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Viewing 1 to 30 of 3432
2017-06-05
Technical Paper
2017-01-1800
Robert White
Several analytical tools exist for estimating a driveshaft’s critical speed, from simple elementary beam theory to sophisticated FEA models. Ultimately, nothing is better than a test, because no one will argue with the outcome from a well-designed measurement. Impact response measurements are easy, but they tend to over predict the critical speed. A test which sweeps the shaft speed up until failure is telling, but the speed causing failure is strongly dependent on even small amounts of variation in rotor unbalance. Waterfall plots of shaft displacement measurements offer the best indication of critical speed, however sometimes the resonance isn’t clearly seen or multiple resonances exist, making the critical speed unclear. A method less susceptible to system variation is offered here, fitting shaft orbit measurements to the theoretical single degree of freedom equation.
2017-06-05
Technical Paper
2017-01-1863
Bhaskar Avutapalli, Mayuresh Pathak, Shalini Solipuram, Ken Buczek, Aaron Lock
Road noise and speech intelligibility are becoming ever more important, irrespective of the vehicle size, due to vehicle refinement as well as connectivity with mobile phones. With better aerodynamic designs, development of refined powertrains, and a tectonic shift from I.C. engine to electric motors, road noise will play an influential role for the customer. This paper describes the efforts undertaken to identify the road noise paths and develop countermeasures for a compact SUV vehicle. A hybrid test / CAE approach was followed to improve road noise performance of this vehicle. This effort involved creating tire models from physical hardware, creating synthesized road-load input from data taken on roads. Significant efforts were made to ensure model quality; focus on performing component level tests like bushing / damper characterization at high frequencies, modal correlation, IPI, NTF, and measurement of noise levels due to road input all ensured a high fidelity model.
2017-06-05
Technical Paper
2017-01-1803
John Van Baren
The accumulated damage that a product experiences in the field due to the variety of vibration stresses placed upon it will eventually cause failures in the product. The failure modes resulting from these dynamic stresses can be replicated in the laboratory and correlated to end use environment to validate target reliability requirements. This presentation addresses three fundamental questions about developing accelerated random vibration stress tests. Question#1: What random profile is needed (and for how much time) to accurately simulate the end use environment over the life-cycle of my product? Question #2: My product operates in many different vibration environments, how can I confidently combine them into one accelerated test?Question #3: How can I use the FDS to accelerate my test?
2017-06-05
Technical Paper
2017-01-1851
Taewook Yoo, Ronald W. Gerdes, Seungkyu Lee, Daniel Stanley, Thomas Herdtle, Georg Eichhorn
Several methods for evaluating damping material performance are commonly used, such as Oberst beam test, power injection method and the long bar test. Among these test methods, the Oberst beam test method has been widely used in the automotive industry and elsewhere as a standard method, allowing for slight bar dimension differences. However, questions have arisen as to whether this Oberst test result reflect real applications. Therefore, the long bar test method has been introduced and has been used in the aerospace industry for some time. In addition to the larger size bar in the long bar test, there are a few differences between Oberst (cantilever) and long bar test (center-driven) methods. In this paper, the differences between Oberst and long bar test methods will be discussed both experimentally and numerically using Finite Element Analysis. Furthermore, guidelines for a long bar test method will be provided.
2017-06-05
Technical Paper
2017-01-1881
Charles Moritz, Satyajeet Deshpande
As part of the update process to SAE J1637, Laboratory Measurement of the Composite Vibration Damping Properties of Materials on a Supporting Steel Bar, the Acoustical Materials Committee commissioned a round robin study to determine the current lab to lab variation, and to better understand best practices for composite loss factor measurements. Guidance within the current standard from a previous round robin study indicates a coefficient of variation of 35% for laboratory to laboratory measurements. It was hoped that current instrumentation and test practices would yield lower variability. Over the course of 2 years, 10 laboratories tested 4 bars, three with damping materials and one bare bar. These bars were tested at 20°C, -5°C, 10°C, 25°C and 40°C and 55°C. The damping materials were intentionally selected to provide low damping, moderate, and high damping as difficulties in determining the composite loss increase with increasing damping.
