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2017-04-04
Event
This session considers modeling (zero-D, 1D, 2D, 3D CFD) and experimental papers on: combustion chamber, systems (lubrication, cooling, fuel, EGR); components (oil pumps, coolant pump, fuel injectors, compressors, turbines, turbochargers, torque converters, gear box, fans, bearings, valves, ports, manifolds, turbine housing); heat exchangers (radiators, oil coolers); aftertreatment (SCR, DOC, DOF, exhaust gas cooling); battery cooling (HEV, EV, motor/generator) and controls (passive and active).
2017-04-04
Event
This session describes the design, modeling and performance validation of cylinder heads, lubrication systems and pumps, coolant systems and pumps, intake manifolds, exhaust manifolds, and engine block structures.`
2017-01-10
Technical Paper
2017-26-0170
Pratik Pillai, Sivakumar Venugopal, Vijaysankar Gopalan
Crevice Corrosion is one of the most damaging forms of material degradation. Crevice corrosion occurs when a wetted metallic surface is in close proximity to another surface. Almost in any engineered layout there are many instances in which two or more materials are, by design, in close proximity. The primary means of preventing crevice corrosion is careful design. Unfortunately, in most engineering layouts complete avoidance of crevices is not practical. In this study, the corrosion analysis consisted of parts like cast aluminium nipple and a rubber hose clamped over it which were part of the coolant circuit joint of an automobile engine. There was coolant leakage from the joint and bulging of the rubber hose attached to it. A number of failed aluminium nipples were studied for various metallurgical aspects like chemistry, hardness and microstructure and the results were found to be within acceptable limits.
CURRENT
2016-11-18
Standard
J526_201611
The SAE J526 Standard covers electric-resistance welded single-wall low-carbon steel pressure tubing intended for general automotive, refrigeration, hydraulic, and other similar applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, flaring, beading, forming, and brazing. Material produced to this specification is not intended to be used for single flare applications due to the potential leak path that would be caused by the ID weld bead or scarfed region. Assumption of risks when using this material for single flare applications shall be defined by agreement between the producer and tube purchaser. The material produced to this specification is intended to service pressure applications where severe forming and bending is not required.
CURRENT
2016-11-17
Standard
ARP994B
This document provides recommended practices for the design and selection of tube, hose, and fitting systems that are used to transmit hydraulic fluid on aircraft.
2016-11-16
WIP Standard
J1942/1
Effective August 28, 1991, the SAE replaced the USCG as the listing agency for Marine Hose Assemblies. The previous USCG list was discontinued as of December 31, 1992, and is being replaced by this SAE listing, J1942-1. All products appearing on the USCG list as of December 31, 1992, may be carried over to the SAE J1942-1 provided they meet the new test requirements listed in SAE J1942. If your products comply, you may retain your listings with no additional testing. (Please note that the USCG has the authority to request and inspect your test results at their discretion). The following list consists of hose data provided as of December 2015, and is for convenience in determining acceptability of nonmetallic flexible hose assemblies intended for usage under 46 CFR 56.60-25. Where the maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) or type of fitting is not specified, use the manufacturer's recommended MAWP or type of fitting.
2016-11-08
Technical Paper
2016-32-0092
Tomokazu Kobayashi, Kazuyuki Kosei, Sadaaki Ito, Satoshi Iijima
Abstract A variable cooling system has been developed for scooters equipped with an air cooled, four-stroke, single cylinder gasoline engine. This system opens or closes louver located at the cooling air inlet using an oil-temperature sensitive actuator. When the engine is cold or the engine load is low, the louver shut off the cooling air for a quick warm-up and for maintaining the engine oil temperature high to reduce the friction losses that occur with low oil temperature while eliminating the loss from driving the cooling fan as well. The quick warm-up also decreases supplementary fuel injections necessary when the engine is cold. Consequently, fuel economy improvement by 3.3% was realized in running condition of the Urban Driving Cycle.
2016-10-25
Event
This session describes the design, modeling and performance validation of cylinder heads, lubrication systems and pumps, coolant systems and pumps, intake manifolds, exhaust manifolds, and engine block structures.
