The simulation techniques play important role on contemporary engine design. In this study, computer fluid dynamics approach (CFD) was focused to design the intake and combustion system of the direct injection diesel engine for versatile use. A practicality was stressed as much as an accuracy to correspond to designer and researcher's requirements, such as close relationship to the engine performance and short period of computation. The correlation of the trapping efficiency and the swirl ratio was mainly focused. A steady flow rig tests and engine operation data were combined to improve their quality mutually.