Criteria

Text:
Display:

Results

Viewing 1 to 30 of 3382
2015-04-23
Event
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) includes smart vehicles, smart roads and infrastructure, and wired and wireless communications to link them together. This session will provide insights and progress reports on the latest ITS research, development, and deployment around the world. Time to collision estimations, embedded processor control, adaptive cruise control and image recognition along with discussion on the management of safety and safety systems.
2015-04-23
Event
This session presents papers by leading experts in the field of Intelligent Vehicle Technologies, such as: vehicle communications and networks, driver drowsiness and driving pattern detection, sensors and GPS, vehicle and chassis control and autonomous vehicles, route prediction, head-up displays and power transmission for electric vehicles.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0294
Takamasa Koshizen, MAS Kamal, Hiroyuki Koike
Abstract Our study unveils what smart cars are needed to minimize congestion by traffic stability. We have previously considered pacer cars with single lane road networks based on a car following model, e.g. adaptive cruise control (ACC). However, pacer cars may have a limitation with multi-lane roadways in terms of lane distribution of traffic and shockwave suppression. Therefore, we motivate building a new smart car which extends the capability of pacer cars allowing lane changing at the timing of congestion detection. In essence, the congestion detection plays a role of adjusting the (time) headway of smart cars to determine whether lane changes should be undertaken. Lane changes can be used to uniformize (or equalize) lane distribution for traffic (flow) stability. Our simulation study has suggested that the proposed smart cars enforce the capability of traffic stability more than manual and pacer cars.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0282
Emrah Adamey, Guchan Ozbilgin, Umit Ozguner
Abstract Vehicle tracking problem is of crucial importance in intelligent vehicles research, as it is amongst the basic components of any comprehensive situation awareness technology. In mixed-traffic environments, where vehicles with varying degrees of sensing and communication capabilities coexist, the vehicle-tracking problem becomes particularly more demanding. In this paper, a collaborative vehicle tracking approach is presented, where onboard sensing and inter-vehicular communication resources are utilized in an efficient manner to provide track lists to all participating vehicles in a mixed-traffic environment. The approach is implemented on SimVille, our indoor testbed for urban driving, in accordance with our system development philosophy. The performance of the approach is evaluated using entropy values of vehicle tracks-an information theoretic measure of uncertainty. The experimental results of our scaled-down tests demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0287
Javier Adolfo Alcazar, David Weber
Abstract This paper proposes and verifies a potential application of Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) technology: An on-line method to merge onto highways using V2V communications. Vehicles equipped with Global Positioning System (GPS) and Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) are capable of broadcasting vehicle's GPS data to neighboring vehicles. Vehicles traveling along the highway share traffic information via DSRC. Using position and speed a velocity profile for merging is proposed. Such information allows vehicles to adapt their speed and position specifically at merging intersections enabling smooth traffic flow. Vehicles equipped with GPS and DSRC could enable smoother traffic flow and fewer collisions.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0296
Roman Schmied, Harald Waschl, Luigi del Re
Abstract Adaptive cruise control (ACC) systems allow a safe and reliable driving by adapting the velocity of the vehicle to velocity setpoints and the distance from preceding vehicles. This substantially reduces the effort of the driver especially in heavy traffic conditions. However, standard ACC systems do not necessarily take in account comfort and fuel efficiency. Recently some work has been done of the latter aspect. This paper extends previous works for CI engines by incorporating a prediction model of the surrounding traffic and a simplified control law capable for real time use in experiments. The prediction model itself uses sinusoidal functions as the traffic measurements often show periodic behavior and is adapted in every sample instant with respect to the predecessor's velocity. Furthermore, the controlled vehicle is forced to stay within a specific inter-vehicle distance corridor to avoid collisions and ensure safe driving.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0299
Saurav Talukdar
Abstract Control of vehicular platoons has been a problem of interest in the controls domain for the past 40 years. This problem gained a lot of popularity when the California PATH (Partners for Advanced Transportation Technology) program was operational. String stability is an important design criterion in this problem and it has been shown that lead vehicle information is essential to achieve it. This work builds upon the existing framework and presents a controller form for each follower in the string where the lead vehicle information is used explicitly to analytically demonstrate string stability. The discussion is focused on using information from immediate neighbors to achieve string stability. Recent developments in distributed control are an attractive framework for control design where each agent has access to states of the neighbors and not all agents in the network. In this work, the aim is to design sparse H2 controllers and then perform a check on string stability.
2015-04-14
Technical Paper
2015-01-0291
Radovan Miucic, Samer Rajab, Sue Bai, James Sayer, Dillon Funkhouser
