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Viewing 1 to 30 of 4528
2017-07-10
Technical Paper
2017-28-1921
Jyotirmoy Barman
Abstract Engine down speeding is rapidly picking up momentum in many segment of world market. Numerous engine down speeding packages from OEM have been tailored to take advantage of the increased efficiencies associated with engine down speeding. Running engine at lower rpm has numerous advantages. The most obvious of these is reduced fuel consumption, since the engine can spend more time running within its optimum efficiency range. By down speeding, the engine is made to run at low speeds and with high torques. For the same power, the engine is operated at higher specific load- Brake Mean Effective pressure (BMEP) which results in higher efficiency and reduced fuel consumption-Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC). The reasons for increased fuel efficiency are reduced engine friction due to low piston speeds, reduced relative heat transfer and increased thermodynamic efficiency.
CURRENT
2017-06-19
Standard
J1335_201706
Applies to hydraulic cylinders which are components of Off-Road Self-Propelled Work Machines defined in SAE J1116.
CURRENT
2017-06-16
Standard
J1525_201706
This SAE Recommended Practice describes a lap shear test method for use in measuring the bonding characteristics of automotive-type adhesives for joining fiber reinforced plastics (FRPs) to themselves and to metals.
CURRENT
2017-06-07
Standard
J820_201706
This document applies primarily to mobile cranes that lift loads by means of a drum and hoist line mechanism. It can be used to determine the hoist line speed and power of other hoist line mechanisms, if the load can be held constant and hoist line travel distance is sufficient for the accuracy of the line speed measurements prescribed. This recommended practice applies to all mechanical, hydraulic, and electric powered hoist mechanisms.
CURRENT
2017-06-07
Standard
J765_201706
This SAE Standard may be used for all revolving cranes wherein the capacity of the crane to support loads is based on its resistance to overturning. It is not applicable to cranes wherein the capacity of the crane is based on factors other than stability.
CURRENT
2017-06-05
Standard
J293_201706
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes minimum performance requirements for trucks, buses, truck-tractors, full trailers, and semitrailers with gross vehicle weight ratings greater than 4540 kg (10 000 lb) with regard to: a. Vehicle classification b. Vehicle load c. Percent grade d. Application force
2017-05-31
WIP Standard
ARP5794A
This specification covers the general requirements for aircraft tank mounted, centrifugal type, fuel booster pumps, used for engine fuel feed and/or fuel transfer.
CURRENT
2017-05-10
Standard
USCAR44
This specification describes a method and acceptance criteria for testing automotive wire harness retainer clips. Retainer clips are plastic parts that hold a wire harness or electrical connector in a specific position. Typical plastic retainers work by having a set of "branches" that can be inserted into a hole sized to be easy to install but provide acceptable retention. This specification tests retainer clips for mechanical retention when exposed to the mechanical and environmental stresses typically found in automotive applications over a 15-year service life. This specification has several test options to allow the test to match to the expected service conditions. The variability of applications typically arises a) from different ambient temperatures near the clip, different proximity to automotive fluids, different exposure to standing water or water spray and different thicknesses of the holes that the clip is inserted into.
2017-05-09
WIP Standard
J2253
This SAE Standard is intended to serve as a guide for the collection of physical, mechanical, and thermal properties of fiber-reinforced polymer composite materials for automotive structural applications. This document attempts to utilize test methods applicable to the widest range of structural materials and processes without compromising the integrity of the data being sought. A summary of the material characterization is shown in Section 15.
2017-05-09
WIP Standard
J1717
SAE J1717 is an advisory document suggesting minimum recommended testing, appearance evaluation, and protocol for specifying the recommendations with regard to Singular Unassembled Automotive interior trim Parts. The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to: a. standardize the testing and appearance evaluation requirements for interior unassembled plastic parts for the automotive industry; b. standardize the associated test and appearance evaluation methods; and c. Provide a method for specifying these requirements by the use of a simple line call-out designation.
CURRENT
2017-04-27
Standard
ARP1420C
The turbine-engine inlet flow distortion methodology addressed in this document applies only to the effects of inlet total-pressure distortion. Practices employed to quantify these effects continue to develop and, therefore, periodic updates are anticipated. The effects of other forms of distortion on flow stability and performance, and of any distortion on aeroelastic stability are not addressed. The guidelines can be used as necessary to create a development method to minimize the risk of inlet/engine compatibility problems. The degree to which guidelines for descriptor use, assessment techniques, and testing outlined in this document are applied to a specific program should be consistent with the expected severity of the compatibility problem.
2017-04-06
Event
The session addresses new theory, formation and modeling of amplitude-, frequency-, and temperature-dependent nonlinear components/systems such as mounts or bushings, shock absorbers, and joint friction/damping; dynamic characterization through lab and field testing; linearization methodology; Model validation, application and sensitivity analysis in vehicle system/subsystem simulations; Nonlinear system identification, modeling, and application in testing accuracy improvement.