2016-10-21
WIP Standard
AIR1609B
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers the design parameters for various methods of humidification applicable to aircraft, the physiological aspects of low humidities, the possible benefits of controlling cabin humidity, the penalties associated with humidification, and the problems which must be solved for practical aircraft humidification systems. The design information is applicable to commercial and military aircraft. The physiological aspects cover all aircraft environmental control applications.
2016-10-17
Technical Paper
2016-01-2161
Gangfeng Tan, Xuefeng Yang, Li Zhou, Kangping Ji, Mengying Yang
Abstract In this research, the Mg2Si1-xSnx thermoelectric material is used in the exhaust temperature difference power-generating system, and the material's heat transfer characteristic and power-generating characteristic were analyzed. Firstly, steady heat transfer model from vehicle exhaust to cooling water was established. Then the impact of Sn/Si ratio to the thermoelectric characteristic parameter was analyzed. Finally, considering the influence of varying thermal conductivity to the heat transfer process along the material's heat transfer direction, when the cold end temperature of thermoelectric materials was controlled by cooling water respectively boiling at 343K and 373K, the thermoelectric conversion efficiency and power output of Mg2Si1-xSnx thermoelectric materials with different x value were evaluated based on simulation calculation.
2016-10-10
WIP Standard
J1436
This SAE Information Report is applicable to all engine cooling systems used in heavy-duty vehicles, industrial applications, and automotive applications The purpose of this document is to list the requirements which are in general use for filling, deaeration, and drawdown of engine cooling systems for heavy-duty, industrial and automotive applications. Due to the differences in heavy duty and automotive cooling systems, they are dealt with in separate sections of this report. In the case of heavy duty, these procedures apply to both the main jacket water pump and separate circuit water pumps. The material presented in this document is for information purposes only, and does not constitute a SAE Standard.
2016-10-10
WIP Standard
J1342
The technique outlined in this SAE Recommended Practice was developed as part of an overall program for determining and evaluating fuel consumption of heavy-duty trucks and buses, but it is applicable to off highway vehicles as well. It is recommended that the specific operating conditions be carefully reviewed on the basis of actual installation data. Cooling requirements are affected by all heat exchangers that are cooled by the fan drive system. These may include radiators, condensers, charge air coolers, oil coolers, and others. Because of the variation in size, shape, configuration, and mountings available in cooling fans and fan drive systems, specific test devices have not been included. Using known power/speed relationships for a given fan, this procedure can be used to calculate the fan drive system’s power consumption for engine cooling systems using fixed ratio, viscous or speed modulating, and mechanical on/off fan drives including electronically activated fan drives.
2016-10-10
WIP Standard
J1393
This document supersedes SAE J819 - Engine Cooling System Field Test. The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to establish a testing procedure to determine the performance capability of engine cooling systems, including charge air coolers, on heavy-duty vehicles with liquid-cooled internal combustion engines. The definition of heavy vehicles for this document includes, but is not limited to, on- and off-highway trucks, cranes, drill rigs, construction, forestry and agricultural machines. Vehicles equipped with side or rear-mounted radiators may require an alternate procedure of a towing dynamometer because of peculiar aerodynamics. Testing is generally conducted to determine compliance with cooling criteria established by the engine manufacturer or the end product user to meet a desired engine reliability goal.
2016-10-10
WIP Standard
J164
This SAE Standard was developed primarily for passenger car and truck application, but may be used in marine, industrial, and similar applications.
2016-10-01
WIP Standard
J1405
The procedures contained in this SAE Recommended Practice have been developed to establish uniform methods for impulse and high temperature circulation testing of hydraulic hose assemblies under special conditions not specified in SAE J343 for SAE J517 hoses. Basic test procedures are to be in accordance with SAE J343 except as modified in this document.
2016-09-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-8117
Xingyu Zhang, Bo Yang, Can Wang, Zhilei Li, Yongqiang Ge, Zhongjie Yang, Xue Liu
Abstract The cooling system with two fans is generally driven by electrical motors in the small cars. Compared with the traditional cars, heavy duty trucks have the larger heat dissipation power of cooling system. The motors power consumption of dual fans will be larger and the two electrical motors will occupy a large space in the engine cabin. Hydrostatic drive refers to the cooling fan is driven by hydraulic motor, but it has the low transmission efficiency. According to the engine water temperature value and the actual working status of the hydraulic system, the actual speed of cooling fan can be controlled by the computer, which guarantees the normal working water temperature of the engine. Hydrostatic drive is generally applied to heavy vehicles, engineering machinery and excavators as driving source of cooling fan which contains the advantages of large output power, overload protection, continuous speed regulation and flexible space arrangements.
