Transmission Loss for Vehicle Sound Packages with Foam Layers 1999-01-1670
The high-frequency performance of automotive sound packages may be predicted by combining transmission loss and absorption calculations with statistical energy analysis (SEA) models. Vehicle SEA modeling therefore requires analytical tools that accurately describe the acoustic properties of layered structures such as trim panels. While widely accepted prediction models for fibrous materials exist, less work has been done on foam layers. This paper presents a numerical calculation of sound transmission through layered structures using a direct global matrix (DGM) solution. This numerical technique is used to compare several models for acoustic propagation in foams. Predictions are compared to transmission loss measurements for several panel configurations. A rigid porous model compares well with data up to 1 kHz for the foams studied, while foam elasticity appears to be important at higher frequencies.