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Training / Education
2015-03-23
Heat transfer affects the performance, emissions and durability of the engine as well as the design, packaging, material choice and fatigue life of vehicle components. This course covers the broad range of heat transfer considerations that arise during the design and development of the engine and the vehicle with a primary focus on computational models and experimental validation covering the flow of heat from its origin in the engine cylinders and its transfer via multiple paths through engine components. Specifically, the course will cover heat transfer design considerations related to the following: engine cooling and lubrication systems as well as bay-to-bay breathing; exhaust system and after-treatment components; tail pipe gas temperatures, as well as thermal interactions between the engine and its exhaust system with the components in the vehicle under-hood and under-body; turbochargers; passenger cabin HVAC system, including windshield de-icing; battery cooling; heat exchangers and challenges associated with predicting thermal mechanical fatigue life of components.
Event
2014-10-20
This session focuses on fundamental numerical (1D and 3D CFD) and experimental research in the areas of heat and mass transfer and fluid flow that impacts engine and vehicle performance and design. Subject areas include convection, conduction, radiation, porous media, phase change including boiling, condensation, melting and freezing. Application areas include, combustion, emissions, cooling, lubrication, exhaust, intake, fuel delivery, external air flow, under hood and under body. Fundamental papers describing unique thermodynamic processes or physical chemistry relevant to engine combustion and fuels are also welcome. Papers focused on waste heat recovery technologies should be submitted to HX102/103.
Technical Paper
2014-10-13
N. Karthikeyan, Anish Gokhale, Narendra Bansode
In scooters, the Continuously Variable Transmission(CVT) is used to transmit the power from the engine to the wheels. The CVT transmission consists of a two pulleys connected to each other through a belt . The change in the transmission ratio is achieved due to the change in the pulley diameters. A centrifugal clutch is attached to the rear pulley to transmit the power to wheels once the engaging engine speed is reached. The heat is generated due to the belt slippage and the engagement of the centrifugal clutch. Excessive heating may damage the belt ,clutch and deteriorate its performance. The cooling of the belt , pulleys and the clutch is thus important for its safe operation. The cooling is achieved by the centrifugal cooling fan which forces the air over the belt, pulley and clutch. A clear understanding of the cooling system is important in designing the air flow path for clutch cooling of CVT housing. The efficiency of the cooling system depends on the quantity and direction of flow .
Technical Paper
2014-10-13
Dhaminda Hewavitarane, Sadami Yoshiyama, Hisashi Wadahama, Xin Li
In our modern industrial civilization, the vast majority of mechanical work is produced by heat engines. While the efficiency of heat engines has improved over the years, they remain relatively inefficient, losing a significant portion of the input heat as waste heat. Waste heat recovery as a means of improving the overall efficiency of these engines in automotive applications has gained momentum in recent years. While many waste heat recovery (W.H.R) systems have been proposed and tested, the balance between, their efficiency, package size, the ease of being integrated to the drivetrain and most importantly cost, have made most nonviable. This paper introduces an alternative heat engine capable of harnessing waste heat, particularly for automotive applications. Theory: High temperature liquids held in a subcooled state are capable of storing energy and then explosively releasing this energy when depressurized, in a phase change process known as "Flashing". The rapid volume expansion that results from the flashing of superheated liquids to vapour has been harnessed to drive an expansion engine working on a cycle similar to the Rankine Cycle.
Technical Paper
2014-09-30
Gurunathan Varun Kumar, Meer Reshma Sheerin, Vedachalam Saravana Prabu, Kallikadan Jean, Chaitanya Rajguru, Murugesan Dinesh, Andrew Croft
Abstract Automotive climate control systems are evolving at a rapid pace to meet the overall vehicle requirements and the user expectations for comfort and convenience. This poses a challenge in the product development life cycle of multi-platform vehicle systems with respect to development time and optimal performance in the Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) system. This paper proposes rapid HVAC plant model design and development using simplified one-dimensional (1D) simulation models for fast simulations. The specific accuracy limitations of such a simplified model are overcome using limited three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (3D CFD) modelling. User-level control strategy is developed in an integrated simulation environment that includes a reference 1D model and a control algorithm simulator. The simulation data is used to study and analyse the temperature and airflow distribution in the system. Based on these results, simpler models for the HVAC system are derived.
Technical Paper
2014-09-30
Marco Carriglio, Alberto Clarich, Rosario Russo, Enrico Nobile, Paola Ranut
Abstract The main purpose of this study is the development of an innovative methodology for Heat Exchangers (HE) design to replace the conventional design procedures. The new procedure is based on the definition of a software package managed by modeFRONTIER, a multi-objective optimization software produced by ESTECO, able to create HE virtual models by targeting several objectives, like HE performance, optimal use of material, HE minimal weight and size and optimal manufacturability. The proposed methodology consists first in the definition of a workflow for the automatic CFD simulation of a parametric model of a periodic HE cellular element. This is followed by the definition of a Response Surface (meta-model) covering all the possible range of parameters' combination, the definition of a “bridge”, e.g. low-fidelity - standard or macroscopic - models to extend the behavior of the liquid and air HE cellular elements to a real scale HE, and an optimization process to obtain the optimal HE design for any proposed application and requirements.
