Performance Margin for Geometric Road Design 06-11-04-0022
This also appears in
SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems-V127-6EJ
Although several methods exist for measuring the performance capability of a vehicle, many require detailed knowledge of the forces acting at each tire contact patch or do not account for both the vehicle dynamics and the road geometry. A simple vehicle model is proposed to estimate the upper limit of performance capability for a given operating condition (the Performance Envelope) based on the Effective Friction and the road geometry (slope and cross-slope). The Effective Friction accounts for both the vehicle dynamics and road surface properties and is estimated, through simulation or experimentation, using two standard vehicle dynamics tests: constant radius cornering and straight-line braking. The Performance Margin is defined as the additional performance capability available before the vehicle reaches the Performance Envelope, both represented in the intuitive units of gravity. The Performance Margin is applicable to both geometric road design and vehicle control; both of which are crucial as transportation agencies and vehicle manufacturers prepare for the introduction of autonomous vehicles.