Study on Design and Performance Prediction Methods for Miniaturized Stirling Engine 1999-01-3308
This paper shows a design and performance prediction methods for a miniaturized Stirling engine, in order to develop a small portable generator set. First, a 100 W class Stirling engine is designed and manufactured. In order to miniaturize the engine, unique type heat exchangers were applied. A regenerator was located in a displacer piston. For a piston drive mechanism, a Scotch-yoke mechanism which was useful to realize the small-size engine without any lubricating device, was adopted.
Next, an analysis model for the miniaturized engine is developed to improve the engine performance efficiently. The pressure in the working space is analyzed by an isothermal analysis which takes into account a gas leakage through a piston ring and pressure loss in the heat exchangers. To estimate a shaft power, the mechanical loss and the buffer loss, which is caused by a pressure change in a crank case are considered on the analysis model. The calculated results were compared with the experimental data carefully. Then we suggest how to develop practical Stirling engines as a next step.