AVL SDIS Mk.II - Low Cost Automotive FI Applied to 2-Stroke Engines for Future CARB - Regulations 1999-01-3285
The basic Semi-Direct-Injection System (SDIS) which is already in production for PWC and applied to small 2-wheeler engines features a low-pressure fuel injection system injecting through the rear scavenge port window in the cylinder symmetry plane onto the piston crown. The patented new SDIS Mk.II System  injects through an (additional) scavenge port window that is positioned above the scavenge ports and is controlled by a window in the piston skirt. This new arrangement allows longer injection duration and also other injector positions and directions. A CFD simulation by AVL's FIRE-CFD-code with moving piston and exhaust gas dynamics compares the different injector positions and directions for WOT and rated speed and for a part throttle low speed case. The SDIS Mk.II injection system consists of mass-produced automotive parts thus giving a low cost approach for present 2-stroke engines requiring only moderate engine modifications.