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AS210 - Definition of Commonly Used Day Types (Atmospheric Ambient Temperature Characteristics Versus Pressure Altitude)

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Document Number: AS210
Project Initiation: 07-03-2013
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Sponsor Name: Michael Lucas
Title
Definition of Commonly Used Day Types (Atmospheric Ambient Temperature Characteristics Versus Pressure Altitude)
Scope
“Hot Day”, “Tropical Day”, “Standard Day”, “Polar Day”, and “Cold Day” are part of the lexicon of the aircraft industry. These terms are generally understood to refer to specific, generally accepted characteristics of atmospheric temperature versus pressure altitude. There are also other, less well-known days, defined by their frequency of occurrence, such as “1% Hot Day”, “10% Cold Day”, or “Highest Recorded Day”. These temperature characteristics have their origins in multiple sources, including U.S. military specifications which are no longer in force.
Rationale
Due to the stability of this document and prompted by industry request, this document is to become an Aerospace Standard. “Hot Day”, “Tropical Day”, “Standard Day”, “Polar Day”, and “Cold Day” are part of the lexicon of the aircraft industry. These terms are generally understood to refer to specific, generally accepted characteristics of atmospheric temperature versus pressure altitude. There are also other, less well-known days, defined by their frequency of occurrence, such as “1% Hot Day”, “10% Cold Day”, or “Highest Recorded Day”. These temperature characteristics have their origins in multiple sources, including U.S. military specifications which are no longer in force. These day types find their most frequent application in aircraft and propulsion system computer simulations. They do not impose any requirements on system design, but rather form a common frame of reference for defining the conditions under which various types of analyses are to be performed. Day types provide both a convenient mechanism for setting up computer program input and a convenient shorthand for discussing operational environment. This document is intended to preserve the commonly used day types in an accessible form for future use, make recommendations for their consistent usage, and collect the data in a single format.
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