All researchers that are named as authors in an article must have contributed substantially to the research presented in the article. The SAE International Journals program follows COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) guidelines and defines an author as one who:

  1. Provides substantial contributions to (a) the conception or design of the work OR (b) the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  2. Drafts the work or revises it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  3. Has final approval of the version to be published; AND
  4. Is in agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. 

The SAE International Journals program also supports and approves the author definition provided by the Council of Science Editors:

Authors are individuals identified by the research group to have made substantial contributions to the reported work and agree to be accountable for these contributions. In addition to being accountable for the parts of the work he or she has done, an author should be able to identify which of their coauthors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. In addition, an author should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their co-authors. All authors should review and approve the final manuscript.

Corresponding authors must ensure that all researchers that are named in an article must have contributed substantially to the research and warrant that all named authors fulfill the authorship criteria listed above, that no one deserving of authorship has been omitted, that each author takes responsibility for the integrity of the paper, and that each author agrees to the order of authors. Contributors who do not meet the criteria could be listed in an acknowledgements section.

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