Formulation Advancements in Hollow-Glass Microspheres Filled SMC 1999-01-0980
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of chemical process aids on surface quality, cross-link density and chemical process aids in hollow-glass microspheres filled Sheet Molded Composites (SMC). Published papers suggest that hollow-glass microspheres filled SMC can be produced with similar physical properties as standard calcium carbonate filled systems, with the exception of tensile and flex modulus. Chemical process aids significantly improve standard SMC systems by increasing raw material interactions leading to improved physical properties. This paper investigates chemical process aids and divinylbenzene in a standard SMC formulation and the same formulation reformulated with hollow-glass microspheres. These formulations were then directly compared using automotive industry accepted test methods to quantify formulation differences. The primary benefit of using hollow-glass microspheres in SMC, for the automotive industry, is reducing the weight of SMC parts by up to 30%.