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Viewing 1 to 30 of 3497
2015-04-21
Event
Focusing on studies of driver behavior modeling, driving simulator techniques, vehicle ride comfort evaluation and enhancement, test/simulation correlation analysis, vehicle elastomeric component modeling (i.e. bushings, rubber mounts, springs, dampers, seat cushions), passive, semi-active and active suspension systems, suspension seat analysis and modeling techniques, the effect and control of beaming, shaking, impact harshness, brake judder and any other phenomena affecting ride comfort of driver, passengers, goods, etc.
2015-04-14 ...
  • April 14-15, 2015 (8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.) - Troy, Michigan
Training / Education Classroom Seminars
Developing vehicles that achieve optimum fuel economy and acceleration performance is critical to the success of any automotive company, yet many practicing engineers have not received formal training on the broad range of factors which influence vehicle performance. This seminar provides this fundamental understanding through the development of mathematical models that describe the relevant physics and through the hands-on application of automotive test equipment. Attendees will also be introduced to software used to predict vehicle performance.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0198
Rushikesh Dakhore, Naresh G. Gandhi, Nitin Gokhale, Yogesh Aghav, M N Kumar, Dattatray B. Hulwan
To meet stringent emission norms with internal engine measures, design of piston cavity geometry perform a defining role in air motion, fuel air mixing, combustion and emission formation. A study is performed with the objective to have a better tradeoff between NOx, PM and fuel consumption for a Medium duty, constant speed diesel engine operated with Mechanical fuel injection system. Through simulations in 3D CFD tool the effect of piston cavity geometry on performance and emission of diesel engine is investigated and then validated with actual experimentation. In this exercise efforts are made to reduce emissions in a direct injection diesel engine by changing the piston cavity geometry. The piston cavity geometry and dimensions like torus radius, pip region, cavity lip area, and impingement area have an effect on emission formation. The target was to deliberately split the fuel spray and have a better utilization of available air.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0144
Pankaj Brijbihari Sharma, Prafulla Dahiwade
This paper discusses the off-road performance evaluation of military application mini UGVs using terramechanics. Military ground vehicle requirements are defined by the terrains they traverse and the performance specifications defined by the users. By using the analytical approach the primary purpose is to study the mobility of mini UGVs for cross country application. These vehicles are evaluated on conditions of tractive force, drawbar pull, sinkage and slippage. Military vehicles must have the capacity to operate under extreme terrain conditions from deserts to hard rocky and paved roads to hilly and soft soil to snowy terrain. This vehicle was equipped with two electric motor drive of 450W, track size 585mmx50mm and main track with flipper track. The overall dimension of the vehicle is 1000mm length, 750mm width, 500mm height, minimum ground clearance 40mm and total vehicle weight of 60Kg. The vehicle was designed for tractive force of 520N for gradient climb of 40°.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0059
Rahul R Kartha, Mohammad Jamadar, Kishor Kumar Kavathekar, S D Rairikar, S. S Ramdasi, S.S Thipse, N. V Marathe
The paper deals with the simulation of a Light Commercial Vehicle (LCV) using vehicle performance algorithms. This method speeds up the product development process. Also by using these kind of methodology in vehicle simulation there is much noticeable reduction in cost of testing. The simulation model is used for parametric studies of the vehicle and also to attain objectives such as to optimize transmission ratio, full load acceleration, maximum tractive force, gradient performance, fuel consumption and the exhaust emission . In this case study, simulation model of a CNG LCV is used to analyse the performances similar to that done in a chassis dynamometer. The simulation leads to the prediction and evaluation of various parameters such as fuel consumption, exhaust emissions, full load acceleration, gradient performance & maximum tractive effort for Indian Driving Cycle.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0145
Sankaranarayanan Arthanathan
