Driver Crash Avoidance Behavior with ABS in an Intersection Incursion Scenario on the Iowa Driving Simulator 1999-01-1290
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has developed its Light Vehicle Antilock Brake Systems (ABS) Research Program in an effort to determine the cause (s) of the apparent increase in fatal single-vehicle run-off-road crashes as vehicles undergo a transition from conventional brakes to ABS. As part of this program, NHTSA conducted research examining driver crash avoidance behavior and the effects of ABS on drivers’ ability to avoid a collision in a crash-imminent situation. The study described here was conducted on the Iowa Driving Simulator and examined the effects of ABS versus conventional brakes, speed limit, ABS instruction, and time-to-intersection (TTI) on driver behavior and crash avoidance performance. This study found that average, alert drivers do tend to brake and steer in realistic crash avoidance situations and that excessive steering can occur. However, this behavior did not result in a significant number of road departures.
Citation: Mazzae, E., Scott Baldwin, G., and McGehee, D., "Driver Crash Avoidance Behavior with ABS in an Intersection Incursion Scenario on the Iowa Driving Simulator," SAE Technical Paper 1999-01-1290, 1999, https://doi.org/10.4271/1999-01-1290. Download Citation
Elizabeth N. Mazzae, G. H. Scott Baldwin, Daniel V. McGehee
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Transportation Research Center Inc, University of Iowa
International Congress & Exposition
Object Detection, Collision Warning and Avoidance Systems, Volume 2-PT-133, Brake Technology and ABS/TCS Systems-SP-1413, SAE 1999 Transactions - Journal of Passenger Cars-V108-6