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Diesel Engine Technology Engineering Academy ACAD03

This Academy covers the diesel engine engineering principles and the role it can play in the electrification of the transportation system. Several types of diesel engines are addressed with a review of their efficiency including how they might support the drive towards electrification. It is an intensive learning experience comprised of lecture and structured practical sessions, including a team-solved case study problem and/or a review and analysis of current issues facing the diesel industry. Evening sessions are included.

Attendees will receive a copy of the textbook, Diesel Emissions and Their Control, by lead instructor Magdi K. Khair and W. Addy Majewski.

Hundreds of professionals from across Europe, Asia, and the Americas have benefited from the Diesel Engine Technology Engineering Academy from SAE. Since 1999, this Engineering Academy has been the source for comprehensive engine technology training. Professionals from companies like Infineum, Ford Motor Co., AVL, MAHLE, Robert Bosch, Komatsu, John Deere, BorgWarner, Eaton, Shell, Volvo, and numerous others have looked to SAE and the Diesel Engine Technology Engineering Academy for this technical training.

Practical Component

This Academy includes several practical activities, including a team-solved case study and a technical facility tour.  Group discussion of current issues facing the diesel industry may also be included.

***Depending on the location of the Academy, please be advised this course may involve one or more of the following: driving and/or riding in a vehicle; participating in a vehicle demonstration; and/or taking part in an offsite tour using outside transportation. You may be required to sign a waiver on-site and produce a valid driver's license from your state/country of residence.***

 Pre-Academy Activity

Prior to the Academy, you will be asked to complete a pre-assessment. Results will be shared with the lead instructor to help customize the learning experience to specific attendee needs.

Learning Objectives
By attending this Academy, you will be able to:
  • Articulate basic diesel engine terminology and principles
  • Describe the key features of the basic types of diesel engines
  • Compare various diesel fuel injection systems and their components
  • Analyze the effects of different fuels, including low carbon fuels on engine performance
  • Compare the function and applicability of various air management systems
  • Detail the operation of post-combustion emission control systems
  • Discuss emerging diesel engine technologies

Who Should Attend
This academy will be especially valuable for engineers who design powertrains in the following types of vehicles:
  • Passenger cars
  • Light trucks
  • Heavy trucks
  • Off-highway vehicles
  • Farm machinery

  • Diesel Engine and the Electrification of Transportation
  • Introduction and Case Study/Issues Facing the Diesel Engine
  • Thermodynamics
    • First Law
      • Energy balance for a closed system
      • Energy balance for an open system
      • Property Evaluation
    • Second Law
      • Definition of entropy
      • Irreversibility
      • Entropy balance for a closed system
      • Entropy balance for an open system
      • Definition of availability
      • Availability balance
    • Air standard cycle analysis
      • Otto cycle
      • Compression ignition
      • Atkinson
      • Miller cycles
      • Lessons to be learned from air standard cycles
        • Effect of compression ratio
        • Effect of fuel H/C ratio
        • Effect of combustion timing
    • Chemical reactions
      • Stoichiometry (balancing chemical reactions)
      • Definition of equivalence ratio
      • Calculating exhaust gas composition from F/A ratio
      • Calculating F/A ratio from exhaust gas composition
      • Computation of brake specific emissions
    • Energy equation with chemical reactions (combustion reactions)
      • Adiabatic flame temperature
      • Higher/lower heating value
    • Detailed example of energy balance on engine
      • Fuel energy in=coolant + exhaust + work out
  • Thermodynamics II
  • Fuel Injection Systems I
    • Requirements and function
    • Injection timing
    • Injection metering and rate shaping
    • The fuel injection system
  • The Fuel Injection Systems II
    • Types of fuel injection systems and main components
    • Diesel control
      • Mechanical Governor
      • Electronic control systems
  • Fuel Injection Systems III
    • Nozzle and nozzle holders
    • Application
    • European Diesel Engines
  • Case Study Team Session
*Dinner is provided on Monday evening. Approximate end time of Day 1 is 7:30 p.m.


