Browse Publications Technical Papers 05-13-01-0003

Analysis of Metal Pick-Up Formation Process within Automotive Brake Pad 05-13-01-0003

This also appears in SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing-V129-5EJ

Metal Pick-Up (MPU) is a problematic phenomenon in automotive disc brakes. MPU generally forms as some metal lumps on the surface of the brake pad. If brake pads have MPU, during braking they would cause grooving of the disc rotor, generating brake noise and deteriorating the performance of the brake. The previous literature has so far reported that the source of the MPU is an Fe component from a disc rotor or brake pads. However, only a few of the generation mechanisms of MPU have been proven. We investigate MPU to completely elucidate the mechanism of MPU generation by using different analyses than the previous literature.
  • First, to find out the source of MPU generation, we focus on the chemical reaction of a certain component with wear debris during braking, and some of the verification experiments are conducted under the conditions of simulated friction interface.
  • Second, to clarify the change in the form of the MPU growth process, the crystal structure of MPU is analyzed in detail by using the world’s largest synchrotron radiation facility (SPring-8).
The results in this study reveal new facts about the source of MPU generation and the MPU growth process that have so far only been supposed.


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