The objective of this project is "Bringing Field to Lab". Normally in field, tractors are utilized for various applications like harvesting and threshing operation in a dusty environment which consists of paddy, sand, straw etc,. These dusts would affect the tractor performance and often cause problem like engine choking at severe condition. We had acquired field data on threshing from north Indian places like Jaitsar, Jalandhar where threshing done in summer at a temperature around 50°C. Also during threshing full tractor power is used through PTO (power take off) and this load fluctuates according to manual loading of paddy in thresher.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0050
Kunal Kumar Rana, Saravanan Natarajan, Srinivas Jilakara
The carbonless structure of Hydrogen is considered as a potential fuel for future automotive propulsion system to reduce reliance on energy imports and elimination of carbon containing emissions. There are a lot of research on fuel cells, which yields very promising results, yet at other side it has several drawbacks such as cost, bulkiness and low efficiency at high loads. Here the hydrogen fuelled internal combustion engine appears on the scene. The working principle of an internal combustion engine fuelled with hydrogen is same as any spark ignition engine. This paper reviews optimistic features and current boundaries that are associated with the use of hydrogen as SI engine fuel, along with the recent advancements in hydrogen (H2) powered engine. An overview of highly favourable engine specific properties of hydrogen with regards to its combustion characteristics and challenges that must be surmounted in order to establish a "Hydrogen Economy" are described.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0113
Prasad B. Warule, Vaibhav V. Jadhav, Ashish Ranjan
Abstract Hybridization with engine downsizing is a regular trend to achieve fuel economy benefits. However this leads to a development of new downsized engine which is very costly and time consuming process, also engine downsizing demands for expensive higher power electric system to meet performance targets. Various techniques like gear ratio optimization, reducing number of gears, battery size and control functionalities optimization have been evaluated for maximum fuel economy keeping system cost very low and improving vehicle performance. With optimized gear ratios and reduced number of gears for parallel hybrid, it is possible to operate the engine in the best efficiency zones without downsizing. Motor is selected based on power to weight ratio, gradient requirements, improved acceleration performance and top speed requirement of vehicle in EV mode.
2015-01-14
Technical Paper
2015-26-0237
Rajendra More, Darshan Vachhani, Chetan Raval
Abstract Strength and durability of commercial vehicle structure is of prime importance to users while quicker time to market and least material cost are demands of competitive world. This requires assessment not just with simplistic loadcases but robust and accurate predictions closely co-relating real proving ground conditions. This paper demonstrates systematic approach of first road load predictions using MBD model, then stress analysis using FE model and finally life prediction using fatigue solver. MBD model was built using flex body, air suspensions with rigid links and tires with FTire characteristics. Same model ran on various virtual proving grounds and load history at various joints were extracted. Then inertia relief stress analysis with unit loads were carried out in Nastran and output stresses were mapped against load history in fatigue solver.
2014-11-04
Magazine
2015 engines ride a technology tidal wave Powertrain engineers are diving deeper to find new ways to make light-duty power units more efficient without compromising performance. Connectivity for comfort Seat suppliers such as Continental, Johnson Controls, and Faurecia pursue 'networked' seats to enhance safety, personalization, and comfort. Assembling aluminum vehicles in volume Ford's 2015 F-150 pickup pioneers high-volume mass-production of lightweight aluminum car and truck structures.
2014-10-13
Technical Paper
2014-01-2865
Anandan Sivakumar, V. Saishanker, Raghvendra Gopal
Abstract Success of the vehicle in cold countries depends on performance of the vehicle under cold climatic conditions. In automobiles, structural elastomer components have strong influence on vehicle performance including NVH, ride comfort & durability. Elastomers are sensitive in nature to these climatic conditions due to its temperature dependent visco-elastic behavior. Thus, it is very important to understand structural elastomer component's performance at sub zero temperatures. In a vehicle, Engine mount is used to hold engine firmly and isolate vibrations away from chassis. Vibration isolation of a mount at low temperature is generally affected by the rubber composition. Major ingredients of the rubber composition influencing the low temperature characteristics are Elastomer type, filler type, plasticizer and curing system. Rubber composition plays key role in achieving engine mount properties like static stiffness, dynamic stiffness, permanent set and durability.
2014-10-13
Technical Paper
2014-01-2904
P. Christopher Manning, Eduardo D. Marquez, Leonard Figueroa, Douglas J. Nelson, Eli Hampton White, Lucas Wayne Shoults
Abstract The Hybrid Electric Vehicle Team (HEVT) of Virginia Tech is ready to compete in the Year 3 Final Competition for EcoCAR 2: Plugging into the Future. The team is confident in the reliability of their vehicle, and expects to finish among the top schools at Final Competition. During Year 3, the team refined the vehicle while following the EcoCAR 2 Vehicle Development Process (VDP). Many refinements came about in Year 3 such as the implementation of a new rear subframe, the safety analysis of the high voltage (HV) bus, and the integration of Charge Sustaining (CS) control code. HEVT's vehicle architecture is an E85 Series-Parallel Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), which has many strengths and weaknesses. The primary strength is the pure EV mode and Series mode, which extend the range of the vehicle and reduce Petroleum Energy Usage (PEU) and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions.
2014-10-09
Event
For most Heavy Duty (HD) diesel engines over 50% of total fuel energy is lost to the ambient as heat (exhaust and coolant). Eaton Roots (Supercharger) technology has been used as expander (Roots Expander to demonstrate an efficient Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Waste Heat Recovery (WHR) system for a HD diesel engine. The present work includes a baseline engine characterization to identify and quantify the potential waste energy sources and correlate the thermodynamic models. Thermodynamic models were used to assess the merits of various WHR layouts and WHR components on system performance. An average of 6% fuel economy improvement has been predicted for Eaton Supercharger based expander in an ORC WHR system with ethanol as a working fluid for HD diesel engines
2014-10-09
Event
As part of its efforts to reduce the consumption of petroleum fuels at a national level, the US Department of Energy awarded several contracts to improve Class 8 truck freight hauling efficiency (ton-miles/gal) by greater than 50%. The class tuck segment was targeted because of the large amount of fuel consumed by these vehicles. To reach this aggressive target, all elements of the vehicle and power train were studied to determine the most customer centric elements to incorporate into the truck. A key enabler to meet the freight efficiency improvement was developing and integrating technology to improve diesel engine fuel energy conversion efficiency by 20% to achieve a brake thermal efficiency of 50%.
2014-10-09
Event
Commercial vehicles and off-road equipment provide functions that are key for sustainable economic growth. They are crucial for long haul movement of goods, they provide for services and infrastructure support, they are used for local delivery and people movement as well as to move soil, harvest bio-mass to provide food, and provide the power needed for construction, mining and other resource management efforts. Owing to the significant amount of fuel consumed by the market segment, the US has implemented CO2 and Fuel Economy regulations for Commercial On-Highway engines and vehicles, driven by both environmental concerns and the desire for energy independence. Many other regions are also considering or developing analogous regulations. While improvements to their fuel efficiency are implemented, these engines must also comply with all criteria pollutant emission and be in balance with the business needs of the purchaser and operator.
2014-10-09
Event
Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Vehicle Systems Integration powertrain test cell is designed to develop and test medium and heavy-duty vehicle hybrid powertrains by subjecting them to steady state and transient operating speeds and loads representative of real world driving conditions. This facility is currently supporting the development of heavy-duty emissions and fuel consumption test procedures. Three different types of power-packs (automated manual, automatic, and hybrid transmissions coupled to the same heavy-duty engine) are being subjected to an extensive matrix of tests and drive cycles using a powertrain-in-the-loop set-up. This presentation will compare engine-only results, power-pack results, as well as chassis dynamometer results to establish the advantages and disadvantages of each testing method.
2014-10-09
Event
Building upon the success of the first-ever U.S. regulatory program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and improve the fuel efficiency of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, issued in 2011, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), and California Air Resource Board (CARB) are working together to develop the technical foundation for proposing the next phase of heavy-duty GHG and fuel efficiency standards. One of the options the Agencies are considering involves recognizing the efficiency of powertrain technologies within the context of a full vehicle standard. For this option it becomes critical to develop methods that assess the expected real world performance of those technologies, which include the engine, transmission, and axle technologies. In order to accomplish this goal, the agencies have developed and evaluated a number of experimental approaches to recognize the performance of these technologies.
2014-10-09
Event
The need to identify and implement cost-effective technologies capable of delivering quantifiable improvements in vehicle efficiency is a top priority for the entire heavy duty vehicle continuum. Topics being invited include: IC Engine Technologies, Hybrids (both electric and hydraulic), Whole-Vehicle Technologies (electrification, cooling systems, low rolling resistance tires, aerodynamics, etc.) and Intelligent Transportation Systems.
2014-10-06
WIP Standard
J2188
This SAE Recommended Practice takes into account modern standardized methods for collecting and summarizing data that has an effect on vehicle steady-state performance, such as engine output (gross and net), transmission losses, drivetrain efficiency, vehicle aerodynamic devices for various vehicle and body configurations, as well as road surface variations and air density variations resulting from altitude and barometric effects. The procedure does not address vehicle transient performance (acceleration, braking, and cornering), because of the considerable amount of additional data required such as moment of inertia of all the rotating parts. Nor does it address vehicles with torque converters and automatic transmissions. This document is, therefore, intended for vehicles having fixed-ratio type transmissions and positive engagement clutches. Metric and ISO unit conversions are provided in the metric conversion tables at the end of this procedure (see Appendix B).
2014-09-11
Video
Senior Editor Lindsay Brooke recently tested a McLaren 650S, with surprising results.
2014-08-27
WIP Standard
J1228
This SAE Standard specifies the test requirements in addition to those given in ISO 3046-1 for determining the power, at a single point or as a power curve, of marine propulsion engines or systems for recreational craft and other small craft using similar propulsion equipment of less than 24 m length of the hull. It also provides the means for documenting and checking the declared (rated) power published by the manufacturer.
2014-06-05
Magazine
Watching for ways to stand above the crowd Sensors monitor a broad range of parameters to help powertrain design teams add features and improve performance.
2014-04-23
Video
Christoph Kemper, General Manager, Rochling Automotive Customer Center North America, discusses the company's solutions for lightweighting and vehicle efficiency with Automotive Engineering magazine at SAE 2014 World Congress.
2014-04-14
Video
This video summarizes Chapter 5 of the book, “Theory and Applications of Aerodynamics for Ground Vehicles”, by Dr. T. Yomi Obidi, published by SAE International. Concepts demonstrated include the effect of various vehicle components on performance and tire rotation, tire size, and effect on permformance.
2014-04-10
Event
Focusing on tire and terrain mechanics modeling for load simulations, tire model development, parameters identification, and sensitivity analyses, tire test development, road profile characterization, effective road profile development, and interactions between tire, suspension/steering/brake systems, and different terrains, spindle loads/travel variation characteristics from proving ground test on deterministic and rough roads, terramechanics, tire noise, rolling resistance and correlation studies.
2014-04-09
Event
Focusing on analysis and enhancement of vehicle dynamics performance including handling / braking / traction characteristics, operational robustness and active stability under the influence of loading, tire forces and other variants; development and applications of intelligent tire technology; modeling, simulation, testing and optimization; correlation of analyses, simulations, objective measurements and subjective judgments of vehicle dynamics characteristics; chassis control development and control system cooperation for enhancing overall vehicle system dynamics and safety characteristics and robustness taking into considerations of load variations and other uncertainties; impact of system hybridization and electrification on vehicle dynamics and controls.
2014-04-09
Event
Focusing on multibody system modeling and simulation results, rigid and flexible body modeling, mount loads predictions for vehicle body, frame/sub-frame, leaf-spring, exhaust system, driveline, and powertrain, the comparison of modeling techniques between vehicle dynamics simulation and durability loads simulation, optimal development process considering vehicle dynamics and durability loads, data processing and analysis techniques, loads sensitivity analyses for various model parameters, DOE and optimal design techniques for loads minimization, prediction of manufacturing tolerance effects on loads, robust design methods, driver modeling, and FE-based system modeling.
Viewing 1 to 30 of 3497

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