Technical Paper
2014-09-30
Michael Franke, Shirish Bhide, Jack Liang, Michael Neitz, Thomas Hamm
Abstract Exhaust emission reduction and improvements in energy consumption will continuously determine future developments of on-road and off-road engines. Fuel flexibility by substituting Diesel with Natural Gas is becoming increasingly important. To meet these future requirements engines will get more complex. Additional and more advanced accessory systems for waste heat recovery (WHR), gaseous fuel supply, exhaust after-treatment and controls will be added to the base engine. This additional complexity will increase package size, weight and cost of the complete powertrain. Another critical element in future engine development is the optimization of the base engine. Fundamental questions are how much the base engine can contribute to meet the future exhaust emission standards, including CO2 and how much of the incremental size, weight and cost of the additional accessories can be compensated by optimizing the base engine. This paper describes options and potentials to improve the base engine for future commercial and industrial engines.
Technical Paper
2014-09-30
Salvador Sermeno, Eric Bideaux, Tessa Morgan, Duc Nguyen
Abstract Vehicle thermal management covers the engineering field of solutions that maintain the complete vehicle in acceptable operating conditions regarding component and fluid temperatures in an engine. The maximum efficiency rating of a Diesel engine reaches up to 45%. In order to improve the fuel efficiency of the vehicle one can reduce the losses generated by the cooling system. Ideally, the full motive force of the engine should be used for propulsion and new and more efficient energy sources have to be explored to power the secondary systems (cooling, compressed air…). This paper introduces a dynamic programming algorithm which is used to determine the maximum gains during operation for a given architecture of the cooling system of a Heavy Duty Truck. The algorithm, based in Bellman principle, will determine the best control trajectory for the pump and the fan according to energetic and control goals (fuel economy, regulation of temperature…). For this purpose, a reduced model of the cooling system based on energy balance equations has been determined and validated through simulations.
Technical Paper
2014-09-30
Manfei Bai, Gangfeng Tan, Yadong Deng, Wenying Wang, Hui Yan
Abstract To make full use of engine exhaust heat and further improve the utilization of the energy efficiency of the heavy truck, thermoelectric module is used to contribute to thermoelectric power generation. The hot-end temperature of the module varies with the engine operating condition because it is connected with the exhaust pipe. The cold-end of the thermoelectric module is mainly cooled by engine cooling system. Increasing the temperature difference between the hot-end and cold-end of the thermoelectric module is a good way to improve the thermoelectric conversion efficiency. For the poor controllability of the hot-end temperature of the thermoelectric module, this study puts forward by lowering the cold-end temperature of the thermoelectric module so as to ensure the improvement of the thermoelectric conversion efficiency. The cooling circle for the cold-end of the thermoelectric module which is independent of the engine cooling system is built. The nucleate boiling flow is adopted to strengthen the heat transfer from the thermoelectric module cold side to the cooling water.
Event
2014-09-25
The need for energy-efficient thermal management (TM) provides a challenge for designers of vehicle systems. Papers are being solicited for efficient TM spanning the range from component concepts (phase change materials, electronics cooling, spray cooling, heat pipes/loop heat pipes, materials research, etc.) through system-level TM integration (integrated vapor cycle/air cycle hybridization, system-level impacts of single-phase vs. two-phase heat transport, etc.).
Event
2014-09-25
The need for energy-efficient thermal management (TM) provides a challenge for designers of vehicle systems. Papers are being solicited for efficient TM spanning the range from component concepts (phase change materials, electronics cooling, spray cooling, heat pipes/loop heat pipes, materials research, etc.) through system-level TM integration (integrated vapor cycle/air cycle hybridization, system-level impacts of single-phase vs. two-phase heat transport, etc.).
Event
2014-09-25
The need for energy-efficient thermal management (TM) provides a challenge for designers of vehicle systems. Papers are being solicited for efficient TM spanning the range from component concepts (phase change materials, electronics cooling, spray cooling, heat pipes/loop heat pipes, materials research, etc.) through system-level TM integration (integrated vapor cycle/air cycle hybridization, system-level impacts of single-phase vs. two-phase heat transport, etc.).
Event
2014-09-25
The need for energy-efficient thermal management (TM) provides a challenge for designers of vehicle systems. Papers are being solicited for efficient TM spanning the range from component concepts (phase change materials, electronics cooling, spray cooling, heat pipes/loop heat pipes, materials research, etc.) through system-level TM integration (integrated vapor cycle/air cycle hybridization, system-level impacts of single-phase vs. two-phase heat transport, etc.).
Training / Education
2014-09-25
Rapid advances have been made in the range of available designs and operational parameters as well as in the fundamental understanding of compact heat exchangers (CHEs). Since the majority of modern heat exchangers used for heating and cooling systems for vehicular applications are CHEs, keeping up to date with these advances is essential. This seminar will help you understand and be able to apply comprehensive information about the intricacies of CHE design, performance, operating problems and state-of-the-art-technology for car and truck applications.
Event
2014-09-24
Increases in energy cost combined with more stringent emissions standards has made the need to increase overall energy efficiency a critical part of the vehicle development process. The capture and reuse of waste energy is a way of improving overall energy efficiency. This session deals with methods for waste heat recovery and its use for improved energy efficiency.
Event
2014-09-24
Heavy-duty on- and off-highway vehicles face unique thermal management challenges which can be very different from the thermal challenges in other transportation sectors. This session focuses on topics and technologies specific to thermal management for these vehicles.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 6209

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