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Training / Education
2015-06-16
One of the most important safety critical components on cars, trucks, and aircraft is the pneumatic tire. Vehicle tires primarily control stopping distances on wet and dry roads or runways and strongly influence over-steer/under-steer behavior in handling maneuvers of cars and trucks. The inflated tire-wheel assembly also acts as a pressure vessel that releases a large amount of energy when catastrophically deflated. The tire can also serve as a fulcrum, both directly and indirectly, in contributing to vehicle rollover. This seminar covers these facets of tire safety phenomena. Engineering fundamentals are discussed and illustrated with numerous practical examples and case studies of current public interest. The Pneumatic Tire, a 700-page E-book on CD, edited by Joseph Walter and Alan Gent is included in the course material. This course has been approved by the Accreditation Commission for Traffic Accident Reconstruction (ACTAR) for 7 Continuing Education Units (CEUs). Upon completion of this seminar, accredited reconstructionists should contact ACTAR, 800-809-3818, to request CEUs.
Training / Education
2015-05-18
Understanding vehicle dynamics is one of the critical issues in the design of all vehicles, including heavy trucks. This seminar provides a comprehensive introduction to the fundamentals of heavy truck dynamics. It covers all of the critical subsystems that must be considered by designers and decision makers in determining the effect of various components on heavy truck dynamics. This seminar begins where the tires meet the ground, progressing up through the various components and bringing together the theory and practice of heavy truck dynamics. A series of case studies related to truck ride engineering will provide an opportunity for attendees to demonstrate their knowledge gained and introduces them to some of the newer technologies related to evaluating and improving heavy truck ride dynamics. This course has been approved by the Accreditation Commission for Traffic Accident Reconstruction (ACTAR) for 15 Continuing Education Units (CEUs). Upon completion of this seminar, accredited reconstructionists should contact ACTAR, 800-809-3818, to request CEUs.
Training / Education
2014-12-04
This seminar provides an introduction to the fundamental concepts and evolution of passenger car and light truck 4x4/all-wheel drive (AWD) systems including the nomenclature utilized to describe these systems. Basic power transfer unit and transfer case design parameters, component application to system function, the future of AWD systems, and emerging technologies that may enable future systems are covered. This course is an excellent follow-up to the "A Familiarization of Drivetrain Components" seminar (which is designed for those who have limited experience with the total drivetrain).
Event
2014-11-18
This session will focus on the application of technology to improve the stability, handling, ride and comfort of two and three wheeled vehicles.
Event
2014-11-18
This session will focus on the application of technology to improve the stability, handling, ride and comfort of two and three wheeled vehicles.
Event
2014-11-18
This session will focus on the application of technology to improve the stability, handling, ride and comfort of two and three wheeled vehicles.
Training / Education
2014-11-17
While a variety of new engineering tools are becoming available to assist in creating optimal vehicle designs, subjective evaluation of vehicle behavior is still a vital tool to ensure desired braking, handling, and other dynamic response characteristics. In order to better prepare today's engineer for this task, this course offers twelve modules devoted to the key fundamental principles associated with longitudinal and lateral vehicle dynamics. Each focused classroom session is paired with an on-track exercise to immediately reinforce these concepts with a dedicated behind-the-wheel driving session, effectively illustrating these principles in the real world. Note that unlike most driving schools, this course is not designed to train performance drivers. Rather, the exercises on days one and two build the bridge between vehicle dynamics theory and practical application by providing a rich academic underpinning and then reinforcing it with highly focused and relevant driving experiences.
Training / Education
2014-11-12
Just as the chassis and suspension system provides an ideal framework for the automobile, this popular SAE seminar provides an informative framework for those involved in the design of these important systems. Emphasizing the fundamental principles that underlie rational development and design of suspension components and structures, this course covers the concepts, theories, designs and applications of automotive suspension systems.
Technical Paper
2014-11-11
Sei Takahashi, Hideo Nakamura, Makoto Hasegawa
The International Standard ISO26262 “Road vehicles - Functional safety” was published in 2011. Safety is one of the key issues of future automobile development. System safety is achieved through a number of safety measures, which are implemented in a variety of technologies. ISO26262 provides an automotive-specific risk-based approach and uses ASILs to specify applicable requirements so as to avoid unreasonable residual risk. The International Standard ISO26262 divides the Automotive Safety Integrity Levels (ASIL) into four stages (from level A to D). In this paper we consider the suitable determination of the Motorcycle Safety Integrity Levels (MSIL) when the ISO26262 is applied to motorcycles. We will show that an unreasonable risk area for motorcycles becomes smaller when compared with that of an automobile for the following two reasons. (1) The seating capacity of a motorcycle is less than that of an automobile, and thus the damage from a motorcycle accident is also smaller than those of automobile accidents.
Technical Paper
2014-11-11
Gokul Meenakshi Sundaram, Shankapal S R PhD, Nagarjun Reddy M.
A well rated vehicle should have good handling (maneuvering) and stability characteristics. In India, three wheeled vehicle (Auto –rickshaws) play a major role in low cost transportation and thus there is a huge population of them, particularly in urban areas. Auto -rickshaws are low speed vehicles and can easily be maneuvered in city narrow lanes. Hence these vehicles should exhibit stability as well as handling well at low speeds. Stability of vehicle is affected while maneuvering, and maneuvering (handling) gets affected due to wobbling of front wheel. The present work focuses on improving wobbling of a three wheeled vehicle. The problem was approached by carrying out a literature review and identifying the wobbling control equation. Parametric studies were done through simulation to understand their effect on wobbling. The wobbling frequency of front structure of three wheeled vehicle found to be 4 Hz corresponding to a vehicle speed of 20km/h. It was essential to reduce the wobbling frequency corresponding to a speed lower than 10 km/h.
Technical Paper
2014-11-11
Kenichi Morimoto
This study describes methods to explain the relationship between the motorcycle specifications and the shimmy phenomenon. Statistical approaches were used presuming the analysis being based on the multibody dynamics simulation having a high degree of freedom to precisely simulate actual motorcycle. There are a number of past attempts to clarify the relationship between the motorcycle specifications and the shimmy phenomenon. One of such efforts is based on the equation of motion. Although such a method is suitable when simply analyzing motions in a fundamental structure, when the number of degrees of freedom is large, generally a practical method cannot be found because it is extremely difficult to deriver an equation of motion. In the meantime, although the author et al. have analyzed shimmy using such multibody dynamics simulation models, the findings are useful only for simulation of performance difference among a number of motorcycles. In this study, we conducted researches taking three steps; (1) extract factors significantly affecting shimmy from motorcycle specifications, (2) explain how a change of motorcycle specifications affects shimmy, and (3) measure performance of a number of motorcycles having various specification.
Technical Paper
2014-11-11
Kazuhiro Ito
The frame body of a motorcycle is a core part that receives force from the road via the front and rear suspensions as well as holding heavy objects such as the engine. It is therefore important to finish fundamental design in the early stage of product development. Regarding the strength of frame body, if the load input to the frame body under the hardest condition like on rough roads can be estimated by simulation, an appropriate frame body design in the early stage of development would be possible. Some techniques have been recently introduced to estimate input loads and/or fatigue strength by the full vehicle simulation to analyze the automobile running on rough roads. In motorcycles, meanwhile, there are some cases with making on the test bench of strength and/or durability tests, and conversion of such tests to CAE simulation. However, there are only a few cases with estimating input loads when running on rough roads. One of the reasons is that it is difficult to accurately estimate suspension motions, especially the motions of telescopic front suspension taking into account the motion in the bending direction.
Technical Paper
2014-11-11
Patrick Falk, Christian Hubmann
KEYWORDS – Driveability, Motorcycle, Measurement, Powertrain, Quality ABSTRACT - Originally developed for the automotive market, a fully automatic real-time measurement tool AVL-DRIVE is commercially available for analyzing and scoring vehicle drive quality, also know as “Driveability”. This system from AVL uses its own transducers, calibrated to the sensitivity and response of the human body to measure the forces felt by the driver, such as acceleration, shock, surging, vibration, noise, etc. Simultaneously, the vehicle operating conditions are measured, (throttle grip angle, engine speed, gear, vehicle speed, temperature, etc). Because the software is pre-programmed with the scores from a multitude of different vehicles in each vehicle class via neural networks and fuzzy logic formula, a quality score with reference to similar competitor vehicles is instantly given. This tool is already successfully implemented in the market for years to investigate such driveability parameters for passenger cars.
Technical Paper
2014-11-11
Daniele Barbani, Niccolò Baldanzini, Marco Pierini
Motorcycle accidents are a serious road safety issue in the European Union (EU). Several projects to increase motorcycle safety were funded by the EU within the FP7 (Seventh Frame Program). Many others are likely to be funded within H2020 (Horizon 2020) as well as by national projects of each member state. In this context, numerical simulations play a strategic role since they can be a powerful tool to simplify, assist and speed up the work of the engineers. During the last years, the authors have presented the development and validation of FE models for complete crash test scenarios (i.e. motorcycle with an anthropometric test dummy that impacts against a car) and their use to evaluate head and neck injuries. During the validation phase the authors observed some variability in the results. While variability of the input parameters is a fact in real world crash test, the extent of the variability in the results has to be estimated and assessed in order to improve the design process of safety devices.
Technical Paper
2014-11-11
Federico Giovannini, Niccolò Baldanzini, Marco Pierini
The Powered Two-Wheelers (PTWs) control is more complex than any other road vehicle control, due to the implicit instability of those vehicles. Maneuvers such as braking or swerving, require additional driving abilities to prevent the vehicle from falling, in particular during emergency events, such as panic braking or last second swerving. Focusing on emergency braking maneuvers, in those situations the PTW control is very demanding due to the necessity to adjust the braking intensity in the best way. For standard PTWs, a common cause of accident is the loss of adherence and the consequent loss of stability due to emergency braking manoeuvers. It is worth noting that, for a PTW, the loss of stability means a high probability of fall, especially while cornering. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to propose and evaluate a fall detection algorithm for PTWs performing braking manoeuvers, developed to alert an advanced riding assistance system in order to produce proper counteractions against the imminent fall.
Technical Paper
2014-11-11
Maki Kawakoshi, Takashi Kobayashi, Makoto Hasegawa
Controllability (C) is the parameter that determines the Automotive Safety Integrity Level (ASIL) of each hazardous event based on an international standard of electrical and/or electronic systems within road vehicles (ISO 26262). On application to motorcycles of ISO26262 that was intended only for passenger cars, it is considered that it is desirable to estimate the C class by subjective evaluation of expert riders. Expert riders are professional test riders, and they differ from ordinary riders. They can ride safely and evaluate the motorcycle performance stably even if the test condition is at the limit of vehicle performance. Expert riders evaluate motorcycle performance from the viewpoint of ordinary riders. However, riding maneuvers of ordinary riders have not been confirmed by objective data. For this reason, it is important to understand the basic characteristics of riding maneuvers of expert riders and of ordinary riders. This study seeks to confirm the compatibility between the riding maneuvers of expert riders and those of ordinary riders.
Technical Paper
2014-11-11
Ashok Joshi, Rishi kumar DEAR, Prateek Srivastava, Anant kumar Tiwary
A tire is one of them most important performance and safety component in a two wheeler. An incorrect tire pressure not only impacts how economical a vehicle is but also safety and overall performance. A slow leak due to object hitting or parking a vehicle unused for a long time results in reduced tire pressure. A low tire pressure will not only result in increased fuel consumption, but will also have adverse effects such as poor brake performance, abnormal tire wear, tire burst due to excessive heat generation and poor running stability due to reduced cornering power. A tire pressure monitoring system facilitates an early detection of slow leak, which not only reduces risk of an accident, but also helps to avoid flat tire fix in remote or unsafe location. It also checks exhaust emission that contributes to environmental problems. Currently tire pressure monitoring systems are used in passenger cars and commercial vehicles, the use of tire pressure monitoring system in a two wheeler is yet to be recognized as precondition instead of added attribute.
Technical Paper
2014-11-11
R Varunprabhu, Himadri Bushan Das, S Jabez Dhinagar
The steering system of a 3-wheeler vehicle comprises a single column steering tube. The steering inclination at handle bar end is converted to wheel slip or inclination by the steering column. A compromise in either ride or handling is considered in the functional requirement of the 3-wheeler vehicle. The three wheeled vehicle under study is designed for ride comfort and the handling levels are compromised. Variants of the vehicle under study are meant for public passenger transport requirements. Drivers’ ride comfort is considered as the primary functional requirement during design and driver’s steering fatigue is not given importance. For the comfort of driver, steering effort has to be less without compromise in handling characteristics. The driver of this type of vehicle drives the vehicle for 15-18 hours a day. Driver’s feedback suggests high steering effort as a human fatigue failure mode and also a cause of shoulder pain. In this project, a DC motor assisted steering mechanism with an electronic control module has been designed.
Training / Education
2014-11-03
Understanding vehicle dynamics is one of the critical issues in the design of all vehicles, including heavy trucks. This seminar provides a comprehensive introduction to the fundamentals of heavy truck dynamics. It covers all of the critical subsystems that must be considered by designers and decision makers in determining the effect of various components on heavy truck dynamics. This seminar begins where the tires meet the ground, progressing up through the various components and bringing together the theory and practice of heavy truck dynamics. A series of case studies related to truck ride engineering will provide an opportunity for attendees to demonstrate their knowledge gained and introduces them to some of the newer technologies related to evaluating and improving heavy truck ride dynamics. This four day course will be split between classroom and live demonstration. Days 1, 2, and 3 will be in the classroom and conducted at the Clemson University International Center for Automotive Research (CU-ICAR) in Greenville, SC.
Training / Education
2014-10-29
This interactive seminar will take you beyond the basics of passenger car and light truck vehicle dynamics by applying advanced theory, physical tests and CAE to the assessment of ride, braking, steering and handling performance. Governing state-space equations with transfer functions for primary ride and open loop handling will be developed & analyzed. Building on the analysis of the state space equations, common physical tests and their corresponding CAE solutions for steady state and transient vehicle events will be presented. The "state-of-the-art" of vehicle dynamics CAE will be discussed. Common lab and vehicle tests and corresponding metrics used to assess chassis system and vehicle performance will be discussed in great detail. Hands-on workshops using CARSIMTM vehicle dynamics simulation software will help reinforce the material. Significant time will also be dedicated to the use of design of experiments (DOE) as a tool to assist in the analysis and optimization of chassis systems for multiple vehicle responses.
Training / Education
2014-10-20
This seminar will present an introduction to Vehicle Dynamics from a vehicle system perspective. The theory and applications are associated with the interaction and performance balance between the powertrain, brakes, steering, suspensions and wheel and tire vehicle subsystems. The role that vehicle dynamics can and should play in effective automotive chassis development and the information and technology flow from vehicle system to subsystem to piece-part is integrated into the presentation. Governing equations of motion are developed and solved for both steady and transient conditions. Manual and computer techniques for analysis and evaluation are presented. Vehicle system dynamic performance in the areas of drive-off, braking, directional control and rollover is emphasized. The dynamics of the powertrain, brakes, steering, suspension and wheel and tire subsystems and their interactions are examined along with the important role of structure and structural parameters related to vehicle dynamics.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 3563

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