Abstract Many Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) technologies have been developed to improve the safety and efficiency of cars, trucks, public transport and infrastructure. However, very few ITS have been developed specifically for the motorcycle user protection. In this paper an analysis of dynamic and static communications tests between a vehicle and two motorcycles are provided. The system enables vehicles and motorcycles to exchange safety information such as speed, heading, location, and brake status through the use of 5.9 GHz Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) protocol. The vehicles and motorcycles can then assess the potential threat level based on the incoming messages from the nearby traffic. Several high-impact motorcycle-to-vehicle collision scenarios are analyzed. Technical challenges, such as motorcycle wireless unit antenna direction performance, communication performance and target classification accuracy are further investigated.
2015-04-14
Journal Article
2015-01-0295
Dominik Moser, Harald Waschl, Roman Schmied, Hajrudin Efendic, Luigi del Re
Abstract Modern cars feature a variety of different driving assistance systems, which aim to improve driving comfort and safety as well as fuel consumption. Due to the technical advances and the possibility to consider vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication, cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC) strategies have received significant attention from both research and industrial communities. The performance of such systems can be enhanced if the future velocity of the surrounding traffic can be predicted. Generally, human driving behavior is a complex process and influenced by several environmental impacts. In this work a stochastic model of the velocity of a preceding vehicle based on the incorporation of available information sources such as V2I, V2V and radar information is presented. The main influences on the velocity prediction considered in this approach are current and previous velocity measurements and traffic light signals.
2015-04-14
Journal Article
2015-01-0297
Jianbo Lu, Dimitar Filev, Finn Tseng
Abstract This paper proposes an approach that characterizes a driver's driving behavior and style in real-time during car-following drives. It uses an online learning of the evolving Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy model combined with the Markov model. The inputs fed into the proposed algorithm are from the measured signals of on-board sensors equipped with current vehicles, including the relative distance sensors for Adaptive Cruise Control feature and the accelerometer for Electronic Stability Control feature. The approach is verified using data collected using a test vehicle from several car-following test trips. The effectiveness of the proposed approach has been shown in the paper.
2015-04-14
Journal Article
2015-01-0469
Ning Wang, Yafei Liu
Abstract The Chinese government initiated the “Ten Cities, Thousand Vehicles” program for electric vehicles from the year of 2009 to 2012. The demonstration results indicate that an integral city readiness system is required in the promotion of electric vehicles, including the government policies, charging infrastructure, after-sales service, business models and consumer awareness. Through the analysis of related literature and summary reports from 25 demonstration cities, a partial least squares (PLS) path model with 5 major factors and 13 observation indicators was developed to assess the city readiness of electric vehicle adoption. The 5 factors consist of government policies and investment, charging infrastructure construction and operation, business models and maintenance service system, consumer awareness education, operation scope and environmental benefits. Based on the PLS results, 25 cities are classified into 6 groups with the clustering analysis model.
2015-04-10
Book
This is the electronic format of the Journal.
2015-03-30
Article
The car will enter production in 2016, likely as a 2017 model. It's underpinned by Ford's flexible vehicle architecture and features an array of Lincoln-exclusive technology features. A concept is being unveiled at the 2015 New York International Auto Show this week.
2015-03-25
Article
With net power of 257 hp. (192 kW), Komatsu America's PC390LC-11 hydraulic excavator is powered by a Komatsu Tier 4 Final SAA6D114E-6 engine.
2015-03-20
Article
QinetiQ’s onboard computer, core of the flight control system with a reliability rate of 99.997%, ensured the IXV’s fully automated return to Earth.
2015-03-17
Article
The all-wheel-drive, DBX electric four-seater is an attempt to reach out to a broader, younger, and female buying sector than its current range does.
2015-03-17
Article
At the 2015 Geneva Motor Show, the company showed a four-door, four-seater that previews the estate version of Kia’s Optima sedan, an all-new 1.0-L turbo gasoline direct injection Kappa engine, and an in-house developed seven-speed DCT.
2015-03-16
Article
The all-new Tucson shown at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show represents a major step forward for Hyundai in Europe, where the C-SUV segment accounted for 22% of the company’s sales in 2014.
2015-03-13
Article
Bentley sprang a surprise at Geneva, unveiling a new two-seater, front-engined concept coupe that, if it is given approval by the VAG board, will sit alongside the Continental 2+2 coupe.
2015-03-12
Article
Ferrari engineers have further refined the 458 Italia model with a new turbocharged and downsized engine and revised aerodynamics to create the 488 GTB.
2015-03-12
Article
The second-generation Audi R8, which made its debut at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show, is similar in appearance to the outgoing car but has new construction methods for reduced weight and the fitment of an electric powertrain.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 3382

Filter

  • Range:
    to:
  • Year: