Vehicle Electrification Standards

SAE StandardStandard TitleObjective
J537 (RIP) Storage Batteries Specifies testing procedures of automotive 12 V storage batteries and and providing information on container holddown configuration and terminal geometry.
J1495 (RIP) Test Procedure for Battery Flame Retardant Venting Systems This SAE Standard details procedures for testing lead-acid SLI (starting, lighting, and ignition), Heavy-Duty, EV (electric vehicle) and RV (recreational vehicle) batteries to determine the effectiveness of the battery venting system to retard the propagation of an externally ignited flame of battery gas into the interior of the battery where an explosive mixture is usually present. NOTE: At this time 1998, there is no known comparable ISO Standard.
J1634 (RIP) Electric Vehicle Energy Consumption and Range Test Procedure Establishes uniform procedures for testing electric battery-powered vehicles. Provides standard tests which will allow for determination of energy consumption and range.
J1711 Recommended Practice for Measuring the Exhaust Emissions and Fuel Economy of Hybrid-Electric Vehicles, Including Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Establishes uniform chassis dynamometer test procedures for hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs). The procedure provides instructions for measuring and calculating the exhaust emissions and fuel economy of HEV's.
J1715/1 (RIP) Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) & Electric Vehicle (EV) Terminology Contains definitions for electric vehicle terminology.
J1715/2 (WIP) Battery Terminology Define common terminology for automotive electrochemical energy storage systems at all levels; component, sub-component, subsystem and system-level architectures including terms pertaining to testing , measurement and system function related to energy storage
J1766 (RIP) Recommended Practice for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Systems Crash Integrity Testing The purpose of this document is to define test methods and performance criteria which evaluate battery system spillage, battery retention, and electrical system isolation in Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles during specified crash tests.
J1772 (RIP) Electric Vehicle and Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Conductive Charge Coupler Defines a common EV/PHEV and supply equipment vehicle conductive charging method.
J1773 Electric Vehicle Inductively Coupled Charging Establishes the minimum interface compatibility requirements for electric vehicle (EV) inductively coupled charging for North America.
J1797 Recommended Practice for Packaging of Electric Vehicle Battery Modules Provides for common battery designs through the description of dimensions, termination, retention, venting system, and other features required in an electric vehicle application.
J1798 (RIP) Recommended Practice for Performance Rating of Electric Vehicle Battery Modules Provides for common test and verification methods to determine Electric Vehicle battery module performance.
J1850 (RIP) Class B Data Communications Network Interface Establishes the requirements for a Class B Data Communication Network Interface applicable to all On- and Off-Road Land-Based Vehicles.
J2288 Life Cycle Testing of Electric Vehicle Battery Modules Defines a standardized test method to determine the expected service life, in cycles, of electric vehicle battery modules.
J2289 Electric-Drive Battery Pack System: Functional Guidelines Describes common practices for design of battery systems for vehicles that utilize a rechargeable battery to provide or recover all or some traction energy for an electric drive system.
J2293/1 Energy Transfer System for Electric Vehicles--Part 1: Functional Requirements and System Architectures Establishes requirements for Electric Vehicles (EV) and the off- board Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) used to transfer electrical energy to an EV from an Electric Utility Power System (Utility).
J2293/2 Energy Transfer System for Electric Vehicles - Part 2: Communication Requirements and Network Architecture Establishes requirements for Electric Vehicles (EV) and the off-board Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) used to transfer electrical energy to an EV from an electric Utility Power System (Utility)
J2344 Guidelines for Electric Vehicle Safety Identifies and defines the preferred technical guidelines relating to safety for Electric Vehicles (EVs) during normal operation and charging.
J2380 Vibration Testing of Electric Vehicle Batteries Dscribes the vibration durability testing of a single battery (test unit) consisting of either an electric vehicle battery module or an electric vehicle battery pack.
J2464 Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Rechargeable Energy Storage System (RESS) Safety and Abuse Testing Describes a body of tests which may be used as needed for abuse testing of electric or hybrid electric vehicle batteries to determine the response of such batteries to conditions or events which are beyond their normal operating range.
J2711 (RIP) Recommended Practice for Measuring Fuel Economy and Emissions of Hybrid-Electric and Conventional Heavy-Duty Vehicles Provide an accurate, uniform and reproducible procedure for simulating use of heavy-duty hybrid- electric vehicles (HEVs) and conventional vehicles on dynamometers for the purpose of measuring emissions and fuel economy.
J2758 (RIP) Determination of the Maximum Available Power from a Rechargeable Energy Storage System on a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Describes a test procedure for rating peak power of the Rechargeable Energy Storage System (RESS) used in a combusion engine Hybrid Electric Vehicel (HEV).