2017-06-05
Technical Paper
2017-01-1886
Siwen Zhang, Jian Pang, Jun Zhang, Zhuangzhuang Ma, Xiaoxuan Zhang, Congguang Liu, Lihui Deng
In this paper, the subjective evaluation method for the air-borne sound insulation performance of vehicle body in reverberation room is developed and investigated. To improve the credibility of the traditional subjective evaluation methods for the air-borne sound insulation, the test vehicles are placed in the reverberation room and exposed in the homogeneous reverberation sound field. The stationary vehicle's interior noise is recorded by using a digital artificial head. The noise testing method in reverberation room demonstrates more credible than the traditional methods based on the standard deviation analysis of vehicle external fields. With paired comparison scoring method, the recorded interior noises of six different vehicles are replayed and evaluated subjectively by 22 appraisers in the sound quality room. Kendall's correlation coefficient and circular error rates are introduced to check the consistency and correctness of the appraisers' evaluation scores.
2017-06-05
Technical Paper
2017-01-1908
Rong Guo, Jun Gao, Xiao-kang Wei, Zhao-ming Wu, Shao-kang Zhang
This work aims to provide theoretical basis for improving engine shake performance based on full vehicle model by optimizing the design parameters of hydraulic engine mounts (HEMs). The definition of the engine shake problem is presented through comparing the quarter vehicle models with the rigid-connected and flexible-connected powertrain which is supported by a rubber mount. Then the model is extended by replacing the rubber mount as a HEM with regard to the inertia and resistance of the fluid within the inertia track. Based on these, a full vehicle model with 14 degree of freedoms (DOFs) is proposed to calculate the engine shake, which consists of 6 of the powertrain, 1 of the fluid within the inertia track of the HEM, 3 of the car body and 4 of the unsprung mass. Parameter study is performed to determine the most effective parameters of the HEM influencing engine shake and then the HEM is optimized through the genetic algorithm (GA).
2017-06-05
Journal Article
2017-01-1774
Fabio Luis Marques dos Santos, Tristan Enault, Jan Deleener, Tom Van Houcke
The increasing pressure on fuel economy has brought car manufacturers to implement solutions that improve vehicle efficiency, such as downsized engines, cylinder deactivation and advanced torque lock-up strategies. However, these solutions have a major drawback in terms of noise and vibration comfort. Downsized engines and lock-up strategies lead to the use of the engine at lower RPMs, and the reduced number of cylinders generates higher torque irregularities. Since the torque generated by the engine is transferred through flexible elements (clutch, torsional damper, gearbox, transmission, tire), these also impact the energy that is transferred to the vehicle body and perceived by the driver. This phenomenon leads to low frequency behavior, for instance booming noise and vibration. This paper presents a combined test and CAE modelling approach (1D/3D) to reverse engineer a vehicle equipped with a CPVA (centrifugal pendulum vibration absorber).
2017-04-30
Book
Eduardo Galindo, David Blanco, Chris J. Brace, Edward Chappell, Richard Burke
The use of the chassis dynamometer test cells has been an integral part of the vehicle development and validation process for several decades, involving specialists from different fields, not all of them necessarily experts in automotive engineering. CHASSIS DYNAMOMETER TESTING: Addressing the Challenges of New Global Legislation (WLTP and RDE) sets out to gather knowledge from multiple groups of specialists to better understand the testing challenges associated with the vehicle chassis dynamometer test cells, and enable informed design and use of these facilities.
