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2016-10-17 ...
  • October 17-18, 2016 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) technology model offerings and production volumes continue to accelerate with each model year. Advanced technology vehicle populations are significantly increasing throughout the world, making it vital for engineers, technicians, and educators to have a thorough understanding of these technologies and systems.
2016-09-27 ...
  • September 27-October 6, 2016 (4 Sessions) - Live Online
Training / Education Online Web Seminars
Any product is a collection of materials that have been manipulated into various shapes to form the components and joints used within the product. In fact, up to 70% of the cost to make a product is due to its materials. Therefore, getting the materials right will have a big impact on the success of a product.
2016-08-22 ...
  • August 22-23, 2016 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
  • November 29-30, 2016 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
Product development is organizationally a complex undertaking that requires effective coordination within a company and between companies. During product development, teams are confronted with a number of ongoing organizational challenges and there is a high potential for conflict between participants in the process. This course addresses teamwork and other "soft-side" factors that largely determine whether product development programs are successfully completed on schedule. The content is relevant for both OEMs and suppliers.
2016-07-28 ...
  • July 28-29, 2016 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Tysons, Virginia
  • December 1-2, 2016 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
Note: Last day of class ends at approximately 12:30 pm In today’s highly competitive and liability minded environment, Design Reviews (DR) are a must for all major mobility industries such as Automotive, DOD, Aerospace, Agriculture, Recreation, Marine and Rail. While Design Reviews are becoming increasingly important in product liability litigation, they also serve as an effective way to transfer organizational best practices for specific concerns and issues.
2016-06-13 ...
  • June 13-14, 2016 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Norwalk, California
  • October 24-25, 2016 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Warrendale, Pennsylvania
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
SAE International is pleased to announce that this course will also be offered in London UK at IMechE, One Birdcage Walk, SW1H9JJ during the week of June 6th through June 10th. The SAE Europe Aerospace Training Week is a series of courses designed especially for the aerospace engineer. For additional information about this course, others and to register, please visit http://sae-europe.org/aerospace-training-week-june-2016-london/#programme. The task of certifying an aircraft or part can be overwhelming given the lengthy process and the many steps that are required.
2016-05-16 ...
  • May 16, 2016 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
This information-packed seminar focuses on the intricacies of patents, patent infringement litigation and patent licensing. Attendees will explore the important subjects of obtaining U.S. and foreign patents, maintaining U.S. and foreign patent rights, enforcing patent rights, defending against patent rights asserted by competitors, and licensing patent rights for revenue. After this seminar, you will effectively understand patents and ways to protect your company's valuable inventions. Your new knowledge will help your company maintain and enhance its position in the marketplace.
2016-05-09 ...
  • May 9-10, 2016 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Tysons, Virginia
  • June 21-22, 2016 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Shanghai, China
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
SAE International is pleased to announce that this course will also be offered in London UK at IMechE, One Birdcage Walk, SW1H9JJ during the week of June 6th through June 10th. The SAE Europe Aerospace Training Week is a series of courses designed especially for the aerospace engineer. For additional information about this course, others and to register, please visit http://sae-europe.org/aerospace-training-week-june-2016-london/#programme. ARP4754A substantially revises the industry guidance for the development of aircraft and aircraft systems while taking into account the overall aircraft operating environment and functions.
2016-04-13
Event
This session covers intelligent and efficient approaches to high level system design, analysis and integration as well as considerations for vehicle-level optimization of cost and energy. System definition includes components, sub-assemblies and complete integrated vehicle systems, including electronic systems and human machine interfaces.
