Evaluation of New Volatility Indices for Modern Fuels 1999-01-1549
From 1995 to 1997, the Coordinating Research Council (CRC) conducted a cold-start driveability program to evaluate the behavior of lower volatility fuels at cold, intermediate, and warm ambient temperatures. The program used 135 vehicles to evaluate 87 hydrocarbon, MTBE blended, and ethanol blended fuels. Evaporative driveability index equations (EDIs) were developed using the test design fuel variables (E158°F, E200°F, E300°F), and three other variable sets: (E158°F, E250°F, E330°F), (T10, T50, T90), and (E70°C, E100°C, E140°C). The models that best fit the data contained oxygenate offsets. Overall, the best indices are the E70°C, E100°C, E140°C equation and the DI equation with offsets.