2017-04-24
WIP Standard
J1330
The purpose of this SAE Information Report is to list and explain major equipment, instrumentation, and procedure variables which can affect inter-laboratory differences and repeatability of photometric measurements of various lighting devices listed in SAE Technical Reports. The accuracy guidelines listed in the report are for the purpose of controlling variables that are not a direct function of the lighting device being measured. The control of these individual variables is necessary to control the overall accuracy of photometric measurements. These accuracy guidelines apply to the measurement of the luminous intensities and reflected intensities of devices at the specified geometrically distributed test points and areas. These guidelines do not apply to photometric equipment used to measure license plate lamps.
CURRENT
2017-04-18
Standard
J2966_201704
This document outlines general requirements for the use of CFD methods for aerodynamic simulation of medium and heavy commercial ground vehicles weighing more than 10 000lbs. The document provides guidance for aerodynamic simulation with CFD methods to support current vehicle characterization, vehicle development, vehicle concept development and vehicle component development. The guidelines presented in the document are related to Navier-Stokes and Lattice-Boltzmann based solvers. This document is only valid for the classes of CFD methods and applications mentioned. Other classes of methods and applications may or may not be appropriate to simulate the aerodynamics of medium and heavy commercial ground vehicle weighing more than 10 000lbs.
CURRENT
2017-04-18
Standard
AS6416
This SAE Aerospace Standard provides definitions for terms and requirements used in SAE AS procurement specifications for fasteners (bolts, screws, studs, nuts, and other threaded parts).
CURRENT
2017-04-17
Standard
J361_201704
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to parts and materials used in vehicle manufacture which are intended to be acceptable color matches to a specified standard. This document is intended for use with parts or materials which are opaque or nearly so. Materials covered by this document include topcoat paint finishes, interior soft trim, interior and exterior hard trim, and exterior film and flexible trim. This practice requires judgments by observers with a minimum of normal color vision and preferably superior as rated with the FM-100 Hue Test as specified in ASTM E1499, Guide for Selection, Evaluation, and Training of Observers.
2017-04-11
Journal Article
2017-01-9177
N. Obuli Karthikeyan, R. Dinesh Kumar, V. Srinivasa Chandra, Vela Murali
Abstract In the modern automotive sector, durability and reliability are the most common terms. Customers are expecting a highly reliable product but at low cost. Any product that fails within its useful life leads to customer dissatisfaction and affects the reputation of the OEM. To eradicate this, all automotive components undergo stringent validation protocol, either in proving ground or in lab. This paper details on developing an accelerated lab test methodology for steering gearbox bracket using fatigue damage and reliability correlation by simulating field failure. Initially, potential failure causes for steering gearbox bracket were analyzed. Road load data was then acquired at proving ground and customer site to evaluate the cumulative fatigue damage on the steering gearbox bracket. To simulate the field failure, lab test facility was developed, reproducing similar boundary conditions as in vehicle.
CURRENT
2017-04-11
Standard
AMS3021E
This specification covers a neopentyl polyol ester fluid.
2017-04-06
Event
This session is focused on vehicle dynamics and controls using modeling and simulation, and experimental analysis of passenger cars, heavy trucks, and wheeled military vehicles. This session addresses active and passive safety systems to mitigate rollover, yaw instability and braking issues; driving simulators and hardware-in-the-loop systems; suspension kinematics and compliance, steering dynamics, advanced active suspension technologies; and tire force and moment mechanics.
2017-04-06
Event
A major development challenge of the current and next generation vehicles is the validation of the electronics and software subsystems which are exploding in size, criticality and complexity in . This session brings out the presentations highlighting how the technical community in academia and industry are responding to this challenge through novel and effective processes, methods and tools for testing and validation of electronic and software subsystems.
2017-04-06
Event
A major development challenge of the current and next generation vehicles is the validation of the electronics and software subsystems which are exploding in size, criticality and complexity in . This session brings out the presentations highlighting how the technical community in academia and industry are responding to this challenge through novel and effective processes, methods and tools for testing and validation of electronic and software subsystems.
