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2015-08-04 ...
  • August 4-6, 2015 (2 Sessions) - Live Online
Training / Education Online Web Seminars
This web seminar provides an in-depth overview of diesel engine noise including combustion and mechanical noise sources. In addition, the instructor will discuss a system approach to automotive integration including combining sub-systems and components to achieve overall vehicle noise and vibration goals.
2015-06-22
Event
The diesel NVH session is focused on issues related to making diesel engines achieve better NVH characteristics. Topics include both analytical and experimental techniques for developing low noise diesel engines and components. Related topics covered in this session include linear and torsional vibration of diesel engines, as well as features intended to reduce diesel specific intake and exhaust noise problems, such as turbocharger whine.
2015-06-01 ...
  • June 1-5, 2015 (8:00 a.m. - 8:00 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Engineering Academies
This Academy covers the diesel engine engineering principles and practices necessary to effectively understand a modern diesel engine. Types of engines addressed include naturally aspirated, turbocharged, pre-chamber, open chamber, light duty, and heavy duty. It is an intensive learning experience comprised of lecture and structured practical sessions, including a team-solved case study problem. Evening sessions are included. Attendees will receive a copy of the textbook, Diesel Emissions and Their Control, by lead instructor Magdi K. Khair and W. Addy Majewski. Over 300 professionals from across...
2015-04-21 ...
  • April 21-22, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Detroit, Michigan
  • August 24-25, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
  • December 8-9, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Norwalk, California
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
Attendees to the seminars held in conjunction with the SAE 2015 World Congress will receive COMPLETE access to Congress activities for only $55 per day. If interested, please contact our Customer Service department at +1.877.606.7323 (U.S. and Canada only) or +1.724.776.4970 (outside U.S. and Canada) to register for this special Congress daily rate. As diesel engines become more popular, a fundamental knowledge of diesel technology is critical for anyone involved in the diesel engine support industry. This course will explain the fundamental technology of diesel engines starting with a short but...
2015-03-26 ...
  • March 26-27, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
Meeting the requirements of heavy-duty engine emissions regulations is a challenge for all engine manufacturers. Since the introduction of Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) in medium and heavy-duty diesel engines, these systems have become more sophisticated and tightly integrated with emission control systems. This 2-day seminar will explore the advantages and disadvantages of EGR and the most effective implementation of various EGR systems. This seminar will begin by defining EGR and why it is used in diesel engines, along with an explanation of the mechanisms by which EGR is able to reduce NOx....
2014-11-20
Event
Papers in this session will pertain to studies of naturally aspirated and boosted diesel engines including their design, emission control, NVH, fuel system, fuel type, aftertreatment, combustion quality, or engine control.
2014-11-19
Event
Papers in this session will pertain to studies of naturally aspirated and boosted diesel engines including their design, emission control, NVH, fuel system, fuel type, aftertreatment, combustion quality, or engine control.
2014-11-19
Event
Papers in this session will pertain to studies of naturally aspirated and boosted diesel engines including their design, emission control, NVH, fuel system, fuel type, aftertreatment, combustion quality, or engine control.
2014-11-19
Event
Papers in this session will pertain to studies of naturally aspirated and boosted diesel engines including their design, emission control, NVH, fuel system, fuel type, aftertreatment, combustion quality, or engine control.
2014-11-18 ...
  • November 18, 2014 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
  • April 13, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
The improved efficiencies of the modern diesel engine have led to its increased use within the mobility industry. The vast majority of these diesel engines employ a high-pressure common rail fuel injection system to increase the engine's fuel-saving potential, emissions reduction, and overall performance. This one-day seminar will begin with a review of the basic principles of diesel engines and fuel injection systems. Diesel and alternative fuels will be discussed, followed by current and emerging diesel engine applications. The majority of the day will be dedicated to the common rail system itself,...