J2836-1 Use Cases for Communication Between Plug-in Vehicles and the Utility Grid Establishes use cases for communication between plug-in electric vehicles and the electric power grid, for energy transfer and other applications.
J2836/2 Use Cases for Communication between Plug-in Vehicles and the Supply Equipment (EVSE) Etablishes use cases for communication between plug-in electric vehicles and the electric vehicle supply equipment, for energy transfer and other applications.
J2836/3 (WIP) Use Cases for Communication between Plug-in Vehicles and the Utility Grid for Reverse Power Flow Establishes use cases for communication between plug-in electric vehicles and the electric power grid, for reverse power flow.
J2836/4 (WIP) Use Cases for Diagnostic Communication for Plug-in Vehicles Establishes diagnostic use cases between plug-in electric vehicles and the EV Supply Equipment (EVSE).
J2836/5 (WIP) Use Cases for Communication between Plug-in Vehicles and their customers Establishes use cases between Plug-In Vehicles (PEV) and their customer.
J2836/6 (WIP) Use Cases for Wireless Charging Communication between Plug-in Electric Vehicles and the Utility Grid Wireless charging use cases
J2841 Utility Factor Definitions for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Using Travel Survey Data An equation describing the portion of driving in battery charge-depleting mode and battery charge-sustaining mode is provided resulting in an aggregate "Utility Factor" (UF).
J2847/1 (RIP) Communication between Plug-in Vehicles and the Utility Grid Establishes requirements and specifications for communication between plug-in electric vehicles and the electric power grid, for energy transfer and other applications.
J2847/2 (RIP) Communication between Plug-in Vehicles and off-board DC Chargers Establishes requirements and specifications for communication between Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV) and the DC 0ff-board charger
J2847/3 (RIP) Communication between Plug-in Vehicles and off-board DC Chargers Establishes the communication structure between plug-in electric vehicles and the electric power grid, for reverse power flow.
J2847/4 (RIP) Diagnostic Communication for Plug-in Vehicles Establishes the communication requirements for diagnostics between plug-in electric vehicles and the EV Supply Equipment (EVSE) for charge or discharge sessions.
J2847/5 (RIP) Diagnostic Communication for Plug-in Vehicles Establishes the communication requirements between plug-in electric vehicles and their customers for charge or discharge sessions.
J2847/6 (RIP) Wireless Charging Communication between Plug-in Electric Vehicles and the Utility Grid Wireless charging messages, signals, etc.
J2889 Vehicle Sound Measurement at Low Speeds Develop a test procedure to determine the sound output of electric and hybrid-electric powertrain vehicles at certain low-speed conditions.
J2889/1 Measurement of Minimum Noise Emitted by Road Vehicles Specifies an engineering method for measuring the minimum noise emitted by road vehicles.
J2894/1 Power Quality Requirements for Plug In Vehicle Chargers - Part 1: Requirements Provides guidelines and standards for the quality of the charging voltage and current at the vehicle itself.
J2894/2 (WIP) Power Quality Requirements for Plug In Vehicle Chargers - Part 2: Test Methods Address automatic charger restarts after a sustained power outage, as well as the ability to ride through momentary outage
J2907 (WIP) Power rating method for automotive electric propulsion motor and power electronics sub-system Test method and conditions for rating performance of electric propulsion motors as used in hybrid electric and battery electric vehicles.
J2908 (WIP) Power rating method for hybrid-electric and battery electric vehicle propulsion Test method and conditions for rating performance of complete hybrid-electric and battery electric vehicle propulsion systems reflecting thermal and battery capabilities and limitations.
J2910(WIP) Design and Test of Hybrid Electric Trucks and Buses for Electrical Safety Covers the aspects of the design and test of class 4 through 8 hybrid electric trucks and buses.
J2929 (RIP) Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Propulsion Battery System Safety Standard - Lithium-based Rechargeable Cells Defines a minimum set of acceptable safety criteria for a lithium-based rechargeable battery system
J2931/1 (RIP) Power Line Carrier Communications for Plug-in Electric Vehicles Establishes the digital communication requirements for the Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) as it interfaces with a Home Area Network (HAN),
J2931/2 (WIP) Inband Signaling Communication for Plug-in Electric Vehicles Establishes the requirements for physical layer communications using Inband Signaling between Plug-In Vehicles (PEV) and the EVSE.
J2931/3 (WIP) PLC Communication for Plug-in Electric Vehicles Establishes the requirements for physical layer communications using Power Line Carrier (PLC) between Plug-In Vehicles (PEV) and the EVSE.