CURRENT
2017-04-04
Standard
J68_201704
This SAE Recommended Practice covers standardized basic tests, test methods, and requirements applicable to electromechanical switching devices which may be used on snowmobiles as defined in SAE J33.
2017-04-04
Event
The focus of this session are the tests and test methods employed in the evaluation of the performance and durability of powertrain (engines, transmissions), driveline (4WD systems, driveshafts, axles), chassis (frame, suspensions, brakes, etc.) and body components, subsystems, and full vehicle systems.
2017-04-04
Event
The focus of this session are the tests and test methods employed in the evaluation of the performance and durability of powertrain (engines, transmissions), driveline (4WD systems, driveshafts, axles), chassis (frame, suspensions, brakes, etc.) and body components, subsystems, and full vehicle systems.
2017-03-30
WIP Standard
J745
This test code describes tests for determining characteristics of hydraulic positive displacement pumps used on construction and industrial machinery as referenced in SAE J1116. These characteristics are to be recorded on data sheets similar to the ones shown herein. Two sets of data sheets are to be submitted: one at 49 degrees C (120 degrees F) and one at 82 degrees C (180 degrees F). This test code establishes conditions for pump tests, outlines a procedure for tests, and establishes a method of presenting pump test data. The procedure covers the following determinations: a) derived capacity; b) delivery characteristics; c) power input; d) power loss; e) overall efficiency; f) pressure compensator response and recovery; g) flow compensator response and recovery.
2017-03-28
Journal Article
2017-01-0777
Gordon McTaggart-Cowan, Jian Huang, Sandeep Munshi
Abstract Natural gas offers the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from heavy-duty on-road transportation. One of the challenges facing natural gas as a fuel is that its composition can vary significantly between different fuel suppliers and geographical regions. In this work, the impact of fuel composition variations on a heavy-duty, direct injection of natural gas engine with diesel pilot ignition is evaluated. This combustion process results in a predominantly non-premixed gaseous fuel combustion event; as a result, end-gas autoignition (knock) is not a concern. Changes in the fuel composition do still impact the combustion, both through the changes in the chemical kinetics of the reactions and due to changes in the density of the fuel. Increasing concentrations of heavier hydrocarbons, such as ethane or propane, in the fuel lead to higher fuel densities and hence greater fuel mass being injected for a given injection duration.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-0738
Akhilendra Pratap Singh, Avinash Kumar Agarwal
Abstract Premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI) combustion is an advanced combustion technique, which has the potential to be operated by alternative fuels such as alcohols. PCCI combustion emits lower oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) and results thermal efficiency similar to conventional compression ignition (CI) engines. Due to extremely high heat release rate (HRR), PCCI combustion cannot be used at higher engine loads, which make it difficult to be employed in production grade engines. This study focused on development of an advanced combustion engine, which can operate in both combustion modes such as CI combustion as well as PCCI combustion mode. This Hybrid combustion system was controlled by an open engine control unit (ECU), which varied the fuel injection parameters for mode switching between CI and PCCI combustion modes.
2017-03-28
Journal Article
2017-01-0743
Kukwon Cho, Eric Latimer, Matthew Lorey, David J. Cleary, Mark Sellnau
Abstract Fuel efficiency and emission performance sensitivity to fuel reactivity was examined using Delphi’s second-generation Gasoline Direct-Injection Compression Ignition (Gen 2.0 GDCI) multi-cylinder engine. The study was designed to compare a US market gasoline (RON 92 E10) to a higher reactivity gasoline (RON 80) at four operating conditions ranging from light load of 800 rpm / 2.0 bar gross indicated-mean-effective pressure (IMEPg) to medium load of 2000 rpm / 10.0 bar IMEPg. The experimental assessment indicated that both gasolines could achieve good performance and Tier 3 emission targets at each of the four operating conditions. Relative to the RON 92 E10 gasoline, better fuel consumption and engine-out emissions performance was achieved when using RON 80 gasoline; consistent with our previously reported single-cylinder engine research [1].
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-0381
L. Karthik, R. Dinesh Kumar, E. Prasanna Kumar, V. Srinivasa Chandra
Abstract This abstract work describes a method of data acquisition and validation procedure followed for a metal bumper used in commercial vehicle application. Covariance is considered as major phenomenon for repeatable measurements in proving ground data acquisition and it is to be maintained less than 0.05. In this project covariance of data acquisition is analyzed before physical simulation of acquired data. In addition to that, multiple testing conditions like uni-axial and bi-axial testing were carried out to attain the failure. PG data is used for bi-axial vibration test and conventional constant spectrum signal (CSD signal) is used for uni-axial vibration test. Target duration for uni-axial test (Z direction) was arrived using pseudo damage calculation. Strain gauges were installed in failure locations to compare PG data and rig data as well as to calculate strain life. Failures were simulated in bi-axial vibration test.
