Browse Publications Technical Papers 05-15-04-0023

Machine Learning Models for Weld Quality Monitoring in Shielded Metal Arc Welding Process Using Arc Signature Features 05-15-04-0023

This also appears in SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing-V131-5EJ

Welding is a dominant joining process employed in fabrication industries, especially in critical areas such as boiler, pressure vessels, and marine structure manufacturing. Online monitoring of welding processes using sensors and intelligent models is increasingly used in industries for predicting weld conditions. Studies are conducted in a Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) process using sound, current, and voltage sensors to predict the weld conditions. Sensor signatures are acquired from the good weld and defective weld conditions established in this study. Signal processing is carried out, and time-domain statistical features are extracted. Statistical features are also extracted from the power waveform derived from the current and voltage data for all the weld conditions. Classification And Regression Tree (CART) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) algorithms are used to build the statistical models to predict the weld conditions. SVM algorithm with Quadratic Kernel function trained using power signature features predicts weld conditions considered in this study with an accuracy of 99%.


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