Emissions Response of a European Specification Direct-Injection Gasoline Vehicle to a Fuels Matrix Incorporating Independent Variations in Both Compositional and Distillation Parameters 1999-01-3663
An emissions programme has been undertaken to gain information on the effect of selected fuel parameters on gasoline direct injection (G-DI) vehicle technology(1) with respect to exhaust emissions. Seven fuel parameters, namely aromatic, methyl-tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE), sulphur and olefin content as well as 3 distillation parameters covering the whole boiling range, were independently investigated. It was found that, overall, the fuel effects on regulated (THC, CO, NOx), particulate (Pm), and CO2 emissions were relatively small.
Citation: Kwon, Y., Bazzani, R., Bennett, P., Esmilaire, O. et al., "Emissions Response of a European Specification Direct-Injection Gasoline Vehicle to a Fuels Matrix Incorporating Independent Variations in Both Compositional and Distillation Parameters," SAE Technical Paper 1999-01-3663, 1999, https://doi.org/10.4271/1999-01-3663. Download Citation
Yeong K. Kwon, Roberto Bazzani, Paul J. Bennett, Olivier Esmilaire, Pietro Scorletti, T. David B. Morgan, Craig L. Goodfellow, Morten Lien, Willy Broeckx, Peter Liiva
Esso Petroleum Co. Ltd., BP Amoco, Elf Antar France, Euron/Agip Petroli, Shell Global Solutions, Statoil, Texaco
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