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2017-04-04
Event
This technical session focuses on fundamental and applied research that lowers frictional energy losses and enhances reliability and durability of automotive components. The topics include, but not limited to engine and drivetrain tribology, seals, bearing and gear lubrication, materials tribology, surface engineering, lubricants and additives, computer-aided tribology, tribotesting, as well as friction, wear and lubrication fundamentals.
2016-12-01 ...
  • December 1-2, 2016 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
The requirements for producing an FAA approved replacement part can be daunting. Understanding the steps required in the FAA Parts Manufacturer Approval (PMA) process can greatly streamline the approval life-cycle and reduce unnecessary costs and delays, thereby shortening the time and cost to market. This course is designed for those organizations and individuals interested in designing and manufacturing replacement parts for civil aviation aircraft. This two-day course covers the crucial subjects and steps of the FAA-PMA approval process.
2016-11-08
Technical Paper
2016-32-0064
Keiya Nishida, Takeru Matsuo, Kang Yang, Youichi Ogata, Daisuke Shimo
The injection amount per stage in the multiple injection strategy is smaller than the conventional single-stage injection. The research of the spray mixture formation and the combustion characteristics with a small injection amount is being meaningful. In this study, the effect of the injection amount (0.27mg, 0.89mg, 2.97mg) under 100MPa injection pressure and the effect of injection pressure (100MPa, 170MPa) under different injection amount (0.27mg, 2.97mg) on the spray and mixture formation characteristics were studied based on the vapor and liquid phase concentration distributions in the fuel spray by using the tracer LAS technique. In order to satisfy the requirements for the LAS test fuel, the tracer LAS technique was adopted. The spray was injected used a single-hole nozzle with a diameter 0.133mm into the high-pressure and high-temperature constant volume vessel.
2016-11-08
Technical Paper
2016-32-0021
Stephen Gurchinoff
Thermoplastic bearing materials are being used in automotive transmission architectures where higher pressures and velocities are driving innovation. The benefits thermoplastics offer are high PV capable materials suitable to reduce NVH, increase design freedom while reducing design space, thermal insulation, reduce coefficient of friction, and improve wear resistance when compared to needle bearings. Expanding on the success in automotive may allow for these types of materials to be evaluated in marine lower units, CVT’s, pumps, and other small engine applications
2016-11-08
Technical Paper
2016-32-0025
Govardan Daggupati, Bapanna Dora Karedla, Chandan Bansilal Chavan, Gagandeep Singh Risam
In two wheelers the front suspension system is mounted on chassis by two steering bearings which are lubricated ball type angular contact bearings with significant radial force components. These bearings are designed to withstand maximum vehicle loads for target durability. Maximum load carrying capacity depends on the number and size of the balls, bearing size and material. For target durability with designed load carrying capacity, the ball contact pressure, bearing preload plays a major role as compared to other design parameters. Geometry parameters and maximum load defines contact pressure for given bearing design. But in two wheelers due to nature of usage and road conditions, the peak loads are dynamic and geometry based design calculations may not yield the most optimal bearing design. In this work the bearing ball race profile design is optimized by using dynamic bearing contact profiles by using nonlinear Finite Element Analysis.
2016-11-08
Journal Article
2016-32-0024
Daisuke Sugio, Shinpei Okazaki, Mitsuo Kaneko
Injection molding is a common molding method for plastic parts and is widely applied to outer parts of motorcycles. To make it stiff enough to hold a large load, glass fibers are usually mixed in it. However, when a plastic part contains glass fibers, the appearance of the outer surface becomes deteriorated after molding. It is because the glass fibers come out of the surfaces. Therefore, the surfaces of these parts are painted to conceal the exposed fibers. Moreover, in the case of glass fiber reinforced plastic made from polypropylene (PP-GF), glass fibers easily come out of the surface and painting is not easily applied. Accordingly, PP-GF hardly satisfies the requirements for outer appearances. In this development, a method that fulfills the appearance requirement and is applicable to mass production was established using rapid heat and cool molding (H&C molding) while eliminating painting process for cost reduction.