2017-03-28
Journal Article
2017-01-0380
Liang Wang, Robert Burger, Alan Aloe
Abstract As an automobile is driven, its components and structures consistently experience the random excitations from road inputs and periodic vibration from engine firing. This could cause durability issues if the component structure isn’t fully validated. Vibration fatigue is a field of study regarding the assessment and improvement of a component’s or system’s robustness to vibration inputs. This paper introduces aspects of vibration fatigue to help designers, release engineers, and test engineers better understand the requirements, testing methodologies available, and strategies for improving vibration fatigue performance for the design and validation testing of their products. Vibration characteristics such as typical vibration levels and frequency content for varied areas in the automotive environment are introduced. Methodologies available for conducting actual vibration testing are introduced with listed advantages and disadvantages.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-0384
Bo Zhang, Qingzhu Cai, Yong Lu, Jianfeng Wang, Lei Wang, Wenqian Chen, Lie Yao, Yuqing Gu, Tao Gu, Shawn S. You
Abstract ADAMS, SIMULINK, and ADAMS-SIMULINK co-simulation models of component test systems, Multi-Axis-Simulation-Table (MAST) systems, and spindle-coupled vehicle testing system (MTS 329) were created. In the ADAMS models, the mechanical parts, joints, and bushings were modeled. Hydraulic and control elements were absent. The SIMULINK models modeled control and hydraulic elements including actuator dynamics, servo valve dynamics, closed loop control, three-variable control, matrix control, and coordinate transformation. However, the specimen had to be simplified due to the limitation of SIMULINK software. The ADAMS-SIMULINK co-simulation models considered hydraulic and control components in the SIMULINK portion and mechanical components in ADAMS portion. The interaction between the ADAMS and SIMULINK portions was achieved using ADAMS/Control.
2017-03-28
Journal Article
2017-01-0647
Bradley Denton, Christopher Chadwell, Raphael Gukelberger, Terrence Alger
Abstract The Dedicated EGR (D-EGR®) engine has shown improved efficiency and emissions while minimizing the challenges of traditional cooled EGR. The concept combines the benefits of cooled EGR with additional improvements resulting from in-cylinder fuel reformation. The fuel reformation takes place in the dedicated cylinder, which is also responsible for producing the diluents for the engine (EGR). The D-EGR system does present its own set of challenges. Because only one out of four cylinders is providing all of the dilution and reformate for the engine, there are three “missing” EGR pulses and problems with EGR distribution to all 4 cylinders exist. In testing, distribution problems were realized which led to poor engine operation. To address these spatial and temporal mixing challenges, a distribution mixer was developed and tested which improved cylinder-to-cylinder and cycle-to-cycle variation of EGR rate through improved EGR distribution.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-0405
Tianqi Lv, Xingxing Feng, Peijun Xu, Yunqing Zhang
Abstract Three constitutive models which capture the amplitude and frequency dependency of filled elastomers are implemented for the conventional engine mounts of automotive powertrain mounting system (PMS). Firstly, a multibody dynamic model of a light duty truck is proposed, which includes 6 degrees of freedom (DOFs) for the PMS. Secondly, Three constitutive models for filled elastomers are implemented for the engine mounts of the PMS, including: (1) Model 1: Kelvin-Voigt model; (2) Model 2: Fractional derivative Kelvin-Voigt model combined with Berg’s friction; (3) Model 3: Generalized elastic viscoelastic elastoplastic model. The nonlinear behaviors of dynamic stiffness and damping of the mounts are investigated. Thirdly, simulations of engine vibration dynamics are presented and compared with these models and the differences between common Kelvin-Voigt model and other constitutive models are observed and analyzed.
2017-03-28
Technical Paper
2017-01-0402
Zhigang Zhang, Shi Xiaohui, Ye Bin
Abstract Based on the formation mechanism of engaging force of clutch, the engagement was divided into four stages: idle stage, cushion spring stage, diaphragm spring stage and locked stage. The mechanism of transmitted torque in each stage was analyzed and the transmitted torque model of clutch was deduced. Multi-load step analysis method based on finite element was used to analyze the coupling load-deformation characteristics of diaphragm spring and cushion spring in engagement, and the change laws of engaging force, diaphragm spring force and release bearing force were achieved and their coupling interaction were studied. And then change of friction coefficient of clutch with oscillating temperature was measured on friction test rig, and effect of temperature on transmitted torque was further discussed. Finally, simulation results of transmitted torque were validated by the experiment. Results indicate that the transmitted torque in clutch engagement has a nonlinear characteristic.
2017-03-28
Journal Article
2017-01-0391
Daniel Meyer, Peter Maehling, Thomson Varghese, Jeffery Lewis
Abstract Precise and accurate internal-combustion engine pressure measurements are typically built upon extremely low level piezoelectric sensor signals acquired in the laboratory. In turn, these minute signals must be accurately conditioned using electronic charge amplifiers and then processed for meaningful analysis. Laboratory standard operating procedures often overlook the importance of timely and rigorous calibration of the equipment, or perform them without using sufficient environmental controls. In some facilities, years have been allowed to pass between metrology-quality calibrations, introducing the potential for significant out-of-tolerance conditions and non-compliance when compared to accredited measurement standards.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 4528

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