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0086
Yasufumi Yoshimoto, Eiji Kinoshita, Kazuyo Fushimi, Masayuki Yamada
Abstract This paper describes the influence of different kinds of FAME (fatty acid methyl ester) on the smoke emissions of a small single cylinder DI diesel engine and the soot formation characteristics in suspended single droplet combustion. The study used eight kinds of commercial FAME and diesel fuel blends. The tested FAMEs are saturated fatty acids with 8 to 18 carbon molecule chains, and with three different double bonds with C18. The results show that with all the FAME mixtures here, the brake thermal efficiencies with the FAME-diesel fuel blends were similar to neat diesel fuel operation while the smoke emissions with all of the tested FAME-diesel fuel blends were lower. To examine the differences in the soot formation characteristics, measurements of the formed soot mass were also performed with a basic experimental technique with suspended single droplet combustion. The soot was trapped on a glass fiber filter, and the mass of the filter was measured with an electronic microbalance.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0128
Francisco Payri, José Javier Lopez, Benjamin Pla, Diana Graciano Bustamante
Abstract Direct injection compression ignited (CI) engines are today's most efficient engine technology, granting efficiencies exceeding 40% for their optimal operation point. In addition, a strong technological development has allowed the CI engine to overcome its traditional weak points: both its pollutant emissions and the gap in specific power regarding its competitor, i.e. the spark ignited (SI) engine, have been noticeably reduced. Particularly, the increase in specific power has led to the downsizing as an effective method to improve vehicle efficiency. Despite the reduction in total displacement, the cylinder displacement of current CI engines is still around 0.5 liters. For some applications (urban light duty vehicles, Range Extenders…) it may be interesting to reduce the engine displacement to address power targets around 20kW with high efficiencies. This paper assesses the thermo- and fluid-dynamic limitations which make challenging extending the application of automotive CI engines to the low power region: Firstly, space limitations for injection and combustion processes.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0130
Takashi Onishi, Tomoya Akitomo, Yuichi Tamaki, Yoshikazu Takemoto, Hideyuki Goto, Mitsugu Okuda
Abstract All of non-road diesel engines over 19 kW in North America are required to reduce further Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) and Particulate Matter (PM) to meet US EPA emissions regulation. Especially, it is necessary to reduce PM emission up to one-tenth as conventional. In addition to improve combustion in engine, it is needed to add exhaust gas after-treatment device to reduce PM emission. It is necessary for diesel engine with exhaust gas after-treatment device, to have Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) regeneration system, which burns periodically PM in DPF. Generally, DPF regeneration is implemented by using post injection with common rail system. However, post injection is not available in small diesel engine which has mechanical injection system and IDI combustion system instead of common rail system. As an alternative way, an original fuel reformer technique is introduced for DPF regeneration. Fuel reformer is located in the upper exhaust gas flow of DPF, and works independently from fuel injection system of engine.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0132
Hiroki Ikeda, Norimasa Iida, Hiroshi Kuzuyama, Tsutomu Umehara, Takayuki Fuyuto
A combustion method called Noise Cancelling Spike (NC-Spike) Combustion has been reported in the co-author’s previous paper, which reduces combustion noise in pre-mixed charge compression ignition (PCCI) with split injection. This NC-Spike Combustion uses interference of the following “spike” of pressure rise (heat release) on the preceding peak of pressure rise. The overall combustion noise was reduced by lowering the maximum frequency component of the noise spectrum. The period of this frequency is two times of the time interval between the two peaks of the pressure rise rate. This maximum load range of conventional PCCI combustion is limited by the combustion noise, since the maximum pressure rise rate increases as the amount of injected fuel increases. The NC-Spike Combustion has a potential to extend of the operating range of PCCI combustion. In this paper, we investigates feasibility and controllability of the two-peak heat release rate during high temperature heat release by adding fuel in the adiabatic compression process of pre-mixed gas.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0134
