmission is carried out. The loose gear acceleration index and the averaged impact power of free gears are calculated to assess the rattle generation potential and the level of rattle severity. The influence of the clutch spring rate and the gear backlash on rattle behavior is investigated.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Dhaval Vaishnav, Mike Dong, Mayur Shah, Francisco Gomez, Mohammad Usman
When a vehicle with a partially filled fuel tank undergoes sudden acceleration, braking, turning or pitching motion, fuel sloshing is experienced. It is important to establish a CAE methodology to accurately predict slosh phenomenon. Fuel slosh can lead to many failure modes such as noise, erroneous fuel indication, irregular fuel supply at low fuel level and durability issues caused by high impact forces on tank surface and internal parts. This paper summarizes activities carried out by the fuel system team at Ford Motor Company to develop and validate such CAE methodology. In particular two methods are discussed here. The first method is Volume Of Fluid (VOF) based incompressible multiphase Eulerian transient CAE method. The CFD solvers used here are Star CD and Star CCM+. The second method incorporates Fluid-Structure interaction (FSI) using Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) formulation. While Eulerian domain predicts motion and forces of fluid inside the tank, Lagrangian domain models tank shell and predicts its vibration under these forces.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Basant Sharma
Abstract Fast to market trends among automotive OEM's in introducing new vehicles has resulted in compressed product development time. Now it is fairly common to see CAE driven processes playing upfront role in the concept and advance stage of vehicle development thus adding pace to the Virtual Vehicle Development (VVD). In the recent decade we have also noticed acceptance of optimization driven by CAE models upfront in the virtual vehicle development process. Now a days it is not uncommon to use CAE models for optimization upfront at the advanced vehicle development stage with CRASH and NVH performance objectives. Yet another noticeable transformation happening in accelerating VVD is ability to use morphing techniques on CAE models to bring about design changes or enablers independent of CAD. Ability of morphing tools to make design changes in CAE model parametric adds significant value to the optimization process. Parametric CAE models tied to DoE or direct optimization based techniques help identify the optimal point for interdisciplinary objectives way ahead in the VVD.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Barry (Baizhong) Lin, Mike Gundle, Mike Rowley, Alan Aloe, Frederick Zweng, Eric Blackburn, Chandra Thandhayuthapani, Chandra Thonta, Edward Law, Kah Wah Long, Mike Temkin, Zachary Calkins
Abstract Fuel Tank Straps very often get different durability fatigue test results from different types of durability testing such as shaker table vibration, road test simulator (RTS) vehicle testing and proving ground vehicle durability testing. One test produces good durability results and other may indicate some durability risk. A special study was conducted to address this inconsistency. It was found that fuel level in the tank plays a big role in fuel tank strap durability. Higher fuel levels in a tank produce higher loads in straps and lower fatigue life. This paper will use a CAE fuel tank strap model and acquired proving ground strap load data to study fuel level influence in fuel tank strap durability. The fuel level study includes a full tank of fuel, 3 quarters tank of fuel, a half tank of fuel and one quarter tank of fuel. Based on CAE results of one 32 gallon fuel tank it is observed that fuel tank strap fatigue life improves by one order of magnitude or 10 times for every quarter tank of fuel level reduction.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Mohammed K Billal, B V Moorthy, Dan Aquilina, Steven Schenten
Abstract A snap-fit is a form-fitting joint, which is used to assemble plastic parts together. Snap-fits are available in different forms like a projecting clip, thicker section or legs in one part, and it is assembled to another part through holes, undercuts or recesses. The main function of the snap-fit is to hold the mating components, and it should withstand the vibration and durability loads. Snap-fits are easy to assemble, and should not fail during the assembling process. Based on the design, these joints may be separable or non-separable. The non- separable joints will withstand the loads till failure, while separable joints will withstand only for the design load. The insertion and the retention force calculation for the snaps are very essential for snap-fit design. The finite element analysis plays a very important role in finding the insertion and the retention force values, and also to predict the failure of the snaps and the mating components during this process. The snap insertion and retention simulation is highly non-linear, due to the non-linear material behavior and contact between the mating components.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Sanjeev Kumar, Rahul Bettakote, Pinak Deb