  • Fuels Technologies
    • Global Energy Supply, US Fuels Consumption
    • Diesel vs. Gasoline Fuels: Composition, Retail Prices
    • Basic Refining Processes
    • Petroleum diesel Fuels
      • Additives: Deposits Control, Cold Flow, Lubricity, Cetane Improvers
      • Key Performance Characteristics of ULSD
    • Alternative Fuels & Performance Challenges
      • Biodiesels
      • Gaseous Fuels:
        • Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)
        • Compressed Natural Gas
        • DME
    • Synthetic Fuel: GTL, methanol, ethanol
  • Combustion in Compression Ignition Engines
    • Basic combustion theory, definitions and concepts
    • Complete combustion vs. equilibrium composition (dissociation)
    • Equilibrium assumption vs. kinetics (rate limited reactions)
    • Global vs. elementary reactions
    • Basic flame theory (Ignition, flame propagation & speed, quenching, flammability limits)
    • Autoignition theory
    • Hydrocarbon combustion
    • Laminar and turbulent flame speeds
    • Premixed and diffusion combustion
    • Diesel combustion
    • Phenomenological description of diesel combustion
    • Ignition delay, premixed combustion, diffusion combustion
    • Burning rate diagram (heat release diagram)
    • Combustion chamber design considerations
    • Relationship between air motion, fuel injection system (injection pressure, number of nozzle holes, orifice size), and combustion chamber geometry (bowl size and shape)
    • Modeling the diesel combustion process
    • Fuel-air standard Otto cycle/Diesel cycle (Assumptions, Thermodynamics)
    • Single zone models-heat release type (Assumptions, Thermodynamics)
    • Multi-zone models, phenomenological models
    • CFD modeling (some modellings can be integrated later in the 'Simulation' session)
    • Lessons to be learned from each approach
    • Advantages/disadvantages of each approach
    • Heat release analysis
    • Collection of cylinder pressure data (transducers, encoders, data acquisition)
    • Analysis of cylinder pressure data (smoothing, frequency characteristics, mean effective pressure)
    • Heat release model (Krieger and Borman assumptions)
    • Interpretation of heat release diagrams
  • CI Combustion and Emissions in DI Engines
    • Review of previous discussion on diesel combustion
    • Premixed/diffusion combustion
    • Effect of low temperature, low cetane number
    • Effect of turbocharging
    • Factors affecting the combustion process
    • Injection pressure and injection rate
    • Air swirl
    • Atomization
    • Penetration
    • Drop size distribution
    • Vaporization
    • Ignition delay
    • Combustion influence on fuel economy
    • Effect of heat release (optimization of air flow, fuel injection and combustion bowl)
    • Effect of heat transfer - Compare to adiabatic engine results
    • Combustion influence on emissions
    • Origin of hydrocarbon emissions
    • Origin of carbon monoxide
    • Origin of NOx emissions
    • Relation to premixed combustion, aromatic content of fuel, cetane number
    • Origin of particulates and smoke
    • Relation to diffusion combustion
    • Introduction of HCCI/RCCI and potential challenges?
    • Effect of fuel sulfur
    • Tradeoffs
    • BSFC vs. NOx
    • NOx vs. particulates
    • HC vs. ignition delay
    • Effect of ignition timing on heat release rate and cylinder pressure
    • Effect of timing of combustion, ignition delay
    • Effect of injection pressure on heat release rate and cylinder pressure
    • Effect of mixing rate on diffusion combustion; (effect of EGR, fuel cetane number on combustion and emission)
  • Air Management Systems
    • Turbocharging and supercharging
    • Purpose of turbocharging
    • Description of turbocharger
    • Performance of turbomachinery
    • Types of turbochargers (fixed, variable, waste-gate)
    • Special arrangements (sequential, turbo compounding)
    • New role of turbochargers in EGR control
    • Superchargers
    • Mechanically driven
    • Electrically driven
    • Hydraulically driven
    • Role of superchargers in modern engines
  • Variable Compression Ratio
    • Background
    • Potential Benefits
    • Combustion Control through Added Flexibility
    • Benefits for Part Load Operation
    • Effect on Exhaust Gas Recirculation Rates
    • Effects on Startability
  • Case Study or Discussion of Diesel Issues Team Session
*Dinner is provided on Tuesday evening. Approximate end time of DAY 2 is 8:00 p.m.