J2931/4 (WIP) Broadband PLC Communication for Plug-in Electric Vehicles Establishes the requirements for physical and data-link layer communications using broad band Power Line Carrier (PLC) between Plug-In Vehicles (PEV) and an EVSE, DC off-board-charger or direct to the utility smart meter or Home Area Network (HAN).
J2931/5 (WIP) Telematics Smart Grid Communications between Customers, Plug-In Electric Vehicles (PEV), Energy Service Providers (ESP) and Home Area Networks (HAN) Communication protocol including V2V, V2I telematics
J2931/6 (WIP) Digital Communication for Wireless Charging Plug-in Electric Vehicles Wireless charging communication protocol
J2931/7 (WIP) Security for Plug-in Electric Vehicle Communications Electric Vehicle communication security protocols
J2936 (WIP) Vehicle Battery Labeling Guidelines Labeling guidelines for any electrical storage device at all levels of sub-component, component, subsystem and system level architectures describing content, placement and durability requirements of labels.
J2946 (WIP) Battery Electronic Fuel Gauging Recommended Practices Recommend practice associated with reporting the vehicle's (hybrid and pure electric) battery pack performance details to the automobile user.
J2950 (WIP) Recommended Practices (RP) for Transportation and Handling of Automotive-type Rechargeable Energy Storage Systems (RESS) Recommended Practices associated with identification, handling, and shipping of un-installed RESSs to/from specified locations (types) required for the appropriate disposition of new and used items.
J2953 (WIP) Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PEV) Interoperability with Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Establishes the interoperability requirements and specifications for the communication systems between Plug-In Vehicles (PEV) and Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) for multiple suppliers.
J2954 (WIP) Wireless Charging of Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Establishes minimum performance and safety criterea for wireless charging of electric and plug-in vehicles.
J2974 (WIP) Technical Information Report on Automotive Battery Recycling This SAE Technical Information Report provides information on Automotive Battery Recycling. This document provides a compilation of current recycling definitions, technologies and flow sheets and their application to different battery chemistries.
J2981(WIP) Starter Battery Identification and Classification To provide the industry with the means to apply a set of rules for identifying and providing a common numbering system for lead acid starting batteries.
J2983 (WIP) Recommended practice for determining material properties of Li-Battery separator This SAE RP provides a set of test methods and practices for the characterization of key properties of Li-battery separator. It is not within the scope of this document to establish criteria for the test results, as this is usually established between the vendor and customer
J2984 (WIP) Identification of Transportation Battery Systems for Recycling Recommended Practice The chemistry identification system is intended to support the proper and efficient recycling of rechargeable battery systems used in transportation applications with a maximum voltage greater than 12V (including SLI batteries). Other battery systems such as non-rechargeable batteries, batteries contained in electronics, and telecom/utility batteries are not considered in the development of this specification. This does not preclude these systems from adapting the format proposed if they so choose.
J2990 (WIP) Hybrid and EV First and Second Responder Recommended Practice This RP describes the potential consequences associated with hazards from electrified vehicles and suggest common procedures to help protect emergency responders, recovery, tow, storage, repair, and salvage personnel after an incident has occurred with an electrified vehicle
J2991 (WIP) Range Test Protocol for PEV (Plug-In Electric Vehicles) Small Task Oriented Vehicles (STOV) This test protocol is being developed to create a voluntary guideline for manufacturers of PEV Small Task Oriented Vehicles (STOV's) to use to validate the range of their vehicles. The intent is to develop a laboratory test protocol for range testing that is repeatable and can be conducted using common dynamometer testing facilities.
J3097 (WIP) Standards for Battery Secondary Use To develop standards for a testing and identity regimen to define batteries for variable safe reuse. Utilize existing or in process standards such as Transportation, Labelling and State of Health.Add to these reference standardsthe required information to provide a safe and reliable usage.
J3004(WIP) Standarization of Battery Packs for Electric and Hybrid Trucks and Busses Identify existing standards and provide recommendations on design criteria and future standardization opportunities for battery packs on electric and hybrid truck and bus applications.
J3009 (WIP) Stranded Energy - Reporting and Extraction From Vehicle Electrochemical Storage Systems The intent of this document is to consider the type of information reported by the battery management system (BMS) and recommended discharge level dependent on a collision or vehicle fire. The document does not describe how the energy should be extracted.
J3012 (WIP) Storage Batteries - Lithium-ion Type This document will focus on (1) product and functional definitions that describe the uniqueness and similarity of lithium-based technology versus conventional lead-acid, and (2) development of new test procedures for performance and life cycle evaluation to establish new baseline for future non-conventional storage technology.