Giovanni Bonandrini, Rita Di Gioia, Luca Venturoli, Domenico Papaleo, Lucio Postrioti, Leonardo Zappalà
Diesel engine technology is continuously focused on higher performances and lower fuel consumption. Reduced costs and lower emission levels are key factors in engine development too, in particular for small diesel engine, both for on-road and non-road application. Nowadays, common rail injection systems with electronic actuation of the injector are widely used in diesel engines, due to the high flexibility in terms of calibration and the possibility to use advanced injection strategies. In fact, in order to fulfill emission legislation requirements, to improve engine performance and to reduce fuel consumption, the amount and timing of the injected fuel have to be controlled with high precision. Nevertheless, conventional common rail systems are quite complicated mainly due to the complex indirect actuation of the injector, and the engine fuel consumption can be penalized in low and medium load conditions due to the recirculation of significant quantities of pumped fuel at high pressure.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0135
Silvana Di Iorio, Agnese Magno, Ezio Mancaruso, Bianca Maria Vaglieco, Luigi Arnone, Lorenzo Dal Bello
The present paper describes the results of an experimental activity performed on a small diesel engine for quadricycles, a category of vehicles that is widespreading in Europe and is recently spreading over Indian countries. The engine is a prototype three-cylinder with 1000 cc of displacement and it is equipped with a direct common-rail injection system that reaches a maximum pressure of 1400 bar. The engine was designed to comply with Euro 4 emission standard that is a future regulation for these vehicles. It is worth underline that the engine can meet emission limits just with EGR system and an oxidation catalyst, without DPF. Various blends of biodiesels, 50%volume with diesel fuel, were tested; pure biofuels were also used. The investigation was performed at several engine speeds, at medium and full load, respectively. Combustion characteristics of biofuels were analysed by means of in-cylinder pressure and rate of heat release. Gaseous emissions were measured at the exhaust. A smoke meter was used to measure the particulate matter concentration.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0133
Yuzuru Nada, Yusuke Komatsubara, Thang Pham, Fumiya Yoshii, Yoshiyuki Kidoguchi
In this study, we investigated relationship between flame behaviors and NOx emissions using a rapid compression machine incorporating a small combustion chamber with a bore diameter of 60 mm and a displaced volume of 100 cc. A total gas sampling device was used to measure the NOx concentration in total gases existing in the combustion chamber at a designated time, which allows the evaluation of NOx production rate in combustion process. Temporal temperature distributions in the chamber were measured with high speed 2-color thermometry. Two types of injectors with 4 and 8 injection holes were used in the experimental trials. Gas oil (JIS #2) was used as the fuel, and injected into the chamber at pressures of 100 MPa and 160 MPa. Ambient pressures at fuel injection timing were set to 4 MPa and 8 MPa in order to investigate the effect of supercharging on combustion behaviors in the chamber. The temperature of ambient air was kept constant at 850 K in all experimental trials. A NOx concentration measured with the total gas sampling device increases at a stage of diffusion combustion following after a premixed combustion stage.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0123
Vishnu Kumar Kuduva Shanthulal, Kannan Marudachalam, V Pattabiraman, S Jabez Dhinagar, Chandramouli Padmanabhan
Abstract The diesel power train (engine and transmission) is the most significant mass contributor in a three- wheeled vehicle. High idling vibrations from the engine get transmitted to the structure and the body panels through the engine mounts. Isolation of these vibrations by proper design of rubber mounts is the most effective engineering approach to improve ride quality of vehicle. In the present study, a mathematical model of the powertrain and mount system is developed; with the engine and transmission being assumed to behave as a rigid body (6 degrees-of-freedom) and the compliance comes from the mounts. As a first step, the modes and natural frequencies are obtained. Following this the response to unbalanced inertial forces for an excitation frequency range of 20-60 Hz (1200-3600 rpm) has been obtained. The model is validated by comparing its results with results of previous published research work. Also, motoring experiments are conducted on a baseline configuration to obtain the vibration response at mounts and mode shapes through ODS (Operational Deflection Shape) for validating the math model.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0125