  • The Role of Lube Oil in Modern Engines
    • How are Lubricants Specified
    • Viscosity Grades, Quality
    • Lubricant Performance Categories:
    • North America
    • Europe
    • Japan
    • OEM Specifications
    • Future Developments - Low Emission Fluids
    • Composition of Typical Crankcase Lubricants
    • Drivers for Novel Lubricant Development
    • Aftertreatment Compatible Lubricants: SAPS
    • Beyond Current Lubricant Specification - System Approach
  • In-Cylinder Measures to Control Emissions I
  • In-Cylinder Measures to Control Emissions II
  • Diesel Exhaust Aftertreatment I
    • Exhaust system-based emission reduction technologies (aftertreatment)
    • NOx reduction catalysts, and passive NOx absorber?
    • Selective Catalytic Reduction -- With Supplemental HC; With Urea and Ammonia Slip Catalyst?
    • Lean NOx Traps
    • Diesel Particulate Filters -- Active Regeneration Systems; Passive Regeneration Systems
    • SCR on Filter
  • Simulation: Digital Engineering and Engine System Optimization
    • Fundamentals of engine system simulation
      • Why 'digital engineering'?
      • Where does the simulation fit in a product development process?
    • Differences, trade-off between and integration of 0D, 1D and 3D simulations
      • Capabilities and constraints of each tool
      • Understanding the gap between physical and simplified digital world
      • Correlation and calibration of digital models
    • Applications of 0D, 1D and 3D simulations in engine system and component developments and optimizations
      • Modeling of air handling system: Turbocharger
      • Modeling of combustion system and aftertreatment
      • Modeling of vehicle thermal management and waste heat recovery system
      • Modeling of engine and hybrid electric vehicle for optimal integration
    • Future of engine control and OBD compliance
      • 'Virtual engine plant' to interface with engine control and OBD
      • Comprehensive Component Monitor (CCM) and prevention of emission control tampering
  • Diesel Exhaust After Treatment II
*Approximate end time of DAY 3 is 5:30 p.m.


  • Engine Controls
    • Engine Controls and Diagnostics
    • Electronic fuel injection system control
    • Control system architectures and hardware
    • Fundamentals of control
    • Design approaches for diesel engine controls
    • Development methods
    • Application requirements -- Fuel injection volume, timing and rate shaping
    • Ancillary system control and integration
    • Variable geometry turbocharger control
    • EGR scheduling and control
    • Control of other subsystems - today and tomorrow
    • Adaptive controls and the future
  • On-Board Diagnostics
    • Legal Requirements
    • Fault Detection
    • Fault Resolution
    • Diagnostic Tools - OBD and General
    • Future Paths
    • Noise
    • Simulation in Diesel Engines
  • Tour - TBD
  • Case Study or Discussion of Diesel Issues Team Session
Dinner is provided on Thursday evening. Approximate end time of DAY 4 is 8:30 p.m.


  • Diesel Exhaust Aftertreatment III
  • Emerging Technologies
  • Academy Wrap-up and Evaluation

*Approximate end time of Day 5 is 3:00 p.m.

The order in which the topics are presented is subject to change.

Magdi Khair, Ewa Bardasz, André Boehman, Bernard Challen, Phillip Dingle, Michael Levin, Vincent Piacenti, Harold Sun

Magdi Khair is a consultant at Magdiesel Technologies. He has recently retired from Watlow Electric where he was Chief Technologist in Watlow's Diesel Emission Space. He was previously an Institute Engineer at Southwest Research Institute. He had prior assignments at Allied Signal Automotive Catalyst, Ford New Holland, Ford Tractor Operations, Bendix Diesel Operations, and the Chrysler Corporation. He has worked with diesel engines and their emission control systems. Dr. Khair has an extensive background in diesel aftertreatment, stratified charge, and gas turbine engines since 1970. He was involved with developing emission control systems to help diesel and alternative combustion engines meet future regulated limits. He has co-authored Diesel Emissions and Their Control, a comprehensive textbook, and continues to present seminars in diesel engine technology, selective catalytic reduction for diesel engines, and exhaust gas recirculation.