2017-04-05
Event
Topics discussed in this session include, but are not limited to residual stress (including simulation and testing), retained austenite, x-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, induction hardening, carburizing, shot peening, and quench.
CURRENT
2017-04-05
Standard
AMSL18331B
This specification covers pigs of one type of lead alloy used in the making of forming dies.
CURRENT
2017-04-05
Standard
ARP6156
The lubricant performance capability for aero propulsion drive systems is derived from the physical properties of the oil and the chemical attributes associated with the oil formulation. All properties, such as viscosity, pressure-viscosity coefficient and full-film traction coefficient are inherent properties of the lubricating fluid. Chemical attributes are critical for the formation of protective boundary lubricating films on the surfaces to prevent wear and scuffing. To assure performance and to provide needed information for engineering design, test methodologies for at least five oil properties or attributes are being addressed: (1) pressure-viscosity coefficient, (2) full-film traction coefficient, (3) scuffing resistance, (4) wear resistance, and (5) micropitting propensity. While viscosity versus temperature data are readily available, the above five properties or attributes must be measured under relevant conditions for aero propulsion hardware systems.
2017-04-05
Event
This session is focused on vehicle dynamics and controls using modeling and simulation, and experimental analysis of passenger cars, heavy trucks, and wheeled military vehicles. This session addresses active and passive safety systems to mitigate rollover, yaw instability and braking issues; driving simulators and hardware-in-the-loop systems; suspension kinematics and compliance, steering dynamics, advanced active suspension technologies; and tire force and moment mechanics.
2017-04-05
Event
This session is focused on vehicle dynamics and controls using modeling and simulation, and experimental analysis of passenger cars, heavy trucks, and wheeled military vehicles. This session addresses active and passive safety systems to mitigate rollover, yaw instability and braking issues; driving simulators and hardware-in-the-loop systems; suspension kinematics and compliance, steering dynamics, advanced active suspension technologies; and tire force and moment mechanics.
2017-04-04
Event
This session is focused on vehicle dynamics and controls using modeling and simulation, and experimental analysis of passenger cars, heavy trucks, and wheeled military vehicles. This session addresses active and passive safety systems to mitigate rollover, yaw instability and braking issues; driving simulators and hardware-in-the-loop systems; suspension kinematics and compliance, steering dynamics, advanced active suspension technologies; and tire force and moment mechanics.
2017-04-04
Event
This session is focused on vehicle dynamics and controls using modeling and simulation, and experimental analysis of passenger cars, heavy trucks, and wheeled military vehicles. This session addresses active and passive safety systems to mitigate rollover, yaw instability and braking issues; driving simulators and hardware-in-the-loop systems; suspension kinematics and compliance, steering dynamics, advanced active suspension technologies; and tire force and moment mechanics.
CURRENT
2017-04-04
Standard
ARP901B
This test method describes a procedure for measuring the largest pore or hole in a filter or similar fluid-permeable porous structure. A standard referee test method for precise determination or resolution of disputes is specified. A simpler inspection test procedure for quality assurance “go-no-go” measurement is also given. Bubble-point testing physics, analysis of bubble-point test data, and correlation with other methods of pore size determination are separately discussed in the appendix.
2017-04-04
Event
This session presents papers in testing and modeling of safety-related technologies, covering (1) reconstruction of pediatric occupant kinematics in side impact, (2) data-mining design method, (3) small overlap sled test method, (4) comparative analysis of angular rate/acceleration calculations, (5) lower extremity injury from occupant-interior geometry assessment, (6) dynamic axial collapse of adhesively bonded hat-section steel column, and (7) strain-rate effect on Jute-polyester composites.
2017-04-04
Event
The focus of this session are the tests and test methods employed in the evaluation of the performance and durability of powertrain (engines, transmissions), driveline (4WD systems, driveshafts, axles), chassis (frame, suspensions, brakes, etc.) and body components, subsystems, and full vehicle systems.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 3432

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