2016-10-17
Journal Article
2016-01-2204
Takafumi Mori, Masanori Suemitsu, Nobuharu Umamori, Takehisa Sato, Satoshi Ogano, Kenji Ueno, Oji Kuno, Kotaro Hiraga, Kazuhiko Yuasa, Shinichiro Shibata, Shinichiro Ishikawa
One effective and easy way to improve fuel economy for automobiles is to decrease viscosity of lubricants, as it brings less churning loss. However, this option creates a higher potential for thinner oil film, which could damage the mechanical parts. This paper describes a new low-viscosity gear oil technology which was successfully developed to improve wear at tapered-roller bearings in differential gear units, whereas achieving higher fuel economy performance. As for tapered-roller bearings in differential gear units protected by gear oils, one major damage is supposed to cause wear at large end face of rollers and the counterpart, so-called bearing bottom wear. In order to understand the wear mechanism, wear at rolling contact surface of rollers and the counterparts, so-called bearing side wear was additionally observed to confirm the wear impact on tapered-roller bearing.
2016-10-17
Technical Paper
2016-01-2189
Bo Wang, Tawfik Badawy, Yanfei Li, Hongming Xu, Yizhou Jiang, Xinyu Zhang
Atomization of fuel sprays is a key factor in control of combustion quality in direct-injection engines. In this present work, effect of injection pressure and flash boiling levels of Ethanol (ETH) on near nozzle spray patterns was investigated using an ultra-high speed imaging technique. Ethanol was injected from a single-hole piezo injector into an optically accessible constant volume chamber at injection pressures of 30 MPa, 40 MPa and 50 MPa at different back pressure and temperature. High-speed imaging was performed using a long-distance microscope coupled with an ultra-high speed camera (Shimadzu HPV-2). The results revealed a clear mushroom-like structure at the start of injection at 30 MPa injection pressure and ambient condition whereas at higher injection pressure or higher flash boiling level this mushroom shaped injection tip was not observed. Micro cone angle experienced a sudden increase during the start of spray and then dropped.
2016-10-17
Technical Paper
2016-01-2202
Naoya Ochiai, Jun Ishimoto, Akira Arioka, Nobuhiko Yamaguchi, Yuzuru Sasaki, Nobuyuki Furukawa
The advanced development and optimization of fuel atomization in port and direct injection systems for automobile engine is desired for the improvement of fuel combustion performance and thermal efficiency of the engine. Computational prediction and design of injector nozzle spray flow is an effective method for that. However, a practical simulation method of the continuous primary, secondary spray breakups and the spraying behavior have not been developed yet. In this study, we have developed the integrated computational method of the total fuel atomization process of the injector nozzle. This new computational approach is taking into account the nozzle internal flow to form the primary breakup using Volume of Fluid (VOF) method in connection with the spray flow characteristics to the engine cylinder using Discrete Droplet Model (DDM).
2016-10-17
Technical Paper
2016-01-2345
Guoyu Feng, Wenku Shi, Henghai Zhang
To study the static and dynamic characteristics of thrust rod, based on multi-body dynamics and finite element method for static and dynamic characteristics of the thrust rod were analyzed. The establishment of a dynamic simulation model of vehicle and the road, in the extreme conditions of the thrust rod loads were calculated. Thrust rod finite element model is established, according to the calculation result of the load and test data of rubber, stiffness, strength and modal analysis, and verified by test, gained its deformation, stress distribution and low-order natural frequency and mode shape. The results provide a theoretical basis for the design and optimization of the thrust rod.
2016-10-17
Technical Paper
2016-01-2272
Carl Bennett, Jason Bell, Jeffrey Guevremont
Elastomer compatibility is an important property of lubricants. When seals degrade oil leakages may occur, which is a cause of concern for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) because of warranty claims. Leakage is also a concern for environmental reasons. Most often, the mechanical properties and fitting of the oil seals is identified as the source of failure, but there are cases where the interaction between the lubricant and the seal material can be implicated. The performance of seal materials in tensile testing is a required method that must be passed in order to qualify lubricant additive packages. We conducted an extensive study of the interactions between these elastomeric materials and lubricant additive components, and their behavior over time. The physicochemical mechanisms that occur to cause seal failures will be discussed.
2016-10-05
Event
2016-10-05
Event
This session includes topics covering the development and introduction of temporary and permanent fasteners used in production assembly and / or final installation. Research into new and enhanced fastener solutions optimizing automated and manual installation is presented along with innovative solutions to current production fastening issues
2016-10-05
Event
This sessions covers fully automated and Semi-Automated fastening Sub-systems and engineering/designing for Automated Fastening.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 19962

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