Specific Allocation Rules for Automotive LCAs 1999-01-0010
Life Cycle Assessment has now been identified as a tool for the evaluation of potential environmental burdens associated with a product, a process or an activity by identifying and quantifying energy, materials used and wastes released to the environment. In 1996, the European Commission and the OECD sponsored a study on the “Adoption by Industry of Life Cycle Approaches” which pointed out the necessity to develop specific LCA methodologies for the main industrial sectors.
Therefore in this paper, the inventory step of LCA is specifically developed for the automotive sector and a particular attention is given to the two major environmental endeavours that the automotive industry is faced with: the use phase (fuel consumption) and the vehicle end of life. Simple and pragmatic rules are defined in this paper reinforcing the efficiency of LCA.
Following its environmental commitments, PSA Peugeot Citroën is increasingly involved in the use of LCA, now viewed as one of the few tools available to assess and monitor the environmental impacts of automobiles.