2016-09-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-8074
Gaurav Kumar, Pavan Sindgikar, Narayan Jadhav, Sandip Gaidhane, Sarfaraj Shaikh
Abstract With the advent of most advanced diesel engines the demand for upgraded engine cooling modules capable of handling more heat rejection in a smaller space is surging. Moreover, the variance in the operating conditions, i.e., the simultaneous cooling demands for peak load as well as partial load in different ambient conditions of the vehicle operation, broadens the scope of development of a cooling system. Also, the cooling system needs to be configured judiciously so as to cater effective cooling at peak loads and efficient cooling at partial loads. This research paper deals with a cooling system developed using modularity approach in order to have a control over tuning of subsystems for varying operating conditions and also to achieve the performance targets with a compact design adhering to packaging constraints. Kuli simulation of different designed configurations were carried out for identification of best concept.
2016-09-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-8070
Prasad Vegendla, Tanju Sofu, Rohit Saha, Mahesh Madurai Kumar, Long-Kung Hwang, Steven Dowding
Abstract Fan and fan-shroud design is critical for underhood air flow management. The objective of this work is to demonstrate a method to optimize fan-shroud shape in order to maximize cooling air mass flow rates through the heat exchangers using the Adjoint Solver in STAR-CCM+®. Such techniques using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis enables the automotive/transport industry to reduce the number of costly experiments that they perform. This work presents the use of CFD as a simulation tool to investigate and assess the various factors that can affect the vehicle thermal performance. In heavy-duty trucks, the cooling package includes heat exchangers, fan-shroud, and fan. In this work, the STAR-CCM+® solver was selected and a java macro built to run the primal flow and the Adjoint solutions sequentially in an automated fashion.
2016-09-27
Technical Paper
2016-01-8073
Rohit Saha, Mahesh Madurai Kumar, Long-Kung Hwang, Xingshi Wang, Fengchao Zhang, Xiaodan Zhang, Liu Yagui, Weiqing Sun, Yan Wang, Wei Cheng, Mingjin Lin
Abstract Various 1D simulation tools (KULI & LMS Amesim) and 3D simulation tools (ANSYS FLUENT®) can be used to size and evaluate truck cooling system design. In this paper, ANSYS FLUENT is used to analyze and validate the design of medium duty truck cooling systems. LMS Amesim is used to verify the quality of heat exchanger input data. This paper discusses design and simulation of parent and derivative trucks. As a first step, the parent truck was modeled in FLUENT (using standard' k - ε model) with detailed fan and underhood geometry. The fan is modeled using Multiple Reference Frame (MRF) method. Detailed geometry of heat exchangers is skipped. The heat exchangers are represented by regular shape cell zones with porous medium and dual cell heat exchanger models to account for their contributions to the entire system in both flow and temperature distribution.
2016-09-20
Technical Paper
2016-01-1994
Wei Wu, Yeong-Ren Lin, Louis Chow, Edmund Gyasi, John P. Kizito, Quinn Leland
Abstract For aircraft electromechanical actuator (EMA) cooling applications using forced air produced by axial fans, the main objective in fan design is to generate high static pressure head, high volumetric flow rate, and high efficiency over a wide operating range of rotational speed (1x∼3x) and ambient pressure (0.2∼1 atm). In this paper, a fan design based on a fan diameter of 86 mm, fan depth (thickness) of 25.4 mm, and hub diameter of 48 mm is presented. The blade setting angle and the chord lengths at the leading and trailing edges are varied in their suitable ranges to determine the optimal blade profiles. The fan static pressure head, volumetric flow rate, and flow velocity are calculated at various ambient pressures and rotational speeds. The optimal blade design in terms of maximum total-to-total pressure ratio and efficiency at the design point is obtained via CFD simulation.