Dr. Khair holds a B.S. in Automotive Engineering from Cairo, Egypt, a M.S. in Thermodynamics from the University of Birmingham, England, a MBA from Michigan State University USA, and a Ph.D. in Engineering Management from Warren National University. Dr. Khair holds over 20 US patents in the areas of fuel injection, turbocharging, exhaust gas recirculation and filtration, and diesel aftertreatment systems

ewa_bardasz" Ewa Bardasz,  Fellow at The Lubrizol Corporation (retired), where she was responsible for overseeing technical activities related to lubricating novel combustion hardware, aftertreatment systems and emissions. She is experienced in the areas of crankcase lubrication, corrosion inhibition, engine/vehicle testing and exhaust emissions control. Dr. Bardasz holds over 25 patents, has published multiple technical and scientific papers, authored chapters for technical books and is a frequent invited speaker at conferences throughout the U.S. and Europe. She is the recipient of the SAE International 2002 Award for Research on Automotive Lubricants, and 2009 SAE International Environmental Excellence in Transportation Award. Dr. Bardasz is a member of National Academy of Engineering (NAE), Fellow of SAE International and a Fellow of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE).  Dr. Bardasz obtained a M.Sc. in Chemical Engineering from Warsaw Technical University and a PhD in Chemical Engineering from Case Institute of Technology.

Andre Boehman is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Michigan and is pursuing his research at the W.E. Lay Auto Lab. He joined U-M in 2012 after serving for 18 years at Penn State. Most recently at PSU he held a position as a Professor of Fuel Science, Materials Science and Engineering and Mechanical Engineering in the Department of Energy & Mineral Engineering in the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences at the Pennsylvania State University, where he taught courses on Energy, Fuels, Combustion and the Environment starting in 1994. Prof. Boehman's research interests are in alternative and reformulated fuels, combustion and pollution control. His present research activities are focused on alternative diesel fuels, diesel combustion and diesel exhaust aftertreatment. He served as the Editor of the journal Fuel Processing Technology from 2007-2011 and has held executive positions with the American Chemical Society Division of Fuel Chemistry and with the International DME Association. He was elected a 2011 Fellow of the SAE International. He has received the 2009 John Johnson Award for Outstanding Research in Diesel Engines and the 2009 Arch T. Colwell Merit Award from the Society of Automotive Engineers, the 2009 Matthew and Anne Wilson Award for Excellence in Research, the 2007 Faculty Mentoring Award and the 1999 Matthew and Anne Wilson Award for Outstanding Teaching from the Penn State College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, the 1999 Alumni Achievement Award from the University of Dayton School of Engineering, and the Philip L. Walker Jr. Faculty Fellowship in Materials Science and Engineering, from 1995-97. He also received the 1986 Charles T. Main Bronze Medal from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He supervised twenty nine MS theses and fifteen doctoral theses at Penn State and he has published more than 75 refereed papers and book chapters. At the EMS Energy Institute, Prof. Boehman managed the Diesel Combustion and Emissions Laboratory. Now at the Auto Lab at U-M, Prof. Boehman is developing laboratory facilities to continue his research in advanced fuels and combustion. He holds a BS in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Dayton (1986) and an MS (1987) and PhD (1993) in Mechanical Engineering from Stanford University. He held a two-year postdoctoral fellowship in the Molecular Physics Laboratory at SRI International, Menlo Park, CA.

Bernard Challen is an independent engineering consultant, active mainly in the automotive industry. His technical areas of interest include electronics and control, instrumentation, the use of computer-aided engineering tools, and vehicle noise & vibration. Until 1991, he was Technical Director at Ricardo Consulting Engineers where one of his responsibilities was the formation of Ricardo North America. His technical responsibilities within Ricardo included noise and vibration, instrumentation and control, large engines and the business development of Ricardo in North America. Mr. Challen is active in a number of professional societies. A recipient of the SAE Forest R. McFarland award in 1983, 1990 and 1996, he was elected a Fellow of SAE in 1997 and in 2008 he was the recipient of the SAE Medal of Honor. Mr. Challen is a Fellow of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) and also the Institution of Engineering Technology (IET). He has served as General Chair for the SAE Noise and Vibration Conference from 1992-2003. In addition to being a regular contributor of technical papers to SAE, he also serves on the Engineering Meetings Board. Mr. Challen earned a B.Sc.(Eng.) in Mechanical Engineering and M.Sc. Noise and Vibration, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, from Southampton University.