Abstract Offset crash compliance of a compact car is severe due to the compact layout and stringent fuel economy, weight and cost targets. Scope of the current work is to improve the structural crash performance of a compact car through CAE, in order to meet the offset frontal crash requirements as per ECE R94 Regulation. The project has been classified in three main phases. First phase includes the evaluation of baseline vehicle in CAE. In order to ensure the accuracy of CAE prediction, a methodology for predicting Spotweld rupture was implemented. Using this methodology, it is possible to find out the location and time of spotweld rupture as well as propagation of spotweld rupture in CAE. CAE results of spotweld rupture prediction showed good agreement with the physical test. In second phase, design iterations were carried out in order to meet the performance targets of structural deformation. At critical locations of spotweld rupture, spotwelds were reinforced by addition of arc welds tugs and bolts.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Philip S. Blackwelder, William Chang, Jonathan Lohr
Abstract The latest generation of Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) technology enables cost and time effective product development by minimizing the time and expertise required to fabricate precision parts. The North Carolina State University (NCSU) EcoCAR 2 team used specialized Computer Aided Design (CAD) techniques and a CNC water-jet to produce a mounting system to install a custom series-hybrid drivetrain into a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu. The team of engineering students was able to overcome a lack of resources and machining experience by leveraging the capabilities of CAD and CNC to create quality components. Complex 3D designs were broken down into 2D shapes that were precision cut from inexpensive metal plate. The design of these parts featured slot and tab interfaces that enabled parts to be self-locating and were implemented in a way that only allowed parts to be assembled in the correct orientation. The precision fit afforded by the water-jet had the additional benefit of simplifying the welding process by eliminating the need for external work holding.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Jaehyuk Jang
Abstract Oil canning and initial stiffness of the automotive roofs and panels are considered to be sensitive customer ‘perceived quality’ issues. In an effort to develop more accurate objective requirements, respective simulation methods are continuously being developed throughout automotive industries. This paper discusses a latest development on oil canning predictions using LS-DYNA® Implicit, including BNDOUT request, MORTAR contact option and with the stamping process involved, which resulted in excellent correlations especially when it comes to measurements at immediate locations to the feature lines of the vehicle outer panels. Furthermore, in pursuit of light-weighting vehicles with thinner roofs, a new CAE method was recently developed to simulate severe noise conditions exhibited on some of developmental properties while going through a car wash. This paper introduces such a method to discuss Fluid Structure Interaction (FSI) approach using an Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) formulation in LS-DYNA® for vehicle roof car wash boom noise prediction.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Maria Stampouli, Menelaos Pappas
Abstract The growing complexity of simulation and analysis for new products has created new challenges in improving CAE productivity and effectiveness. The information required for down-streaming CAE processes is often unavailable, untraceable, outdated or susceptive to human errors and the information of previous best practices is not usually captured as applicable knowledge for future use. Additionally, the CAE cycle is a collaborative process involving not only data but also human and non-human resources, rendering a solution with a holistic approach essential. This work describes how these challenges are addressed by the Simulation Process, Data and Resources Management (SPDRM) system. A real-case industry scenario is used to demonstrate how CAE data and activities can be associated with the available resources, while defining and handling workflows in a common environment. This scenario discusses a CAE analysis process, validated by a renowned automotive OEM. The process workflow consists of the simulation setup, the post-processing of results and the reporting phase.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Abhijit Londhe, Suhas Kangde, Sreenadh N
