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This session addresses a variety of subjects covering the historical development and evolution of NVH practices, unlike the other sessions which focus on specific areas of noise and vibration technology. These papers are from the more experienced practitioners of vehicle noise and vibration who will share with attendees their thoughts, concerns, and hopefully their wisdom, gained through many years of engineering practice.
Gijs Mom
This book covers one and a quarter century of the automobile, conceived as a cultural history of its technology, aimed at engineering students and all those who wish to have a concise introduction into the basics of automotive technology and its long-term development . Its approach is systemic and includes the behavior of drivers, producers, nonusers, victims, and other "stakeholders" as well as the discourse around mobility. Nowadays, students of innovation prefer the term co-evolution, emphasizing the parallel and mutually dependent development of technology and society. This acknowledges the importance of contingency and of the impact of the past upon the present, the very reason why The Evolution of Automotive Technology: A Handbook looks at car technology from a long-term perspective. Often we will conclude that the innovation was in the (re)arrangement of existing technologies. Since its beginnings, car manufacturers have brought a total of 1 billion automobiles to the market. We are currently witnessing an explosion toward the second billion.
Technical Paper
Xiuliang Zhao, Yong Cheng, Limei Wang
Abstract The surface vibration signals are widely used since they have much combustion information. However, for an Internal Combustion Engine (ICE), the measured surface vibration signals are difficult to utilize because they contain non in-cylinder pressure excitation response. The vibration response signals excited by the in-cylinder pressure excitation (ICPE) and the reciprocating inertia force excitation (RIFE) are overlapped in both time and frequency domain. That means they cannot be separated effectively by conventional signal processing method. In this paper, a new strategy to extract ICPE response from measured vibration signals by pattern recognition method is proposed. A model is established to describe the RIFE response. Then, the RIFE response could be predicted and subtracted directly from the measured vibration velocity signals. The processing results indicate that a fourth-order model and the data of initial compression stroke can reach satisfactory results. The impact of the speed fluctuation can be ignored.
Technical Paper
Brian C. Kaul, Benjamin J. Lawler, Charles E.A. Finney, Michelle L. Edwards, Robert M. Wagner
Abstract Advances in engine controls and sensor technology are making advanced, direct, high-speed control of engine combustion more feasible. Control of combustion rate and phasing in low-temperature combustion regimes and active control of cyclic variability in dilute SI combustion are being pursued in laboratory environments with high-quality data acquisition systems, using metrics calculated from in-cylinder pressure. In order to implement these advanced combustion controls in production, lower-quality data will need to be tolerated even if indicated pressure sensors become available. This paper examines the effects of several data quality issues, including phase shifting (incorrect TDC location), reduced data resolution, pressure pegging errors, and random noise on calculated combustion metrics that are used for control feedback. Symbolic data analysis is an effective technique for identifying underlying patterns in noisy data, and has been applied to cyclic variability of dilute SI combustion, identifying deterministic effects that underlie the stochastic variations that are present.
This SAE Information Report contains definitions for HEV and EV terminology. It is intended that this document be a resource for those writing other HEV and EV documents, specifications, standards, or recommended practices.
Technical innovation is increasingly impacting everyone, everything, everywhere, every day. Consumers want it all -- 24/7. Markets are uncertain and a better version of the latest product is no longer sufficient, but the opportunities for innovation are endless. What will you design next? Learn more at:
WIP Standard
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes uniform engineering nomenclature for wheels, hubs, rims, and their components used in truck, bus, and trailer applications. This nomenclature and accompanying drawings are intended to define functional truck wheel, hub, and rim designs. The International Standard (ISO) nomenclature is shown in parentheses when different than SAE J393.
This SAE Recommended Practice provides uniform definitions and classifications for motorcycles.
This SAE Information Report defines a procedure for indicating the severity of narrowband emissions from an electronic system-component.
WIP Standard
This SAE Standard includes only those towing winches commonly used on skidders and crawler tractors. These winches are used on self-propelled machines described in SAE J1057; J1116; and J1209. Specifically excluded are those winches used for hoisting operations. This document classifies the major types of winch and establishes nomenclature for major winch components. Examples used here are not intended to include all existing winches nor to be descriptive of any particular winch.
WIP Standard
This SAE Standard applies to horizontal earthboring machines of the following types: Auger Machines Pipe Pushers Rotary Rod Machines Impact Machines Directional Boring/Drilling Machinessystems, and microtunnelers. The purpose of this document is to encourage common terminology of machine control names, types, and definitions for horizontal earthboring machines.
WIP Standard
The terms included in the Glossary are general in nature and may not apply to all manufacturers’ systems. All terms in Section 3 apply to automotive inflatable restraint systems in general which are initiated by an electric or mechanical stimulus upon receipt of a signal from a sensor. These terms are intended to reflect existing designs and the Glossary will be updated as information on other types of systems becomes available. Appendix A is included to identify terminology that is no longer in common use or specifically applicable to inflatable restraint systems, but was published in the December 2001 version of SAE J1538.
To provide standard terminology and definitions with regard to ignition systems for spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
WIP Standard
The federal government and industry have moved to concurrent acquisition and development processes using integrated process teams (IPTs). These processes are supported by timely, accurate, cross functional access to data within an integrated data environment (IDE) enabled by advances in information technology (IT). Since the advent of acquisition reform in 1994, Data Management (DM) practices have evolved from being directed by a prescriptive set of standards and procedures to use of the guidance in a principles-based standard -- ANSI/EIA 859.

GEIA Handbook 859 provides implementation guidance for ANSI/EIA 859, with discussions of applications of the standard's principles, tools, examples, and case studies. Handbook 859 is organized according to the lifecycle of data management and covers activities from the pre-RFP stage through records disposition. It also provides annexes on topics which apply at multiple stages in the lifecycle, such as protection of data, continuous improvement and knowledge management.

Illustrations used here are not intended to include all existing industrial or agricultural machines, or to be exactly descriptive of any particular machine. They have been picked to describe the principles to be used in applying this standard. Purpose—This Standard provides names of many of the major components and parts peculiar to agricultural and industrial rotary, flail and sickle bar type mowers. NOTE—Where two part names are shown separated by a slash, the first name is the preferred terminology.
This SAE Standard provides a means for specifying or describing the pertinent properties of fiberboards for automotive applications. The materials normally specified by this standard are defined in SAE J947. The test methods commonly used for fiberboards are defined in SAE J315.
WIP Standard
The following definitions and illustrations are intended to establish common nomenclature and terminology for universal joints and driveshafts used in various driveline applications. In addition, useful guidelines are included for the application of universal joints and driveshafts. For more specific details, see Universal Joint and Driveshaft Design Manual, AE-7.
WIP Standard
This SAE Recommended Practice outlines the qualification testing and performance related criteria of elastomeric boot seals used in constant velocity joint applications. These applications are referred to as front- wheel-drive halfshafts or axles, but can also be utilized in rear-wheel-drive halfshaft applications. For additional information regarding CV joint systems and their applications refer to SAE AE-7 "Universal Joint and Driveshaft Design Manual." The grease type and grease quantities, clamps and clamping mechanisms of an assembly are critical and considered to be the same as OEM, service, or aftermarket designation. Although joint lubricating grease and clamping mechanism are not addressed in this document, they are critical to a total system performance. The purpose of this document is to establish a uniform practice for those in the surface vehicle industry that specify and/or manufacture CV joint boot seals (boots) for OEM or aftermarket use with respect to qualification testing for physical and mechanical properties.
WIP Standard
This SAE Standard specifies the nominal dimensions and tolerances which affect the interchangeability between companion flanges and mating parts. The flanges covered by this document are designated type A and type S. The type A flanges are equivalent to type A ISO 7646. The type S flanges are equivalent to the type S ISO 7647. Type A is an external (male) pilot construction and type S is an internal (female) pilot construction. These flanges are not interchangeable. Dimensions not specified are left to the discretion of the component manufacturer.
This SAE Recommended Practice provides definitions of common terms used in SAE Documents pertaining to motor vehicle lighting. It covers not only basic lighting terms but also terms which identify major segments of technical reports.
This SAE Information provides information applicable to production Original Equipment Manufacturer antilock braking systems found on some past and current passenger cars and light trucks. It is intended for readers with a technical background. It does not include information about aftermarket devices or future antilock brake systems. Information in this document reflects that which was available to the committee at the time of publication.
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