2016-04-05
Journal Article
2016-01-0693
Daishi Takahashi, Koichi Nakata, Yasushi Yoshihara, Tetsuo Omura
Abstract Improving vehicle fuel economy is a central part of efforts toward achieving a sustainable society, and an effective way of accomplishing this aim is to enhance the engine thermal efficiency. Measures to mitigate knocking and reduce engine cooling heat loss are important aspects of enhancing the engine thermal efficiency. Cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is regarded as a key technology because it is capable of achieving both of these objectives. For this reason, it has been adopted in a wide range of both hybrid vehicles and conventional vehicles in recent years. Cooled EGR has the potential to achieve further lower fuel consumption if the EGR ratio can be increased. Fast combustion is an important and effective way for expanding the EGR ratio. The engine combustion enhancement can be categorized into measures to improve ignition characteristics and methods to promote flame propagation.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0692
Yasushi Yoshihara, Koichi Nakata, Daishi Takahashi, Tetsuo Omura, Atsuharu Ota
Abstract Improving vehicle fuel economy is a central part of efforts toward achieving a sustainable society. An effective way of accomplishing this is to enhance the engine thermal efficiency. Mitigating knock and reducing engine heat loss are important aspects of enhancing the thermal efficiency. Cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) is regarded as a key technology because it is capable of achieving both of these objectives. For this reason, it has been adopted in a wide range of both hybrid vehicles and conventional vehicles in recent years. In EGR equipped engines, fast combustion is regarded as one of the most important technologies, since it realizes higher EGR ratio. To create fast combustion, generation of strong in-cylinder turbulence is necessary. Strong in-cylinder turbulence is achieved through swirl, squish, and tumble flows. Specifically high tumble flow has been adopted on a number of new engines because of the intense effect of promoting in-cylinder turbulence.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0284
Junqi Yang, Zhenfei Zhan, Kai Zheng, Jie Hu
Abstract Simulation models based design has become the common practice in automotive product development. Before applying these models in practice, model validation needs to be conducted to assess the validity of the models by comparing model predictions with experimental observations. In the validation process, it is vital to develop appropriate validation metrics for intended applications. When dealing with multivariate systems, comparisons between model predictions and test data with multiple responses would lead to conflicting decisions. To address this issue, this paper proposed a Bayesian classifier based validation method. With the consideration of both error rate and confidence in hypothesis testing, Bayesian classifier is developed for decision making. The process of validation is implemented on a real-world vehicle design case. The results show the proposed method’s potential in practical application.
2016-04-05
Journal Article
2016-01-0288
Zhenfei Zhan, Junqi Yang, Xueqian Chen, Zhanpeng Shen
Abstract In automobile industry, computational models built to predict the performances of the prototype vehicles are on the rise. To assess the validity or predictive capability of the model for its intended usage, validation activities are conducted to compare computational model outputs with test measurements. Validation becomes difficult when dealing with dynamic systems which often involve multiple functional responses, and the complex characteristics need to be appropriately considered. Many promising data analysis tools and metrics were previously developed to handle data correlation and evaluate the errors in magnitude, phase shift, and shape. However, these methods show their limitations when dealing with nonlinear multivariate dynamic systems. In this paper, kernel function based projection is employed to transform the nonlinear data into linear space, followed by the regular principal component analysis (PCA) based data processing.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0346
Patrick Garcia, Jiri Radous, Artur Krol, Jacek Bosek, Caroline Baeten
During the 4 last years, Lean has been successfully implemented in one of the Tenneco’s Business Units: Ride Performance. This paper reflects on the results and more specifically on the third principle of Lean [1] “How to make flow” and on the fifth principle “To strive for perfection” obtained in the fields of “Product Development” related to Processes, Tools and People. Processes and Hard Tools. How to improve the flow in the engineering processes? It will be shown that In general standardized processes supported by some integrated tools and, more specifically Some workload leveling in testing, CAD Departments, Standardization in design processes, testing procedures and prototypes development processes and Standardization and availability of components and parts for prototype building are key enablers to enhance flow in the Product Development.
2016-04-05
Journal Article
2016-01-0344
Mohamed El-Sayed
Abstract Success in lean product realization depends on the ability to specify value from the voice of the customer at the beginning of the process. Value streaming, is therefore essential for assuring that the specified value is being pursued and achieved throughout the process. During lean implementation, however, it is usually assumed that nothing but value will be streamed if wastes are eliminated using value stream mapping. While waste elimination is necessary to make the process leaner and facilitate value streaming it is not sufficient for assuring that specified value is being streamed without structured and formalized participation of customers. With current structure of product realization processes, the voice of the customer is provided during the planning phase at the beginning of the process and customer satisfaction feedback is provided after product launch.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0318
Lev Klyatis
Abstract This paper will discuss the problem of improving engineering culture for development reliability, quality, and testing of the automotive industry product. The basic approach relates to other industries too. The paper will consider why it is so important for engineers and managers, and how it relates to Systems Engineering, which simply stated is , a system which is an integrated composite of people, products, and processes that provides a capability to satisfy a stated need or objective. One of the basic problems of management is strategic thinking. Predicting is inaccurate when it is based on information obtained from using traditional approaches of accelerated life testing (ALT) data where the degradation (failure) processes differ substantially from the product’s degradation processes during service life under real world conditions.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0320
Tejas Janardan Sarang, Mandar Tendolkar, Sivakumar Balakrishnan, Gurudatta Purandare
Abstract In the automotive industry, multiple prototypes are used for vehicle development purposes. These prototypes are typically put through rigorous testing, both under accelerated and real world conditions, to ensure that all the problems related to design, manufacturing, process etc. are identified and solved before it reaches the hands of the customer. One of the challenges faced in testing, is the low repeatability of the real world tests. This may be predominantly due to changes in the test conditions over a period of time like road, traffic, climate etc. Estimating the repeatability of a real world test has been difficult due to the complex and multiple parameters that are usually involved in a vehicle level test and the time correlation between different runs of a real world test does not exist. In such a scenario, the popular and the well-known univariate correlation methods do not yield the best results.