Abstract A differential casing is one of the important elements in the vehicle power train, whose objective is to house differential gears and take different loads coming from these gears. The function of a differential is to drive a pair of wheels while allowing them to rotate at different speeds. While taking a turn, the outer wheel needs to travel more compared to the inner wheel. This is possible due to the differential which rotates them at different speeds. This Paper highlights a simplified methodology to capture the differential casing failure and to resolve the same. The methodology adopted was then correlated with the test measurements to increase the confidence. During physical tests, strains are measured at different orientations of the differential casing and correlated with simulation results.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Sanjeev Kumar, Pinak Deb
Abstract The side impact accident is one of the very severe crash modes for the struck side occupants. According to NHTSA fatality reports, side impact accounts for over 25% of the fatalities in the US. Similar fatality estimates have been reported in the EU region. Side crash compliance of a compact car is more severe because of the less space available between the occupant and the vehicle structure, stringent fuel economy, weight and cost targets. The current work focuses on the development of Side body structure of a compact car through Computer Aided Tools (CAE), for meeting the Side crash requirements as per ECE R95 Regulation. A modified design philosophy has been adopted for controlling the intrusion of upper and lower portion of B-pillar in order to mitigate the injury to Euro SIDII dummy. At first, initial CAE evaluation of baseline vehicle was conducted. Further design iterations were carried out to optimize the stiffness of B-pillar for meeting the performance targets of B-pillar intrusion and velocity.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Valentin Soloiu, Henry Ochieng, Martin Muinos, Alejandro Rivero-Castillo, James LoBue, Gustavo Molina, Brian Vlcek, Spencer Harp
Abstract This study investigates the combustion, emissions, and performance of biodiesel produced from poultry fat FAME (fatty acid methyl esters) in an indirect injection (IDI) engine. The poultry fat FAME blends were evaluated against ultra-low sulfur diesel #2 (ULSD#2) at 2600 rpm at 100% engine load. The tested biodiesel blends of poultry fat FAME included B20 to B50 measured by weight percentage in ULSD#2. Before engine testing, the energy content, dynamic viscosity, and thermal properties were measured for all poultry fat blends, 100% poultry fat FAME, and ULSD#2. Once the preliminary data had been obtained, it was determined that a blend of up to 50% poultry fat FAME would be within ASTM6751 requirements. The ignition delay stayed constant at 13 CAD for all blends tested and the gross heat release for ULSD#2 and B50 were 24.4 and 25.0 J/deg respectively. The maximum in-cylinder combustion temperature reached 1915K for B20 while combustion duration ranges from 28.4-30.4 CAD for all fuel blends.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
Prashant Khapane, Uday Ganeshwade
Abstract Vehicle water wading capability refers to vehicle functional part integrity (e.g. engine under-tray, bumper cover, plastic sill cover etc.) when travelling through water. Wade testing involves vehicles being driven through different depths of water at various speeds. The test is repeated and under-body functional parts are inspected afterwards for damage. Lack of CAE capability for wading equates to late detection of failure modes which inevitably leads to expensive design change, and potentially affects program timing. It is thus of paramount importance to have a CAE capability in this area to give design loads to start with. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software is used to model a vehicle travelling through water at various speeds. A non-classical CFD approach was deemed necessary to model this. To validate the method, experimental testing with a simplified block was done and then verified with CFD modelling. The simple rectangular block at two different speeds and three immersion depths in water was utilized for the purpose.
Technical Paper
2014-04-01
James G. McLeish, Russell Haeberle
Quality, Reliability, Durability (QRD) and Safety of vehicular Electrical/Electronics (E/E) systems traditionally have resulted from arduous rounds of Design-Built-Test-Fix (DBTF) Reliability and Durability Growth Testing. Such tests have historically required 12-16 or more weeks of Accelerated Life Testing (ALT), for each round of validation in a new product development program. Challenges have arisen from: The increasing number of E/E modules in today's vehicle places a high burden on supplier's test labs and budgets. The large size and mass of electric vehicle power modules results in a lower test acceleration factors which can extend each round of ALT to 5-6 months. Durability failures tend to occur late in life testing, resulting in the need to: perform a root cause investigation, fix the problem, build new prototype parts and then repeat the test to verify problem resolutions, which severely stress program budgets and schedules. To resolve these challenges, automakers and E/E suppliers are moving to Physics of Failure (PoF) based durability simulations and reliability assessment solutions performed in a Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) Environment.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 2987

Filter

  • Range:
    to:
  • Year: