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Viewing 1 to 30 of 3094
2015-10-08
Event
CV202 discusses the modeling, analysis, and validation of commercial vehicle chassis, suspension, and tire modeling and simulation. Topics include commercial vehicle dynamics; chassis control devices such as ABS, traction control, yaw/roll stability control, and their interaction with suspension controls; modeling and simulation of ride comfort, as well as passive and active suspension control methodologies. Authors are encouraged to discuss the validation of their modeling and simulation.
2015-10-08
Event
CV202 discusses the modeling, analysis, and validation of commercial vehicle chassis, suspension, and tire modeling and simulation. Topics include commercial vehicle dynamics; chassis control devices such as ABS, traction control, yaw/roll stability control, and their interaction with suspension controls; modeling and simulation of ride comfort, as well as passive and active suspension control methodologies. Authors are encouraged to discuss the validation of their modeling and simulation.
2015-10-08
Event
This session focuses on the validation of commercial vehicles for durability and life and the measurements associated with them. Included are component testing of chassis and suspensions, shaker testing, proving ground, and road testing, comparison of test with CAE simulations, and characterization of customer durability requirements.
2015-10-07
Event
CV202 discusses the modeling, analysis, and validation of commercial vehicle chassis, suspension, and tire modeling and simulation. Topics include commercial vehicle dynamics; chassis control devices such as ABS, traction control, yaw/roll stability control, and their interaction with suspension controls; modeling and simulation of ride comfort, as well as passive and active suspension control methodologies. Authors are encouraged to discuss the validation of their modeling and simulation.
2015-10-07
Event
CV202 discusses the modeling, analysis, and validation of commercial vehicle chassis, suspension, and tire modeling and simulation. Topics include commercial vehicle dynamics; chassis control devices such as ABS, traction control, yaw/roll stability control, and their interaction with suspension controls; modeling and simulation of ride comfort, as well as passive and active suspension control methodologies. Authors are encouraged to discuss the validation of their modeling and simulation.
2015-09-27
Technical Paper
2015-01-2692
Giulia Garello, Niccolò Patron, Pietro Buonfico, Luca Martinotto
Nature of braking friction is extremely complex and a deeper understanding of the physical mechanisms that govern the energy dissipation at the interface of friction pair is an important tool to create an even deeper knowledge of tribological behavior of friction material. Friction brakes need to transform kinetic energy into heat: a complete knowledge of thermal effects during this process in every brake component is an essential part of brake design. As referred to brake pads, the analysis of dyno testing data highlighted experimental evidences related to thermo-mechanical effects, such as the different wear resistance capabilities of material classes (NAO and Low Steel). Tribological characteristics are not constant under all testing conditions and they strongly depend on temperature being the direct consequence of kinetic energy dissipation. The aim of this work is to explain the relation between wear and energy for different type of friction materials.
2015-09-27
Journal Article
2015-01-2670
Achim Reich, Angelo Sarda, Martin Semsch
Residual brake torque (RBT) is generated in disc brakes as a result of contact (dynamic friction) between brake disc and brake pads when the braking system is not actuated. Among the negative implications of RBT are, notably, dispensable additional fuel consumption as well as increased pad wear, which can also unfold as uneven along the pads` surfaces. The paper is based on extensive knowledge acquired through manifold measurement-based studies and contains a comprehensive assessment of the main topics related to the subject. Aiming to provide an overview about the motivation and importance of efforts to reduce RBT, effects on the environment as well as on consumption of resources are contemplated both within a general frame and for a number of selected specific cases.
2015-09-27
Journal Article
2015-01-2694
Cheng Ruan, Lijun Zhang, Dejian Meng
During light to moderate braking at high speed, the local high temperature phenomenon can be observed on the brake disc surfaces, known as hot spots. The occurrence of hot spots will lead to negative effects such as brake performance fade, thermal judder and local wear, which seriously affect the performance of vehicle NVH. In this paper, based on the bench test of a ventilated disc brake, the basic characteristics of hot spots is obtained and the evolution process of temperature field and disc deformation is analyzed in detail. In temperature field, hot bands appear first and grow, migrate from inner and outer radius to the middle, with the growing temperature fluctuation and finally hot spots appear in the middle radius of the brake disc. The stable SRO waviness forms much earlier than the temperature fluctuation. In the stop brake studied in this paper, the SRO waviness stabilizes in main 7 order state which is lower than the final hot spot order.
2015-09-15
Technical Paper
2015-01-2546
Sylvain Delrieu
Abstract To perform a complete aircraft certification plan, civil aviation test centres use specific flight test installations and ground test means. In this scope tests specialists operate ground test means which have a generic name Laboratory Tests Means (LTM) to validate aircraft functions. Today these functions are becoming more and more complex, moreover certification deadlines and tests campaign costs are becoming increasingly challenging and demand LTM use optimization. In this context current LTM development approach is no longer suitable to cover these new constraints. Currently LTMs start to be designed when testing strategy for a new aircraft is defined and design is quite specific. Drawbacks of such an approach are: tunnel effect for LTM development, no simple sharing of testing resources, LTM reuse is not easy, LTM upgrade requires re-engineering and many LTMs have to be maintained even if only partially used.
2015-09-15
Technical Paper
2015-01-2548
Andreas Himmler
Abstract Hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) testing is indispensable in the software development process for control units and has been an integral part of the software development process for years. Large HIL systems for integration tests are used to test the correct behavior of distributed functions and the communication between the control units. The vast development programs that are involved require building duplicates of such test systems or parts of them, due to the fact that the tasks are distributed between different companies or different departments within a company. However, there is an alternative to duplicating a test system. Instead of using a cloned system, coupling HIL systems over large distances is an alternate approach. This paper presents what requirements this coupling must fulfill and and describes a path-breaking method to fulfill them. In addition, results of an implementation are shown.
2015-09-15
Technical Paper
2015-01-2553
Markus Dahlweid, Jörg Brauer, Jan Peleska
Abstract Model-based development is a well-established and widely used technique to design and implement systems by specifying the overall architecture of a system and its behavior directly in modeling tools such as PTC Integrity Modeler, Enterprise Architect, Modelio, or Papyrus/Eclipse. The next step forward in this process is using the same framework also for the design and specification of the tests for these systems. Verified Systems International GmbH offers with RT-Tester MBT a novel approach to model-based embedded systems testing, which we are going to present in this paper. Model-based testing (MBT) offers automated generation of test cases, test data and test procedures for model-in-the-loop, hardware-in-the-loop and system testing from UML/SysML models describing the intended system behavior [17,20].
2015-09-06
Technical Paper
2015-24-2504
Gerben Doornbos, Emma Adams, Per-Anders Carlsson, Daniel Dahl, Mats Laurell, Håkan Schyllander, Par Gabrielsson, Milica Folic, Ingemar Denbratt, Magnus Skoglundh
Commercial three way catalysts have limited capacity towards reducing NOx in the presence of excessive oxygen. This prevents lean-burn combustion concepts from meeting legislative emission standards. A solution towards decreasing NOx emissions in the presence of excess air is the use of a passive-SCR system. Under rich conditions ammonia is formed over an ammonia formation catalyst, the ammonia is stored in the SCR and in its turn reacts with the NOx under lean engine conditions. Here up-scaled Pt/Al2O3 and Pd/Al2O3 catalysts as well as a commercially Pd-Rh based three-way catalyst (TWC) are evaluated using both engine and further lab-scale tests. The purpose of these tests is to compare the ammonia production for the various catalysts under various lambda values and temperatures by means of engine and lab scale tests. The Pd/Al2O3 showed little sensitivity to temperature both under engine and lab scale experiments.
2015-09-06
Technical Paper
2015-24-2509
Maria Vittoria Prati, Giovanni Meccariello, Livia Della Ragione, Maria Antonietta Costagliola
The aim of this study is to investigate the parameters influencing the real driving emission monitoring with particular attention towards the influence of road gradient. For this purpose, an experimental activity was carried out with a Euro 5 Diesel light-duty vehicle, driven along two tracks of Naples characterized by a different road gradient: the first pattern is quite flat, the second includes positive (+2.9%) and negative (−3.6%) road gradient. Exhaust emissions of CO, THC, NOx, CO2 were acquired on road by using a portable emission measuring system (PEMS) connected also to the Engine Control Unit for saving the main engine parameters and to the GPS for the geographical coordinates and altitude. The acquired speed profiles were repeated on the chassis-dynamometer without simulating the road gradient.
2015-09-06
Technical Paper
2015-24-2510
Jan Czerwinski, Pierre Comte, Martin Güdel, Andreas Mayer, Jacques Lemaire, Felix Reutimann, Adm Heinz Berger
Abstract As a result of increased use of catalytic exhaust aftertreatment systems of vehicles and the low-sulfur Diesel fuels there is an increasing share of nitrogen dioxide NO2 in the ambient air of several cities. This is in spite of lowering the summary nitric oxides NOx emissions from vehicles. NO2 is much more toxic than nitrogen monoxide NO and it will be specially considered in the next legal testing procedures. There are doubts about the accuracy of analyzing the reactive substances from diluted gas and this project has the objective to show how NO2 is changing as it travels down through the exhaust- and the CVS systems. For legal measurements of NO2 a WLTP-DTP subgroup (Worldwide Light Duty Test Procedures - Diesel Test Procedures) proposed different combinations of NOx-analyzers and analysis of NO and NOx. Some of these set-ups were tested in this work.
2015-09-06
Technical Paper
2015-24-2517
Piotr Bielaczyc, Joseph Woodburn, Andrzej Szczotka
Abstract Particulate matter in vehicular exhaust is now under great scrutiny. In the EU, direct injection spark ignition (DISI) engines running on petrol now have limits for particulate emissions set for both mass and number. Current legislative test procedures represent a best-case scenario - more aggressive driving cycles and lower ambient temperatures can increase particulate emissions massively. Ambient temperature is generally the environmental parameter of most importance regarding particulate emissions from an engine, particularly for the reasonably brief periods of operation typical for passenger cars operating from a cold start. Two Euro 5 vehicles with DI SI engines were laboratory tested at three ambient temperatures on two different commercially available fuels, with particulate emissions results compared to results from the same fuels when the vehicles were tested at 25°C.
2015-09-06
Technical Paper
2015-24-2524
José Lujan, José V. Pastor, Héctor Climent, Manuel Rivas
Abstract On actual gasoline turbocharged engines it is common to use a compressor by-pass valve in order to solve the compressor surge problem when the throttle pedal position is released and closes rapidly. The paper deals with a methodology based on experiments to measure the discharge coefficient of an integrated compressor by-pass valve, to understand the possible difference between the steady flow test bench and turbocharger test bench discharge coefficient measurements. To determine if there is some compressor outlet flow field influence due to compressor blades rotation that could modify the discharge coefficient measurement, compared to the steady flow test bench measurements, a fully instrumented turbocharger was used to measure the difference between steady flow test bench and turbocharger test bench discharge coefficients results.
2015-09-06
Technical Paper
2015-24-2391
Dimitris Tsokolis, Stefanos Tsiakmakis, Georgios Triantafyllopoulos, Anastasios Kontses, Zisis Toumasatos, Georgios Fontaras, Athanasios Dimaratos, Biagio Ciuffo, Jelica Pavlovic, Alessandro Marotta, Zissis Samaras
The paper describes the development of a modelling approach to simulate the effect of the new Worldwide harmonized Light duty Test Procedure (WLTP) on the certified CO2 emissions of light duty vehicles. The European fleet has been divided into a number of segments based on specific vehicle characteristics and technologies. Representative vehicles for each segment were selected. A test protocol has been developed in order to generate the necessary data for the validation of the vehicle simulation models. In order to minimize the sources of uncertainty and the effects of flexibilities, a reference “template model” was developed to be used in the study. Subsequently, vehicle models were developed using AVL Cruise simulation software based on the above mentioned template model. The various components and sub-modules of the models, as well as their input parameters, have been defined with the support of the respective OEMs.
2015-09-02
Standard
J577_201509
This SAE Recommended Practice provides procedures, and information to conduct vibration (impact) tests on lighting devices and their components as well as other safety equipment used on vehicles.
2015-09-02
Standard
J2087_201509
This SAE Standard provides test procedures, requirements, and guidelines for a daytime running light (DRL) function.
2015-08-27
Standard
J2418_201508
This SAE Recommended Practice describes the test procedures for conducting frontal impact restraint tests for heavy truck applications. Its purpose is to establish recommended test procedures that will standardize restraint system testing for heavy trucks. Descriptions of the test set-up, test instrumentation, photographic/video coverage, and the test fixtures are included.
2015-08-24
Standard
MAP749C
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice describes a method for conducting room temperature, contaminated fuel, endurance testing when the applicable specification requires nonrecirculation of the contaminants. The objective of the test is to determine the resistance of engine fuel system components to wear or damage caused by contaminated fuel operation. It is not intended as a test for verification of the component's filter performance and service life. ARP1827 is recommended for filter performance evaluation. The method described herein calls for nonrecirculation of the contaminants and is intended to provide a uniform distribution of the contaminant at the fuel system inlet. Two systems for contamination addition are included, the conveyer and the slurry injection system.
2015-08-24
Standard
ARP6028A
The FAA has issued Advisory Circular, AC43-207, that recommends re-correlation, trending or period checks. The FAA, AC43-207 bases their recommendation on ARP741. This paper describes a recommended practice and procedure for the configuration control requirements to maintain test cell correlation status. This is necessary to maintain performance measurement integrity, particularly when correlation approval is achieved by statistical trending. The configuration of a test facility that exists at the time when a correlation is being carried out should be "base lined" as a condition of correlation approval acceptance, and, be maintained during the time period that the respective correlation approval lasts. This defines test facility configuration control. This is due to the fact that a change in configuration may have the potential to change the established correlation factors and measured engine performance.
2015-08-12
Standard
J3010_201508
The SAE J2530 provides performance, sampling, test procedures, and marking requirements for wheels intended for normal highway use on passenger cars, light trucks, and multipurpose passenger vehicle. This Recommended Practice (which is separate from SAE J2530) specifies the workflow of the Wheel Conformity Assessment Program. This program allows wheel manufacturers to register their product compliant to SAE J3010. The following items precede display of “SAE J3010” on any particular wheel design: a. Manufacturer registration All manufactures with the objective to pursue registration, shall complete the registration as an individual manufacturer via the registrar’s website http://wheeldb.registrar.domain. The registration includes company contact information, wheels produced, and company identification marks. b.
2015-08-11
Standard
J2994_201508
The SAE Recommended Practice specifies a standardize method and test procedure to measure low pressure differential (< 1bar) brake component brake fluid flow performance. The standard can be utilized for flow measurements across hydraulic brake components such as master cylinders, apply system to chassis controls piping, or other sources of flow restriction in the low pressure side of the hydraulic brake system. It covers materials, manufacturing processes, and general properties required to meet the wide range of service encountered in automotive application. This specification covers only low pressure differential fluid flow and does not include measurement recommended practice for High Pressure differential (> 1 bar) flows.
2015-08-11
Standard
J2412_201508
This test method specifies the operating procedures for a controlled irradiance, xenon arc apparatus used for the accelerated exposure of various automotive interior trim components. Test duration as well as any exceptions to the specimen preparation and performance evaluation procedures contained in this document, are covered in material specifications of the different automotive manufacturers. Any deviation to this test method, such as filter combinations, is to be agreed upon by contractual parties.
2015-07-30
Standard
J3045_201507
This SAE recommended practice establishes a uniform, powered vehicle T.P. for lane departure warning systems used in highway trucks and buses greater than 4,546 kg (10,000 lb) GVW. Systems similar in function but different in scope and complexity, including Lane Keeping/Lane Assist and Merge Assist, are not included in this T.P. This T.P. does not apply to trailers, dollies, etc. This T.P. does not intend to exclude any particular system or sensor technology. The specification will test the functionality of the LDWS (e.g., ability to detect lane presence, and ability to detect an unintended lane departure), its ability to indicate LDWS engagement, its ability to indicate LDWS disengagement, and determine the point at which the LDWS notifies the Human Machine Interface (HMI) or vehicle control system that a lane departure event is detected. The HMI is not addressed herein, but is considered in SAE Standard J2808.
2015-07-28
Standard
J1699/3_201507
The main purpose of this Recommended Practice is to verify that vehicles are capable of communicating a minimum subset of information, in accordance with the diagnostic test services specified in SAE J1979: E/E Diagnostic Test Modes, or the equivalent document ISO 15031-5: Communication Between Vehicle and External Equipment for Emissions-Related Diagnostics – Part 5: Emissions-related diagnostic services. Any software meeting these specifications will utilize the vehicle interface that is defined in SAE J2534, Recommended Practice for Pass-Thru Vehicle Programming.
2015-07-22
Standard
J551/17_201507
This SAE Standard specifies the test methods and procedures for testing passenger cars and commercial vehicles to magnetic fields generated by power transmission lines and generating stations. SAE J551-1 specifies general information, definitions, practical use, and basic principles of the test procedure.
2015-07-17
Standard
AS1284B
The test procedure and related limit value are intended to apply to fixed and mobile ground pressure fuel dispensing sytems and to aerial refueling tankers.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 3094

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