2016-04-05
Journal Article
2016-01-0337
Ana M. Djuric, R.J. Urbanic, J.L. Rickli
Abstract Contemporary manufacturing systems are still evolving. The system elements, layouts, and integration methods are changing continuously, and ‘collaborative robots’ (CoBots) are now being considered as practical industrial solutions. CoBots, unlike traditional CoBots, are safe and flexible enough to work with humans. Although CoBots have the potential to become standard in production systems, there is no strong foundation for systems design and development. The focus of this research is to provide a foundation and four tier framework to facilitate the design, development and integration of CoBots. The framework consists of the system level, work-cell level, machine level, and worker level. Sixty-five percent of traditional robots are installed in the automobile industry and it takes 200 hours to program (and reprogram) them.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-1171
Shota Hirose, Akemi Okawa, Kenji Ishida, Takahiro Misu, Takeshi Tojo
Abstract Electrification of the powertrain to improve vehicle fuel economy is a key technology to achieve strict fuel economy legislation. However, only limited numbers of small class vehicles such as a B segment adopt electric powertrain. This is presumed that cost effectiveness for fuel economy is small and mounting space for additional powertrain is limited. In this paper, the optimum solution of a strong hybrid system suitable for the small vehicles was studied. First, from the viewpoint of maximization of energy efficiency, we compared contributions of engine efficiency and transmission efficiency during mode cycle driving and selected automated manual transmission as a suitable transmission for small vehicles. In comparing the hybrid system function, we determined a motor generator connecting shaft and a necessary motor generator output power for attaining both fuel economy and drivability.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-1207
Hiroki Nagai, Masahiro Morita, Koichi Satoh
Abstract Toyota introduced the first generation Prius in 1997. The vehicle was conceived, designed and launched as a dedicated, mass-produced global hybrid vehicle platform, the first of its kind. The introduction of the 2nd and 3rd generation Prius (2003, 2009) saw vehicles with significantly improved performance, including fuel efficiency. The Prius Alpha (Japan/EU), launched in 2011, represented Toyota first foray with Li-ion battery in a strong hybrid configuration. For the Prius Alpha, the adoption of a compact Li-ion battery resulted in sufficient cabin space to allow a 3rd row of seats while maintaining high fuel efficiency. Before and after the launch of the Prius Alpha, an extensive list of tests was performed on the Li-ion battery pack, including electrical, electrochemical, mechanical, and safety. The evaluations were performed in the lab, in the field (demonstration fleets) and by acquiring vehicles used by customers.
2016-04-05
Journal Article
2016-01-0982
Philip Lawson, John Houldcroft, Andrew Neil, Andrea Balcombe, Richard Osborne, Antonio Ciriello, Wilhelm Graupner
Abstract A recent trend in powertrain development organisations has been to apply processes historically associated with manufacturing. The aim is to capitalise on the resulting productivity gains to contain the increasing test demand necessary to develop current and future product. Significant obstacles to the implementation of manufacturing derived methods include the lack of clarity of the engineering test requirements and existing working practices in the product development environment. The System Optimisation Approach has been presented in previous work as a potential solution [1]. As an extension, this paper introduces a new concept closely related to the established manufacturing principle of Process Capability (Cp). Application of the resulting method quantifies the test facility’s capability to provide a test result subject to a specified statistical confidence within a certain number of test repeats.
