Effects of Welding Procedures on Formability: A Finite Element Study 1999-01-0680
Tailor-welded blanks (TWB) have been increasingly used in the automotive industry as an effective way to reduce weight and costs. Although some of the joining processes for TWB are relatively well known, little independent information exists regarding welding procedure effects on weld/HAZ properties, particularly their effects on form-ability and structural performance under various conditions.
In this paper, advanced computational modeling techniques were used to investigate the effects of welding procedures on weld property evolution and its impact on the formability issues. Two case studies were presented. One is on TIG welding of 6000 series aluminum tailored blanks, where thermomechanical effects on weldability was analyzed. Its implication on weld performance during forming will be discussed. The other case is on laser-beam welding of high strength steel to mild steel with a non-linear weld. The detailed thermal history and residual stress development will be presented. The welding effects on formability were demonstrated by simulating the principal stretching effects typically observed during forming.