Mohd Al-Hafiz Mohd Nawi, Yoshiyuki Kidoguchi, Misato Nakagiri, Naoya Uwa, Yuzuru Nada, Seiji Miyashiro
Abstract High boosting technology is commonly applied to diesel engines in recent years. Amid this trend, the study of spray behavior at ignition delay period still plays an important role in diesel combustion. This study focuses on the effect of ambient condition on diesel spray. The study investigates both macro-scale and micro-scale dynamic behaviors of diesel spray affected by ambient density and temperature at early stage of injection. A study via dual nano-spark shadowgraph method and rapid compression machine has been carried out to simulate real diesel engine combustion and to further understand the dynamics behavior of droplet evaporation and size distribution at early stage of mixture formation in the chamber. The micro-scale images captured reveal a shape variation of branch-like structures formed at the spray boundary. The evaporation of droplets is also captured clearly in macro- and micro scale photographs under the condition of high temperature ambient. Detailed observation and analysis of the images show that high ambient density affects the spray atomization at the upper stream of diesel spray at the early stage of injection.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0124
Keiya Nishida, Kuichun LI, Takeru Matsuo, Daisuke Shimo, Wu Zhang
Abstract Spray characteristics under very small injection amount injected by the hole-type nozzle for a D.I. Diesel engine were investigated using the spray test rig consisting a high-pressure and high-temperature constant volume vessel with optical accesses and a common rail injection system. The Laser Absorption Scattering (LAS) technique was used to visualize the liquid and vapor phase distributions in the evaporating spray. In the very small injection amount condition of the evaporating and free (no wall impingement) spray, the both spray tip penetration and spray angle are larger than those of the non-evaporating free spray. This tendency contradicts the previous observation of the diesel spray with large injection amount and the quasi steady state momentum theory. In the case of the spray impinging on a 2-dimensional piston cavity wall, the spray tip penetration of the evaporating spray is larger than that of the non-evaporating spray. Discussion was made on the mechanisms behind these spray behaviors.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0127
Hideyuki Ogawa, Gen Shibata, Yuhei Noguchi, Mutsumi Numata
Abstract Diesel-like combustion of an emulsified blend of water and diesel fuel in a constant volume chamber vessel was visualized with high speed color video, further analyzing with a 2-D two color method and shadowgraph images. When the temperature at the fuel injection is 900 K, here while the combustion with unblended diesel fuel in the vessel is similar to ordinary diesel combustion with diffusive combustion, combustion with the emulsified fuel is similar to premixed diesel combustion with a large premixed combustion and very little diffusive combustion. With the emulsified fuel the flame luminosity and temperature are lower, the luminous flame and high temperature regions are smaller, and the duration of the luminous flame is shorter than with diesel fuel. This is due to promotion of premixing with increases in the ignition delay and decreases in the combustion temperature with the water vaporization. The soot number density (total KL factor) with the water emulsified fuel is smaller than with the diesel fuel.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0126
Giovanni Vichi, Isacco Stiaccini, Alessandro Bellissima, Ryota Minamino, Lorenzo Ferrari, Giovanni Ferrara
Abstract A condition monitoring activity consists in the analysis of several information from the engine and the subsequent data elaboration to assess its operating condition. By means of a continuous supervision of the operating conditions the internal combustion engine performance can be maintained at design-level in the long term. The growing use of turbocharger (TC) in automotive field suggests to use the TC speed as a possible feedback of engine operating condition. Indeed, the turbocharger behavior is influenced by the thermo and fluid-dynamic conditions in the cylinder exhaust port: this feature suggests that the TC speed could provide useful data about the engine cycle. In this study the authors describe a theoretical and numerical analysis focused on the TC speed in a four stroke turbo-diesel engine. The purpose of this study is to highlight whether the TC speed allows one to detect the variation of the engine parameters. In addition, when the TC speed alone is not sufficient to detect the variation in the engine operating conditions, the proper set of additional, easy-to-measure, engine parameters is studied to univocally identify the causes of the variation.