2016-04-05
Journal Article
2016-01-0002
Scott Eisele, Masahiro Yamaura, Nikos Arechiga, Shinichi Shiraishi, Joseph Hite, Jason Scott, Sandeep Neema, Theodore Bapty
Abstract Complex systems, such as modern advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS), consist of many interacting components. The number of options promises considerable flexibility for configuring systems with many cost-performance-value tradeoffs; however the potential unique configurations are exponentially many prohibiting a build-test-fix approach. Instead, engineering analysis tools for rapid design-space navigation and analysis can be applied to find feasible options and evaluate their potential for correct system behavior and performance subject to functional requirements. The OpenMETA toolchain is a component-based, design space creation and analysis tool for rapidly defining and analyzing systems with large variability and cross-domain requirements. The tool supports the creation of compositional, multi-domain components, based on a user-defined ontology, which captures the behavior and structure of components and the allowable interfaces.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0005
Nick Smith
Abstract Model Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) [1, 2] has emerged as a solution to the extreme design challenges caused by automotive Electrical/Electronic (EE) complexity [3]. This paper explores how coherency in early design can be applied across the entire EE design cycle. Starting from a functional abstraction, we introduce a new lightweight solution to evaluate and guide optimized implementations integrating software, networks, devices, and connectivity. The pattern used for this and the data created can be directly driven into downstream, domain-specific design flows delivering vehicle lower costs, better design quality, and faster innovation.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0016
Jörg Schäuffele
Abstract The functions provided by the E/E system of modern vehicles can be assigned to the classical domains of powertrain, chassis, body and multimedia. Upcoming functions are forming new domains for advanced driver assistance and cloud integration. Therefore networking of functions is not limited to the vehicle but includes also the cloud. These trends imply major changes like the introduction of Ethernet as onboard networking technology or increasing safety and security needs. To design the best E/E architecture three groups of optimization targets are most relevant: Global vehicle targets, E/E targets derived from the implemented vehicle functions and product line targets for an E/E architecture. The PREEvision approach for E/E architecture design and optimization is a model based approach - inspired by the relevant and widely accepted automotive standards. Import and export filters allow the easy integration with PREEvision and complementation of existing tool chains.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0040
Ming Meng, Wilson Khoo
The modern vehicle development is highly dependent on software. The software development plays an extremely important role in vehicle safety and security. In order to ensure software high quality and safety standards, we have investigated the secure software development process and analyzed the works in this area. Based on our analysis, we have identified the similarities and differences between the secure software development process and the existing vehicle development process. We then made suggestions on how to adopt the secure software development process in the overall vehicle development process.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0046
Markus Ernst, Mario Hirz, Jurgen Fabian
Abstract A steady increasing share and complexity of automotive software is a huge challenge for quality management during software development and in-use phases. In cases of faults occurring in customer’s use, warranty leads to product recalls which are typically associated with high costs. To avoid software faults efficiently, quality management and enhanced development processes have to be realized by the introduction of specific analysis methods and Key Process/Performance Indicators (KPIs) to enable objective quality evaluations as soon as possible during product development process. The paper introduces an application of specific analysis methods by using KPIs and discusses their potential for automotive software quality improvement. Target is to support quality evaluation and risk-analysis for the release process of automotive software.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0051
Hongyu Zheng, Mingxin Zhao
Abstract Electric power steering (EPS), active front wheel steering (AFS) and steer by wire systems (SBW) can enhance the handling stability and safety of the vehicle, even in dangerous working conditions. Now, the development of the electric control steering system (ECS) is mainly based on the way that combines the test of the electric steering hardware-in-loop (HIL) test bench with real vehicle tests. However, the real vehicle tests with higher cost, long cycle and vulnerable to space weather have the potential safety problems at early development. On contrast, electronic control steering HIL test bench can replace real vehicle tests under various working conditions and make previous preparations for real vehicle road tests, so as to reduce the number of real vehicle test, shorten the development cycle, lower development costs, which has gradually become the important link of research and development of electronic steering system.
2016-04-05
Technical Paper
2016-01-0053
Abhishek Sharma
Abstract Today open source software is widely used in different domains like Desktop systems, Consumer electronics (smart phones, TV, washing machines, camera, printers, smart watches), Automotive, Automation etc. With the increased involvement of the open source software in the different domains including the safety critical ones, there has been a requirement of the well-defined test strategy to test and verify such systems. Currently there are multiple open source tools and frameworks to choose from. The paper describes the various open source test strategies and tools available to qualify such systems, their features, maintenance, community support, advantages and disadvantages. Target audience would be the software engineers, program managers, using an open source stack for the product development.
2016-04-05
Journal Article
2016-01-0078
Eric DiBiaso, Bert Bergner, Jens Wuelfing, Robert Wuerker, Carlos Almeida
Abstract Ethernet technology using a single unshielded twisted pair (UTP) is considered to have a promising future in the automotive industry. While 100Mbps transmission speeds can be achieved with standard connector platforms, 1Gbps requires specific design rules in order to ensure error free transmissions. This paper explains the specific challenges for high speed UTP solutions applied in automotive environments. Automotive relevant signal integrity (SI) and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) connector limitations are also discussed in detail. Through simulations and testing, the connector design criteria and rules necessary for meeting all the electrical and mechanical requirements for such automotive applications are evaluated and shown. This is followed by the introduction of a modular and scalable MATEnet Ethernet connection system utilizing an optimized cable termination technology.
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