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2015-09-24 ...
  • September 24-25, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
Rapid advances have been made in the range of available designs and operational parameters as well as in the fundamental understanding of compact heat exchangers (CHEs). Since the majority of modern heat exchangers used for heating and cooling systems for vehicular applications are CHEs, keeping up to date with these advances is essential. This seminar will help you understand and be able to apply comprehensive information about the intricacies of CHE design, performance, operating problems and state-of-the-art-technology for car and truck applications.
2015-06-24
Event
This session includes a 3D numerical study of bleed air IPS parametric analysis, an update on development and evaluation of an integrated inflight IPS - The JEDI ACE project, and a summary report on certification inflight natural icing test results for validating the PZL Mielec M28 bleed air IPS CFD.
2015-04-23
Event
The purpose of this session is to share experiences and lessons learned to advance the technology in the field of thermal management of electric and hybrid vehicle systems. This session presents papers covering both testing and simulation of hybrid and electric vehicle thermal systems.
2015-04-22
Event
This session considers modeling (zero-D, 1D, 2D, 3D CFD) and experimental papers on: combustion chamber, systems (lubrication, cooling, fuel, EGR); components (oil pumps, coolant pump, fuel injectors, compressors, turbines, turbochargers, torque converters, gear box, fans, bearings, valves, ports, manifolds, turbine housing); heat exchangers (radiators, oil coolers); aftertreatment (SCR, DOC, DOF, exhaust gas cooling); battery cooling (HEV, EV, motor/generator) and controls (passive and active).
2015-04-22
Event
This session considers modeling (zero-D, 1D, 2D, 3D CFD) and experimental papers on: combustion chamber, systems (lubrication, cooling, fuel, EGR); components (oil pumps, coolant pump, fuel injectors, compressors, turbines, turbochargers, torque converters, gear box, fans, bearings, valves, ports, manifolds, turbine housing); heat exchangers (radiators, oil coolers); aftertreatment (SCR, DOC, DOF, exhaust gas cooling); battery cooling (HEV, EV, motor/generator) and controls (passive and active).
2015-04-22
Event
Proper thermal management can significantly contribute to overall system energy efficiency. This session highlights the latest developments in thermal management energy efficiency.
2015-04-22
Event
Thermal Management represents one of the key aspects of the vehicle development. It ensures that the temperatures in the underhood and underbody areas are in desired ranges, that thermal systems operate as designed, and that no component operation is at risk due to excessive temperatures. This session covers the design of thermal components and systems and their vehicle integration.
2015-04-22
Event
Climate control is a defining vehicle attribute and is associated with brand image. Thermal performance and quality of climate control are both critical to customer satisfaction. The system has strong design interaction with other vehicle systems, while its primary objective is to deliver thermal comfort and occupant safety with low energy consumption. Localized Comfort, Secondary Fluids, Air Quality, Controls, System Sizing and HVAC consumer interface are just a few of the recent advances.
2015-04-22
Event
The Thermal Systems Modeling and Simulation session focusses on state of the art simulation technologies for modeling thermal systems and their application in the development and optimization of vehicle thermal management and fuel economy. The papers in the session will range from empirical, 1D modeling methods to three dimensional CFD models as well as coupled methods.
2015-04-21
Event
Climate control is a defining vehicle attribute and is associated with brand image. Thermal performance and quality of climate control are both critical to customer satisfaction. The system has strong design interaction with other vehicle systems, while its primary objective is to deliver thermal comfort and occupant safety with low energy consumption. Localized Comfort, Secondary Fluids, Air Quality, Controls, System Sizing and HVAC consumer interface are just a few of the recent advances.
2015-04-21
Event
Climate control is a defining vehicle attribute and is associated with brand image. Thermal performance and quality of climate control are both critical to customer satisfaction. The system has strong design interaction with other vehicle systems, while its primary objective is to deliver thermal comfort and occupant safety with low energy consumption. Localized Comfort, Secondary Fluids, Air Quality, Controls, System Sizing and HVAC consumer interface are just a few of the recent advances.
2015-04-21
Event
The Thermal Systems Modeling and Simulation session focusses on state of the art simulation technologies for modeling thermal systems and their application in the development and optimization of vehicle thermal management and fuel economy. The papers in the session will range from empirical, 1D modeling methods to three dimensional CFD models as well as coupled methods.