2014-11-11
Technical Paper
2014-32-0129
Giancarlo Chiatti, Erasmo Recco, Ornella Chiavola, Silvia Conforto
Abstract In the last years, the increasing concern for the environmental issues of IC engines has promoted the development of new strategies capable of reducing both pollutant emissions in atmosphere and noise radiation. Engines can produce different types of noise: 1) aerodynamic noise due to intake and exhaust systems and 2) surface radiated noise. Identification and analysis of noise sources are essential to evaluate the individual contribution (injection, combustion, piston slap, turbocharger, oil pump, valves) to the overall noise with the aim of selecting appropriate control strategies. Previous paper focused on the combustion related noise emission. The research activity aimed at diagnosing and controlling the combustion process via acoustic measurements. The optimal placement of the microphone was selected, where the signal was strongly correlated to the in-cylinder pressure development during the combustion process. Analysis and processing of the sound emission allowed the acoustic contribution of the combustion event to be isolated.
2014-11-10 ...
  • November 10-11, 2014 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Chennai, India
  • November 13-14, 2014 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Pune, India
  • April 23-24, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Detroit, Michigan
  • October 22-23, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
Attendees to the seminars held in conjunction with the SAE 2015 World Congress will receive COMPLETE access to Congress activities for only $55 per day. If interested, please contact our Customer Service department at +1.877.606.7323 (U.S. and Canada only) or +1.724.776.4970 (outside U.S. and Canada) to register for this special Congress daily rate. Engines can and do experience failures in the field in a variety of equipment, vehicles, and applications. On occasion, a single vehicle type or equipment family will even experience multiple engine failures leading to the inevitable need to determine...
2014-11-06 ...
  • November 6-7, 2014 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
  • May 14-15, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
  • October 19-20, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
Stringent requirements of reduced NOx emission limits in the US have presented engineers and technical staff with numerous challenges. Several in-cylinder technical solutions have been developed for diesel engines to meet 2010 emission standards. These technologies have been optimized and have yielded impressive engine-out results in their ability to reduce emissions to extremely low levels. However, current and state-of-the-art in-cylinder solutions have fallen short of achieving the limits imposed on diesel emissions for 2010. To help meet emissions requirements, the catalyst industry has developed...
2014-10-22
Event
This session reviews advancements in heavy-duty engine oil technology and test methodology, focusing on achieving future emissions, durability and fuel efficiency expectations both in North America and Europe.
2014-10-22
Event
This session reviews advancements in heavy-duty engine oil technology and test methodology, focusing on achieving future emissions, durability and fuel efficiency expectations both in North America and Europe.
2014-10-21
Event
This session covers the Power Cylinder: piston, piston rings, piston pins, and connecting rods. The papers include information on reducing friction and increasing fuel economy, improving durability by understanding wear, and decreasing oil consumption and blow-by.
2014-10-21
Event
Mixed mode with auto ignition but inhomogeneous charge. Injection-controlled but with EOI before SOC. Papers describing experiments and test data, simulation results focused on applications, fuel/additive effects, combustion control, and PPC injection strategies are invited and will be placed in appropriate sub-sessions. Papers with an emphasis on the modeling aspects of combustion are encouraged to be submitted into PFL110 or PFL120 modeling sessions.
2014-10-21
Event
Mixed mode with auto ignition but inhomogeneous charge. Injection-controlled but with EOI before SOC. Papers describing experiments and test data, simulation results focused on applications, fuel/additive effects, combustion control, and PPC injection strategies are invited and will be placed in appropriate sub-sessions. Papers with an emphasis on the modeling aspects of combustion are encouraged to be submitted into PFL110 or PFL120 modeling sessions.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 11852

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