Phillip Dingle is a Diesel Technology Specialist with Daimler Detroit Diesel. Previously, he held the position of Diesel Technology Specialist in the Advanced Engineering Innovation Center of Delphi Diesel Systems. He received his engineering education in England, and after graduating in 1972, joined the Research and Development group of Lucas Diesel Systems where he worked on several advanced engine and fuel system technologies. Transferred to Detroit, USA in 1975, he has worked closely with several US diesel engine manufacturers on the development of FIE for their engines. In the process, he gained broad experience in achieving performance and emissions targets from both DI and IDI combustion systems. He holds twelve US or European patents for fuel system innovation.

Michael Levin holds the position of Technical Expert at Ford Motor Company. He received his MSME in 1974 from Moscow Automobile and Road Institute in Russia, and has been with Ford Research and Advanced Engineering since 1988. Mr. Levin co-authored 21 publications and 1 book, and received 30 patents. His experience encompasses a variety of areas within the automotive powertrain field. It includes development of advanced fuel injection components, and electrohydraulic camless valvetrains combined with engine development work to optimize their operation. In the area of Diesel aftertreatment, Mr. Levin developed low-deposits high-uniformity urea mixers that are used in Ford Diesel trucks. In the last several years, he's been collaborating with leading universities and automotive suppliers to develop waste heat recovery technologies. As recognition of his professional accomplishments, Mr. Levin has received SAE and USCAR awards.

Vincent Piacenti is Senior Manager at Robert Bosch LLC in Farmington Hills, Michigan and is responsible for Diesel Fuel Injection Hydraulic Systems Integration for North American diesel-engine applications. This encompasses simulation, adaptation and testing of high-speed, high-pressure fuel injection systems, concentrating on Common-Rail systems, both solenoid-valve and Piezo. Included is research of alternate fuels for diesel engine applications. Experienced in all types of diesel fuel injection and various gasoline systems, Mr. Piacenti is a contributing author to the Springer Handbook for Mechanical Engineers. Mr. Piacenti holds a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering and has been with Bosch for thirty seven years, seven of which were at the Bosch Headquarters for Diesel Fuel Injection in

Harold Sun is currently a Technical Director at FITInjection. In this role he is responsible for technical innovations in Internal Combustion Engines. Previously he worked for 17 years at Ford Research and Innovation Center as a Technical Expert, responsible for diesel integration and turbocharger research. He worked at both Caterpillar and Cummins as a diesel engine development engineer and Technical Specialist, respectively. Since 1998, Dr. Sun has worked on the performance and emission development of generations of diesel engines, large or small, as the evolving of US emission standards from 1994 through 2017. He has authored or co-authored over 20 technical publications and received 26 patents on the topics of diesel engine combustion, engine system integration and control, turbocharger technologies, and aftertreatment. His career ranges from laser diagnoses of diesel engine combustion, combustion visualization, combustion system development and optimization for diesel in-cylinder emission control to, most recently, diesel air handling system integration and turbocharger research and development. Dr. Sun received his BSc from Hefei University of Technology, an MSc from Tianjin University, and a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from Wayne State University.

Hotel & Travel Information

Fees: $4210.00
SAE Members: $3368.00 - $3789.00

4.0 CEUs
You must complete all course contact hours and successfully pass the learning assessment to obtain CEUs.


"A highlight was hearing and seeing cutting edge research at Ford and having representation from Europe and getting a European perspective on diesel research and direction."
Stephen Beech
Dana Corporation

"Being able to learn from some of the most knowledgeable people in the industry was a fantastic opportunity. I will recommend it for others in my group."
Jeff Morris
Caterpillar Corporation

"This academy has filled in the many gaps I had in my knowledge of diesel engines, as well as those I didn't know I had. Fantastic!"
Chad Mollin
International Truck & Engine Corporation

"This Academy greatly strengthens and increases one's understanding of diesel engine technology and its methods for meeting the demands of industry and environmental regulations. As an engineer relatively new to the diesel engine industry, my competence regarding, and appreciation for, diesel engine technology has improved significantly because of this Academy."
Christopher A. Brown
Senior Project Engineer

"Impressive! Well worth the investment. A comprehensive introduction to the modern diesel engine."
Jason Lee Jirovsky
Design Engineer
John Deere Power Systems


For additional information, contact SAE Customer Service 1-877-606-7323 (724-776-4970 outside the U.S. and Canada) or at

Duration: 5 Days
Upcoming open enrollment dates being scheduled. Please check back.