Development and Testing of CVT Fluid for Nissan Toroidal CVT 1999-01-3613
Nissan has developed a practical and available toroidal continuously variable transmission (T-CVT) for passenger vehicles for the first time in the world. This CVT is applicable to engines having an output of torque larger than 400 N-m and makes it possible to use a lock-up clutch at low vehicle speed, resulting in marked improvements in drivability and fuel economy.
The authors have developed the T-CVT fluid, which is in this application, having excellent traction coefficient and sufficient capacity as the transmission fluid. This paper mainly describes the traction coefficient measurement procedure and the performance of the newly developed fluid.