2015-04-21
Event
The Thermal Systems Modeling and Simulation session focusses on state of the art simulation technologies for modeling thermal systems and their application in the development and optimization of vehicle thermal management and fuel economy. The papers in the session will range from empirical, 1D modeling methods to three dimensional CFD models as well as coupled methods.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0442
Sudhi Uppuluri, Ajay Naiknaware
Abstract: With increasing pressure to meet CAFE standards, various strategies are being developed to actively manage the vehicle drag and engine thermal performance to squeeze out additional fuel economy performance from existing vehicle. This paper develops on the previous work presented at this conference and discusses the sensitivity of key vehicle parameters that affect the engine thermal performance and fuel economy of the vehicle. The sensitivity analysis is based on a vehicle level system model that captures the entire engine thermal model and transient behavior of various key components such as the thermostat, the active grill shutter and accessory loads. Results discussed in this paper provides guidance on which variables have the most affect on fuel economy and which variables must be tightly controlled to improve the robustness and stability of the design.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-1230
Ahmed Imtiaz Uddin, Jerry Ku
It is well known that thermal management is a key factor in design and performance analysis of Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery, which is widely adopted for hybrid and electric vehicles. In this paper, an air cooled battery thermal management system design has been proposed and analyzed for mild hybrid vehicle application. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis was performed using CD-adapco’s STAR-CCM+ solver and Battery Simulation Module (BMS) application to predict the temperature distribution within a module comprised of twelve 40Ah Superior Lithium Polymer Battery (SLPB) cells connected in series. The cells are cooled by air through aluminum cooling plate sandwiched in-between every pair of cells. The cooling plate has extended the cooling surface area exposed to cooling air flow. Cell level electrical and thermal simulation results were validated against experimental measurements.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0505
Miguel Angel Reyes Belmonte, Colin D. Copeland, Drummond Hislop, George Hopkins, Adrian Schmieder, Scott Bredda, Sam Akehurst
Pressure and temperature levels within a modern internal combustion engine cylinder have been pushing at the limits of traditional materials and design. These operative conditions are due to the stringent emission and fuel economy standards that are forcing automotive engineers to develop engines with much higher power density ratios. In this scenario, downsized, turbocharged engines are an important technology to meet the future demands on transport efficiency. It is well known that within downsized turbocharged gasoline engines, thermal management becomes a vital issue for durability and combustion stability. In order to contribute to the understanding of engine thermal management, a conjugate heat transfer analysis of a downsized gasoline piston engine has been performed. The intent was to study the design possibilities afforded by the use of the Selective Laser Melting (SLM) additive manufacturing process.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-1753
Mario Vila Millan, Stephen Samuel
Nanofluids and thermal management strategy for Automotive Application Mario Vila Millan, Stephen Samuel Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom Stringent emission norms introduced by the legislators over the decades have forced the automotive manufacturers to improve the fuel economy and emission levels of their engine continuously. This constant improvement leads to increased use of smart systems where components are controlled by the engine management systems to get a desired and optimized performance. Therefore, the emission levels of the modern engines are significantly lower than pre-1990 engines. However, the improvement in fuel economy is marginal when compared to that of the scale of improvement achieved for reducing emission levels. For example, approximately 30% of the total energy in the fuel is still being wasted through the cooling systems in the modern engines during normal operating conditions. This is even worse during the engine warm up.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-1708
Tibor Kiss, Jason Lustbader, Daniel Leighton
For electric vehicles (EVs), there is a great need for highly optimized thermal management systems. Due to the relative shortage of waste heat, heating the passenger cabin in electric vehicles is difficult. Cooling the cabin can take a high portion of the energy available in the battery, significantly reducing vehicle efficiency and range. The range reduction can be as much as 50% by at least one report. Therefore, compared to IC engine driven vehicles, different heating methods and more efficient cooling methods are needed, which can make the electric vehicle’s thermal management system more complex. The more complex systems typically allow various alternative modes of operation which can be selected based on driving and ambient conditions. Investigating a number of system alternatives and determining the best ranges for the various operating modes with experimental methods can be very time consuming.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-1713
Manfred Klaus Kirschning, Frank Reußwig
In recent years, the automotive industry has taken many efforts to satisfy the market requirements of reducing fuel consumption and the emission of pollutants. In consequence engines had to be compacted and many additional modules had to be integrated into the confines of tightly packed engine compartments. The narrow confines also limited the options for piping options, for instance with preformed rubber tubes or oil flow and return pipes. Many of these components are designed for a maximum permanent temperature of 140°C to 180°C only. Other components, for example oil pipes, cannot be applied in settings with temperatures higher than 140°C because of the cracking of the hydrocarbon molecules.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-1694
Jun Li, Predrag Hrnjak
This paper presents results of the visualization of the separation in the vertical header of the automotive condenser. A prototype of a heat exchanger was made that has inlet in the middle of the header, with 21 microchannel tubes as the first pass. In the second header liquid separates and leaves through 4 microchannel tubes beneath while mostly vapor leaves through 11 microchannel tubes on the top as another exit. That way the 2nd pass has liquid below first pass and vapor above it. R134a and R1234yf are used in the tests. Mass flow was in the range 30 - 80 g/s (mass flux 170 kg/m2·s to 450 kg/m2·s) and quality at the inlet to second header over a range of 0.1 to 0.3, to see their impact on the separation of two-phase flow inside the transparent header. Visualization data were taken to better understand and define the physical parameters that dominate the separation phenomena.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-1710
Xinran Tao, Kan Zhou, Andrej Ivanco, John R. Wagner, Heath Hofmann, Zoran Filipi
ABSTRACT The components in a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) powertrain include the battery pack, an internal combustion engine, and the electric machines such as motors and possibly a generator. These components generate a considerable amount of heat during driving cycles. A robust thermal management system with advanced controller, designed for temperature tracking, is required for vehicle safety and energy efficiency. This paper examines the integration of an advanced control algorithm to a HEV powertrain cooling system featuring an electric-mechanical compressor, coolant pump, three radiators, and heat exchanger and radiator fans. Mathematical models are developed to numerically describe the thermal behavior of these powertrain elements. A series of controllers are designed to effectively manage the battery pack, electric motors, and the internal combustion engine temperatures.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0248
Hiroyasu Baba, Koji Kawasaki, Hideomi Kawachi
We have developed Li-ion battery heating system which is direct resistance heating for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEV) and electric vehicles (EV) by use of an inverter and a motor. One relay is added between a positive terminal of Li-ion battery and one-phase (e.g. U-phase) of a three-phase motor. When additional relay is turned on, the motor coils, IGBTs (Insulated-gate bipolar transistor) in the inverter and a smoothing capacitor for the inverter constitute buck-boost DC to DC converter. IGBTs are controlled to repeat charging and discharging between the battery and the smoothing capacitor. We made a system prototype and examined battery heating capability. And also we optimized charging and discharging frequency from impedance and current to improve heat generation. This method can increase battery temperature from -20 deg C to -1 deg C in 5 minutes and can extend EV driving range. Additionally the system can be installed into all HEV, PHEV and EV.
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