A Hybrid System and Method for Estimating State of Charge of a Battery 02-14-03-0031
This also appears in
SAE International Journal of Commercial Vehicles-V130-2EJ
This article proposes a novel approach of a hybrid system of physics and data-driven modeling for accurately estimating the state of charge (SOC) of a battery. State of Charge (SOC) is a measure of the remaining battery capacity and plays a significant role in various vehicle applications like charger control and driving range predictions. Hence the accuracy of the SOC is a major area of interest in the automotive sector. The method proposed in this work takes the state-of-the-art practice of Kalman filter (KF) and merges it with intelligent capabilities of machine learning using neural networks (NNs). The proposed hybrid system comprises a physics-based battery model and a plurality of NNs eliminating the need for the conventional KF while retaining its features of the predictor-corrector mechanism of the variables to reduce the errors in estimation. This methodology offers the advantage of improved accuracy of the SOC estimation and increases robustness to retain this accuracy over a wide range of dynamic data.