2016-09-20
Technical Paper
2016-01-1997
Wei Wu, Yeong-Ren Lin, Louis Chow, Edmund Gyasi, John P. Kizito, Quinn Leland
Abstract The aircraft electromechanical actuator (EMA) cooling fan is a critical component because an EMA failure caused by overheating could lead to a catastrophic failure in aircraft. Fault tree analysis (FTA) is used to access the failure probability of EMA fans with the goal of improving their mean time to failure (MTTF) from ∼O(5×104) to ∼ O(2.5×109) hours without incurring heavy weight penalty and high cost. The dual-winding and dual-bearing approaches are analyzed and a contra rotating dual-fan design is proposed. Fan motors are assumed to be brushless direct current (BLDC) motors. To have a full understanding of fan reliability, all possible failure mechanisms and failure modes are taken into account.
2016-09-10
WIP Standard
AIR1811B
The purpose of this Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is to provide guidelines for the selection and design of airborne liquid cooling systems. This publication is applicable to liquid cooling systems of the closed loop type and the expendable coolant type in which the primary function is transporting of heat from its source to a heat sink. Most liquid cooling system applications are oriented toward the cooling of electronics. Liquid cooling techniques, heat sinks, design features, selection of coolants, corrosion control, and servicing requirements for these systems are presented. Information on vapor compression refrigeration systems, which are a type of cooling system, is found in Reference 1.
CURRENT
2016-09-09
Standard
J525_201609
This SAE Standard covers normalized electric-resistance welded, cold-drawn, single-wall, low-carbon steel pressure tubing intended for use as pressure lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, flaring, forming, and brazing.   In an effort to standardize within a global marketplace and ensuring that companies can remain competitive in an international market it is the intent to convert to metric tube sizes which will: • Lead to one global system • Guide users to preferred system • Reduce complexity • Eliminate inventory duplications
2016-09-03
WIP Standard
J1390
Three levels of fan structural analysis are included in this practice: 1. Initial Structural Integrity 2. In-vehicle Testing 3. Durability Test Methods The Initial Structural Integrity section describes analytical and test methods used to predict potential resonance and, therefore, possible fatigue accumulation. The In-vehicle (or machine) section enumerates the general procedure used to conduct a fan strain gage test. Various considerations that may affect the outcome of strain gage data have been described for the user of this procedure to adapt/discard depending on the particular application. The Durability Test Methods section describes the detailed test procedures that may be used depending on type of fan, equipment availability, and end objective. Each of the previous levels builds upon information derived from the previous level. Engineering judgment is required as to the applicability of each level to a different vehicle environment or a new fan design.
2016-08-17
WIP Standard
J1401

This SAE Standard specifies the performance tests and requirements for hydraulic brake hose assemblies used in the hydraulic braking system of a road vehicle. It also specifies the methods used for identification of the hose manufacturer.

This document applies to brake hose assemblies made of a hose fabricated from yarn and natural or synthetic elastomers and assembled with metal end fittings for use with nonpetroleum-base brake fluids as specified in SAE J1703, SAE J1704 and SAE J1705.

The nominal internal diameter of the brake hose shall fall within one of the following values:

    a. less than 4 mm (1/8 in or less)
    b. 4 to 5 mm (3/16 in)

2016-08-05
Magazine
Clearing the air Sensors, diagnostics and controls advance to help trap emissions. Bringing the heat on cooling technologies Electronic controls, variable-speed fans cool engines, heat aftertreatment systems. 3D printing machines can't be built fast enough In the additive manufacturing world, the costs of components are dropping, the technology is becoming more reliable and parts are fabricated faster, allowing industries beyond aerospace to adopt additive technologies, says Oak Ridge Lab's Ryan Dehoff.
CURRENT
2016-08-02
Standard
J1231_201608
This SAE Standard provides general and dimensional specifications for formed tube ends and hose fittings. These connections are intended for general applications in low pressure automotive and hydraulic systems on automotive, industrial, and commercial products. The fittings shown in Figures 2 and 3 are intended to be retained by hose clamps as specified in SAE J1508. It is recommended that where step sizes or additional types of fittings are required, they be designed to conform with the specifications of this document insofar as they may apply. The following general specifications shall supplement the dimensional data contained in the tables with respect to all unspecified detail.
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